REMAP_FILE_PAGES(2) Linux Programmer's Manual REMAP_FILE_PAGES(2)
remap_file_pages - create a nonlinear file mapping
#define _GNU_SOURCE /* See feature_test_macros(7) */
int remap_file_pages(void *addr, size_t size, int prot,
size_t pgoff, int flags);
Note: this system call is (since Linux 3.16) deprecated and will even-
tually be replaced by a slower in-kernel emulation. Those few applica-
tions that use this system call should consider migrating to alterna-
The remap_file_pages() system call is used to create a nonlinear map-
ping, that is, a mapping in which the pages of the file are mapped into
a nonsequential order in memory. The advantage of using
remap_file_pages() over using repeated calls to mmap(2) is that the
former approach does not require the kernel to create additional VMA
(Virtual Memory Area) data structures.
To create a nonlinear mapping we perform the following steps:
1. Use mmap(2) to create a mapping (which is initially linear). This
mapping must be created with the MAP_SHARED flag.
2. Use one or more calls to remap_file_pages() to rearrange the corre-
spondence between the pages of the mapping and the pages of the
file. It is possible to map the same page of a file into multiple
locations within the mapped region.
The pgoff and size arguments specify the region of the file that is to
be relocated within the mapping: pgoff is a file offset in units of the
system page size; size is the length of the region in bytes.
The addr argument serves two purposes. First, it identifies the map-
ping whose pages we want to rearrange. Thus, addr must be an address
that falls within a region previously mapped by a call to mmap(2).
Second, addr specifies the address at which the file pages identified
by pgoff and size will be placed.
The values specified in addr and size should be multiples of the system
page size. If they are not, then the kernel rounds both values down to
the nearest multiple of the page size.
The prot argument must be specified as 0.
The flags argument has the same meaning as for mmap(2), but all flags
other than MAP_NONBLOCK are ignored.
On success, remap_file_pages() returns 0. On error, -1 is returned,
and errno is set appropriately.
EINVAL addr does not refer to a valid mapping created with the
EINVAL addr, size, prot, or pgoff is invalid.
The remap_file_pages() system call appeared in Linux 2.5.46; glibc sup-
port was added in version 2.3.3.
The remap_file_pages() system call is Linux-specific.
Since Linux 2.6.23, remap_file_pages() creates non-linear mappings only
on in-memory file systems such as tmpfs, hugetlbfs or ramfs. On
filesystems with a backing store, remap_file_pages() is not much more
efficient than using mmap(2) to adjust which parts of the file are
mapped to which addresses.
getpagesize(2), mmap(2), mmap2(2), mprotect(2), mremap(2), msync(2)
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Linux 2014-05-28 REMAP_FILE_PAGES(2)
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