getpwnam_r


SYNOPSIS
       #include <sys/types.h>
       #include <pwd.h>

       struct passwd *getpwnam(const char *name);

       struct passwd *getpwuid(uid_t uid);

       int getpwnam_r(const char *name, struct passwd *pwd,
                   char *buf, size_t buflen, struct passwd **result);

       int getpwuid_r(uid_t uid, struct passwd *pwd,
                   char *buf, size_t buflen, struct passwd **result);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       getpwnam_r(), getpwuid_r():
           _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 1 || _XOPEN_SOURCE || _BSD_SOURCE ||
           _SVID_SOURCE || _POSIX_SOURCE

DESCRIPTION
       The getpwnam() function returns a pointer to a structure containing the
       broken-out  fields  of  the  record in the password database (e.g., the
       local password file /etc/passwd, NIS, and LDAP) that matches the  user-
       name name.

       The getpwuid() function returns a pointer to a structure containing the
       broken-out fields of the record in the password database  that  matches
       the user ID uid.

       The passwd structure is defined in <pwd.h> as follows:

           struct passwd {
               char   *pw_name;       /* username */
               char   *pw_passwd;     /* user password */
               uid_t   pw_uid;        /* user ID */
               gid_t   pw_gid;        /* group ID */
               char   *pw_gecos;      /* user information */
               char   *pw_dir;        /* home directory */
               char   *pw_shell;      /* shell program */
           };

       See passwd(5) for more information about these fields.

       The getpwnam_r() and getpwuid_r() functions obtain the same information
       as getpwnam() and getpwuid(), but store the retrieved passwd  structure
       in  the  space  pointed to by pwd.  The string fields pointed to by the
       members of the passwd structure are stored in the buffer  buf  of  size
       buflen.   A pointer to the result (in case of success) or NULL (in case
       no entry was found or an error occurred) is stored in *result.

       The maximum size needed for buf can be found using sysconf(3) with  the
       argument _SC_GETPW_R_SIZE_MAX.
       On  success, getpwnam_r() and getpwuid_r() return zero, and set *result
       to pwd.  If no matching password  record  was  found,  these  functions
       return  0 and store NULL in *result.  In case of error, an error number
       is returned, and NULL is stored in *result.

ERRORS
       0 or ENOENT or ESRCH or EBADF or EPERM or ...
              The given name or uid was not found.

       EINTR  A signal was caught.

       EIO    I/O error.

       EMFILE The maximum number (OPEN_MAX) of files was open already  in  the
              calling process.

       ENFILE The maximum number of files was open already in the system.

       ENOMEM Insufficient memory to allocate passwd structure.

       ERANGE Insufficient buffer space supplied.

NOTE
       The user password database mostly refers to /etc/passwd.  However, with
       recent systems it also refers to network wide databases using NIS, LDAP
       and other local files as configured in /etc/nsswitch.conf.

FILES
       /etc/passwd
              local password database file

       /etc/nsswitch.conf
              System Databases and Name Service Switch configuration file

CONFORMING TO
       SVr4,  4.3BSD,  POSIX.1-2001.   The  pw_gecos field is not specified in
       POSIX, but is present on most implementations.

NOTES
       The formulation given above under "RETURN VALUE" is from  POSIX.1-2001.
       It  does not call "not found" an error, and hence does not specify what
       value errno might have in this situation.  But that makes it impossible
       to  recognize  errors.   One  might argue that according to POSIX errno
       should be left unchanged if an entry is not found.  Experiments on var-
       ious UNIX-like systems show that lots of different values occur in this
       situation: 0, ENOENT, EBADF, ESRCH,  EWOULDBLOCK,  EPERM  and  probably
       others.

       The  pw_dir field contains the name of the initial working directory of
       the user.  Login programs use the value of this field to initialize the
       HOME  environment  variable  for  the login shell.  An application that
       wants to determine its user's home directory should inspect  the  value
       of  HOME  (rather than the value getpwuid(getuid())->pw_dir) since this
       allows the user to modify their notion of "the home directory" during a
       #include <errno.h>

       int
       main(int argc, char *argv[])
       {
           struct passwd pwd;
           struct passwd *result;
           char *buf;
           size_t bufsize;
           int s;

           if (argc != 2) {
               fprintf(stderr, "Usage: %s username\n", argv[0]);
               exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
           }

           bufsize = sysconf(_SC_GETPW_R_SIZE_MAX);
           if (bufsize == -1)          /* Value was indeterminate */
               bufsize = 16384;        /* Should be more than enough */

           buf = malloc(bufsize);
           if (buf == NULL) {
               perror("malloc");
               exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
           }

           s = getpwnam_r(argv[1], &pwd, buf, bufsize, &result);
           if (result == NULL) {
               if (s == 0)
                   printf("Not found\n");
               else {
                   errno = s;
                   perror("getpwnam_r");
               }
               exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
           }

           printf("Name: %s; UID: %ld\n", pwd.pw_gecos, (long) pwd.pw_uid);
           exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
       }

SEE ALSO
       endpwent(3), fgetpwent(3), getgrnam(3), getpw(3),  getpwent(3),  getsp-
       nam(3), putpwent(3), setpwent(3), nsswitch.conf(5), passwd(5)

COLOPHON
       This  page  is  part of release 3.35 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, and information about reporting  bugs,  can
       be found at http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/.



GNU                               2010-10-21                       GETPWNAM(3)
Man Pages Copyright Respective Owners. Site Copyright (C) 1994 - 2017 Hurricane Electric. All Rights Reserved.