SCHED_SETSCHEDULER(2)      Linux Programmer's Manual     SCHED_SETSCHEDULER(2)

       sched_setscheduler,  sched_getscheduler  -  set and get scheduling pol-

       #include <sched.h>

       int sched_setscheduler(pid_t pid, int policy,
                              const struct sched_param *param);

       int sched_getscheduler(pid_t pid);

       The sched_setscheduler() system call sets both  the  scheduling  policy
       and  parameters  for  the  thread whose ID is specified in pid.  If pid
       equals zero, the scheduling policy and parameters of the calling thread
       will be set.

       The scheduling parameters are specified in the param argument, which is
       a pointer to a structure of the following form:

           struct sched_param {
               int sched_priority;

       In the current implementation, the structure contains only  one  field,
       sched_priority.   The  interpretation  of param depends on the selected

       Currently, Linux supports the following "normal" (i.e.,  non-real-time)
       scheduling policies as values that may be specified in policy:

       SCHED_OTHER   the standard round-robin time-sharing policy;

       SCHED_BATCH   for "batch" style execution of processes; and

       SCHED_IDLE    for running very low priority background jobs.

       For each of the above policies, param->sched_priority must be 0.

       Various "real-time" policies are also supported, for special time-crit-
       ical applications that need precise  control  over  the  way  in  which
       runnable  threads  are selected for execution.  For the rules governing
       when a process may use these policies,  see  sched(7).   The  real-time
       policies that may be specified in policy are:

       SCHED_FIFO    a first-in, first-out policy; and

       SCHED_RR      a round-robin policy.

       For  each  of  the  above  policies,  param->sched_priority specifies a
       scheduling priority for the thread.  This is a number in the range  re-
       turned   by   calling  sched_get_priority_min(2)  and  sched_get_prior-
       ity_max(2) with the specified policy.  On Linux, these system calls re-
       turn, respectively, 1 and 99.

       Since  Linux 2.6.32, the SCHED_RESET_ON_FORK flag can be ORed in policy
       when calling sched_setscheduler().  As a result of including this flag,
       children  created by fork(2) do not inherit privileged scheduling poli-
       cies.  See sched(7) for details.

       sched_getscheduler() returns  the  current  scheduling  policy  of  the
       thread  identified by pid.  If pid equals zero, the policy of the call-
       ing thread will be retrieved.

       On   success,   sched_setscheduler()   returns   zero.    On   success,
       sched_getscheduler()  returns  the policy for the thread (a nonnegative
       integer).  On error, both calls return -1, and errno is  set  appropri-

       EINVAL Invalid arguments: pid is negative or param is NULL.

       EINVAL (sched_setscheduler()) policy is not one of the recognized poli-

       EINVAL (sched_setscheduler()) param does not make sense for the  speci-
              fied policy.

       EPERM  The calling thread does not have appropriate privileges.

       ESRCH  The thread whose ID is pid could not be found.

       POSIX.1-2001,  POSIX.1-2008  (but see BUGS below).  The SCHED_BATCH and
       SCHED_IDLE policies are Linux-specific.

       Further details of the semantics of  all  of  the  above  "normal"  and
       "real-time"  scheduling  policies  can  be found in the sched(7) manual
       page.  That page also describes an additional  policy,  SCHED_DEADLINE,
       which is settable only via sched_setattr(2).

       POSIX  systems  on  which sched_setscheduler() and sched_getscheduler()
       are available define _POSIX_PRIORITY_SCHEDULING in <unistd.h>.

       POSIX.1 does not detail the permissions that an unprivileged thread re-
       quires  in  order to call sched_setscheduler(), and details vary across
       systems.  For example, the Solaris 7 manual page says that the real  or
       effective user ID of the caller must match the real user ID or the save
       set-user-ID of the target.

       The scheduling policy and parameters are in fact per-thread  attributes
       on Linux.  The value returned from a call to gettid(2) can be passed in
       the argument pid.  Specifying pid as 0 will operate on  the  attributes
       of  the  calling  thread, and passing the value returned from a call to
       getpid(2) will operate on the attributes of  the  main  thread  of  the
       thread  group.   (If  you  are  using  the  POSIX threads API, then use
       pthread_setschedparam(3),         pthread_getschedparam(3),         and
       pthread_setschedprio(3), instead of the sched_*(2) system calls.)

       POSIX.1  says  that  on success, sched_setscheduler() should return the
       previous scheduling policy.  Linux sched_setscheduler() does  not  con-
       form to this requirement, since it always returns 0 on success.

       chrt(1), nice(2), sched_get_priority_max(2), sched_get_priority_min(2),
       sched_getaffinity(2), sched_getattr(2), sched_getparam(2),
       sched_rr_get_interval(2), sched_setaffinity(2), sched_setattr(2),
       sched_setparam(2), sched_yield(2), setpriority(2), capabilities(7),
       cpuset(7), sched(7)

       This  page  is  part of release 5.05 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs,  and  the
       latest     version     of     this    page,    can    be    found    at

Linux                             2017-09-15             SCHED_SETSCHEDULER(2)
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