Each  Debian  source  package contains the master "control" file, which
       contains at least 2 paragraphs, separated by a blank  line.  The  first
       paragraph  lists  all  information about the source package in general,
       while each following paragraph describes exactly  one  binary  package.
       Each  paragraph  consists  of at least one field. A field starts with a
       fieldname, such as Package or Section (case insensitive), followed by a
       colon, the body of the field and a newline.  Multi-line fields are also
       allowed, but each supplementary line, without a fieldname, should start
       with at least one space. The content of the multi-line fields is gener-
       ally joined to a single line by the tools (except in the  case  of  the
       Description  field, see below). To insert empty lines into a multi-line
       field, insert a dot after the space. Lines  starting  with  a  '#'  are
       treated as comments.

       Source: source-package-name (required)
              The  value  of this field is the name of the source package, and
              should  match  the  name  of   the   source   package   in   the
              debian/changelog file. A package name must consist only of lower
              case letters (a-z), digits (0-9), plus (+) and minus (-)  signs,
              and  periods  (.). Package names must be at least two characters
              long and must start with an alphanumeric character.

       Maintainer: fullname-email (required)
              Should be in the format "Joe Bloggs <>", and ref-
              erences  the  person  who  currently  maintains  the package, as
              opposed to the author of the software or the original packager.

       Uploaders: fullname-email
              Lists all the names and email addresses of co-maintainers of the
              package,  in  the  same format as the Maintainer field. Multiple
              co-maintainers should be separated by a comma.

       Standards-Version: version-string
              This documents the most recent version of the  standards  (which
              consists  of  the Debian Policy Manual and referenced texts from
              the debian-policy package) this package complies to.

       Homepage: url
              The upstream project home page URL.

       Bugs: url
              The url of the bug tracking system for this package. The current
              used     format    is    bts-type://bts-address,    like    deb-
              The url of a webinterface to browse the Version  Control  System

       Origin: name
              The  name  of the distribution this package is originating from.
              This field is usually not needed.

       Section: section
              This is a general field that gives the package a category  based
              on  the  software  that  it  installs.  Some common sections are
              "utils", "net", "mail", "text", "x11", etc.

       Priority: priority
              Sets the importance of this package in relation to the system as
              a   whole.    Common   priorities  are  "required",  "standard",
              "optional", "extra", etc.

              In Debian, the Section and Priority fields have a defined set of
              accepted  values  based  on  the Policy Manual.  A list of these
              values  can  be  obtained  from  the  latest  version   of   the
              debian-policy package.

       Build-Depends: package-list
              A  list  of packages that need to be installed and configured to
              be able to build the source package. Including a  dependency  in
              this   list  has  the  same  effect  as  including  it  in  both
              Build-Depends-Arch and Build-Depends-Indep, with the  additional
              effect of being used for source-only builds.

       Build-Depends-Arch: package list
              Same  as  Build-Depends,  but they are only needed when building
              the architecture dependent packages. The Build-Depends are  also
              installed  in  this  case.  This  field  is supported since dpkg
              1.16.4;  in  order  to   build   with   older   dpkg   versions,
              Build-Depends should be used instead.

       Build-Depends-Indep: package-list
              Same  as  Build-Depends,  but they are only needed when building
              the architecture independent  packages.  The  Build-Depends  are
              also installed in this case.

       Build-Conflicts: package list
              A list of packages that should not be installed when the package
              is built, for example because they interfere with the build sys-
              tem  used.   Including  a  dependency  in this list has the same
              effect  as  including  it  in  both   Build-Conflicts-Arch   and
              Build-Conflicts-Indep,  with the additional effect of being used
              independent packages.

       The   syntax   of    the    Build-Depends,    Build-Depends-Arch    and
       Build-Depends-Indep fields is a list of groups of alternative packages.
       Each group is a list of packages separated by vertical bar (or  "pipe")
       symbols, "|". The groups are separated by commas. Commas are to be read
       as "AND", and pipes as "OR", with  pipes  binding  more  tightly.  Each
       package  name  is optionally followed by a version number specification
       in parentheses, an architecture specification in square brackets, and a
       profile specification in angle brackets.

       The  syntax of the Build-Conflicts, Build-Conflicts-Arch and Build-Con-
       flicts-Indep fields is a list of comma-separated package  names,  where
       the  comma is read as an "AND". Specifying alternative packages using a
       "pipe" is not supported.  Each package name is optionally followed by a
       version number specification in parentheses, an architecture specifica-
       tion in square brackets, and a profile specification in angle brackets.

       A version number may start with a ">>", in which case any later version
       will match, and may specify or omit the Debian packaging revision (sep-
       arated by a  hyphen).  Accepted  version  relationships  are  ">>"  for
       greater  than,  "<<"  for less than, ">=" for greater than or equal to,
       "<=" for less than or equal to, and "=" for equal to.

       An architecture specification consists  of  one  or  more  architecture
       names,  separated  by whitespace. Exclamation marks may be prepended to
       each of the names, meaning "NOT".

       A profile specification consists of one or more profile names, prefixed
       with  the  "profile."  namespace,  separated by whitespace. Exclamation
       marks may be prepended to each of the names, meaning "NOT".

       Note that dependencies on packages in the build-essential  set  can  be
       omitted  and that declaring build conflicts against them is impossible.
       A list of these packages is in the build-essential package.

       Note that the Priority, Section and Homepage fields can also  be  in  a
       binary paragraph to override the global value from the source package.

       Package: binary-package-name (required)
              This  field  is  used  to name the binary package name. The same
              restrictions as to a source package name apply.

       Architecture: arch|all|any (required)
              The architecture specifies on which type of hardware this  pack-
              age  runs.  For  packages that run on all architectures, use the
              any value. For packages that are architecture independent,  such
              as  shell  and Perl scripts or documentation, use the all value.

       Subarchitecture: value
       Kernel-Version: value
       Installer-Menu-Item: value
              These fields are used by the debian-installer  and  are  usually
              not   needed.    See  /usr/share/doc/debian-installer/devel/mod-
              ules.txt from the  debian-installer  package  for  more  details
              about them.

       Essential: yes|no
       Multi-Arch: same|foreign|allowed
       Tag: tag-list
       Description: short-description (required)
              These fields are described in the deb-control(5) manual page, as
              they are copied literally to the  control  file  of  the  binary

       Depends: package-list
       Pre-Depends: package-list
       Recommends: package-list
       Suggests: package-list
       Breaks: package-list
       Enhances: package-list
       Replaces: package-list
       Conflicts: package-list
       Provides: package-list
       Built-Using: package-list
              These  fields  declare  relationships between packages. They are
              discussed in the deb-control(5) manpage and in the debian-policy

       It  is  allowed  to  add  additional user-defined fields to the control
       file. The tools will ignore these fields. If you want the fields to  be
       copied  over to the output files, such as the binary packages, you need
       to use a custom naming scheme: the fields should start with a  X,  fol-
       lowed by one or more of the letters BCS and a hypen. If the letter B is
       used, the field will appear in the control file in the binary  package,
       see deb-control(5), for the letter S in the source package control file
       as constructed by dpkg-source(1) and for the letter  C  in  the  upload
       control  (.changes)  file.  Note that the X[BCS]- prefixes are stripped
       when  the  fields  are  copied  over  to  the  output  files.  A  field
       XC-Approved-By  will appear as Approved-By in the changes file and will
       not appear in the binary or source package control files.

       Take into account that these user-defined  fields  will  be  using  the
       global  namespace, which might at some point in the future collide with
       officially recognized fields. To avoid such potential situation you can
       prefix  those fields with Private-, such as XB-Private-New-Field, which
       as a side effect will make dpkg-deb not warn on them as unknown fields.

       Standards-Version: 3.7.3
       Build-Depends: pkg-config, debhelper (>= 4.1.81),
        libselinux1-dev (>= 1.28-4) [!linux-any]

       Package: dpkg-dev
       Section: utils
       Priority: optional
       Architecture: all
       # this is a custom field in the binary package
       XB-Mentoring-Contact: Raphael Hertzog <>
       Depends: dpkg (>= 1.14.6), perl5, perl-modules, cpio (>= 2.4.2-2),
        bzip2, lzma, patch (>= 2.2-1), make, binutils, libtimedate-perl
       Recommends: gcc | c-compiler, build-essential
       Suggests: gnupg, debian-keyring
       Conflicts: dpkg-cross (<< 2.0.0), devscripts (<< 2.10.26)
       Replaces: manpages-pl (<= 20051117-1)
       Description: Debian package development tools
        This package provides the development tools (including dpkg-source)
        required to unpack, build and upload Debian source packages.
        Most Debian source packages will require additional tools to build;
        for example, most packages need make and the C compiler gcc.

       deb-control(5), deb-version(5), dpkg-source(1)

Debian Project                    2013-09-17                deb-src-control(5)
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