spu_run


SYNOPSIS
       #include <sys/spu.h>

       int spu_run(int fd, unsigned int *npc, unsigned int *event);

DESCRIPTION
       The  spu_run()  system  call is used on PowerPC machines that implement
       the Cell Broadband Engine Architecture in order to  access  Synergistic
       Processor  Units (SPUs).  The fd argument is a file descriptor returned
       by spu_create(2) that refers to a specific SPU context.  When the  con-
       text  gets  scheduled  to  a  physical  SPU, it starts execution at the
       instruction pointer passed in npc.

       Execution of SPU code happens  synchronously,  meaning  that  spu_run()
       blocks  while  the SPU is still running.  If there is a need to execute
       SPU code in parallel with other code on either the main  CPU  or  other
       SPUs,  a  new  thread  of  execution must be created first (e.g., using
       pthread_create(3)).

       When spu_run() returns, the current value of the SPU program counter is
       written  to  npc, so successive calls to spu_run() can use the same npc
       pointer.

       The event argument provides a buffer for an extended status  code.   If
       the  SPU  context  was created with the SPU_CREATE_EVENTS_ENABLED flag,
       then this buffer is populated by  the  Linux  kernel  before  spu_run()
       returns.

       The status code may be one (or more) of the following constants:

       SPE_EVENT_DMA_ALIGNMENT
              A DMA alignment error occurred.

       SPE_EVENT_INVALID_DMA
              An invalid MFC DMA command was attempted.

       SPE_EVENT_SPE_DATA_STORAGE
              A DMA storage error occurred.

       SPE_EVENT_SPE_ERROR
              An illegal instruction was executed.

       NULL is a valid value for the event argument.  In this case, the events
       will not be reported to the calling process.

RETURN VALUE
       On success, spu_run() returns the value of the spu_status register.  On
       error  it  returns  -1  and sets errno to one of the error codes listed
       below.

       The spu_status register value is a bit mask of status codes and option-
       ally a 14-bit code returned from the stop-and-signal instruction on the
       SPU.  The bit masks for the status codes are:

       0x3fff0000
              The bits masked with this value contain the code returned from a
              stop-and-signal  instruction.   These bits are only valid if the
              0x02 bit is set.

       If spu_run() has not returned an error, one  or  more  bits  among  the
       lower eight ones are always set.

ERRORS
       EBADF  fd is not a valid file descriptor.

       EFAULT npc  is not a valid pointer, or event is non-NULL and an invalid
              pointer.

       EINTR  A signal occurred while spu_run()  was  in  progress;  see  sig-
              nal(7).   The  npc  value  has  been  updated to the new program
              counter value if necessary.

       EINVAL fd is not a valid file descriptor returned from spu_create(2).

       ENOMEM There was not enough memory available to  handle  a  page  fault
              resulting  from  a  Memory  Flow  Controller (MFC) direct memory
              access.

       ENOSYS The functionality is not provided by the current system, because
              either the hardware does not provide SPUs or the spufs module is
              not loaded.

VERSIONS
       The spu_run() system call was added to Linux in kernel 2.6.16.

CONFORMING TO
       This call is Linux-specific and only implemented by the PowerPC  archi-
       tecture.  Programs using this system call are not portable.

NOTES
       Glibc  does  not  provide a wrapper for this system call; call it using
       syscall(2).  Note however, that spu_run() is  meant  to  be  used  from
       libraries  that  implement a more abstract interface to SPUs, not to be
       used from regular applications.   See  http://www.bsc.es/projects/deep-
       computing/linuxoncell/ for the recommended libraries.

EXAMPLE
       The  following  is  an example of running a simple, one-instruction SPU
       program with the spu_run() system call.

       #include <stdlib.h>
       #include <stdint.h>
       #include <unistd.h>
       #include <stdio.h>
       #include <sys/types.h>
       #include <fcntl.h>

           /* write a 'stop 0x1234' instruction to the SPU's
            * local store memory
            */
           instruction = 0x00001234;

           fd = open("/spu/example-context/mem", O_RDWR);
           if (fd == -1)
               handle_error("open");
           write(fd, &instruction, sizeof(instruction));

           /* set npc to the starting instruction address of the
            * SPU program. Since we wrote the instruction at the
            * start of the mem file, the entry point will be 0x0
            */
           npc = 0;

           spu_status = spu_run(context, &npc, NULL);
           if (spu_status == -1)
               handle_error("open");

           /* we should see a status code of 0x1234002:
            *   0x00000002 (spu was stopped due to stop-and-signal)
            * | 0x12340000 (the stop-and-signal code)
            */
           printf("SPU Status: 0x%08x\n", spu_status);

           exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
       }

SEE ALSO
       close(2), spu_create(2), capabilities(7), spufs(7)

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 3.35 of the Linux  man-pages  project.   A
       description  of  the project, and information about reporting bugs, can
       be found at http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/.



Linux                             2007-11-25                        SPU_RUN(2)
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