dget -- Download Debian source and binary packages
dget [options] URL ...
dget [options] [--all] package[=version] ...
dget downloads Debian packages. In the first form, dget fetches the
requested URLs. If this is a .dsc or .changes file, then dget acts as
a source-package aware form of wget: it also fetches any files
referenced in the .dsc/.changes file. The downloaded source is then
checked with dscverify and, if successful, unpacked by dpkg-source.
In the second form, dget downloads a binary package (i.e., a .deb file)
from the Debian mirror configured in /etc/apt/sources.list(.d). Unlike
apt-get install -d, it does not require root privileges, writes to the
current directory, and does not download dependencies. If a version
number is specified, this version of the package is requested. With
--all, the list of all binaries for the source package package is
extracted from the output of "apt-cache showsrc package".
In both cases dget is capable of getting several packages and/or URLs
(Note that .udeb packages used by debian-installer are located in
separate packages files from .deb packages. In order to use .udebs with
dget, you will need to have configured apt to use a packages file for
Before downloading files listed in .dsc and .changes files, and before
downloading binary packages, dget checks to see whether any of these
files already exist. If they do, then their md5sums are compared to
avoid downloading them again unnecessarily. dget also looks for
matching files in /var/cache/apt/archives and directories given by the
--path option or specified in the configuration files (see below).
Finally, if downloading (.orig).tar.gz or .diff.gz files fails, dget
consults apt-get source --print-uris. Download backends used are curl
and wget, looked for in that order.
dget was written to make it easier to retrieve source packages from the
web for sponsor uploads. For checking the package with debdiff, the
last binary version is available via dget package, the last source
version via apt-get source package.
Interpret package as a source package name, and download all
binaries as found in the output of "apt-cache showsrc package". If
package is arch-qualified, then only binary packages which are
"Arch: all", "Arch: any", or "Arch: $arch" will be downloaded.
Move files that would be overwritten to ./backup.
Suppress wget/curl non-error output.
Do not run dpkg-source -x on the downloaded source package. This
can only be used with the first method of calling dget.
Run dpkg-source -x on the downloaded source package to unpack it.
This option is the default and can only be used with the first
method of calling dget.
Do not attempt to verify the integrity of downloaded source
packages using dscverify.
Run dpkg-buildpackage -b -uc on the downloaded source package.
--path DIR[:DIR ...]
In addition to /var/cache/apt/archives, dget uses the colon-
separated list given as argument to --path to find files with a
matching md5sum. For example: "--path
/srv/pbuilder/result:/home/cb/UploadQueue". If DIR is empty (i.e.,
"--path ''" is specified), then any previously listed directories
or directories specified in the configuration files will be
ignored. This option may be specified multiple times, and all of
the directories listed will be searched; hence, the above example
could have been written as: "--path /srv/pbuilder/result --path
Allow SSL connections to untrusted hosts.
Bypass server-side HTTP caches by sending a Pragma: no-cache
Show a help message.
Show version information.
The two configuration files /etc/devscripts.conf and ~/.devscripts are
sourced by a shell in that order to set configuration variables.
Command line options can be used to override configuration file
settings. Environment variable settings are ignored for this purpose.
The currently recognised variable is:
This can be set to a colon-separated list of directories in which
to search for files in addition to the default
/var/cache/apt/archives. It has the same effect as the --path
command line option. It is not set by default.
Set to 'no' to disable extracting downloaded source packages.
Default is 'yes'.
Set to 'no' to disable checking signatures of downloaded source
packages. Default is 'yes'.
Download all .deb files for the previous version of a package and run
debdiff on them:
dget --all mypackage=1.2-1
debdiff --from *_1.2-1_*.deb --to *_1.2-2_*.deb
BUGS AND COMPATIBILITY
dget package should be implemented in apt-get install -d.
Before devscripts version 2.10.17, the default was not to extract the
downloaded source. Set DGET_UNPACK=no to revert to the old behaviour.
This program is Copyright (C) 2005-2013 by Christoph Berg
<email@example.com>. Modifications are Copyright (C) 2005-06 by Julian
This program is licensed under the terms of the GPL, either version 2
of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
apt-get(1), curl(1), debcheckout(1), debdiff(1), dpkg-source(1),
Debian Utilities 2018-07-05 DGET(1)
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