SCANELF(1)                Documentation for pax-utils               SCANELF(1)

       scanelf - user-space utility to scan ELF files

       scanelf [options] ELFs or directories

       scanelf is a user-space utility to quickly scan given ELFs,
       directories, or common system paths for different information. This may
       include ELF types, their PaX markings, TEXTRELs, etc...

       -A, --archives
           Scan archives (.a files)

       -a, --all
           Print all useful/simple info

       -B, --nobanner
           Don't display the header

       -b, --bind
           Print symbol binding information (lazy or now)

       -D, --endian
           Print ELF endianness (big/little/...)

       -E, --etype ETYPE
           Print only ELF files matching specified etype (like ET_DYN,
           ET_EXEC, etc...)

       -e, --header
           Print GNU_STACK markings

       -F, --format FORMAT
           Use specified format for output; see the FORMAT section for more

       -f, --from FILE
           Read input stream from specified filename

       -g, --gmatch
           Use strncmp to match libraries (use with -N). Or regexp with symbol

       -h, --help
           Show condensed usage and exit

       -I, --osabi
           Print OSABI

       -i, --interp
           Print the interpreter information (.interp/PT_INTERP)

       -k, --section SECTION
           Find ELFs with the specified section. May be specified multiple
           times to match multiple sections simultaneously. See SECTION
           MATCHING for more info.

       -L, --ldcache
           Utilize information (use with -r/-n)

       -l, --ldpath
           Scan all directories in /etc/

       -M, --bits BITS
           Print only ELF files matching specified numeric bits (like 32/64)

       -m, --mount
           Don't recursively cross mount points

       -N, --lib SONAME
           Find ELFs that need the specified SONAME. May be specified multiple
           times to match multiple SONAMEs simultaneously. See SONAME MATCHING
           for more info.

       -n, --needed
           Print libraries the ELF is linked against (DT_NEEDED)

       -O, --perms PERMS
           Print only ELF files with matching specified octal bits (like 755)

       -o, --file FILE
           Write output stream to specified filename

       -p, --path
           Scan all directories in PATH environment

       -q, --quiet
           Only output 'bad' things

       -R, --recursive
           Scan directories recursively

       -r, --rpath
           Print runpaths encoded in the ELF (DT_RPATH/DT_RUNPATH)

       -S, --soname
           Print the ELF's shared library name (DT_SONAME)

       -s, --symbol SYMBOL
           Find the specified symbol; see SYMBOL MATCHING for more info

       -T, --textrels
           Locate cause of TEXTRELs via objdump

       -t, --textrel
           Print TEXTREL information

       -V, --version
           Print version and exit

       -v, --verbose
           Be verbose (can be used more than once)

       -X, --fix
           Try and 'fix' bad things (use with -r/-e)

       -x, --pax
           Print PaX markings

       -Y, --eabi
           Print EABI (only matters for a few architectures)

       -y, --symlink
           Don't scan symlinks

       -Z, --size SIZE
           Print ELF file size

       -z, --setpax FLAGS
           Sets EI_PAX/PT_PAX_FLAGS to specified flags (use with -Xx)

           Use the paths to find the full path to libraries (use in
           conjunction with --needed).

       --root PATH
           Search the specified root tree instead of /. Generally paired with
           options like -l or -p. This implicitly treats all paths specified
           on the command line as relative to the root, so be sure to omit it
           if you are explicitly listing ELFs.

       The format string is much like a printf string in that it is a literal
       string with flags requesting different information. For example, you
       could use a format string and expect the following results.

             # scanelf -BF "file %f needs %n; funky time" /bin/bash
             file bash needs,,; funky time

       Note that when you use a format string, generally information related
       flags should be omitted. In other words, you do not want to try and
       request NEEDED output (-n) and try to specify a format output at the
       same time as these operations are mutually exclusive. Each information
       related flag has an equivalent conversion specifier, so use those
       instead. You can of course continue to use non-information related
       flags (such as --verbose).

       There are three characters that introduce conversion specifiers.

       o % - replace with info
       o # - silent boolean match
       o + - verbose match

       And there are a number of conversion specifiers. We try to match up the
       specifier with corresponding option.

       o a - machine (EM) type
       o b - bind flags
       o e - program headers
       o D - endian
       o I - osabi
       o Y - eabi
       o F - long filename
       o f - short filename
       o i - interp
       o k - section
       o M - EI class
       o N - specified needed
       o n - needed libraries
       o p - filename (minus search)
       o o - etype
       o O - perms
       o r - runpaths
       o S - SONAME
       o s - symbol
       o T - all textrels
       o t - textrel status
       o x - pax flags

       The string specified takes the form [%[modifiers]%][[+-]<symbol

       If the symbol name is empty, then all symbols are matched.

       If the symbol name is a glob ("*"), then all symbols are dumped in a
       debug format. Do not rely on the structure of this output as it changes
       whenever we feel like it.

       If the first char of the symbol name is a plus ("+"), then only match
       defined symbols. If it's a minus ("-"), only match undefined symbols.
       When we say "defined", we mean the symbol is defined in the ELF vs
       having an external reference.

       Putting modifiers in between the percent signs ("%") allows for more in
       depth filters. There are groups of modifiers. If you don't specify a
       member of a group, then all types in that group are matched.

       o STT group (symbol type)
       o n - STT_NOTYPE
       o o - STT_OBJECT
       o f - STT_FUNC
       o F - STT_FILE
       o STB group (symbol binding)
       o l - STB_LOCAL
       o g - STB_GLOBAL
       o w - STB_WEAK
       o STV group (symbol visibility)
       o p - STV_DEFAULT
       o i - STV_INTERNAL
       o h - STV_HIDDEN
       o P - STV_PROTECTED
       o SHN group (section header)
       o d - defined
       o u - SHN_UNDEF
       o a - SHN_ABS
       o c - SHN_COMMON

       You can search for multiple symbols simultaneously by using a comma
       (",") to separate different searches. Every symbol that matches will be
       displayed while unmatched symbols will not.

       You can narrow your search by specifying the ELF object file type
       (ETYPE). The commandline option takes the numeric value and or symbolic
       type. Multiple values can be passed comma separated. Example -E

       Here is the normal list available for your pleasure. You of course are
       free to specify any numeric value you want.

       o 0 - ET_NONE - unknown type
       o 1 - ET_REL - relocatable file
       o 2 - ET_EXEC - executable file
       o 3 - ET_DYN - shared object
       o 4 - ET_CORE - core file

       You can also narrow your search by specifying the ELF bitsize. Again,
       specify the numeric value or the symbolic define.

       o 32 - ELFCLASS32 - 32bit ELFs
       o 64 - ELFCLASS64 - 64bit ELFs

       A !  prefix will only show ELF's that do not have the specified

       A !  prefix will only show ELF's that do not depend on the specified


       Please include as much information as possible (using any available
       debugging options) and send bug reports to the maintainers (see the
       AUTHORS section). Please use the Gentoo bugzilla at if possible.

       chpax(1), dumpelf(1), paxctl(1), pspax(1), readelf(1), scanelf(1),

       Ned Ludd <>

       Mike Frysinger <>

       Fabian Groffen <>
           Mach-O Maintainer



pax-utils 1.2.2                   01/24/2017                        SCANELF(1)
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