Each  Debian source package contains the master <<control>> file, which
       contains at least 2 paragraphs, separated by a blank line.   The  first
       paragraph  lists  all  information about the source package in general,
       while each following paragraph describes exactly  one  binary  package.
       Each  paragraph  consists  of at least one field. A field starts with a
       fieldname, such as Package or Section (case insensitive), followed by a
       colon, the body of the field and a newline.  Multi-line fields are also
       allowed, but each supplementary line, without a fieldname, should start
       with at least one space. The content of the multi-line fields is gener-
       ally joined to a single line by the tools (except in the  case  of  the
       Description  field, see below). To insert empty lines into a multi-line
       field, insert a dot after the space.  Lines starting  with  a  '#'  are
       treated as comments.

       Source: source-package-name (required)
              The  value  of this field is the name of the source package, and
              should  match  the  name  of   the   source   package   in   the
              debian/changelog file. A package name must consist only of lower
              case letters (a-z), digits (0-9), plus (+) and minus (-)  signs,
              and  periods  (.). Package names must be at least two characters
              long and must start with an alphanumeric character.

       Maintainer: fullname-email (required)
              Should be in the format <<Joe  Bloggs  <>>>,  and
              references  the  person  who currently maintains the package, as
              opposed to the author of the software or the original packager.

       Uploaders: fullname-email
              Lists all the names and email addresses of co-maintainers of the
              package,  in  the  same format as the Maintainer field. Multiple
              co-maintainers should be separated by a comma.

       Standards-Version: version-string
              This documents the most recent version of the  standards  (which
              consists  of  the Debian Policy Manual and referenced texts from
              the debian-policy package) this package complies to.

       Homepage: url
              The upstream project home page URL.

       Bugs: url
              The url of the bug tracking system for this package. The current
              used       format      is      bts-type://bts-address,      like
              debbugs:// This field is usually not needed.

       Vcs-Arch: url
       Vcs-Bzr: url
       Vcs-Cvs: url
       Vcs-Darcs: url
       Vcs-Git: url

       Origin: name
              The  name  of the distribution this package is originating from.
              This field is usually not needed.

       Section: section
              This is a general field that gives the package a category  based
              on  the  software  that  it  installs.  Some common sections are
              utils, net, mail, text, x11, etc.

       Priority: priority
              Sets the importance of this package in relation to the system as
              a  whole.   Common  priorities are required, standard, optional,
              extra, etc.

              In Debian, the Section and Priority fields have a defined set of
              accepted  values  based  on  the Policy Manual.  A list of these
              values  can  be  obtained  from  the  latest  version   of   the
              debian-policy package.

       Build-Depends: package-list
              A  list  of packages that need to be installed and configured to
              be able to build from source package.  These  dependencies  need
              to  be  satisfied when building binary architecture dependent or
              independent packages and source packages.   Including  a  depen-
              dency  in  this  field  does  not  have the exact same effect as
              including it in both Build-Depends-Arch and Build-Depends-Indep,
              because  the dependency also needs to be satisfied when building
              the source package.

       Build-Depends-Arch: package-list
              Same as Build-Depends, but they are only  needed  when  building
              the  architecture dependent packages. The Build-Depends are also
              installed in this case.  This  field  is  supported  since  dpkg
              1.16.4;   in   order   to   build   with  older  dpkg  versions,
              Build-Depends should be used instead.

       Build-Depends-Indep: package-list
              Same as Build-Depends, but they are only  needed  when  building
              the  architecture  independent  packages.  The Build-Depends are
              also installed in this case.

       Build-Conflicts: package-list
              A list of packages that should not be installed when the package
              is built, for example because they interfere with the build sys-
              tem used.  Including a dependency in  this  list  has  the  same
              effect   as   including  it  in  both  Build-Conflicts-Arch  and
              Build-Conflicts-Indep, with the additional effect of being  used
              for source-only builds.

       Build-Conflicts-Arch: package-list
              Same as Build-Conflicts, but only when building the architecture
              dependent packages. This field is supported since  dpkg  1.16.4;
              in  order  to  build  with  older dpkg versions, Build-Conflicts

       appended  after  a  colon  ':', optionally followed by a version number
       specification in parentheses, an architecture specification  in  square
       brackets,  and a restriction formula consisting of one or more lists of
       profile names in angle brackets.

       The syntax of the Build-Conflicts, Build-Conflicts-Arch and  Build-Con-
       flicts-Indep  fields  is a list of comma-separated package names, where
       the comma is read as an "AND".  Specifying alternative packages using a
       "pipe" is not supported.  Each package name is optionally followed by a
       version number specification in parentheses, an architecture specifica-
       tion in square brackets, and a restriction formula consisting of one or
       more lists of profile names in angle brackets.

       An architecture qualifier name can be a real Debian  architecture  name
       (since  dpkg  1.16.5),  any  (since  dpkg 1.16.2) or native (since dpkg
       1.16.5).  If omitted, the default for Build-Depends fields is the  cur-
       rent  host architecture, the default for Build-Conflicts fields is any.
       A real Debian architecture name will match  exactly  that  architecture
       for that package name, any will match any architecture for that package
       name if the package is marked with Multi-Arch: allowed, and native will
       match  the current build architecture if the package is not marked with
       Multi-Arch: foreign.

       A version number may start with a '>>', in which case any later version
       will match, and may specify or omit the Debian packaging revision (sep-
       arated by a hyphen).   Accepted  version  relationships  are  '>>'  for
       greater  than,  '<<'  for less than, '>=' for greater than or equal to,
       '<=' for less than or equal to, and '=' for equal to.

       An architecture specification consists  of  one  or  more  architecture
       names,  separated  by whitespace. Exclamation marks may be prepended to
       each of the names, meaning "NOT".

       A restriction formula consists of one or more restriction lists,  sepa-
       rated  by whitespace. Each restriction list is enclosed in angle brack-
       ets. Items in the restriction list are build profile  names,  separated
       by  whitespace  and  can  be prefixed with an exclamation mark, meaning
       "NOT".  A restriction formula  represents  a  disjunctive  normal  form

       Note  that  dependencies  on packages in the build-essential set can be
       omitted and that declaring build conflicts against them is  impossible.
       A list of these packages is in the build-essential package.

       Note  that  the  Priority, Section and Homepage fields can also be in a
       binary paragraph to override the global value from the source package.

       Package: binary-package-name (required)
              This field is used to name the binary  package  name.  The  same
              restrictions as to a source package name apply.

       Architecture: arch|all|any (required)
              The  architecture specifies on which type of hardware this pack-
              might be added in the future.

       Subarchitecture: value
       Kernel-Version: value
       Installer-Menu-Item: value
              These  fields  are  used by the debian-installer and are usually
              not  needed.    See   /usr/share/doc/debian-installer/devel/mod-
              ules.txt  from  the  debian-installer  package  for more details
              about them.

       Essential: yes|no
       Build-Essential: yes|no
       Multi-Arch: same|foreign|allowed|no
       Tag: tag-list
       Description: short-description (required)
              These fields are described in the deb-control(5) manual page, as
              they  are  copied  literally  to  the control file of the binary

       Depends: package-list
       Pre-Depends: package-list
       Recommends: package-list
       Suggests: package-list
       Breaks: package-list
       Enhances: package-list
       Replaces: package-list
       Conflicts: package-list
       Provides: package-list
       Built-Using: package-list
              These fields declare relationships between  packages.  They  are
              discussed in the deb-control(5) manpage and in the debian-policy

       It is allowed to add additional  user-defined  fields  to  the  control
       file.  The tools will ignore these fields. If you want the fields to be
       copied over to the output files, such as the binary packages, you  need
       to  use  a custom naming scheme: the fields should start with a X, fol-
       lowed by one or more of the letters BCS and a hypen. If the letter B is
       used,  the field will appear in the control file in the binary package,
       see deb-control(5), for the letter S in the source package control file
       as  constructed  by  dpkg-source(1)  and for the letter C in the upload
       control (.changes) file. Note that the X[BCS]-  prefixes  are  stripped
       when  the  fields  are  copied  over  to  the  output  files.  A  field
       XC-Approved-By will appear as Approved-By in the changes file and  will
       not appear in the binary or source package control files.

       Take  into  account  that  these  user-defined fields will be using the
       global namespace, which might at some point in the future collide  with
       officially recognized fields. To avoid such potential situation you can
       prefix those fields with Private-, such as XB-Private-New-Field.

       # Comment

       Package: dpkg-dev
       Section: utils
       Priority: optional
       Architecture: all
       # this is a custom field in the binary package
       XB-Mentoring-Contact: Raphael Hertzog <>
       Depends: dpkg (>= 1.14.6), perl5, perl-modules, cpio (>= 2.4.2-2),
        bzip2, lzma, patch (>= 2.2-1), make, binutils, libtimedate-perl
       Recommends: gcc | c-compiler, build-essential
       Suggests: gnupg, debian-keyring
       Conflicts: dpkg-cross (<< 2.0.0), devscripts (<< 2.10.26)
       Replaces: manpages-pl (<= 20051117-1)
       Description: Debian package development tools
        This package provides the development tools (including dpkg-source)
        required to unpack, build and upload Debian source packages.
        Most Debian source packages will require additional tools to build;
        for example, most packages need make and the C compiler gcc.

       deb-control(5), deb-version(5), dpkg-source(1)

Debian Project                    2013-12-20                deb-src-control(5)
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