pcrebuild


PCRE BUILD-TIME OPTIONS

       This  document  describes  the  optional  features  of PCRE that can be
       selected when the library is compiled. It assumes use of the  configure
       script,  where the optional features are selected or deselected by pro-
       viding options to configure before running the make  command.  However,
       the  same  options  can be selected in both Unix-like and non-Unix-like
       environments using the GUI facility of cmake-gui if you are using CMake
       instead of configure to build PCRE.

       There  is  a  lot more information about building PCRE in non-Unix-like
       environments in the file called NON_UNIX_USE, which is part of the PCRE
       distribution.  You  should consult this file as well as the README file
       if you are building in a non-Unix-like environment.

       The complete list of options for configure (which includes the standard
       ones  such  as  the  selection  of  the  installation directory) can be
       obtained by running

         ./configure --help

       The following sections include  descriptions  of  options  whose  names
       begin with --enable or --disable. These settings specify changes to the
       defaults for the configure command. Because of the way  that  configure
       works,  --enable  and --disable always come in pairs, so the complemen-
       tary option always exists as well, but as it specifies the default,  it
       is not described.

C++ SUPPORT

       By default, the configure script will search for a C++ compiler and C++
       header files. If it finds them, it automatically builds the C++ wrapper
       library for PCRE. You can disable this by adding

         --disable-cpp

       to the configure command.

UTF-8 SUPPORT

       To build PCRE with support for UTF-8 Unicode character strings, add

         --enable-utf8

       to  the  configure  command.  Of  itself, this does not make PCRE treat
       strings as UTF-8. As well as compiling PCRE with this option, you  also
       have  have to set the PCRE_UTF8 option when you call the pcre_compile()
       or pcre_compile2() functions.

       If you set --enable-utf8 when compiling in an EBCDIC environment,  PCRE
       expects its input to be either ASCII or UTF-8 (depending on the runtime
       option). It is not possible to support both EBCDIC and UTF-8  codes  in
       the  same  version  of  the  library.  Consequently,  --enable-utf8 and
       to the configure command. This implies UTF-8 support, even if you  have
       not explicitly requested it.

       Including  Unicode  property  support  adds around 30K of tables to the
       PCRE library. Only the general category properties such as  Lu  and  Nd
       are supported. Details are given in the pcrepattern documentation.

CODE VALUE OF NEWLINE

       By  default,  PCRE interprets the linefeed (LF) character as indicating
       the end of a line. This is the normal newline  character  on  Unix-like
       systems.  You  can compile PCRE to use carriage return (CR) instead, by
       adding

         --enable-newline-is-cr

       to the  configure  command.  There  is  also  a  --enable-newline-is-lf
       option, which explicitly specifies linefeed as the newline character.

       Alternatively, you can specify that line endings are to be indicated by
       the two character sequence CRLF. If you want this, add

         --enable-newline-is-crlf

       to the configure command. There is a fourth option, specified by

         --enable-newline-is-anycrlf

       which causes PCRE to recognize any of the three sequences  CR,  LF,  or
       CRLF as indicating a line ending. Finally, a fifth option, specified by

         --enable-newline-is-any

       causes PCRE to recognize any Unicode newline sequence.

       Whatever  line  ending convention is selected when PCRE is built can be
       overridden when the library functions are called. At build time  it  is
       conventional to use the standard for your operating system.

WHAT \R MATCHES

       By  default,  the  sequence \R in a pattern matches any Unicode newline
       sequence, whatever has been selected as the line  ending  sequence.  If
       you specify

         --enable-bsr-anycrlf

       the  default  is changed so that \R matches only CR, LF, or CRLF. What-
       ever is selected when PCRE is built can be overridden when the  library
       functions are called.

BUILDING SHARED AND STATIC LIBRARIES

       The  PCRE building process uses libtool to build both shared and static
       pointers  to capturing substrings, because PCRE requires three integers
       per substring, whereas the POSIX interface provides only  two.  If  the
       number of expected substrings is small, the wrapper function uses space
       on the stack, because this is faster than using malloc() for each call.
       The default threshold above which the stack is no longer used is 10; it
       can be changed by adding a setting such as

         --with-posix-malloc-threshold=20

       to the configure command.

HANDLING VERY LARGE PATTERNS

       Within a compiled pattern, offset values are used  to  point  from  one
       part  to another (for example, from an opening parenthesis to an alter-
       nation metacharacter). By default, two-byte values are used  for  these
       offsets,  leading  to  a  maximum size for a compiled pattern of around
       64K. This is sufficient to handle all but the most  gigantic  patterns.
       Nevertheless,  some  people do want to process truyl enormous patterns,
       so it is possible to compile PCRE to use three-byte or  four-byte  off-
       sets by adding a setting such as

         --with-link-size=3

       to  the  configure  command.  The value given must be 2, 3, or 4. Using
       longer offsets slows down the operation of PCRE because it has to  load
       additional bytes when handling them.

AVOIDING EXCESSIVE STACK USAGE

       When matching with the pcre_exec() function, PCRE implements backtrack-
       ing by making recursive calls to an internal function  called  match().
       In  environments  where  the size of the stack is limited, this can se-
       verely limit PCRE's operation. (The Unix environment does  not  usually
       suffer from this problem, but it may sometimes be necessary to increase
       the maximum stack size.  There is a discussion in the  pcrestack  docu-
       mentation.)  An alternative approach to recursion that uses memory from
       the heap to remember data, instead of using recursive  function  calls,
       has  been  implemented to work round the problem of limited stack size.
       If you want to build a version of PCRE that works this way, add

         --disable-stack-for-recursion

       to the configure command. With this configuration, PCRE  will  use  the
       pcre_stack_malloc  and pcre_stack_free variables to call memory manage-
       ment functions. By default these point to malloc() and free(), but  you
       can replace the pointers so that your own functions are used instead.

       Separate  functions  are  provided  rather  than  using pcre_malloc and
       pcre_free because the  usage  is  very  predictable:  the  block  sizes
       requested  are  always  the  same,  and  the blocks are always freed in
       reverse order. A calling program might be able to  implement  optimized
       functions  that  perform  better  than  malloc()  and free(). PCRE runs
       noticeably more slowly when built in this way. This option affects only

         --with-match-limit=500000

       to  the  configure  command.  This  setting  has  no  effect   on   the
       pcre_dfa_exec() matching function.

       In  some  environments  it is desirable to limit the depth of recursive
       calls of match() more strictly than the total number of calls, in order
       to  restrict  the maximum amount of stack (or heap, if --disable-stack-
       for-recursion is specified) that is used. A second limit controls this;
       it  defaults  to  the  value  that is set for --with-match-limit, which
       imposes no additional constraints. However, you can set a  lower  limit
       by adding, for example,

         --with-match-limit-recursion=10000

       to  the  configure  command.  This  value can also be overridden at run
       time.

CREATING CHARACTER TABLES AT BUILD TIME

       PCRE uses fixed tables for processing characters whose code values  are
       less  than 256. By default, PCRE is built with a set of tables that are
       distributed in the file pcre_chartables.c.dist. These  tables  are  for
       ASCII codes only. If you add

         --enable-rebuild-chartables

       to  the  configure  command, the distributed tables are no longer used.
       Instead, a program called dftables is compiled and  run.  This  outputs
       the source for new set of tables, created in the default locale of your
       C runtime system. (This method of replacing the tables does not work if
       you  are cross compiling, because dftables is run on the local host. If
       you need to create alternative tables when cross  compiling,  you  will
       have to do so "by hand".)

USING EBCDIC CODE

       PCRE  assumes  by  default that it will run in an environment where the
       character code is ASCII (or Unicode, which is  a  superset  of  ASCII).
       This  is  the  case for most computer operating systems. PCRE can, how-
       ever, be compiled to run in an EBCDIC environment by adding

         --enable-ebcdic

       to the configure command. This setting implies --enable-rebuild-charta-
       bles.  You  should  only  use  it if you know that you are in an EBCDIC
       environment (for example,  an  IBM  mainframe  operating  system).  The
       --enable-ebcdic option is incompatible with --enable-utf8.

PCREGREP OPTIONS FOR COMPRESSED FILE SUPPORT

       By default, pcregrep reads all files as plain text. You can build it so
       that it recognizes files whose names end in .gz or .bz2, and reads them

         --enable-pcretest-libreadline

       to  the  configure  command,  pcretest  is  linked with the libreadline
       library, and when its input is from a terminal, it reads it  using  the
       readline() function. This provides line-editing and history facilities.
       Note that libreadline is GPL-licensed, so if you distribute a binary of
       pcretest linked in this way, there may be licensing issues.

       Setting  this  option  causes  the -lreadline option to be added to the
       pcretest build. In many operating environments with  a  sytem-installed
       libreadline this is sufficient. However, in some environments (e.g.  if
       an unmodified distribution version of readline is in use),  some  extra
       configuration  may  be necessary. The INSTALL file for libreadline says
       this:

         "Readline uses the termcap functions, but does not link with the
         termcap or curses library itself, allowing applications which link
         with readline the to choose an appropriate library."

       If your environment has not been set up so that an appropriate  library
       is automatically included, you may need to add something like

         LIBS="-ncurses"

       immediately before the configure command.

SEE ALSO

       pcreapi(3), pcre_config(3).

AUTHOR

       Philip Hazel
       University Computing Service
       Cambridge CB2 3QH, England.

REVISION

       Last updated: 29 September 2009
       Copyright (c) 1997-2009 University of Cambridge.



                                                                  PCREBUILD(3)
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