sane-hp(5)               SANE Scanner Access Now Easy               sane-hp(5)

       sane-hp - SANE backend for HP ScanJet scanners

       The sane-hp library implements a SANE (Scanner Access Now Easy) backend
       that provides access to HP ScanJet scanners which support SCL  (Scanner
       Control  Language  by HP).  The following scanners are known positively
       to work with this backend:

              Model:         Product id:     Interface:
              ----------     -----------     ----------
              ScanJet Plus   C9195A          HP Parallel Interface Card
              ScanJet IIc    C1750A 3226     SCSI
              ScanJet IIcx   C2500A 3332     SCSI
              ScanJet IIp    C1790A          SCSI
              ScanJet 3C     C2520A 3503     SCSI
              ScanJet 3P     C2570A 3406     SCSI
              ScanJet 4C     C2520A          SCSI
              ScanJet 4P     C1130A 3540     SCSI
              ScanJet 4100C  C6290A          USB
              ScanJet 5P     C5110A          SCSI
              ScanJet 5100C  C5190A          parallel port
              ScanJet 5200C  C7190A 3846     parallel port/USB
              ScanJet 6100C  C2520A 3644     SCSI
              ScanJet 6200C  C6270A 3828     SCSI/USB
              ScanJet 6250C  C6270A 3828     SCSI/USB
              ScanJet 6300C  C7670A          SCSI/USB
              ScanJet 6350C  C7670A          SCSI/USB
              ScanJet 6390C  C7670A          SCSI/USB
              PhotoSmart     C5100A R029,R030,R032    SCSI

       Support for models 5100C/5200C connected to the parallel port  requires
       the  ppSCSI  driver  available  at
       scsi.html and

       Support for models 5200C/62X0C/63X0C connected to the USB  require  the
       kernel scanner driver or libusb. See sane-usb(5) for more details.

       The  "hp" backend no longer supports OfficeJet multi-function peripher-
       als.  For these devices use the external "hpoj" backend in version 0.90
       and later of the "HP OfficeJet Linux driver", available at

       Because  Hewlett-Packard  does  no longer produce scanners that support
       SCL (beside the OfficeJets), the above list of  supported  scanners  is
       complete.  Other HP scanners are not supported by the "hp" backend, but
       might be supported by another  one.  See
       You    can    also    watch    the    sane-devel    mailing   list   at

       More details about  the  hp  backend  can  be  found  on  its  homepage

       This backend expects device names of the form:


       Where  special is the UNIX path-name for the special device that corre-
       sponds to the scanner.  For SCSI scanners the special device name  must
       be  a  generic SCSI device or a symlink to such a device.  Under Linux,
       such a device name could be /dev/sga or /dev/sg2, for example.  If  the
       special device name contains "usb", "uscanner" or "ugen", it is assumed
       that the scanner is connected by USB.  For the HP ScanJet Plus the spe-
       cial  device  name  must be the device that corresponds to the parallel
       interface card that was shipped with the scanner. That is  /dev/hpscan.
       A    special    driver    is    required    for    this    card.    See for details. If the link does
       not work, try

       The  contents of the hp.conf file is a list of options and device names
       that correspond to HP ScanJet scanners.  Empty lines and lines starting
       with  a  hash mark (#) are ignored. See sane-scsi(5) and sane-usb(5) on
       details of what constitutes a valid device name.

       Options specified in front of the first line  that  contains  a  device
       name  are defaults for all devices. Options specified below a line that
       contains a device name apply just to the most  recently  mentioned  de-

       Supported   options   are   connect-scsi,   connect-device,  enable-im-
       age-buffering, and dumb-read.

       Option connect-scsi specifies that the scanner is connected to the sys-
       tem  by  SCSI.   Input/output is performed using SCSI-commands. This is
       the default.  But if your SCSI device name contains  "usb",  "uscanner"
       or  "ugen",  option connect-scsi must be specified. Otherwise it is as-
       sumed that the scanner is connected by USB.

       Option connect-device specifies that the scanner is  connected  to  the
       system   by   a   special   device.   Input/output   is   performed  by
       read()/write()-operations on the device. This option must be  used  for
       HP ScanJet Plus or scanners connected to USB which are accessed through
       a named device (e.g. /dev/usb/scanner0).  For device names that contain
       "usb", "uscanner" or "ugen", it is not necessary to specify option con-

       Option enable-image-buffering stores the scanned image in memory before
       passing  it  to the frontend. Could be used in case of forward/backward
       moving scanner lamp.

       Option dumb-read can be used to work around problems with "Error during
       device I/O". These problems may occur with certain SCSI-to-USB convert-
       ers or Buslogic SCSI cards.  The option should not be used for SCSI de-
       vices  which are working correctly.  Otherwise startup of frontends and
       changing parameters might be slower.

       A sample configuration file is shown below:

              # this is a comment
                option connect-device

       /dev/scanner is typically a symlink to the actual SCSI scanner device.

              The  backend  configuration  file  (see  also   description   of
              SANE_CONFIG_DIR below).

              The static library implementing this backend.

              The shared library implementing this backend (present on systems
              that support dynamic loading).

              Calibration data for HP  PhotoSmart  PhotoScanner  that  is  re-
              trieved from the scanner after calibration. The data is uploaded
              to the scanner at start of the backend if it is  in  media  mode
              'print media' or if the media mode is changed to 'print media'.

              This environment variable specifies the list of directories that
              may contain the configuration file.  Under UNIX, the directories
              are  separated  by a colon (`:'), under OS/2, they are separated
              by a semi-colon (`;').  If this variable is not set, the config-
              uration  file is searched in two default directories: first, the
              current working directory (".") and then in @CONFIGDIR@.  If the
              value  of the environment variable ends with the directory sepa-
              rator character, then the default directories are searched after
              the  explicitly  specified  directories.   For  example, setting
              SANE_CONFIG_DIR to "/tmp/config:" would  result  in  directories
              "tmp/config", ".", and "@CONFIGDIR@" being searched (in this or-

              If the library was compiled with debug support enabled, this en-
              vironment  variable  controls  the debug level for this backend.
              E.g., a value of 128 requests all debug output  to  be  printed.
              Smaller levels reduce verbosity.

              Only  used  for  OS/2 and along with use of HP PhotoSmart Photo-
              Scanner.  Must be set to the directory where the directory .sane
              is located.  Is used to save and read the calibration file.



              For  each  type  of  connection (connect-scsi, connect-usb, con-
              nect-device) it can be specified if the connection to the device
              should be kept open ("1") or not ("0").  Usually the connections
              are closed after an operation is performed.  Keeping  connection
              open  to SCSI-devices can result in errors during device IO when
              the scanner has not been used for some time.  By  default,  USB-
              connections are kept open. Other connections are closed.

              Specifies  number of retries for read operation before returning
              an EOF error.  Only supported for non-SCSI devices.  Default:  1
              retry. Time between retries is 0.1 seconds.

       HP PhotoSmart PhotoScanner
              In  media  mode  'slide'  and  'negative',  scan resolutions are
              rounded to multiple of 300 dpi. The scanner does not  scale  the
              data correctly on other resolutions. Some newer models (firmware
              code R030 and later) do not support adjustment  of  contrast/in-
              tensity  level  and tone map.  The backend will simulate this by
              software, but only for gray and 24 bit color.

       Automatic Document Feeder (ADF)
              For use of the ADF with xscanimage(1), first place paper in  the
              ADF  and  then change option scan source to 'ADF'. Press 'change
              document' to load a sheet. Then press 'scan' to  start  a  scan.
              Maybe it is sufficient to press 'scan' without 'change document'
              for repeated scans. The use of the preview window is not  recom-
              mended when working with the ADF.  Setting a window to scan from
              ADF is not supported with xscanimage(1).  Try xsane(1).

       Immediate actions
              Some actions in xscanimage(1) (i.e. unload, select media,  cali-
              brate)  have an immediate effect on the scanner without starting
              a scan.  These options can not be used with scanimage.

       HP PhotoSmart PhotoScanner
              PhotoScanners with firmware release R030 and up have no firmware
              support  for  contrast/brightness/gamma  table.  In  the current
              backend this is simulated by software on 24 bits data.   Simula-
              tion on 30 bits should give better results.

       Data widths greater than 8 bits
              Custom gamma table does not work.

       Parallel scanner support
              Beside  the ScanJet Plus which came with its own parallel inter-
              face card, currently only the HP ScanJet  5100C/5200C  are  sup-
              ported.   These  scanners are using an internal parallel-to-SCSI
              converter which is supported by the ppSCSI-driver (see above).

       sane(7), sane-scsi(5), sane-usb(5)

       The sane-hp backend was written by Geoffrey T. Dairiki.  HP  PhotoSmart
       PhotoScanner support by Peter Kirchgessner.

@PACKAGEVERSION@                  13 Jul 2008                       sane-hp(5)
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