tmpnam


SYNOPSIS
       #include <stdio.h>

       char *tmpnam(char *s);

DESCRIPTION
       The  tmpnam()  function  returns  a pointer to a string that is a valid
       filename, and such that a file with this name did  not  exist  at  some
       point  in  time, so that naive programmers may think it a suitable name
       for a temporary file.  If the argument s is NULL this name is generated
       in an internal static buffer and may be overwritten by the next call to
       tmpnam().  If s is not NULL, the name is copied to the character  array
       (of  length  at  least  L_tmpnam)  pointed  to  by s and the value s is
       returned in case of success.

       The pathname that is created, has a directory prefix  P_tmpdir.   (Both
       L_tmpnam  and  P_tmpdir are defined in <stdio.h>, just like the TMP_MAX
       mentioned below.)

RETURN VALUE
       The tmpnam() function returns a pointer to a unique temporary filename,
       or NULL if a unique name cannot be generated.

ERRORS
       No errors are defined.

ATTRIBUTES
   Multithreading (see pthreads(7))
       The  tmpnam()  function  is  thread-safe  with  exceptions.   It is not
       thread-safe if called with a NULL parameter.

       The tmpnam_r() function is thread-safe.

CONFORMING TO
       SVr4, 4.3BSD, C89, C99, POSIX.1-2001.  POSIX.1-2008 marks  tmpnam()  as
       obsolete.

NOTES
       The  tmpnam()  function  generates  a  different string each time it is
       called, up to TMP_MAX times.  If it is called more than TMP_MAX  times,
       the behavior is implementation defined.

       Although  tmpnam()  generates  names that are difficult to guess, it is
       nevertheless possible that between the time  that  tmpnam()  returns  a
       pathname, and the time that the program opens it, another program might
       create that pathname using open(2), or create it as  a  symbolic  link.
       This  can lead to security holes.  To avoid such possibilities, use the
       open(2)  O_EXCL  flag  to  open  the  pathname.   Or  better  yet,  use
       mkstemp(3) or tmpfile(3).

       Portable applications that use threads cannot call tmpnam() with a NULL
       argument if either _POSIX_THREADS  or  _POSIX_THREAD_SAFE_FUNCTIONS  is
       defined.

BUGS
       Never use this function.  Use mkstemp(3) or tmpfile(3) instead.

SEE ALSO
       mkstemp(3), mktemp(3), tempnam(3), tmpfile(3)

COLOPHON
       This  page  is  part of release 3.54 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, and information about reporting  bugs,  can
       be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.



                                  2013-06-21                         TMPNAM(3)
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