void error(int status, int errnum, const char *format, ...);
void error_at_line(int status, int errnum, const char *filename,
unsigned int linenum, const char *format, ...);
extern unsigned int error_message_count;
extern int error_one_per_line;
extern void (*error_print_progname) (void);
error() is a general error-reporting function. It flushes stdout, and
then outputs to stderr the program name, a colon and a space, the mes-
sage specified by the printf(3)-style format string format, and, if
errnum is nonzero, a second colon and a space followed by the string
given by strerror(errnum). Any arguments required for format should
follow format in the argument list. The output is terminated by a new-
The program name printed by error() is the value of the global variable
program_invocation_name(3). program_invocation_name initially has the
same value as main()'s argv. The value of this variable can be mod-
ified to change the output of error().
If status has a nonzero value, then error() calls exit(3) to terminate
the program using the given value as the exit status.
The error_at_line() function is exactly the same as error(), except for
the addition of the arguments filename and linenum. The output pro-
duced is as for error(), except that after the program name are writ-
ten: a colon, the value of filename, a colon, and the value of linenum.
The preprocessor values __LINE__ and __FILE__ may be useful when call-
ing error_at_line(), but other values can also be used. For example,
these arguments could refer to a location in an input file.
If the global variable error_one_per_line is set nonzero, a sequence of
error_at_line() calls with the same value of filename and linenum will
result in only one message (the first) being output.
The global variable error_message_count counts the number of messages
that have been output by error() and error_at_line().
If the global variable error_print_progname is assigned the address of
a function (i.e., is not NULL), then that function is called instead of
prefixing the message with the program name and colon. The function
should print a suitable string to stderr.
For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see
enough) and, if error_one_per_line is set nonzero, the internal static
variables (not exposed to users) used to hold the last printed filename
and line number are accessed and modified without synchronization; the
update is not atomic and it occurs before disabling cancellation, so it
can be interrupted only after one of the two variables is modified.
After that, error_at_line(3) is very much like error(3).
These functions and variables are GNU extensions, and should not be
used in programs intended to be portable.
err(3), errno(3), exit(3), perror(3), program_invocation_name(3), str-
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