secure_getenv


SYNOPSIS
       #include <stdlib.h>

       char *getenv(const char *name);

       char *secure_getenv(const char *name);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       secure_getenv(): _GNU_SOURCE

DESCRIPTION
       The  getenv()  function searches the environment list to find the envi-
       ronment variable name, and returns a pointer to the corresponding value
       string.

       The  GNU-specific secure_getenv() function is just like getenv() except
       that it returns NULL in cases where  "secure  execution"  is  required.
       Secure  execution  is  required  if one of the following conditions was
       true when the program run by the calling process was loaded:

       *  the process's effective user ID did not match its real  user  ID  or
          the  process's  effective  group  ID did not match its real group ID
          (typically this is the result of executing  a  set-user-ID  or  set-
          group-ID program);

       *  the effective capability bit was set on the executable file; or

       *  the process has a nonempty permitted capability set.

       Secure  execution may also required if triggered by some Linux security
       modules.

       The secure_getenv() function is intended  for  use  in  general-purpose
       libraries  to  avoid vulnerabilities that could occur if set-user-ID or
       set-group-ID programs accidentally trusted the environment.

RETURN VALUE
       The getenv() function returns a pointer to the value  in  the  environ-
       ment, or NULL if there is no match.

VERSIONS
       secure_getenv() first appeared in glibc 2.17.

CONFORMING TO
       getenv(): SVr4, POSIX.1-2001, 4.3BSD, C89, C99.

       secure_getenv() is a GNU extension.

NOTES
       The strings in the environment list are of the form name=value.

       As typically implemented, getenv() returns a pointer to a string within

SEE ALSO
       clearenv(3), getauxval(3), putenv(3), setenv(3), unsetenv(3), capabili-
       ties(7), environ(7)

COLOPHON
       This  page  is  part of release 3.54 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, and information about reporting  bugs,  can
       be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.



GNU                               2012-08-14                         GETENV(3)
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