TIMELIMIT(1)              BSD General Commands Manual             TIMELIMIT(1)

     timelimit -- effectively limit the absolute execution time of a process

     timelimit [-pq] [-S killsig] [-s warnsig] [-T killtime] [-t warntime]
               command [arguments ...]

     The timelimit utility executes a given command with the supplied
     arguments and terminates the spawned process after a given time with a
     given signal.  If the process exits before the time limit has elapsed,
     timelimit will silently exit, too.


     -p      If the child process is terminated by a signal, timelimit propa-
             gates this condition, i.e. sends the same signal to itself.  This
             allows the program executing timelimit to determine whether the
             child process was terminated by a signal or actually exited with
             an exit code larger than 128.

     -q      Quiet operation - timelimit does not output diagnostic messages
             about signals sent to the child process.

     -S killsig
             Specify the number of the signal to be sent to the process
             killtime seconds after warntime has expired.  Defaults to 9

     -s warnsig
             Specify the number of the signal to be sent to the process
             warntime seconds after it has been started.  Defaults to 15

     -T killtime
             Specify the maximum execution time of the process before sending
             killsig after warnsig has been sent.  Defaults to 120 seconds.

     -t warntime
             Specify the maximum execution time of the process in seconds
             before sending warnsig.  Defaults to 3600 seconds.

     On systems that support the setitimer(2) system call, the warntime and
     killtime values may be specified in fractional seconds with microsecond

             The killsig to use if the -S option was not specified.

             The killtime to use if the -T option was not specified.

             The warnsig to use if the -s option was not specified.

             The warntime to use if the -t option was not specified.

     If the child process exits normally, the timelimit utility will pass its
     exit code on up.  If the child process is terminated by a signal and the
     -p flag was not specified, the timelimit utility's exit status is 128
     plus the signal number, similar to sh(1).  If the -p flag was specified,
     the timelimit utility will raise the signal itself so that its own parent
     process may in turn reliably distinguish between a signal and a larger
     than 128 exit code.

     In rare cases, the timelimit utility may encounter a system or user
     error; then, its exit status is one of the standard sysexits(3) values:

             The command-line parameters and options were incorrectly speci-

             The timelimit utility itself received an unexpected signal while
             waiting for the child process to terminate.

             The timelimit utility was unable to execute the child process,
             wait for it to terminate, or examine its exit status.

     The following examples are shown as given to the shell:

           timelimit -p /usr/local/bin/rsync rsync://some.host/dir /opt/mirror

     Run the rsync program to mirror a WWW or FTP site and kill it if it runs
     longer than 1 hour (that is 3600 seconds) with SIGTERM.  If the rsync
     process does not exit after receiving the SIGTERM, timelimit issues a
     SIGKILL 120 seconds after the SIGTERM.  If the rsync process is termi-
     nated by a signal, timelimit will itself raise this signal.

           tcpserver 0 8888 timelimit -t600 -T300 /opt/services/chat/stats

     Start a tcpserver(n) process listening on tcp port 8888; each client con-
     nection shall invoke an instance of an IRC statistics tool under
     /opt/services/chat and kill it after 600 seconds have elapsed.  If the
     stats process is still running after the SIGTERM, it will be killed by a
     SIGKILL sent 300 seconds later.

           env WARNTIME=4.99 WARNSIG=1 KILLTIME=1.000001 timelimit sh stats.sh

     Start a shell script and kill it with a SIGHUP in a little under 5 sec-
     onds.  If the shell gets stuck and does not respond to the SIGHUP, kill
     it with the default SIGKILL just a bit over a second afterwards.

     kill(1), rsync(1), signal(3), tcpserver(n)

     No standards documentation was harmed in the process of creating

     Please report any bugs in timelimit to the author.

     The timelimit utility was conceived and written by Peter Pentchev
     <roam@ringlet.net> with contributions and suggestions by Karsten W
     Rohrbach <karsten@rohrbach.de>, Teddy Hogeborn <teddy@fukt.bsnet.se>, and
     Tomasz Nowak <nowak2000@poczta.onet.pl>.

BSD                           September 29, 2010                           BSD
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