SETTERM(1)                       User Commands                      SETTERM(1)

       setterm - set terminal attributes

       setterm [options]

       setterm  writes  to standard output a character string that will invoke
       the specified terminal capabilities.  Where possible terminfo  is  con-
       sulted  to  find the string to use.  Some options however (marked "vir-
       tual consoles only" below) do not correspond to a terminfo(5)  capabil-
       ity.  In this case, if the terminal type is "con" or "linux" the string
       that invokes the specified capabilities on the PC Minix virtual console
       driver is output.  Options that are not implemented by the terminal are

       For boolean options (on or off), the default is on.

       Below, an 8-color can be black,  red,  green,  yellow,  blue,  magenta,
       cyan, or white.

       A  16-color  can  be  an  8-color,  or grey, or bright followed by red,
       green, yellow, blue, magenta, cyan, or white.

       The various color options may be set independently, at least on virtual
       consoles,  though  the  results of setting multiple modes (for example,
       --underline and --half-bright) are hardware-dependent.

       --appcursorkeys [on|off]  (virtual consoles only)
              Sets Cursor Key Application Mode on or off.  When on, ESC  O  A,
              ESC O B, etc.  will be sent for the cursor keys instead of ESC [
              A, ESC [ B, etc.  See the vi  and  Cursor-Keys  section  of  the
              Text-Terminal-HOWTO  for  how  this  can  cause  problems for vi

       --append [console_number]
              Like --dump, but appends to the snapshot file instead  of  over-
              writing it.  Only works if no --dump options are given.

       --background 8-color|default
              Sets the background text color.

       --blank [0-60|force|poke]  (virtual consoles only)
              Sets  the  interval  of  inactivity, in minutes, after which the
              screen will be automatically blanked (using APM  if  available).
              Without  an argument, it gets the blank status (returns which vt
              was blanked, or zero for an unblanked vt).

              The force option keeps  the  screen  blank  even  if  a  key  is

              The poke option unblanks the screen.

       --bfreq [number]  (virtual consoles only)
              Sets  the  bell frequency in Hertz.  Without an argument, it de-
              faults to 0.

       --blength [0-2000]  (virtual consoles only)
              Sets the bell duration in milliseconds.  Without an argument, it
              defaults to 0.

       --blink [on|off]
              Turns  blink  mode  on  or  off.   Except  on a virtual console,
              --blink off turns off  all  attributes  (bold,  half-brightness,
              blink, reverse).

       --bold [on|off]
              Turns  bold  (extra bright) mode on or off.  Except on a virtual
              console, --bold off turns off all attributes (bold, half-bright-
              ness, blink, reverse).

       --clear [all|rest]
              Without  an argument or with the argument all, the entire screen
              is cleared and the cursor is set to the home position, just like
              clear(1)  does.   With  the argument rest, the screen is cleared
              from the current cursor position to the end.

       --clrtabs [tab1 tab2 tab3 ...]  (virtual consoles only)
              Clears tab stops from the given horizontal cursor positions,  in
              the range 1-160.  Without arguments, it clears all tab stops.

       --cursor [on|off]
              Turns the terminal's cursor on or off.

              Sets the terminal's rendering options to the default values.

       --dump [console_number]
              Writes  a  snapshot of the virtual console with the given number
              to the file specified with the --file  option,  overwriting  its
              contents;  the  default is screen.dump.  Without an argument, it
              dumps the current virtual console.  This overrides --append.

       --file filename
              Sets the snapshot file name for any --dump or  --append  options
              on  the  same  command line.  If this option is not present, the
              default is screen.dump in the current directory.   A  path  name
              that  exceeds the system maximum will be truncated, see PATH_MAX
              from linux/limits.h for the value.

       --foreground 8-color|default
              Sets the foreground text color.

       --half-bright [on|off]
              Turns dim (half-brightness) mode on or off.  Except on a virtual
              console, --half-bright off turns off all attributes (bold, half-
              brightness, blink, reverse).

       --hbcolor 16-color
              Sets the color for half-bright characters.

              Displays the terminal  initialization  string,  which  typically
              sets  the  terminal's rendering options, and other attributes to
              the default values.

       --inversescreen [on|off]
              Swaps foreground and background colors for the whole screen.

       --linewrap [on|off]
              Makes the terminal continue on a new line when a line is full.

       --msg [on|off]  (virtual consoles only)
              Enables or disables the sending of kernel printk()  messages  to
              the console.

       --msglevel 0-8  (virtual consoles only)
              Sets  the  console  logging  level for kernel printk() messages.
              All messages strictly more important than this will be  printed,
              so  a  logging  level of 0 has the same effect as --msg on and a
              logging level of 8 will print all kernel messages.  klogd(8) may
              be  a  more  convenient  interface to the logging of kernel mes-

       --powerdown [0-60]
              Sets the VESA powerdown interval in minutes.  Without  an  argu-
              ment,  it  defaults to 0 (disable powerdown).  If the console is
              blanked or the monitor is in suspend mode, then the monitor will
              go  into vsync suspend mode or powerdown mode respectively after
              this period of time has elapsed.

       --powersave off
              Turns off monitor VESA powersaving features.

       --powersave on|vsync
              Puts the monitor into VESA vsync suspend mode.

       --powersave powerdown
              Puts the monitor into VESA powerdown mode.

       --powersave hsync
              Puts the monitor into VESA hsync suspend mode.

       --regtabs [1-160]  (virtual consoles only)
              Clears all tab stops, then sets a regular tab stop pattern, with
              one  tab  every specified number of positions.  Without an argu-
              ment, it defaults to 8.

       --repeat [on|off]  (virtual consoles only)
              Turns keyboard repeat on or off.

              Displays the terminal reset string, which typically  resets  the
              terminal to its power-on state.

              Reset  terminal  size by assessing maximum row and column.  This
              is useful when actual geometry and kernel  terminal  driver  are
              not  in  sync.   Most  notable use case is with serial consoles,
              that do not use ioctl(3) but just byte streams and breaks.

       --reverse [on|off]
              Turns reverse video mode on or off.  Except on  a  virtual  con-
              sole, --reverse off turns off all attributes (bold, half-bright-
              ness, blink, reverse).

       --store  (virtual consoles only)
              Stores the terminal's current rendering options (foreground  and
              background colors) as the values to be used at reset-to-default.

       --tabs [tab1 tab2 tab3 ...]
              Sets  tab stops at the given horizontal cursor positions, in the
              range 1-160.  Without arguments, it shows the current  tab  stop

       --term terminal_name
              Overrides the TERM environment variable.

       --ulcolor 16-color  (virtual consoles only)
              Sets the color for underlined characters.

       --underline [on|off]
              Turns underline mode on or off.

              Displays version information and exits.

       --help Displays a help text and exits.

       Since  version  2.25  setterm has support for long options with two hy-
       phens, for example --help, beside the historical long  options  with  a
       single  hyphen,  for example -help.  In scripts it is better to use the
       backward-compatible single hyphen rather than the double hyphen.   Cur-
       rently there are no plans nor good reasons to discontinue single-hyphen

       stty(1), tput(1), tty(4), terminfo(5)

       Differences between the Minix and Linux versions are not documented.

       The setterm command is part of the util-linux package and is  available
       from Linux Kernel Archive <

util-linux                         May 2014                         SETTERM(1)
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