getgrnam


SYNOPSIS
       #include <sys/types.h>
       #include <grp.h>

       struct group *getgrnam(const char *name);

       struct group *getgrgid(gid_t gid);

       int getgrnam_r(const char *name, struct group *grp,
                 char *buf, size_t buflen, struct group **result);

       int getgrgid_r(gid_t gid, struct group *grp,
                 char *buf, size_t buflen, struct group **result);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       getgrnam_r(), getgrgid_r():
           _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 1 || _XOPEN_SOURCE || _BSD_SOURCE ||
           _SVID_SOURCE || _POSIX_SOURCE

DESCRIPTION
       The getgrnam() function returns a pointer to a structure containing the
       broken-out  fields of the record in the group database (e.g., the local
       group file /etc/group, NIS, and LDAP) that matches the group name name.

       The getgrgid() function returns a pointer to a structure containing the
       broken-out  fields of the record in the group database that matches the
       group ID gid.

       The group structure is defined in <grp.h> as follows:

           struct group {
               char   *gr_name;       /* group name */
               char   *gr_passwd;     /* group password */
               gid_t   gr_gid;        /* group ID */
               char  **gr_mem;        /* group members */
           };

       For more information about the fields of this structure, see group(5).

       The getgrnam_r() and getgrgid_r() functions obtain the same information
       as  getgrnam()  and getgrgid(), but store the retrieved group structure
       in the space pointed to by grp.  The string fields pointed  to  by  the
       members  of  the  group  structure are stored in the buffer buf of size
       buflen.  A pointer to the result (in case of success) or NULL (in  case
       no entry was found or an error occurred) is stored in *result.

       The  maximum needed size for buf can be found using sysconf(3) with the
       argument _SC_GETGR_R_SIZE_MAX.

RETURN VALUE
       The getgrnam() and getgrgid() functions return a  pointer  to  a  group
       structure,  or  NULL  if  the  matching  entry is not found or an error

ERRORS
       0 or ENOENT or ESRCH or EBADF or EPERM or ...
              The given name or gid was not found.

       EINTR  A signal was caught.

       EIO    I/O error.

       EMFILE The  maximum  number (OPEN_MAX) of files was open already in the
              calling process.

       ENFILE The maximum number of files was open already in the system.

       ENOMEM Insufficient memory to allocate group structure.

       ERANGE Insufficient buffer space supplied.

FILES
       /etc/group
              local group database file

CONFORMING TO
       SVr4, 4.3BSD, POSIX.1-2001.

NOTES
       The formulation given above under "RETURN VALUE" is from  POSIX.1-2001.
       It  does  not  call  "not  found" an error, hence does not specify what
       value errno might have in this situation.  But that makes it impossible
       to  recognize  errors.   One  might argue that according to POSIX errno
       should be left unchanged if an entry is not found.  Experiments on var-
       ious  UNIX-like  systems  shows  that lots of different values occur in
       this situation: 0, ENOENT, EBADF, ESRCH, EWOULDBLOCK, EPERM and  proba-
       bly others.

SEE ALSO
       endgrent(3),   fgetgrent(3),   getgrent(3),  getpwnam(3),  setgrent(3),
       group(5)

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 3.35 of the Linux  man-pages  project.   A
       description  of  the project, and information about reporting bugs, can
       be found at http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/.



                                  2010-10-21                       GETGRNAM(3)
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