tput


SYNOPSIS
       tput [-Ttype] capname [parms ... ]
       tput [-Ttype] init
       tput [-Ttype] reset
       tput [-Ttype] longname
       tput -S  <<
       tput -V

DESCRIPTION
       The  tput utility uses the terminfo database to make the values of ter-
       minal-dependent capabilities and information  available  to  the  shell
       (see  sh(1)),  to  initialize or reset the terminal, or return the long
       name of the requested terminal type.  The result depends upon the capa-
       bility's type:

              string
                   tput writes the string to the standard output.  No trailing
                   newline is supplied.

              integer
                   tput writes the decimal value to the standard output,  with
                   a trailing newline.

              boolean
                   tput  simply sets the exit code (0 for TRUE if the terminal
                   has the capability, 1 for FALSE if it does not), and writes
                   nothing to the standard output.

       Before  using  a value returned on the standard output, the application
       should test the exit code (e.g., $?, see sh(1)) to be  sure  it  is  0.
       (See  the EXIT CODES and DIAGNOSTICS sections.)  For a complete list of
       capabilities and the capname associated with each, see terminfo(5).

       -Ttype indicates the type of terminal.  Normally this option is  unnec-
              essary,  because the default is taken from the environment vari-
              able TERM.  If -T is specified, then the shell  variables  LINES
              and COLUMNS will be ignored,and the operating system will not be
              queried for the actual screen size.

       capname
              indicates the capability from the terminfo database.  When term-
              cap  support is compiled in, the termcap name for the capability
              is also accepted.

       parms  If the capability is a string that takes parameters,  the  argu-
              ments parms will be instantiated into the string.

              Most  parameters  are numbers.  Only a few terminfo capabilities
              require string parameters; tput uses a table to decide which  to
              pass  as  strings.  Normally tput uses tparm (3X) to perform the
              substitution.  If no parameters are given  for  the  capability,
              tput writes the string without performing the substitution.

              and exits.

       init   If  the terminfo database is present and an entry for the user's
              terminal exists (see -Ttype, above), the following will occur:

              (1)    if present, the terminal's initialization strings will be
                     output as detailed in the terminfo(5) section on Tabs and
                     Initialization,

              (2)    any delays (e.g., newline) specified in the entry will be
                     set in the tty driver,

              (3)    tabs  expansion will be turned on or off according to the
                     specification in the entry, and

              (4)    if tabs are not  expanded,  standard  tabs  will  be  set
                     (every 8 spaces).

              If  an  entry does not contain the information needed for any of
              the four  above  activities,  that  activity  will  silently  be
              skipped.

       reset  Instead  of  putting  out initialization strings, the terminal's
              reset strings will be output if present (rs1, rs2, rs3, rf).  If
              the  reset  strings  are not present, but initialization strings
              are, the initialization  strings  will  be  output.   Otherwise,
              reset acts identically to init.

       longname
              If  the terminfo database is present and an entry for the user's
              terminal exists (see -Ttype above), then the long  name  of  the
              terminal will be put out.  The long name is the last name in the
              first line of the terminal's description in the  terminfo  data-
              base [see term(5)].

       If  tput  is invoked by a link named reset, this has the same effect as
       tput reset.  See tset for comparison, which has similar behavior.

EXAMPLES
       tput init
            Initialize the terminal according to the type of terminal  in  the
            environmental  variable  TERM.  This command should be included in
            everyone's .profile after the environmental variable TERM has been
            exported, as illustrated on the profile(5) manual page.

       tput -T5620 reset
            Reset  an  AT&T  5620 terminal, overriding the type of terminal in
            the environmental variable TERM.

       tput cup 0 0
            Send the sequence to move the cursor to row 0, column 0 (the upper
            left  corner  of  the  screen,  usually known as the "home" cursor
            position).

            nal.  This might be followed by a prompt: echo "${bold}Please type
            in your name: ${offbold}\c"

       tput hc
            Set  exit  code to indicate if the current terminal is a hard copy
            terminal.

       tput cup 23 4
            Send the sequence to move the cursor to row 23, column 4.

       tput cup
            Send the terminfo string for cursor-movement, with  no  parameters
            substituted.

       tput longname
            Print  the  long  name  from the terminfo database for the type of
            terminal specified in the environmental variable TERM.

            tput -S <<!
            > clear
            > cup 10 10
            > bold
            > !

            This example shows tput processing  several  capabilities  in  one
            invocation.   It  clears  the screen, moves the cursor to position
            10, 10 and turns on bold (extra bright) mode.  The list is  termi-
            nated by an exclamation mark (!) on a line by itself.

FILES
       /usr/share/terminfo
              compiled terminal description database

       /usr/share/tabset/*
              tab  settings  for some terminals, in a format appropriate to be
              output to the terminal (escape sequences that  set  margins  and
              tabs);  for  more information, see the "Tabs and Initialization"
              section of terminfo(5)

EXIT CODES
       If the -S option is used, tput checks for errors from each line, and if
       any  errors  are  found, will set the exit code to 4 plus the number of
       lines with errors.  If no errors are found, the exit  code  is  0.   No
       indication  of which line failed can be given so exit code 1 will never
       appear.  Exit codes 2, 3, and 4 retain their usual interpretation.   If
       the  -S  option  is not used, the exit code depends on the type of cap-
       name:

            boolean
                   a value of 0 is set for TRUE and 1 for FALSE.

            string a value of 0 is set if the capname is defined for this ter-
                   minal  type  (the  value of capname is returned on standard
                   output); a value of 1 is set if capname is not defined  for

       Any other exit code indicates an error; see the DIAGNOSTICS section.

DIAGNOSTICS
       tput prints the following error messages  and  sets  the  corresponding
       exit codes.

       exit code   error message
       ---------------------------------------------------------------------
       0           (capname  is a numeric variable that is not specified in
                   the terminfo(5) database for this  terminal  type,  e.g.
                   tput -T450 lines and tput -T2621 xmc)
       1           no error message is printed, see the EXIT CODES section.
       2           usage error
       3           unknown terminal type or no terminfo database
       4           unknown terminfo capability capname
       >4          error occurred in -S
       ---------------------------------------------------------------------

PORTABILITY
       The  longname  and  -S options, and the parameter-substitution features
       used in the cup example, are not supported in BSD curses or in AT&T/USL
       curses before SVr4.

       X/Open  documents only the operands for clear, init and reset.  In this
       implementation, clear is part of the capname support.  Other  implemen-
       tations  of tput on SVr4-based systems such as Solaris, IRIX64 and HPUX
       as well as others such as AIX and Tru64 provide support for capname op-
       erands.   A  few platforms such as FreeBSD and NetBSD recognize termcap
       names rather than terminfo capability names in  their  respective  tput
       commands.

SEE ALSO
       clear(1), stty(1), tabs(1), terminfo(5).

       This describes ncurses version 5.9 (patch 20110404).



                                                                       tput(1)
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