NTFSDECRYPT(8)              System Manager's Manual             NTFSDECRYPT(8)

       ntfsdecrypt - decrypt or update NTFS files encrypted according to EFS

       ntfsdecrypt [options] -k key.pfx device file

       ntfsdecrypt  decrypts  a  file  from  an unmounted device and print the
       decrypted data on the standard output.  It can also update an encrypted
       file with the encryption key unchanged.

       The  NTFS  file encryption (known as EFS) uses a two-level encryption :
       first, the file contents is encrypted with a random symmetric key, then
       this  symmetric  key  is  encrypted with the public keys of each of the
       users allowed to decrypt the file (RSA public key encryptions).

       Three symmetric encryption modes are currently implemented  in  ntfsde-
       crypt  :  DESX  (a  DES variant), 3DES (triple DES) and AES_256 (an AES

       All the encrypted symmetric keys are stored along with the  file  in  a
       special extended attribute named "$LOGGED_UTILITY_STREAM".  Usually, at
       least two users are allowed to read the file : its owner and the recov-
       ery  manager  who  is able to decrypt all the files in a company.  When
       backing up an encrypted file, it is important to also backup the corre-
       sponding   $LOGGED_UTILITY_STREAM,   otherwise   the   file  cannot  be
       decrypted, even by the recovery manager. Also note that encrypted files
       are  slightly  bigger than apparent, and the option "efs_raw" has to be
       used when backing up encrypted files with ntfs-3g.

       When  ntfsdecrypt  is  used  to  update  a  file,  the  keys  and   the
       $LOGGED_UTILITY_STREAM  are kept unchanged, so a single key file has to
       be designated.

       Note : the EFS encryption is only available in professional versions of

       Below is a summary of all the options that ntfsdecrypt accepts.  Nearly
       all options have two equivalent names.  The short name is preceded by -
       and  the  long name is preceded by --.  Any single letter options, that
       don't take an argument, can be combined into  a  single  command,  e.g.
       -fv  is  equivalent to -f -v.  Long named options can be abbreviated to
       any unique prefix of their name.

       -i, --inode NUM
              Display or update the contents of a file designated through  its
              inode number instead of its name.

       -e, --encrypt
              Update  an existing encrypted file and get the new contents from
              the standard input. The full public and private key file has  to
              be  designated,  as  the symmetric key is kept unchanged, so the
              private key is needed to extract it.

       -f, --force
              This will override some sensible defaults, such as not  using  a
              mounted volume.  Use this option with caution.

       -k, --keyfile-name key.pfx
              Define  the  file  which contains the public and private keys in
              PKCS#12 format.  This file obviously contains the keys of one of
              the  users  allowed  to decrypt or update the file. It has to be
              extracted from Windows in PKCS#12 format (its  usual  suffix  is
              .p12  or .pfx), and it is protected by a passphrase which has to
              be typed in for the keys to be extracted. This can  be  the  key
              file  of any user allowed to read the file, including the one of
              the recovery manager.

       -h, --help
              Show a list of options with a brief description of each one.

       -q, --quiet
              Suppress some debug/warning/error messages.

       -V, --version
              Show the version number, copyright and license of ntfsdecrypt.

       -v, --verbose
              Display more debug/warning/error messages.

       Display the contents of the file hamlet.doc in the directory  Documents
       of the root of the NTFS file system on the device /dev/sda1

              ntfsdecrypt -k foo.key /dev/sda1 Documents/hamlet.doc

       Update the file hamlet.doc

              ntfsdecrypt -k foo.key /dev/sda1 Documents/hamlet.doc < new.doc

       There are no known problems with ntfsdecrypt.  If you find a bug please
       send an email describing the problem to the development team:

       ntfsdecrypt was written by Yuval Fledel, Anton  Altaparmakov  and  Yura
       Pakhuchiy.   It  was  ported to ntfs-3g by Erik Larsson and upgraded by
       Jean-Pierre Andre.

       ntfsdecrypt is part of the ntfs-3g package and is available from:

       Read ntfs-3g(8) for details on option efs_raw,
       ntfscat(8), ntfsprogs(8)

ntfs-3g 2017.3.23                  June 2014                    NTFSDECRYPT(8)
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