tempnam


SYNOPSIS
       #include <stdio.h>

       char *tempnam(const char *dir, const char *pfx);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       tempnam(): _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE

DESCRIPTION
       The  tempnam()  function  returns a pointer to a string that is a valid
       filename, and such that a file with this name did not exist when  temp-
       nam()  checked.   The  filename  suffix  of the pathname generated will
       start with pfx in case pfx is a non-NULL string of at most five  bytes.
       The  directory  prefix part of the pathname generated is required to be
       "appropriate" (often that at least implies writable).

       Attempts to find an appropriate  directory  go  through  the  following
       steps:

       a) In case the environment variable TMPDIR exists and contains the name
          of an appropriate directory, that is used.

       b) Otherwise, if the dir argument is non-NULL and  appropriate,  it  is
          used.

       c) Otherwise, P_tmpdir (as defined in <stdio.h>) is used when appropri-
          ate.

       d) Finally an implementation-defined directory may be used.

       The string returned by tempnam() is allocated using malloc(3) and hence
       should be freed by free(3).

RETURN VALUE
       On success, the tempnam() function returns a pointer to a unique tempo-
       rary filename.  It returns NULL if a unique name cannot  be  generated,
       with errno set to indicate the cause of the error.

ERRORS
       ENOMEM Allocation of storage failed.

CONFORMING TO
       SVr4, 4.3BSD, POSIX.1-2001.  POSIX.1-2008 marks tempnam() as obsolete.

NOTES
       Although  tempnam()  generates names that are difficult to guess, it is
       nevertheless possible that between the time that  tempnam()  returns  a
       pathname, and the time that the program opens it, another program might
       create that pathname using open(2), or create it as  a  symbolic  link.
       This  can lead to security holes.  To avoid such possibilities, use the
       open(2)  O_EXCL  flag  to  open  the  pathname.   Or  better  yet,  use
       mkstemp(3) or tmpfile(3).
       tempnam() uses at most the first five bytes from pfx.

       The glibc implementation of tempnam() will fail with the  error  EEXIST
       upon failure to find a unique name.

BUGS
       The  precise  meaning  of "appropriate" is undefined; it is unspecified
       how accessibility of a directory is determined.

       Never use this function.  Use mkstemp(3) or tmpfile(3) instead.

SEE ALSO
       mkstemp(3), mktemp(3), tmpfile(3), tmpnam(3)

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 3.54 of the Linux  man-pages  project.   A
       description  of  the project, and information about reporting bugs, can
       be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.



                                  2013-04-19                        TEMPNAM(3)
Man Pages Copyright Respective Owners. Site Copyright (C) 1994 - 2018 Hurricane Electric. All Rights Reserved.