int umount(const char *target);
int umount2(const char *target, int flags);
umount() and umount2() remove the attachment of the (topmost) filesys-
tem mounted on target.
Appropriate privilege (Linux: the CAP_SYS_ADMIN capability) is required
to unmount filesystems.
Linux 2.1.116 added the umount2() system call, which, like umount(),
unmounts a target, but allows additional flags controlling the behavior
of the operation:
MNT_FORCE (since Linux 2.1.116)
Force unmount even if busy. This can cause data loss. (Only
for NFS mounts.)
MNT_DETACH (since Linux 2.4.11)
Perform a lazy unmount: make the mount point unavailable for new
accesses, and actually perform the unmount when the mount point
ceases to be busy.
MNT_EXPIRE (since Linux 2.6.8)
Mark the mount point as expired. If a mount point is not cur-
rently in use, then an initial call to umount2() with this flag
fails with the error EAGAIN, but marks the mount point as
expired. The mount point remains expired as long as it isn't
accessed by any process. A second umount2() call specifying
MNT_EXPIRE unmounts an expired mount point. This flag cannot be
specified with either MNT_FORCE or MNT_DETACH.
UMOUNT_NOFOLLOW (since Linux 2.6.34)
Don't dereference target if it is a symbolic link. This flag
allows security problems to be avoided in set-user-ID-root pro-
grams that allow unprivileged users to unmount filesystems.
On success, zero is returned. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is
The error values given below result from filesystem type independent
errors. Each filesystem type may have its own special errors and its
own special behavior. See the Linux kernel source code for details.
EAGAIN A call to umount2() specifying MNT_EXPIRE successfully marked an
unbusy filesystem as expired.
ENOMEM The kernel could not allocate a free page to copy filenames or
EPERM The caller does not have the required privileges.
MNT_DETACH and MNT_EXPIRE are available in glibc since version 2.11.
These functions are Linux-specific and should not be used in programs
intended to be portable.
The original umount() function was called as umount(device) and would
return ENOTBLK when called with something other than a block device.
In Linux 0.98p4 a call umount(dir) was added, in order to support
anonymous devices. In Linux 2.3.99-pre7 the call umount(device) was
removed, leaving only umount(dir) (since now devices can be mounted in
more than one place, so specifying the device does not suffice).
mount(2), path_resolution(7), mount(8), umount(8)
This page is part of release 3.54 of the Linux man-pages project. A
description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can
be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.
Linux 2010-06-19 UMOUNT(2)
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