listen


SYNOPSIS
       #include <sys/types.h>          /* See NOTES */
       #include <sys/socket.h>

       int listen(int sockfd, int backlog);

DESCRIPTION
       listen()  marks  the  socket referred to by sockfd as a passive socket,
       that is, as a socket that will be used to  accept  incoming  connection
       requests using accept(2).

       The  sockfd  argument  is  a file descriptor that refers to a socket of
       type SOCK_STREAM or SOCK_SEQPACKET.

       The backlog argument defines the maximum length to which the  queue  of
       pending  connections  for  sockfd  may  grow.   If a connection request
       arrives when the queue is full, the client may receive an error with an
       indication  of  ECONNREFUSED  or,  if  the underlying protocol supports
       retransmission, the request may be ignored so that a later reattempt at
       connection succeeds.

RETURN VALUE
       On  success,  zero is returned.  On error, -1 is returned, and errno is
       set appropriately.

ERRORS
       EADDRINUSE
              Another socket is already listening on the same port.

       EBADF  The argument sockfd is not a valid descriptor.

       ENOTSOCK
              The argument sockfd is not a socket.

       EOPNOTSUPP
              The socket is not of a type that supports  the  listen()  opera-
              tion.

CONFORMING TO
       4.4BSD,  POSIX.1-2001.   The  listen()  function call first appeared in
       4.2BSD.

NOTES
       To accept connections, the following steps are performed:

           1.  A socket is created with socket(2).

           2.  The socket is bound to a local address using bind(2),  so  that
               other sockets may be connect(2)ed to it.

           3.  A  willingness to accept incoming connections and a queue limit
               for incoming connections are specified with listen().

       syncookies are enabled there is no logical maximum length and this set-
       ting is ignored.  See tcp(7) for more information.

       If    the   backlog   argument   is   greater   than   the   value   in
       /proc/sys/net/core/somaxconn, then it is  silently  truncated  to  that
       value;  the  default  value  in  this  file  is 128.  In kernels before
       2.4.25, this limit was a hard coded value, SOMAXCONN,  with  the  value
       128.

EXAMPLE
       See bind(2).

SEE ALSO
       accept(2), bind(2), connect(2), socket(2), socket(7)

COLOPHON
       This  page  is  part of release 3.35 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, and information about reporting  bugs,  can
       be found at http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/.



Linux                             2008-11-20                         LISTEN(2)
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