msync

       #include <sys/mman.h>

       int msync(void *addr, size_t length, int flags);

DESCRIPTION
       msync()  flushes  changes  made  to the in-core copy of a file that was
       mapped into memory using mmap(2) back to the filesystem.   Without  use
       of  this  call,  there  is  no  guarantee that changes are written back
       before munmap(2) is called.  To be more precise, the part of  the  file
       that  corresponds to the memory area starting at addr and having length
       length is updated.

       The flags argument should specify exactly one of MS_ASYNC and  MS_SYNC,
       and  may  additionally  include the MS_INVALIDATE bit.  These bits have
       the following meanings:

       MS_ASYNC
              Specifies that an update be  scheduled,  but  the  call  returns
              immediately.

       MS_SYNC
              Requests an update and waits for it to complete.

       MS_INVALIDATE
              Asks to invalidate other mappings of the same file (so that they
              can be updated with the fresh values just written).

RETURN VALUE
       On success, zero is returned.  On error, -1 is returned, and  errno  is
       set appropriately.

ERRORS
       EBUSY  MS_INVALIDATE  was  specified in flags, and a memory lock exists
              for the specified address range.

       EINVAL addr is not a multiple  of  PAGESIZE;  or  any  bit  other  than
              MS_ASYNC  |  MS_INVALIDATE  |  MS_SYNC  is set in flags; or both
              MS_SYNC and MS_ASYNC are set in flags.

       ENOMEM The indicated memory (or part of it) was not mapped.

CONFORMING TO
       POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008.

       This call was introduced in Linux 1.3.21, and then used EFAULT  instead
       of  ENOMEM.   In  Linux  2.4.19,  this  was  changed to the POSIX value
       ENOMEM.

AVAILABILITY
       On   POSIX   systems   on   which   msync()    is    available,    both
       _POSIX_MAPPED_FILES   and   _POSIX_SYNCHRONIZED_IO   are   defined   in
       <unistd.h> to a value greater than 0.  (See also sysconf(3).)

NOTES

       B.O. Gallmeister, POSIX.4, O'Reilly, pp. 128-129 and 389-391.

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 4.04 of the Linux  man-pages  project.   A
       description  of  the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
       latest    version    of    this    page,    can     be     found     at
       http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Linux                             2015-08-08                          MSYNC(2)
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