PUTENV(3)                  Linux Programmer's Manual                 PUTENV(3)

       putenv - change or add an environment variable

       #include <stdlib.h>

       int putenv(char *string);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       putenv(): _XOPEN_SOURCE
           || /* Glibc since 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
           || /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _SVID_SOURCE

       The  putenv()  function  adds or changes the value of environment vari-
       ables.  The argument string is of the form name=value.   If  name  does
       not already exist in the environment, then string is added to the envi-
       ronment.  If name does exist, then the value of name in the environment
       is  changed  to value.  The string pointed to by string becomes part of
       the environment, so altering the string changes the environment.

       The putenv() function returns zero on success, or nonzero if  an  error
       occurs.  In the event of an error, errno is set to indicate the cause.

       ENOMEM Insufficient space to allocate new environment.

       For  an  explanation  of  the  terms  used  in  this  section,  see at-

       |Interface | Attribute     | Value               |
       |putenv()  | Thread safety | MT-Unsafe const:env |
       POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008, SVr4, 4.3BSD.

       The putenv() function is not required to be reentrant, and the  one  in
       glibc 2.0 is not, but the glibc 2.1 version is.

       Since  version  2.1.2,  the glibc implementation conforms to SUSv2: the
       pointer string given to putenv() is used.  In particular,  this  string
       becomes  part of the environment; changing it later will change the en-
       vironment.  (Thus, it is an error to call putenv()  with  an  automatic
       variable  as  the argument, then return from the calling function while
       string is still part of the environment.)  However, glibc versions  2.0
       to  2.1.1  differ:  a copy of the string is used.  On the one hand this
       causes a memory leak, and on the other hand it violates SUSv2.

       The 4.4BSD version, like glibc 2.0, uses a copy.

       SUSv2 removes the const from the prototype, and so does glibc 2.1.3.

       The GNU C library implementation provides a nonstandard extension.   If
       string does not include an equal sign:


       then the named variable is removed from the caller's environment.

       clearenv(3), getenv(3), setenv(3), unsetenv(3), environ(7)

       This  page  is  part of release 5.05 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs,  and  the
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GNU                               2019-03-06                         PUTENV(3)
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