accept4


SYNOPSIS
       #include <sys/types.h>          /* See NOTES */
       #include <sys/socket.h>

       int accept(int sockfd, struct sockaddr *addr, socklen_t *addrlen);

       #define _GNU_SOURCE             /* See feature_test_macros(7) */
       #include <sys/socket.h>

       int accept4(int sockfd, struct sockaddr *addr,
                   socklen_t *addrlen, int flags);

DESCRIPTION
       The  accept()  system  call  is used with connection-based socket types
       (SOCK_STREAM,  SOCK_SEQPACKET).   It  extracts  the  first   connection
       request  on  the queue of pending connections for the listening socket,
       sockfd, creates a new connected socket, and returns a new file descrip-
       tor  referring  to that socket.  The newly created socket is not in the
       listening state.  The original socket  sockfd  is  unaffected  by  this
       call.

       The  argument  sockfd is a socket that has been created with socket(2),
       bound to a local address with bind(2), and is listening for connections
       after a listen(2).

       The argument addr is a pointer to a sockaddr structure.  This structure
       is filled in with the address of the peer socket, as known to the  com-
       munications  layer.   The  exact format of the address returned addr is
       determined by the  socket's  address  family  (see  socket(2)  and  the
       respective  protocol  man pages).  When addr is NULL, nothing is filled
       in; in this case, addrlen is not used, and should also be NULL.

       The addrlen argument is a value-result argument: the caller  must  ini-
       tialize  it  to contain the size (in bytes) of the structure pointed to
       by addr; on return it will contain the actual size of the peer address.

       The returned address is truncated if the buffer provided is too  small;
       in  this case, addrlen will return a value greater than was supplied to
       the call.

       If no pending connections are present on the queue, and the  socket  is
       not  marked  as nonblocking, accept() blocks the caller until a connec-
       tion is present.  If the socket is marked nonblocking  and  no  pending
       connections  are  present  on  the queue, accept() fails with the error
       EAGAIN or EWOULDBLOCK.

       In order to be notified of incoming connections on a  socket,  you  can
       use  select(2)  or  poll(2).  A readable event will be delivered when a
       new connection is attempted and you may then call  accept()  to  get  a
       socket  for  that connection.  Alternatively, you can set the socket to
       deliver SIGIO when activity occurs  on  a  socket;  see  socket(7)  for
       details.

                       fcntl(2) to achieve the same result.

       SOCK_CLOEXEC    Set the close-on-exec (FD_CLOEXEC) flag on the new file
                       descriptor.  See the description of the O_CLOEXEC  flag
                       in open(2) for reasons why this may be useful.

RETURN VALUE
       On  success,  these system calls return a nonnegative integer that is a
       descriptor for the accepted socket.  On  error,  -1  is  returned,  and
       errno is set appropriately.

   Error Handling
       Linux accept() (and accept4()) passes already-pending network errors on
       the new socket as an error code from accept().  This  behavior  differs
       from  other  BSD  socket  implementations.   For reliable operation the
       application should detect the network errors defined for  the  protocol
       after  accept()  and  treat  them  like EAGAIN by retrying.  In case of
       TCP/IP these are  ENETDOWN,  EPROTO,  ENOPROTOOPT,  EHOSTDOWN,  ENONET,
       EHOSTUNREACH, EOPNOTSUPP, and ENETUNREACH.

ERRORS
       EAGAIN or EWOULDBLOCK
              The  socket is marked nonblocking and no connections are present
              to be accepted.  POSIX.1-2001 allows either error to be returned
              for  this case, and does not require these constants to have the
              same value, so a portable application should check for both pos-
              sibilities.

       EBADF  The descriptor is invalid.

       ECONNABORTED
              A connection has been aborted.

       EFAULT The  addr argument is not in a writable part of the user address
              space.

       EINTR  The system call was interrupted by  a  signal  that  was  caught
              before a valid connection arrived; see signal(7).

       EINVAL Socket  is  not listening for connections, or addrlen is invalid
              (e.g., is negative).

       EINVAL (accept4()) invalid value in flags.

       EMFILE The per-process limit of open file descriptors has been reached.

       ENFILE The system limit on the total number  of  open  files  has  been
              reached.

       ENOBUFS, ENOMEM
              Not  enough free memory.  This often means that the memory allo-
              cation is limited by the socket buffer limits, not by the system
              memory.

       In  addition,  network errors for the new socket and as defined for the
       protocol may be returned.   Various  Linux  kernels  can  return  other
       errors such as ENOSR, ESOCKTNOSUPPORT, EPROTONOSUPPORT, ETIMEDOUT.  The
       value ERESTARTSYS may be seen during a trace.

VERSIONS
       The accept4() system call is available starting with Linux 2.6.28; sup-
       port in glibc is available starting with version 2.10.

CONFORMING TO
       accept():  POSIX.1-2001,  SVr4,  4.4BSD,  (accept()  first  appeared in
       4.2BSD).

       accept4() is a nonstandard Linux extension.

       On Linux, the new socket returned by accept()  does  not  inherit  file
       status  flags such as O_NONBLOCK and O_ASYNC from the listening socket.
       This behavior differs from the canonical  BSD  sockets  implementation.
       Portable  programs  should not rely on inheritance or noninheritance of
       file status flags and always explicitly set all required flags  on  the
       socket returned from accept().

NOTES
       POSIX.1-2001  does not require the inclusion of <sys/types.h>, and this
       header file is not required on Linux.  However, some  historical  (BSD)
       implementations  required  this  header file, and portable applications
       are probably wise to include it.

       There may not always be a connection waiting after a SIGIO is delivered
       or  select(2) or poll(2) return a readability event because the connec-
       tion might have been  removed  by  an  asynchronous  network  error  or
       another  thread  before  accept()  is called.  If this happens then the
       call will block waiting for the next connection to arrive.   To  ensure
       that  accept() never blocks, the passed socket sockfd needs to have the
       O_NONBLOCK flag set (see socket(7)).

   The socklen_t type
       The third argument of accept() was originally declared as an int * (and
       is  that  under libc4 and libc5 and on many other systems like 4.x BSD,
       SunOS 4, SGI); a POSIX.1g draft standard wanted to  change  it  into  a
       size_t  *, and that is what it is for SunOS 5.  Later POSIX drafts have
       socklen_t *, and so do the Single UNIX Specification and glibc2.  Quot-
       ing Linus Torvalds:

       "_Any_  sane  library  _must_ have "socklen_t" be the same size as int.
       Anything else breaks any BSD socket layer stuff.  POSIX  initially  did
       make  it  a  size_t, and I (and hopefully others, but obviously not too
       many) complained to them very loudly indeed.  Making  it  a  size_t  is
       completely  broken, exactly because size_t very seldom is the same size
       as "int" on 64-bit architectures, for example.  And it has  to  be  the
       same  size  as  "int"  because that's what the BSD socket interface is.
       Anyway,  the  POSIX  people  eventually  got  a   clue,   and   created
       "socklen_t".   They  shouldn't  have touched it in the first place, but
       once they did they felt it had to have a named type  for  some  unfath-
       description of the project, and information about reporting  bugs,  can
       be found at http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/.



Linux                             2010-09-10                         ACCEPT(2)
Man Pages Copyright Respective Owners. Site Copyright (C) 1994 - 2017 Hurricane Electric. All Rights Reserved.