tmux

     tmux [-2CluvV] [-c shell-command] [-f file] [-L socket-name]
          [-S socket-path] [command [flags]]

DESCRIPTION
     tmux is a terminal multiplexer: it enables a number of terminals to be
     created, accessed, and controlled from a single screen.  tmux may be
     detached from a screen and continue running in the background, then later
     reattached.

     When tmux is started it creates a new session with a single window and
     displays it on screen.  A status line at the bottom of the screen shows
     information on the current session and is used to enter interactive com-
     mands.

     A session is a single collection of pseudo terminals under the management
     of tmux.  Each session has one or more windows linked to it.  A window
     occupies the entire screen and may be split into rectangular panes, each
     of which is a separate pseudo terminal (the pty(7) manual page documents
     the technical details of pseudo terminals).  Any number of tmux instances
     may connect to the same session, and any number of windows may be present
     in the same session.  Once all sessions are killed, tmux exits.

     Each session is persistent and will survive accidental disconnection
     (such as ssh(1) connection timeout) or intentional detaching (with the
     'C-b d' key strokes).  tmux may be reattached using:

           $ tmux attach

     In tmux, a session is displayed on screen by a client and all sessions
     are managed by a single server.  The server and each client are separate
     processes which communicate through a socket in /tmp.

     The options are as follows:

     -2            Force tmux to assume the terminal supports 256 colours.

     -C            Start in control mode (see the CONTROL MODE section).
                   Given twice (-CC) disables echo.

     -c shell-command
                   Execute shell-command using the default shell.  If neces-
                   sary, the tmux server will be started to retrieve the
                   default-shell option.  This option is for compatibility
                   with sh(1) when tmux is used as a login shell.

     -f file       Specify an alternative configuration file.  By default,
                   tmux loads the system configuration file from
                   /etc/tmux.conf, if present, then looks for a user configu-
                   ration file at ~/.tmux.conf.

                   The configuration file is a set of tmux commands which are
                   executed in sequence when the server is first started.
                   tmux loads configuration files once when the server process
                   has started.  The source-file command may be used to load a
                   full path is not necessary: the sockets are all created in
                   the same directory.

                   If the socket is accidentally removed, the SIGUSR1 signal
                   may be sent to the tmux server process to recreate it (note
                   that this will fail if any parent directories are missing).

     -l            Behave as a login shell.  This flag currently has no effect
                   and is for compatibility with other shells when using tmux
                   as a login shell.

     -S socket-path
                   Specify a full alternative path to the server socket.  If
                   -S is specified, the default socket directory is not used
                   and any -L flag is ignored.

     -u            tmux attempts to guess if the terminal is likely to support
                   UTF-8 by checking the first of the LC_ALL, LC_CTYPE and
                   LANG environment variables to be set for the string
                   "UTF-8".  This is not always correct: the -u flag explic-
                   itly informs tmux that UTF-8 is supported.

                   If the server is started from a client passed -u or where
                   UTF-8 is detected, the utf8 and status-utf8 options are
                   enabled in the global window and session options respec-
                   tively.

     -v            Request verbose logging.  This option may be specified mul-
                   tiple times for increasing verbosity.  Log messages will be
                   saved into tmux-client-PID.log and tmux-server-PID.log
                   files in the current directory, where PID is the PID of the
                   server or client process.

     -V            Report the tmux version.

     command [flags]
                   This specifies one of a set of commands used to control
                   tmux, as described in the following sections.  If no com-
                   mands are specified, the new-session command is assumed.

KEY BINDINGS
     tmux may be controlled from an attached client by using a key combination
     of a prefix key, 'C-b' (Ctrl-b) by default, followed by a command key.

     The default command key bindings are:

           C-b         Send the prefix key (C-b) through to the application.
           C-o         Rotate the panes in the current window forwards.
           C-z         Suspend the tmux client.
           !           Break the current pane out of the window.
           "           Split the current pane into two, top and bottom.
           #           List all paste buffers.
           $           Rename the current session.
           %           Split the current pane into two, left and right.
           D           Choose a client to detach.
           L           Switch the attached client back to the last session.
           [           Enter copy mode to copy text or view the history.
           ]           Paste the most recently copied buffer of text.
           c           Create a new window.
           d           Detach the current client.
           f           Prompt to search for text in open windows.
           i           Display some information about the current window.
           l           Move to the previously selected window.
           n           Change to the next window.
           o           Select the next pane in the current window.
           p           Change to the previous window.
           q           Briefly display pane indexes.
           r           Force redraw of the attached client.
           m           Mark the current pane (see select-pane -m).
           M           Clear the marked pane.
           s           Select a new session for the attached client interac-
                       tively.
           t           Show the time.
           w           Choose the current window interactively.
           x           Kill the current pane.
           z           Toggle zoom state of the current pane.
           {           Swap the current pane with the previous pane.
           }           Swap the current pane with the next pane.
           ~           Show previous messages from tmux, if any.
           Page Up     Enter copy mode and scroll one page up.
           Up, Down
           Left, Right
                       Change to the pane above, below, to the left, or to the
                       right of the current pane.
           M-1 to M-5  Arrange panes in one of the five preset layouts: even-
                       horizontal, even-vertical, main-horizontal, main-verti-
                       cal, or tiled.
           Space       Arrange the current window in the next preset layout.
           M-n         Move to the next window with a bell or activity marker.
           M-o         Rotate the panes in the current window backwards.
           M-p         Move to the previous window with a bell or activity
                       marker.
           C-Up, C-Down
           C-Left, C-Right
                       Resize the current pane in steps of one cell.
           M-Up, M-Down
           M-Left, M-Right
                       Resize the current pane in steps of five cells.

     Key bindings may be changed with the bind-key and unbind-key commands.

COMMANDS
     This section contains a list of the commands supported by tmux.  Most
     commands accept the optional -t (and sometimes -s) argument with one of
     target-client, target-session target-window, or target-pane.  These spec-
     ify the client, session, window or pane which a command should affect.

     target-client is the name of the pty(7) file to which the client is con-
           3.   The start of a session name, for example 'mysess' would match
                a session named 'mysession'.

           4.   An fnmatch(3) pattern which is matched against the session
                name.

     If the session name is prefixed with an '=', only an exact match is
     accepted (so '=mysess' will only match exactly 'mysess', not
     'mysession').

     If a single session is found, it is used as the target session; multiple
     matches produce an error.  If a session is omitted, the current session
     is used if available; if no current session is available, the most
     recently used is chosen.

     target-window specifies a window in the form session:window.  session
     follows the same rules as for target-session, and window is looked for in
     order as:

           1.   A special token, listed below.

           2.   A window index, for example 'mysession:1' is window 1 in ses-
                sion 'mysession'.

           3.   A window ID, such as @1.

           4.   An exact window name, such as 'mysession:mywindow'.

           5.   The start of a window name, such as 'mysession:mywin'.

           6.   As an fnmatch(3) pattern matched against the window name.

     Like sessions, a '=' prefix will do an exact match only.  An empty window
     name specifies the next unused index if appropriate (for example the
     new-window and link-window commands) otherwise the current window in
     session is chosen.

     The following special tokens are available to indicate particular win-
     dows.  Each has a single-character alternative form.

     Token              Meaning
     {start}       ^    The lowest-numbered window
     {end}         $    The highest-numbered window
     {last}        !    The last (previously current) window
     {next}        +    The next window by number
     {previous}    -    The previous window by number

     target-pane may be a pane ID or takes a similar form to target-window but
     with the optional addition of a period followed by a pane index or pane
     ID, for example: 'mysession:mywindow.1'.  If the pane index is omitted,
     the currently active pane in the specified window is used.  The following
     special tokens are available for the pane index:

     Token                  Meaning
     {down-of}              The pane below the active pane
     {left-of}              The pane to the left of the active pane
     {right-of}             The pane to the right of the active pane

     The tokens '+' and '-' may be followed by an offset, for example:

           select-window -t:+2

     In addition, target-session, target-window or target-pane may consist
     entirely of the token '{mouse}' (alternative form '=') to specify the
     most recent mouse event (see the MOUSE SUPPORT section) or '{marked}'
     (alternative form '~') to specify the marked pane (see select-pane -m).

     Sessions, window and panes are each numbered with a unique ID; session
     IDs are prefixed with a '$', windows with a '@', and panes with a '%'.
     These are unique and are unchanged for the life of the session, window or
     pane in the tmux server.  The pane ID is passed to the child process of
     the pane in the TMUX_PANE environment variable.  IDs may be displayed
     using the 'session_id', 'window_id', or 'pane_id' formats (see the
     FORMATS section) and the display-message, list-sessions, list-windows or
     list-panes commands.

     shell-command arguments are sh(1) commands.  This may be a single argu-
     ment passed to the shell, for example:

           new-window 'vi /etc/passwd'

     Will run:

           /bin/sh -c 'vi /etc/passwd'

     Additionally, the new-window, new-session, split-window, respawn-window
     and respawn-pane commands allow shell-command to be given as multiple
     arguments and executed directly (without 'sh -c').  This can avoid issues
     with shell quoting.  For example:

           $ tmux new-window vi /etc/passwd

     Will run vi(1) directly without invoking the shell.

     command [arguments] refers to a tmux command, passed with the command and
     arguments separately, for example:

           bind-key F1 set-window-option force-width 81

     Or if using sh(1):

           $ tmux bind-key F1 set-window-option force-width 81

     Multiple commands may be specified together as part of a command
     sequence.  Each command should be separated by spaces and a semicolon;
     commands are executed sequentially from left to right and lines ending
     with a backslash continue on to the next line, except when escaped by
     another backslash.  A literal semicolon may be included by escaping it

           bind-key R source-file ~/.tmux.conf \; \
                   display-message "source-file done"

     Or from sh(1):

           $ tmux kill-window -t :1

           $ tmux new-window \; split-window -d

           $ tmux new-session -d 'vi /etc/passwd' \; split-window -d \; attach

CLIENTS AND SESSIONS
     The tmux server manages clients, sessions, windows and panes.  Clients
     are attached to sessions to interact with them, either when they are cre-
     ated with the new-session command, or later with the attach-session com-
     mand.  Each session has one or more windows linked into it.  Windows may
     be linked to multiple sessions and are made up of one or more panes, each
     of which contains a pseudo terminal.  Commands for creating, linking and
     otherwise manipulating windows are covered in the WINDOWS AND PANES sec-
     tion.

     The following commands are available to manage clients and sessions:

     attach-session [-dEr] [-c working-directory] [-t target-session]
                   (alias: attach)
             If run from outside tmux, create a new client in the current ter-
             minal and attach it to target-session.  If used from inside,
             switch the current client.  If -d is specified, any other clients
             attached to the session are detached.  -r signifies the client is
             read-only (only keys bound to the detach-client or switch-client
             commands have any effect)

             If no server is started, attach-session will attempt to start it;
             this will fail unless sessions are created in the configuration
             file.

             The target-session rules for attach-session are slightly
             adjusted: if tmux needs to select the most recently used session,
             it will prefer the most recently used unattached session.

             -c will set the session working directory (used for new windows)
             to working-directory.

             If -E is used, update-environment option will not be applied.

     detach-client [-P] [-a] [-s target-session] [-t target-client]
                   (alias: detach)
             Detach the current client if bound to a key, the client specified
             with -t, or all clients currently attached to the session speci-
             fied by -s.  The -a option kills all but the client given with
             -t.  If -P is given, send SIGHUP to the parent process of the
             client, typically causing it to exit.


     list-clients [-F format] [-t target-session]
                   (alias: lsc)
             List all clients attached to the server.  For the meaning of the
             -F flag, see the FORMATS section.  If target-session is speci-
             fied, list only clients connected to that session.

     list-commands
                   (alias: lscm)
             List the syntax of all commands supported by tmux.

     list-sessions [-F format]
                   (alias: ls)
             List all sessions managed by the server.  For the meaning of the
             -F flag, see the FORMATS section.

     lock-client [-t target-client]
                   (alias: lockc)
             Lock target-client, see the lock-server command.

     lock-session [-t target-session]
                   (alias: locks)
             Lock all clients attached to target-session.

     new-session [-AdDEP] [-c start-directory] [-F format] [-n window-name]
             [-s session-name] [-t target-session] [-x width] [-y height]
             [shell-command]
                   (alias: new)
             Create a new session with name session-name.

             The new session is attached to the current terminal unless -d is
             given.  window-name and shell-command are the name of and shell
             command to execute in the initial window.  If -d is used, -x and
             -y specify the size of the initial window (80 by 24 if not
             given).

             If run from a terminal, any termios(3) special characters are
             saved and used for new windows in the new session.

             The -A flag makes new-session behave like attach-session if
             session-name already exists; in this case, -D behaves like -d to
             attach-session.

             If -t is given, the new session is grouped with target-session.
             This means they share the same set of windows - all windows from
             target-session are linked to the new session and any subsequent
             new windows or windows being closed are applied to both sessions.
             The current and previous window and any session options remain
             independent and either session may be killed without affecting
             the other.  Giving -n or shell-command are invalid if -t is used.

             The -P option prints information about the new session after it
             has been created.  By default, it uses the format
             '#{session_name}:' but a different format may be specified with
                   (alias: rename)
             Rename the session to new-name.

     show-messages [-IJT] [-t target-client]
                   (alias: showmsgs)
             Show client messages or server information.  Any messages dis-
             played on the status line are saved in a per-client message log,
             up to a maximum of the limit set by the message-limit server
             option.  With -t, display the log for target-client.  -I, -J and
             -T show debugging information about the running server, jobs and
             terminals.

     source-file path
                   (alias: source)
             Execute commands from path.

     start-server
                   (alias: start)
             Start the tmux server, if not already running, without creating
             any sessions.

     suspend-client [-t target-client]
                   (alias: suspendc)
             Suspend a client by sending SIGTSTP (tty stop).

     switch-client [-Elnpr] [-c target-client] [-t target-session] [-T
             key-table]
                   (alias: switchc)
             Switch the current session for client target-client to
             target-session.  If -l, -n or -p is used, the client is moved to
             the last, next or previous session respectively.  -r toggles
             whether a client is read-only (see the attach-session command).

             If -E is used, update-environment option will not be applied.

             -T sets the client's key table; the next key from the client will
             be interpreted from key-table.  This may be used to configure
             multiple prefix keys, or to bind commands to sequences of keys.
             For example, to make typing 'abc' run the list-keys command:

                   bind-key -Ttable2 c list-keys
                   bind-key -Ttable1 b switch-client -Ttable2
                   bind-key -Troot   a switch-client -Ttable1

WINDOWS AND PANES
     A tmux window may be in one of several modes.  The default permits direct
     access to the terminal attached to the window.  The other is copy mode,
     which permits a section of a window or its history to be copied to a
     paste buffer for later insertion into another window.  This mode is
     entered with the copy-mode command, bound to '[' by default.  It is also
     entered when a command that produces output, such as list-keys, is exe-
     cuted from a key binding.

     The keys available depend on whether emacs or vi mode is selected (see
           Cursor right                 l               Right
           Cursor to bottom line        L
           Cursor to middle line        M               M-r
           Cursor to top line           H               M-R
           Cursor up                    k               Up
           Delete entire line           d               C-u
           Delete/Copy to end of line   D               C-k
           End of line                  $               C-e
           Go to line                   :               g
           Half page down               C-d             M-Down
           Half page up                 C-u             M-Up
           Jump again                   ;               ;
           Jump again in reverse        ,               ,
           Jump backward                F               F
           Jump forward                 f               f
           Jump to backward             T
           Jump to forward              t
           Next page                    C-f             Page down
           Next space                   W
           Next space, end of word      E
           Next word                    w
           Next word end                e               M-f
           Other end of selection       o
           Paste buffer                 p               C-y
           Previous page                C-b             Page up
           Previous space               B
           Previous word                b               M-b
           Quit mode                    q               Escape
           Rectangle toggle             v               R
           Scroll down                  C-Down or C-e   C-Down
           Scroll up                    C-Up or C-y     C-Up
           Search again                 n               n
           Search again in reverse      N               N
           Search backward              ?               C-r
           Search forward               /               C-s
           Select line                  V
           Start of line                0               C-a
           Start selection              Space           C-Space
           Top of history               g               M->
           Transpose characters                         C-t

     The next and previous word keys use space and the '-', '_' and '@' char-
     acters as word delimiters by default, but this can be adjusted by setting
     the word-separators session option.  Next word moves to the start of the
     next word, next word end to the end of the next word and previous word to
     the start of the previous word.  The three next and previous space keys
     work similarly but use a space alone as the word separator.

     The jump commands enable quick movement within a line.  For instance,
     typing 'f' followed by '/' will move the cursor to the next '/' character
     on the current line.  A ';' will then jump to the next occurrence.

     Commands in copy mode may be prefaced by an optional repeat count.  With
     vi key bindings, a prefix is entered using the number keys; with emacs,
     selection and pipes it to a command.  For example the following will bind
     'C-w' not to exit after copying and 'C-q' to copy the selection into /tmp
     as well as the paste buffer:

           bind-key -temacs-copy C-w copy-selection -x
           bind-key -temacs-copy C-q copy-pipe "cat >/tmp/out"

     The paste buffer key pastes the first line from the top paste buffer on
     the stack.

     The synopsis for the copy-mode command is:

     copy-mode [-Meu] [-t target-pane]
             Enter copy mode.  The -u option scrolls one page up.  -M begins a
             mouse drag (only valid if bound to a mouse key binding, see MOUSE
             SUPPORT).  -e specifies that scrolling to the bottom of the his-
             tory (to the visible screen) should exit copy mode.  While in
             copy mode, pressing a key other than those used for scrolling
             will disable this behaviour.  This is intended to allow fast
             scrolling through a pane's history, for example with:

                   bind PageUp copy-mode -eu

     Each window displayed by tmux may be split into one or more panes; each
     pane takes up a certain area of the display and is a separate terminal.
     A window may be split into panes using the split-window command.  Windows
     may be split horizontally (with the -h flag) or vertically.  Panes may be
     resized with the resize-pane command (bound to 'C-up', 'C-down' 'C-left'
     and 'C-right' by default), the current pane may be changed with the
     select-pane command and the rotate-window and swap-pane commands may be
     used to swap panes without changing their position.  Panes are numbered
     beginning from zero in the order they are created.

     A number of preset layouts are available.  These may be selected with the
     select-layout command or cycled with next-layout (bound to 'Space' by
     default); once a layout is chosen, panes within it may be moved and
     resized as normal.

     The following layouts are supported:

     even-horizontal
             Panes are spread out evenly from left to right across the window.

     even-vertical
             Panes are spread evenly from top to bottom.

     main-horizontal
             A large (main) pane is shown at the top of the window and the
             remaining panes are spread from left to right in the leftover
             space at the bottom.  Use the main-pane-height window option to
             specify the height of the top pane.

     main-vertical
             Similar to main-horizontal but the large pane is placed on the
               layout: bb62,159x48,0,0{79x48,0,0,79x48,80,0}
           $ tmux select-layout bb62,159x48,0,0{79x48,0,0,79x48,80,0}

     tmux automatically adjusts the size of the layout for the current window
     size.  Note that a layout cannot be applied to a window with more panes
     than that from which the layout was originally defined.

     Commands related to windows and panes are as follows:

     break-pane [-dP] [-F format] [-s src-pane] [-t dst-pane]
                   (alias: breakp)
             Break src-pane off from its containing window to make it the only
             pane in dst-window.  If -d is given, the new window does not
             become the current window.  The -P option prints information
             about the new window after it has been created.  By default, it
             uses the format '#{session_name}:#{window_index}' but a different
             format may be specified with -F.

     capture-pane [-aepPq] [-b buffer-name] [-E end-line] [-S start-line] [-t
             target-pane]
                   (alias: capturep)
             Capture the contents of a pane.  If -p is given, the output goes
             to stdout, otherwise to the buffer specified with -b or a new
             buffer if omitted.  If -a is given, the alternate screen is used,
             and the history is not accessible.  If no alternate screen
             exists, an error will be returned unless -q is given.  If -e is
             given, the output includes escape sequences for text and back-
             ground attributes.  -C also escapes non-printable characters as
             octal \xxx.  -J joins wrapped lines and preserves trailing spaces
             at each line's end.  -P captures only any output that the pane
             has received that is the beginning of an as-yet incomplete escape
             sequence.

             -S and -E specify the starting and ending line numbers, zero is
             the first line of the visible pane and negative numbers are lines
             in the history.  '-' to -S is the start of the history and to -E
             the end of the visible pane.  The default is to capture only the
             visible contents of the pane.

     choose-client [-F format] [-t target-window] [template]
             Put a window into client choice mode, allowing a client to be
             selected interactively from a list.  After a client is chosen,
             '%%' is replaced by the client pty(7) path in template and the
             result executed as a command.  If template is not given, "detach-
             client -t '%%'" is used.  For the meaning of the -F flag, see the
             FORMATS section.  This command works only if at least one client
             is attached.

     choose-session [-F format] [-t target-window] [template]
             Put a window into session choice mode, where a session may be
             selected interactively from a list.  When one is chosen, '%%' is
             replaced by the session name in template and the result executed
             as a command.  If template is not given, "switch-client -t '%%'"
             is used.  For the meaning of the -F flag, see the FORMATS sec-

             If -s is given, will show sessions.  If -w is given, will show
             windows.

             By default, the tree is collapsed and sessions must be expanded
             to windows with the right arrow key.  The -u option will start
             with all sessions expanded instead.

             If -b is given, will override the default session command.  Note
             that '%%' can be used and will be replaced with the session name.
             The default option if not specified is "switch-client -t '%%'".
             If -c is given, will override the default window command.  Like
             -b, '%%' can be used and will be replaced with the session name
             and window index.  When a window is chosen from the list, the
             session command is run before the window command.

             If -S is given will display the specified format instead of the
             default session format.  If -W is given will display the speci-
             fied format instead of the default window format.  For the mean-
             ing of the -s and -w options, see the FORMATS section.

             This command works only if at least one client is attached.

     choose-window [-F format] [-t target-window] [template]
             Put a window into window choice mode, where a window may be cho-
             sen interactively from a list.  After a window is selected, '%%'
             is replaced by the session name and window index in template and
             the result executed as a command.  If template is not given,
             "select-window -t '%%'" is used.  For the meaning of the -F flag,
             see the FORMATS section.  This command works only if at least one
             client is attached.

     display-panes [-t target-client]
                   (alias: displayp)
             Display a visible indicator of each pane shown by target-client.
             See the display-panes-time, display-panes-colour, and
             display-panes-active-colour session options.  While the indicator
             is on screen, a pane may be selected with the '0' to '9' keys.

     find-window [-CNT] [-F format] [-t target-window] match-string
                   (alias: findw)
             Search for the fnmatch(3) pattern match-string in window names,
             titles, and visible content (but not history).  The flags control
             matching behavior: -C matches only visible window contents, -N
             matches only the window name and -T matches only the window
             title.  The default is -CNT.  If only one window is matched,
             it'll be automatically selected, otherwise a choice list is
             shown.  For the meaning of the -F flag, see the FORMATS section.
             This command works only if at least one client is attached.

     join-pane [-bdhv] [-l size | -p percentage] [-s src-pane] [-t dst-pane]
                   (alias: joinp)
             Like split-window, but instead of splitting dst-pane and creating
             a new pane, split it and move src-pane into the space.  This can

     kill-window [-a] [-t target-window]
                   (alias: killw)
             Kill the current window or the window at target-window, removing
             it from any sessions to which it is linked.  The -a option kills
             all but the window given with -t.

     last-pane [-de] [-t target-window]
                   (alias: lastp)
             Select the last (previously selected) pane.  -e enables or -d
             disables input to the pane.

     last-window [-t target-session]
                   (alias: last)
             Select the last (previously selected) window.  If no
             target-session is specified, select the last window of the cur-
             rent session.

     link-window [-adk] [-s src-window] [-t dst-window]
                   (alias: linkw)
             Link the window at src-window to the specified dst-window.  If
             dst-window is specified and no such window exists, the src-window
             is linked there.  With -a, the window is moved to the next index
             up (following windows are moved if necessary).  If -k is given
             and dst-window exists, it is killed, otherwise an error is gener-
             ated.  If -d is given, the newly linked window is not selected.

     list-panes [-as] [-F format] [-t target]
                   (alias: lsp)
             If -a is given, target is ignored and all panes on the server are
             listed.  If -s is given, target is a session (or the current ses-
             sion).  If neither is given, target is a window (or the current
             window).  For the meaning of the -F flag, see the FORMATS sec-
             tion.

     list-windows [-a] [-F format] [-t target-session]
                   (alias: lsw)
             If -a is given, list all windows on the server.  Otherwise, list
             windows in the current session or in target-session.  For the
             meaning of the -F flag, see the FORMATS section.

     move-pane [-bdhv] [-l size | -p percentage] [-s src-pane] [-t dst-pane]
                   (alias: movep)
             Like join-pane, but src-pane and dst-pane may belong to the same
             window.

     move-window [-ardk] [-s src-window] [-t dst-window]
                   (alias: movew)
             This is similar to link-window, except the window at src-window
             is moved to dst-window.  With -r, all windows in the session are
             renumbered in sequential order, respecting the base-index option.

     new-window [-adkP] [-c start-directory] [-F format] [-n window-name] [-t
             target-window] [shell-command]
                   (alias: neww)

             When the shell command completes, the window closes.  See the
             remain-on-exit option to change this behaviour.

             The TERM environment variable must be set to ``screen'' for all
             programs running inside tmux.  New windows will automatically
             have ``TERM=screen'' added to their environment, but care must be
             taken not to reset this in shell start-up files.

             The -P option prints information about the new window after it
             has been created.  By default, it uses the format
             '#{session_name}:#{window_index}' but a different format may be
             specified with -F.

     next-layout [-t target-window]
                   (alias: nextl)
             Move a window to the next layout and rearrange the panes to fit.

     next-window [-a] [-t target-session]
                   (alias: next)
             Move to the next window in the session.  If -a is used, move to
             the next window with an alert.

     pipe-pane [-o] [-t target-pane] [shell-command]
                   (alias: pipep)
             Pipe any output sent by the program in target-pane to a shell
             command.  A pane may only be piped to one command at a time, any
             existing pipe is closed before shell-command is executed.  The
             shell-command string may contain the special character sequences
             supported by the status-left option.  If no shell-command is
             given, the current pipe (if any) is closed.

             The -o option only opens a new pipe if no previous pipe exists,
             allowing a pipe to be toggled with a single key, for example:

                   bind-key C-p pipe-pane -o 'cat >>~/output.#I-#P'

     previous-layout [-t target-window]
                   (alias: prevl)
             Move to the previous layout in the session.

     previous-window [-a] [-t target-session]
                   (alias: prev)
             Move to the previous window in the session.  With -a, move to the
             previous window with an alert.

     rename-window [-t target-window] new-name
                   (alias: renamew)
             Rename the current window, or the window at target-window if
             specified, to new-name.

     resize-pane [-DLMRUZ] [-t target-pane] [-x width] [-y height]
             [adjustment]
                   (alias: resizep)
             Resize a pane, up, down, left or right by adjustment with -U, -D,
             Reactivate a pane in which the command has exited (see the
             remain-on-exit window option).  If shell-command is not given,
             the command used when the pane was created is executed.  The pane
             must be already inactive, unless -k is given, in which case any
             existing command is killed.

     respawn-window [-k] [-t target-window] [shell-command]
                   (alias: respawnw)
             Reactivate a window in which the command has exited (see the
             remain-on-exit window option).  If shell-command is not given,
             the command used when the window was created is executed.  The
             window must be already inactive, unless -k is given, in which
             case any existing command is killed.

     rotate-window [-DU] [-t target-window]
                   (alias: rotatew)
             Rotate the positions of the panes within a window, either upward
             (numerically lower) with -U or downward (numerically higher).

     select-layout [-nop] [-t target-window] [layout-name]
                   (alias: selectl)
             Choose a specific layout for a window.  If layout-name is not
             given, the last preset layout used (if any) is reapplied.  -n and
             -p are equivalent to the next-layout and previous-layout com-
             mands.  -o applies the last set layout if possible (undoes the
             most recent layout change).

     select-pane [-DdegLlMmRU] [-P style] [-t target-pane]
                   (alias: selectp)
             Make pane target-pane the active pane in window target-window, or
             set its style (with -P).  If one of -D, -L, -R, or -U is used,
             respectively the pane below, to the left, to the right, or above
             the target pane is used.  -l is the same as using the last-pane
             command.  -e enables or -d disables input to the pane.

             -m and -M are used to set and clear the marked pane.  There is
             one marked pane at a time, setting a new marked pane clears the
             last.  The marked pane is the default target for -s to join-pane,
             swap-pane and swap-window.

             Each pane has a style: by default the window-style and
             window-active-style options are used, select-pane -P sets the
             style for a single pane.  For example, to set the pane 1 back-
             ground to red:

                   select-pane -t:.1 -P 'bg=red'

             -g shows the current pane style.

     select-window [-lnpT] [-t target-window]
                   (alias: selectw)
             Select the window at target-window.  -l, -n and -p are equivalent
             to the last-window, next-window and previous-window commands.  If
             -T is given and the selected window is already the current win-
             mand.

     swap-pane [-dDU] [-s src-pane] [-t dst-pane]
                   (alias: swapp)
             Swap two panes.  If -U is used and no source pane is specified
             with -s, dst-pane is swapped with the previous pane (before it
             numerically); -D swaps with the next pane (after it numerically).
             -d instructs tmux not to change the active pane.

             If -s is omitted and a marked pane is present (see select-pane
             -m), the marked pane is used rather than the current pane.

     swap-window [-d] [-s src-window] [-t dst-window]
                   (alias: swapw)
             This is similar to link-window, except the source and destination
             windows are swapped.  It is an error if no window exists at
             src-window.

             Like swap-pane, if -s is omitted and a marked pane is present
             (see select-pane -m), the window containing the marked pane is
             used rather than the current window.

     unlink-window [-k] [-t target-window]
                   (alias: unlinkw)
             Unlink target-window.  Unless -k is given, a window may be
             unlinked only if it is linked to multiple sessions - windows may
             not be linked to no sessions; if -k is specified and the window
             is linked to only one session, it is unlinked and destroyed.

KEY BINDINGS
     tmux allows a command to be bound to most keys, with or without a prefix
     key.  When specifying keys, most represent themselves (for example 'A' to
     'Z').  Ctrl keys may be prefixed with 'C-' or '^', and Alt (meta) with
     'M-'.  In addition, the following special key names are accepted: Up,
     Down, Left, Right, BSpace, BTab, DC (Delete), End, Enter, Escape, F1 to
     F12, Home, IC (Insert), NPage/PageDown/PgDn, PPage/PageUp/PgUp, Space,
     and Tab.  Note that to bind the '"' or ''' keys, quotation marks are nec-
     essary, for example:

           bind-key '"' split-window
           bind-key "'" new-window

     Commands related to key bindings are as follows:

     bind-key [-cnr] [-t mode-table] [-T key-table] key command [arguments]
                   (alias: bind)
             Bind key key to command.  Keys are bound in a key table.  By
             default (without -T), the key is bound in the prefix key table.
             This table is used for keys pressed after the prefix key (for
             example, by default 'c' is bound to new-window in the prefix ta-
             ble, so 'C-b c' creates a new window).  The root table is used
             for keys pressed without the prefix key: binding 'c' to
             new-window in the root table (not recommended) means a plain 'c'
             will create a new window.  -n is an alias for -T root.  Keys may

     list-keys [-t mode-table] [-T key-table]
                   (alias: lsk)
             List all key bindings.  Without -T all key tables are printed.
             With -T only key-table.

             With -t, the key bindings in mode-table are listed; this may be
             one of: vi-edit, emacs-edit, vi-choice, emacs-choice, vi-copy or
             emacs-copy.

     send-keys [-lMR] [-t target-pane] key ...
                   (alias: send)
             Send a key or keys to a window.  Each argument key is the name of
             the key (such as 'C-a' or 'npage' ) to send; if the string is not
             recognised as a key, it is sent as a series of characters.  The
             -l flag disables key name lookup and sends the keys literally.
             All arguments are sent sequentially from first to last.  The -R
             flag causes the terminal state to be reset.

             -M passes through a mouse event (only valid if bound to a mouse
             key binding, see MOUSE SUPPORT).

     send-prefix [-2] [-t target-pane]
             Send the prefix key, or with -2 the secondary prefix key, to a
             window as if it was pressed.

     unbind-key [-acn] [-t mode-table] [-T key-table] key
                   (alias: unbind)
             Unbind the command bound to key.  -c, -n, -T and -t are the same
             as for bind-key.  If -a is present, all key bindings are removed.

OPTIONS
     The appearance and behaviour of tmux may be modified by changing the
     value of various options.  There are three types of option: server
     options, session options and window options.

     The tmux server has a set of global options which do not apply to any
     particular window or session.  These are altered with the set-option -s
     command, or displayed with the show-options -s command.

     In addition, each individual session may have a set of session options,
     and there is a separate set of global session options.  Sessions which do
     not have a particular option configured inherit the value from the global
     session options.  Session options are set or unset with the set-option
     command and may be listed with the show-options command.  The available
     server and session options are listed under the set-option command.

     Similarly, a set of window options is attached to each window, and there
     is a set of global window options from which any unset options are inher-
     ited.  Window options are altered with the set-window-option command and
     can be listed with the show-window-options command.  All window options
     are documented with the set-window-option command.

     tmux also supports user options which are prefixed with a '@'.  User
     options may have any name, so long as they are prefixed with '@', and be
             If -g is given, the global session or window option is set.  The
             -u flag unsets an option, so a session inherits the option from
             the global options (or with -g, restores a global option to the
             default).

             The -o flag prevents setting an option that is already set and
             the -q flag suppresses errors about unknown or ambiguous options.

             With -a, and if the option expects a string or a style, value is
             appended to the existing setting.  For example:

                   set -g status-left "foo"
                   set -ag status-left "bar"

             Will result in 'foobar'.  And:

                   set -g status-style "bg=red"
                   set -ag status-style "fg=blue"

             Will result in a red background and blue foreground.  Without -a,
             the result would be the default background and a blue foreground.

             Available window options are listed under set-window-option.

             value depends on the option and may be a number, a string, or a
             flag (on, off, or omitted to toggle).

             Available server options are:

             buffer-limit number
                     Set the number of buffers; as new buffers are added to
                     the top of the stack, old ones are removed from the bot-
                     tom if necessary to maintain this maximum length.

             default-terminal terminal
                     Set the default terminal for new windows created in this
                     session - the default value of the TERM environment vari-
                     able.  For tmux to work correctly, this must be set to
                     'screen', 'tmux' or a derivative of them.

             escape-time time
                     Set the time in milliseconds for which tmux waits after
                     an escape is input to determine if it is part of a func-
                     tion or meta key sequences.  The default is 500 millisec-
                     onds.

             exit-unattached [on | off]
                     If enabled, the server will exit when there are no
                     attached clients.

             focus-events [on | off]
                     When enabled, focus events are requested from the termi-
                     nal if supported and passed through to applications run-
                     ning in tmux.  Attached clients should be detached and
                     \e]52;...\007 xterm(1) escape sequences.  This option is
                     on by default if there is an Ms entry in the terminfo(5)
                     description for the client terminal.  Note that this fea-
                     ture needs to be enabled in xterm(1) by setting the
                     resource:

                           disallowedWindowOps: 20,21,SetXprop

                     Or changing this property from the xterm(1) interactive
                     menu when required.

             terminal-overrides string
                     Contains a list of entries which override terminal
                     descriptions read using terminfo(5).  string is a comma-
                     separated list of items each a colon-separated string
                     made up of a terminal type pattern (matched using
                     fnmatch(3)) and a set of name=value entries.

                     For example, to set the 'clear' terminfo(5) entry to
                     '\e[H\e[2J' for all terminal types and the 'dch1' entry
                     to '\e[P' for the 'rxvt' terminal type, the option could
                     be set to the string:

                           "*:clear=\e[H\e[2J,rxvt:dch1=\e[P"

                     The terminal entry value is passed through strunvis(3)
                     before interpretation.  The default value forcibly cor-
                     rects the 'colors' entry for terminals which support 256
                     colours:

                           "*256col*:colors=256,xterm*:XT"

             Available session options are:

             assume-paste-time milliseconds
                     If keys are entered faster than one in milliseconds, they
                     are assumed to have been pasted rather than typed and
                     tmux key bindings are not processed.  The default is one
                     millisecond and zero disables.

             base-index index
                     Set the base index from which an unused index should be
                     searched when a new window is created.  The default is
                     zero.

             bell-action [any | none | current | other]
                     Set action on window bell.  any means a bell in any win-
                     dow linked to a session causes a bell in the current win-
                     dow of that session, none means all bells are ignored,
                     current means only bells in windows other than the cur-
                     rent window are ignored and other means bells in the cur-
                     rent window are ignored but not those in other windows.

             bell-on-alert [on | off]
                     set to empty, and must be the full path of the exe-
                     cutable.  When started tmux tries to set a default value
                     from the first suitable of the SHELL environment vari-
                     able, the shell returned by getpwuid(3), or /bin/sh.
                     This option should be configured when tmux is used as a
                     login shell.

             destroy-unattached [on | off]
                     If enabled and the session is no longer attached to any
                     clients, it is destroyed.

             detach-on-destroy [on | off]
                     If on (the default), the client is detached when the ses-
                     sion it is attached to is destroyed.  If off, the client
                     is switched to the most recently active of the remaining
                     sessions.

             display-panes-active-colour colour
                     Set the colour used by the display-panes command to show
                     the indicator for the active pane.

             display-panes-colour colour
                     Set the colour used by the display-panes command to show
                     the indicators for inactive panes.

             display-panes-time time
                     Set the time in milliseconds for which the indicators
                     shown by the display-panes command appear.

             display-time time
                     Set the amount of time for which status line messages and
                     other on-screen indicators are displayed.  time is in
                     milliseconds.

             history-limit lines
                     Set the maximum number of lines held in window history.
                     This setting applies only to new windows - existing win-
                     dow histories are not resized and retain the limit at the
                     point they were created.

             lock-after-time number
                     Lock the session (like the lock-session command) after
                     number seconds of inactivity.  The default is not to lock
                     (set to 0).

             lock-command shell-command
                     Command to run when locking each client.  The default is
                     to run lock(1) with -np.

             message-command-style style
                     Set status line message command style, where style is a
                     comma-separated list of characteristics to be specified.

                     These may be 'bg=colour' to set the background colour,
                     blink, reverse, hidden, or italics, to turn an attribute
                     on, or an attribute prefixed with 'no' to turn one off.

                     Examples are:

                           fg=yellow,bold,underscore,blink
                           bg=black,fg=default,noreverse

                     With the -a flag to the set-option command the new style
                     is added otherwise the existing style is replaced.

             message-style style
                     Set status line message style.  For how to specify style,
                     see the message-command-style option.

             mouse [on | off]
                     If on, tmux captures the mouse and allows mouse events to
                     be bound as key bindings.  See the MOUSE SUPPORT section
                     for details.

             mouse-utf8 [on | off]
                     If enabled, request mouse input as UTF-8 on UTF-8 termi-
                     nals.

             prefix key
                     Set the key accepted as a prefix key.

             prefix2 key
                     Set a secondary key accepted as a prefix key.

             renumber-windows [on | off]
                     If on, when a window is closed in a session, automati-
                     cally renumber the other windows in numerical order.
                     This respects the base-index option if it has been set.
                     If off, do not renumber the windows.

             repeat-time time
                     Allow multiple commands to be entered without pressing
                     the prefix-key again in the specified time milliseconds
                     (the default is 500).  Whether a key repeats may be set
                     when it is bound using the -r flag to bind-key.  Repeat
                     is enabled for the default keys bound to the resize-pane
                     command.

             set-remain-on-exit [on | off]
                     Set the remain-on-exit window option for any windows
                     first created in this session.  When this option is true,
                     windows in which the running program has exited do not
                     close, instead remaining open but inactivate.  Use the
                     respawn-window command to reactivate such a window, or
                     the kill-window command to destroy it.

             set-titles [on | off]
                     Attempt to set the client terminal title using the tsl

             status-interval interval
                     Update the status bar every interval seconds.  By
                     default, updates will occur every 15 seconds.  A setting
                     of zero disables redrawing at interval.

             status-justify [left | centre | right]
                     Set the position of the window list component of the sta-
                     tus line: left, centre or right justified.

             status-keys [vi | emacs]
                     Use vi or emacs-style key bindings in the status line,
                     for example at the command prompt.  The default is emacs,
                     unless the VISUAL or EDITOR environment variables are set
                     and contain the string 'vi'.

             status-left string
                     Display string (by default the session name) to the left
                     of the status bar.  string will be passed through
                     strftime(3) and formats (see FORMATS) will be expanded.
                     It may also contain any of the following special charac-
                     ter sequences:

                           Character pair    Replaced with
                           #[attributes]     Colour or attribute change
                           ##                A literal '#'

                     For details on how the names and titles can be set see
                     the NAMES AND TITLES section.  For a list of allowed
                     attributes see the message-command-style option.

                     Examples are:

                           #(sysctl vm.loadavg)
                           #[fg=yellow,bold]#(apm -l)%%#[default] [#S]

                     By default, UTF-8 in string is not interpreted, to enable
                     UTF-8, use the status-utf8 option.

                     The default is '[#S] '.

             status-left-length length
                     Set the maximum length of the left component of the sta-
                     tus bar.  The default is 10.

             status-left-style style
                     Set the style of the left part of the status line.  For
                     how to specify style, see the message-command-style
                     option.

             status-position [top | bottom]
                     Set the position of the status line.

             status-right string
                     Display string to the right of the status bar.  By
                     how to specify style, see the message-command-style
                     option.

             status-style style
                     Set status line style.  For how to specify style, see the
                     message-command-style option.

             status-utf8 [on | off]
                     Instruct tmux to treat top-bit-set characters in the
                     status-left and status-right strings as UTF-8; notably,
                     this is important for wide characters.  This option
                     defaults to off.

             update-environment variables
                     Set a space-separated string containing a list of envi-
                     ronment variables to be copied into the session environ-
                     ment when a new session is created or an existing session
                     is attached.  Any variables that do not exist in the
                     source environment are set to be removed from the session
                     environment (as if -r was given to the set-environment
                     command).  The default is "DISPLAY SSH_ASKPASS
                     SSH_AUTH_SOCK SSH_AGENT_PID SSH_CONNECTION WINDOWID XAU-
                     THORITY".

             visual-activity [on | off]
                     If on, display a status line message when activity occurs
                     in a window for which the monitor-activity window option
                     is enabled.

             visual-bell [on | off]
                     If this option is on, a message is shown on a bell
                     instead of it being passed through to the terminal (which
                     normally makes a sound).  Also see the bell-action
                     option.

             visual-silence [on | off]
                     If monitor-silence is enabled, prints a message after the
                     interval has expired on a given window.

             word-separators string
                     Sets the session's conception of what characters are con-
                     sidered word separators, for the purposes of the next and
                     previous word commands in copy mode.  The default is
                     ' -_@'.

     set-window-option [-agoqu] [-t target-window] option value
                   (alias: setw)
             Set a window option.  The -a, -g, -o, -q and -u flags work simi-
             larly to the set-option command.

             Supported window options are:

             aggressive-resize [on | off]
                     Aggressively resize the chosen window.  This means that

             alternate-screen [on | off]
                     This option configures whether programs running inside
                     tmux may use the terminal alternate screen feature, which
                     allows the smcup and rmcup terminfo(5) capabilities.  The
                     alternate screen feature preserves the contents of the
                     window when an interactive application starts and
                     restores it on exit, so that any output visible before
                     the application starts reappears unchanged after it
                     exits.  The default is on.

             automatic-rename [on | off]
                     Control automatic window renaming.  When this setting is
                     enabled, tmux will rename the window automatically using
                     the format specified by automatic-rename-format.  This
                     flag is automatically disabled for an individual window
                     when a name is specified at creation with new-window or
                     new-session, or later with rename-window, or with a ter-
                     minal escape sequence.  It may be switched off globally
                     with:

                           set-window-option -g automatic-rename off

             automatic-rename-format format
                     The format (see FORMATS) used when the automatic-rename
                     option is enabled.

             clock-mode-colour colour
                     Set clock colour.

             clock-mode-style [12 | 24]
                     Set clock hour format.

             force-height height
             force-width width
                     Prevent tmux from resizing a window to greater than width
                     or height.  A value of zero restores the default unlim-
                     ited setting.

             main-pane-height height
             main-pane-width width
                     Set the width or height of the main (left or top) pane in
                     the main-horizontal or main-vertical layouts.

             mode-keys [vi | emacs]
                     Use vi or emacs-style key bindings in copy and choice
                     modes.  As with the status-keys option, the default is
                     emacs, unless VISUAL or EDITOR contains 'vi'.

             mode-style style
                     Set window modes style.  For how to specify style, see
                     the message-command-style option.

             monitor-activity [on | off]
                     Monitor for activity in the window.  Windows with activ-
                     main-pane-height and other-pane-height options are set,
                     the main pane will grow taller to make the other panes
                     the specified height, but will never shrink to do so.

             other-pane-width width
                     Like other-pane-height, but set the width of other panes
                     in the main-vertical layout.

             pane-active-border-style style
                     Set the pane border style for the currently active pane.
                     For how to specify style, see the message-command-style
                     option.  Attributes are ignored.

             pane-base-index index
                     Like base-index, but set the starting index for pane num-
                     bers.

             pane-border-style style
                     Set the pane border style for panes aside from the active
                     pane.  For how to specify style, see the
                     message-command-style option.  Attributes are ignored.

             remain-on-exit [on | off]
                     A window with this flag set is not destroyed when the
                     program running in it exits.  The window may be reacti-
                     vated with the respawn-window command.

             synchronize-panes [on | off]
                     Duplicate input to any pane to all other panes in the
                     same window (only for panes that are not in any special
                     mode).

             utf8 [on | off]
                     Instructs tmux to expect UTF-8 sequences to appear in
                     this window.

             window-active-style style
                     Set the style for the window's active pane.  For how to
                     specify style, see the message-command-style option.

             window-status-activity-style style
                     Set status line style for windows with an activity alert.
                     For how to specify style, see the message-command-style
                     option.

             window-status-bell-style style
                     Set status line style for windows with a bell alert.  For
                     how to specify style, see the message-command-style
                     option.

             window-status-current-format string
                     Like window-status-format, but is the format used when
                     the window is the current window.

                     Set status line style for the last active window.  For
                     how to specify style, see the message-command-style
                     option.

             window-status-separator string
                     Sets the separator drawn between windows in the status
                     line.  The default is a single space character.

             window-status-style style
                     Set status line style for a single window.  For how to
                     specify style, see the message-command-style option.

             window-style style
                     Set the default window style.  For how to specify style,
                     see the message-command-style option.

             xterm-keys [on | off]
                     If this option is set, tmux will generate xterm(1) -style
                     function key sequences; these have a number included to
                     indicate modifiers such as Shift, Alt or Ctrl.  The
                     default is off.

             wrap-search [on | off]
                     If this option is set, searches will wrap around the end
                     of the pane contents.  The default is on.

     show-options [-gqsvw] [-t target-session | target-window] [option]
                   (alias: show)
             Show the window options (or a single window option if given) with
             -w (equivalent to show-window-options), the server options with
             -s, otherwise the session options for target session.  Global
             session or window options are listed if -g is used.  -v shows
             only the option value, not the name.  If -q is set, no error will
             be returned if option is unset.

     show-window-options [-gv] [-t target-window] [option]
                   (alias: showw)
             List the window options or a single option for target-window, or
             the global window options if -g is used.  -v shows only the
             option value, not the name.

MOUSE SUPPORT
     If the mouse option is on (the default is off), tmux allows mouse events
     to be bound as keys.  The name of each key is made up of a mouse event
     (such as 'MouseUp1') and a location suffix (one of 'Pane' for the con-
     tents of a pane, 'Border' for a pane border or 'Status' for the status
     line).  The following mouse events are available:

           MouseDown1    MouseUp1      MouseDrag1
           MouseDown2    MouseUp2      MouseDrag2
           MouseDown3    MouseUp3      MouseDrag3
           WheelUp       WheelDown

     Each should be suffixed with a location, for example 'MouseDown1Status'.
     take effect if the mouse option is turned on.

FORMATS
     Certain commands accept the -F flag with a format argument.  This is a
     string which controls the output format of the command.  Replacement
     variables are enclosed in '#{' and '}', for example '#{session_name}'.
     The possible variables are listed in the table below, or the name of a
     tmux option may be used for an option's value.  Some variables have a
     shorter alias such as '#S', and '##' is replaced by a single '#'.

     Conditionals are available by prefixing with '?' and separating two
     alternatives with a comma; if the specified variable exists and is not
     zero, the first alternative is chosen, otherwise the second is used.  For
     example '#{?session_attached,attached,not attached}' will include the
     string 'attached' if the session is attached and the string 'not
     attached' if it is unattached, or '#{?automatic-rename,yes,no}' will
     include 'yes' if automatic-rename is enabled, or 'no' if not.  A limit
     may be placed on the length of the resultant string by prefixing it by an
     '=', a number and a colon, so '#{=10:pane_title}' will include at most
     the first 10 characters of the pane title.

     In addition, the first line of a shell command's output may be inserted
     using '#()'.  For example, '#(uptime)' will insert the system's uptime.
     When constructing formats, tmux does not wait for '#()' commands to fin-
     ish; instead, the previous result from running the same command is used,
     or a placeholder if the command has not been run before.  Commands are
     executed with the tmux global environment set (see the ENVIRONMENT sec-
     tion).

     The following variables are available, where appropriate:

     Variable name          Alias    Replaced with
     alternate_on                    If pane is in alternate screen
     alternate_saved_x               Saved cursor X in alternate screen
     alternate_saved_y               Saved cursor Y in alternate screen
     buffer_sample                   Sample of start of buffer
     buffer_size                     Size of the specified buffer in bytes
     client_activity                 Integer time client last had activity
     client_activity_string          String time client last had activity
     client_created                  Integer time client created
     client_created_string           String time client created
     client_control_mode             1 if client is in control mode
     client_height                   Height of client
     client_last_session             Name of the client's last session
     client_pid                      PID of client process
     client_prefix                   1 if prefix key has been pressed
     client_readonly                 1 if client is readonly
     client_session                  Name of the client's session
     client_termname                 Terminal name of client
     client_tty                      Pseudo terminal of client
     client_utf8                     1 if client supports utf8
     client_width                    Width of client
     cursor_flag                     Pane cursor flag
     cursor_x                        Cursor X position in pane
     mouse_standard_flag             Pane mouse standard flag
     mouse_utf8_flag                 Pane mouse UTF-8 flag
     pane_active                     1 if active pane
     pane_bottom                     Bottom of pane
     pane_current_command            Current command if available
     pane_current_path               Current path if available
     pane_dead                       1 if pane is dead
     pane_dead_status                Exit status of process in dead pane
     pane_height                     Height of pane
     pane_id                #D       Unique pane ID
     pane_in_mode                    If pane is in a mode
     pane_input_off                  If input to pane is disabled
     pane_index             #P       Index of pane
     pane_left                       Left of pane
     pane_pid                        PID of first process in pane
     pane_right                      Right of pane
     pane_start_command              Command pane started with
     pane_synchronized               If pane is synchronized
     pane_tabs                       Pane tab positions
     pane_title             #T       Title of pane
     pane_top                        Top of pane
     pane_tty                        Pseudo terminal of pane
     pane_width                      Width of pane
     pid                             Server PID
     scroll_region_lower             Bottom of scroll region in pane
     scroll_region_upper             Top of scroll region in pane
     session_alerts                  List of window indexes with alerts
     session_attached                Number of clients session is attached to
     session_activity                Integer time of session last activity
     session_activity_string         String time of session last activity
     session_created                 Integer time session created
     session_created_string          String time session created
     session_last_attached           Integer time session last attached
     session_last_attached_string    String time session last attached
     session_group                   Number of session group
     session_grouped                 1 if session in a group
     session_height                  Height of session
     session_id                      Unique session ID
     session_many_attached           1 if multiple clients attached
     session_name           #S       Name of session
     session_width                   Width of session
     session_windows                 Number of windows in session
     window_activity                 Integer time of window last activity
     window_activity_string          String time of window last activity
     window_active                   1 if window active
     window_activity_flag            1 if window has activity alert
     window_bell_flag                1 if window has bell
     window_find_matches             Matched data from the find-window
     window_flags           #F       Window flags
     window_height                   Height of window
     window_id                       Unique window ID
     window_index           #I       Index of window
     window_last_flag                1 if window is the last used
     window_layout                   Window layout description
     window or session.  Only panes have titles.  A pane's title is typically
     set by the program running inside the pane and is not modified by tmux.
     It is the same mechanism used to set for example the xterm(1) window
     title in an X(7) window manager.  Windows themselves do not have titles -
     a window's title is the title of its active pane.  tmux itself may set
     the title of the terminal in which the client is running, see the
     set-titles option.

     A session's name is set with the new-session and rename-session commands.
     A window's name is set with one of:

     1.      A command argument (such as -n for new-window or new-session).

     2.      An escape sequence:

                   $ printf '\033kWINDOW_NAME\033\\'

     3.      Automatic renaming, which sets the name to the active command in
             the window's active pane.  See the automatic-rename option.

     When a pane is first created, its title is the hostname.  A pane's title
     can be set via the OSC title setting sequence, for example:

           $ printf '\033]2;My Title\033\\'

ENVIRONMENT
     When the server is started, tmux copies the environment into the global
     environment; in addition, each session has a session environment.  When a
     window is created, the session and global environments are merged.  If a
     variable exists in both, the value from the session environment is used.
     The result is the initial environment passed to the new process.

     The update-environment session option may be used to update the session
     environment from the client when a new session is created or an old reat-
     tached.  tmux also initialises the TMUX variable with some internal
     information to allow commands to be executed from inside, and the TERM
     variable with the correct terminal setting of 'screen'.

     Commands to alter and view the environment are:

     set-environment [-gru] [-t target-session] name [value]
                   (alias: setenv)
             Set or unset an environment variable.  If -g is used, the change
             is made in the global environment; otherwise, it is applied to
             the session environment for target-session.  The -u flag unsets a
             variable.  -r indicates the variable is to be removed from the
             environment before starting a new process.

     show-environment [-gs] [-t target-session] [variable]
                   (alias: showenv)
             Display the environment for target-session or the global environ-
             ment with -g.  If variable is omitted, all variables are shown.
             Variables removed from the environment are prefixed with '-'.  If
             -s is used, the output is formatted as a set of Bourne shell com-

     a shell command, see the status-left, status-left-length, status-right,
     and status-right-length options below), and a central window list.  By
     default, the window list shows the index, name and (if any) flag of the
     windows present in the current session in ascending numerical order.  It
     may be customised with the window-status-format and
     window-status-current-format options.  The flag is one of the following
     symbols appended to the window name:

           Symbol    Meaning
           *         Denotes the current window.
           -         Marks the last window (previously selected).
           #         Window is monitored and activity has been detected.
           !         A bell has occurred in the window.
           ~         The window has been silent for the monitor-silence
                                interval.
           M         The window contains the marked pane.
           Z         The window's active pane is zoomed.

     The # symbol relates to the monitor-activity window option.  The window
     name is printed in inverted colours if an alert (bell, activity or
     silence) is present.

     The colour and attributes of the status line may be configured, the
     entire status line using the status-style session option and individual
     windows using the window-status-style window option.

     The status line is automatically refreshed at interval if it has changed,
     the interval may be controlled with the status-interval session option.

     Commands related to the status line are as follows:

     command-prompt [-I inputs] [-p prompts] [-t target-client] [template]
             Open the command prompt in a client.  This may be used from
             inside tmux to execute commands interactively.

             If template is specified, it is used as the command.  If present,
             -I is a comma-separated list of the initial text for each prompt.
             If -p is given, prompts is a comma-separated list of prompts
             which are displayed in order; otherwise a single prompt is dis-
             played, constructed from template if it is present, or ':' if
             not.

             Both inputs and prompts may contain the special character
             sequences supported by the status-left option.

             Before the command is executed, the first occurrence of the
             string '%%' and all occurrences of '%1' are replaced by the
             response to the first prompt, the second '%%' and all '%2' are
             replaced with the response to the second prompt, and so on for
             further prompts.  Up to nine prompt responses may be replaced
             ('%1' to '%9').

     confirm-before [-p prompt] [-t target-client] command
                   (alias: confirm)

             mation is taken from target-pane if -t is given, otherwise the
             active pane for the session attached to target-client.

BUFFERS
     tmux maintains a set of named paste buffers.  Each buffer may be either
     explicitly or automatically named.  Explicitly named buffers are named
     when created with the set-buffer or load-buffer commands, or by renaming
     an automatically named buffer with set-buffer -n.  Automatically named
     buffers are given a name such as 'buffer0001', 'buffer0002' and so on.
     When the buffer-limit option is reached, the oldest automatically named
     buffer is deleted.  Explicitly named are not subject to buffer-limit and
     may be deleted with delete-buffer command.

     Buffers may be added using copy-mode or the set-buffer and load-buffer
     commands, and pasted into a window using the paste-buffer command.  If a
     buffer command is used and no buffer is specified, the most recently
     added automatically named buffer is assumed.

     A configurable history buffer is also maintained for each window.  By
     default, up to 2000 lines are kept; this can be altered with the
     history-limit option (see the set-option command above).

     The buffer commands are as follows:

     choose-buffer [-F format] [-t target-window] [template]
             Put a window into buffer choice mode, where a buffer may be cho-
             sen interactively from a list.  After a buffer is selected, '%%'
             is replaced by the buffer name in template and the result exe-
             cuted as a command.  If template is not given, "paste-buffer -b
             '%%'" is used.  For the meaning of the -F flag, see the FORMATS
             section.  This command works only if at least one client is
             attached.

     clear-history [-t target-pane]
                   (alias: clearhist)
             Remove and free the history for the specified pane.

     delete-buffer [-b buffer-name]
                   (alias: deleteb)
             Delete the buffer named buffer-name, or the most recently added
             automatically named buffer if not specified.

     list-buffers [-F format]
                   (alias: lsb)
             List the global buffers.  For the meaning of the -F flag, see the
             FORMATS section.

     load-buffer [-b buffer-name] path
                   (alias: loadb)
             Load the contents of the specified paste buffer from path.

     paste-buffer [-dpr] [-b buffer-name] [-s separator] [-t target-pane]
                   (alias: pasteb)
             Insert the contents of a paste buffer into the specified pane.
             option appends to rather than overwriting the file.

     set-buffer [-a] [-b buffer-name] [-n new-buffer-name] data
                   (alias: setb)
             Set the contents of the specified buffer to data.  The -a option
             appends to rather than overwriting the buffer.  The -n option
             renames the buffer to new-buffer-name.

     show-buffer [-b buffer-name]
                   (alias: showb)
             Display the contents of the specified buffer.

MISCELLANEOUS
     Miscellaneous commands are as follows:

     clock-mode [-t target-pane]
             Display a large clock.

     if-shell [-bF] [-t target-pane] shell-command command [command]
                   (alias: if)
             Execute the first command if shell-command returns success or the
             second command otherwise.  Before being executed, shell-command
             is expanded using the rules specified in the FORMATS section,
             including those relevant to target-pane.  With -b, shell-command
             is run in the background.

             If -F is given, shell-command is not executed but considered suc-
             cess if neither empty nor zero (after formats are expanded).

     lock-server
                   (alias: lock)
             Lock each client individually by running the command specified by
             the lock-command option.

     run-shell [-b] [-t target-pane] shell-command
                   (alias: run)
             Execute shell-command in the background without creating a win-
             dow.  Before being executed, shell-command is expanded using the
             rules specified in the FORMATS section.  With -b, the command is
             run in the background.  After it finishes, any output to stdout
             is displayed in copy mode (in the pane specified by -t or the
             current pane if omitted).  If the command doesn't return success,
             the exit status is also displayed.

     wait-for [-L | -S | -U] channel
                   (alias: wait)
             When used without options, prevents the client from exiting until
             woken using wait-for -S with the same channel.  When -L is used,
             the channel is locked and any clients that try to lock the same
             channel are made to wait until the channel is unlocked with
             wait-for -U.  This command only works from outside tmux.

TERMINFO EXTENSIONS
     tmux understands some extensions to terminfo(5):

             If Se is not set, Ss with argument 0 will be used to reset the
             cursor style instead.

     Ms      This sequence can be used by tmux to store the current buffer in
             the host terminal's selection (clipboard).  See the set-clipboard
             option above and the xterm(1) man page.

CONTROL MODE
     tmux offers a textual interface called control mode.  This allows appli-
     cations to communicate with tmux using a simple text-only protocol.

     In control mode, a client sends tmux commands or command sequences termi-
     nated by newlines on standard input.  Each command will produce one block
     of output on standard output.  An output block consists of a %begin line
     followed by the output (which may be empty).  The output block ends with
     a %end or %error.  %begin and matching %end or %error have two arguments:
     an integer time (as seconds from epoch) and command number.  For example:

           %begin 1363006971 2
           0: ksh* (1 panes) [80x24] [layout b25f,80x24,0,0,2] @2 (active)
           %end 1363006971 2

     In control mode, tmux outputs notifications.  A notification will never
     occur inside an output block.

     The following notifications are defined:

     %exit [reason]
             The tmux client is exiting immediately, either because it is not
             attached to any session or an error occurred.  If present, reason
             describes why the client exited.

     %layout-change window-id window-layout
             The layout of a window with ID window-id changed.  The new layout
             is window-layout.

     %output pane-id value
             A window pane produced output.  value escapes non-printable char-
             acters and backslash as octal \xxx.

     %session-changed session-id name
             The client is now attached to the session with ID session-id,
             which is named name.

     %session-renamed name
             The current session was renamed to name.

     %sessions-changed
             A session was created or destroyed.

     %unlinked-window-add window-id
             The window with ID window-id was created but is not linked to the
             current session.

     /etc/tmux.conf     System-wide configuration file.

EXAMPLES
     To create a new tmux session running vi(1):

           $ tmux new-session vi

     Most commands have a shorter form, known as an alias.  For new-session,
     this is new:

           $ tmux new vi

     Alternatively, the shortest unambiguous form of a command is accepted.
     If there are several options, they are listed:

           $ tmux n
           ambiguous command: n, could be: new-session, new-window, next-window

     Within an active session, a new window may be created by typing 'C-b c'
     (Ctrl followed by the 'b' key followed by the 'c' key).

     Windows may be navigated with: 'C-b 0' (to select window 0), 'C-b 1' (to
     select window 1), and so on; 'C-b n' to select the next window; and 'C-b
     p' to select the previous window.

     A session may be detached using 'C-b d' (or by an external event such as
     ssh(1) disconnection) and reattached with:

           $ tmux attach-session

     Typing 'C-b ?' lists the current key bindings in the current window; up
     and down may be used to navigate the list or 'q' to exit from it.

     Commands to be run when the tmux server is started may be placed in the
     ~/.tmux.conf configuration file.  Common examples include:

     Changing the default prefix key:

           set-option -g prefix C-a
           unbind-key C-b
           bind-key C-a send-prefix

     Turning the status line off, or changing its colour:

           set-option -g status off
           set-option -g status-style bg=blue

     Setting other options, such as the default command, or locking after 30
     minutes of inactivity:

           set-option -g default-command "exec /bin/ksh"
           set-option -g lock-after-time 1800

     Creating new key bindings:
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