GETCPU(2)                  Linux Programmer's Manual                 GETCPU(2)

       getcpu  -  determine  CPU  and NUMA node on which the calling thread is

       #include <linux/getcpu.h>

       int getcpu(unsigned *cpu, unsigned *node, struct getcpu_cache *tcache);

       The getcpu() system call identifies the processor and node on which the
       calling thread or process is currently running and writes them into the
       integers pointed to by the cpu and node arguments.  The processor is  a
       unique  small  integer  identifying  a CPU.  The node is a unique small
       identifier identifying a NUMA node.  When either cpu or  node  is  NULL
       nothing is written to the respective pointer.

       The  third  argument to this system call is nowadays unused, and should
       be specified as NULL unless portability to Linux 2.6.23 or  earlier  is
       required (see NOTES).

       The  information  placed in cpu is guaranteed to be current only at the
       time of the  call:  unless  the  CPU  affinity  has  been  fixed  using
       sched_setaffinity(2),  the  kernel  might  change  the CPU at any time.
       (Normally this does not happen because the scheduler tries to  minimize
       movements  between  CPUs  to keep caches hot, but it is possible.)  The
       caller must allow for the possibility that the information returned  in
       cpu and node is no longer current by the time the call returns.

       On  success, 0 is returned.  On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set

       EFAULT Arguments point outside the calling process's address space.

       getcpu() was added in kernel 2.6.19 for x86-64 and i386.  Library  sup-
       port  was added in glibc 2.29 (Earlier glibc versions did not provide a
       wrapper for this system call, necessitating the use of syscall(2).)

       getcpu() is Linux-specific.

       Linux makes a best effort to make this call as fast as  possible.   (On
       some architectures, this is done via an implementation in the vdso(7).)
       The intention of getcpu() is to allow programs  to  make  optimizations
       with per-CPU data or for NUMA optimization.

       The  tcache argument is unused since Linux 2.6.24.  In earlier kernels,
       if this argument was non-NULL, then it specified a pointer to a caller-
       allocated  buffer  in  thread-local  storage that was used to provide a
       caching mechanism for getcpu().  Use of the cache could speed  getcpu()
       calls, at the cost that there was a very small chance that the returned
       information would be out of date.  The caching mechanism was considered
       to cause problems when migrating threads between CPUs, and so the argu-
       ment is now ignored.

       mbind(2),  sched_setaffinity(2),   set_mempolicy(2),   sched_getcpu(3),
       cpuset(7), vdso(7)

       This  page  is  part of release 5.05 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs,  and  the
       latest     version     of     this    page,    can    be    found    at

Linux                             2019-03-06                         GETCPU(2)
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