perltoc


DESCRIPTION
       This page provides a brief table of contents for the rest of the Perl
       documentation set.  It is meant to be scanned quickly or grepped
       through to locate the proper section you're looking for.

BASIC DOCUMENTATION
   perl - The Perl 5 language interpreter
       SYNOPSIS
       GETTING HELP
           Overview
           Tutorials
           Reference Manual
           Internals and C Language Interface
           Miscellaneous
           Language-Specific
           Platform-Specific
       DESCRIPTION
       AVAILABILITY
       ENVIRONMENT
       AUTHOR
       FILES
       SEE ALSO
       DIAGNOSTICS
       BUGS
       NOTES

   perlintro -- a brief introduction and overview of Perl
       DESCRIPTION
           What is Perl?
           Running Perl programs
           Safety net
           Basic syntax overview
           Perl variable types
               Scalars, Arrays, Hashes

           Variable scoping
           Conditional and looping constructs
               if, while, for, foreach

           Builtin operators and functions
               Arithmetic, Numeric comparison, String comparison, Boolean
               logic, Miscellaneous

           Files and I/O
           Regular expressions
               Simple matching, Simple substitution, More complex regular
               expressions, Parentheses for capturing, Other regexp features

           Writing subroutines
           OO Perl
           Using Perl modules
       AUTHOR

       Credits
           Distribution Conditions

   perldsc - Perl Data Structures Cookbook
       DESCRIPTION
           arrays of arrays, hashes of arrays, arrays of hashes, hashes of
           hashes, more elaborate constructs

       REFERENCES
       COMMON MISTAKES
       CAVEAT ON PRECEDENCE
       WHY YOU SHOULD ALWAYS "use strict"
       DEBUGGING
       CODE EXAMPLES
       ARRAYS OF ARRAYS
           Declaration of an ARRAY OF ARRAYS
           Generation of an ARRAY OF ARRAYS
           Access and Printing of an ARRAY OF ARRAYS
       HASHES OF ARRAYS
           Declaration of a HASH OF ARRAYS
           Generation of a HASH OF ARRAYS
           Access and Printing of a HASH OF ARRAYS
       ARRAYS OF HASHES
           Declaration of an ARRAY OF HASHES
           Generation of an ARRAY OF HASHES
           Access and Printing of an ARRAY OF HASHES
       HASHES OF HASHES
           Declaration of a HASH OF HASHES
           Generation of a HASH OF HASHES
           Access and Printing of a HASH OF HASHES
       MORE ELABORATE RECORDS
           Declaration of MORE ELABORATE RECORDS
           Declaration of a HASH OF COMPLEX RECORDS
           Generation of a HASH OF COMPLEX RECORDS
       Database Ties
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   perllol - Manipulating Arrays of Arrays in Perl
       DESCRIPTION
           Declaration and Access of Arrays of Arrays
           Growing Your Own
           Access and Printing
           Slices
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   perlrequick - Perl regular expressions quick start
       DESCRIPTION
       The Guide
           Simple word matching
           Using character classes
           Matching this or that
           Grouping things and hierarchical matching

       Part 1: The basics
           Simple word matching
           Using character classes
           Matching this or that
           Grouping things and hierarchical matching
           Extracting matches
           Backreferences
           Relative backreferences
           Named backreferences
           Alternative capture group numbering
           Position information
           Non-capturing groupings
           Matching repetitions
           Possessive quantifiers
           Building a regexp
           Using regular expressions in Perl
       Part 2: Power tools
           More on characters, strings, and character classes
           Compiling and saving regular expressions
           Composing regular expressions at runtime
           Embedding comments and modifiers in a regular expression
           Looking ahead and looking behind
           Using independent subexpressions to prevent backtracking
           Conditional expressions
           Defining named patterns
           Recursive patterns
           A bit of magic: executing Perl code in a regular expression
           Backtracking control verbs
           Pragmas and debugging
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
           Acknowledgments

   perlboot - Beginner's Object-Oriented Tutorial
       DESCRIPTION
           If we could talk to the animals...
           Introducing the method invocation arrow
           Invoking a barnyard
           The extra parameter of method invocation
           Calling a second method to simplify things
           Inheriting the windpipes
           A few notes about @ISA
           Overriding the methods
           Starting the search from a different place
           The SUPER way of doing things
           Let's review...
           A horse is a horse, of course of course, or is it?
           Invoking an instance method
           Accessing the instance data
           How to build a horse
           Inheriting the constructor
           Making a method work with either classes or instances
           Adding parameters to a method
           Planning for the Future: Better Constructors
           Destructors
           Other Object Methods
       Class Data
           Accessing Class Data
           Debugging Methods
           Class Destructors
           Documenting the Interface
       Aggregation
       Inheritance
           Overridden Methods
           Multiple Inheritance
           UNIVERSAL: The Root of All Objects
           Deeper UNIVERSAL details
       Alternate Object Representations
           Arrays as Objects
           Closures as Objects
       AUTOLOAD: Proxy Methods
           Autoloaded Data Methods
           Inherited Autoloaded Data Methods
       Metaclassical Tools
           Class::Struct
           Data Members as Variables
       NOTES
           Object Terminology
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
       COPYRIGHT
           Acknowledgments

   perltooc - Tom's OO Tutorial for Class Data in Perl
       DESCRIPTION
       Class Data in a Can
       Class Data as Package Variables
           Putting All Your Eggs in One Basket
           Inheritance Concerns
           The Eponymous Meta-Object
           Indirect References to Class Data
           Monadic Classes
           Translucent Attributes
       Class Data as Lexical Variables
           Privacy and Responsibility
           File-Scoped Lexicals
           More Inheritance Concerns
           Locking the Door and Throwing Away the Key
           Translucency Revisited
       NOTES
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       HISTORY

   perlbot - Bag o' Object Tricks (the BOT)
       DESCRIPTION

   perlperf - Perl Performance and Optimization Techniques
       DESCRIPTION
       OVERVIEW
           ONE STEP SIDEWAYS
           ONE STEP FORWARD
           ANOTHER STEP SIDEWAYS
       GENERAL GUIDELINES
       BENCHMARKS
           Assigning and Dereferencing Variables.
           Search and replace or tr
       PROFILING TOOLS
           Devel::DProf
           Devel::Profiler
           Devel::SmallProf
           Devel::FastProf
           Devel::NYTProf
       SORTING
           Elapsed Real Time, User CPU Time, System CPU Time

       LOGGING
           Logging if DEBUG (constant)
       POSTSCRIPT
       SEE ALSO
           PERLDOCS
           MAN PAGES
           MODULES
           URLS
       AUTHOR

   perlstyle - Perl style guide
       DESCRIPTION

   perlcheat - Perl 5 Cheat Sheet
       DESCRIPTION
           The sheet
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   perltrap - Perl traps for the unwary
       DESCRIPTION
           Awk Traps
           C/C++ Traps
           Sed Traps
           Shell Traps
           Perl Traps
           Perl4 to Perl5 Traps
               Discontinuance, Deprecation, and BugFix traps, Parsing Traps,
               Numerical Traps, General data type traps, Context Traps -
               scalar, list contexts, Precedence Traps, General Regular
               Expression Traps using s///, etc, Subroutine, Signal, Sorting
               Traps, OS Traps, DBM Traps, Unclassified Traps

           Parsing Traps
               Space between . and = triggers syntax error, Better parsing in
               perl 5, Function parsing, String interpolation of $#array
               differs, Perl guesses on "map", "grep" followed by "{" if it
               starts BLOCK or hash ref

           Numerical Traps
               Formatted output and significant digits, Auto-increment
               operator over signed int limit deleted, Assignment of return
               values from numeric equality tests doesn't work, Bitwise string
               ops

           General data type traps
               Negative array subscripts now count from the end of array,
               Setting $#array lower now discards array elements, Hashes get
               defined before use, Glob assignment from localized variable to
               variable, Assigning "undef" to glob, Changes in unary negation
               (of strings), Modifying of constants prohibited, "defined $var"
               behavior changed, Variable Suicide

           Context Traps - scalar, list contexts
               Elements of argument lists for formats evaluated in list
               context, "caller()" returns false value in scalar context if no
               caller present, Comma operator in scalar context gives scalar
               context to args, "sprintf()" prototyped as "($;@)"

           Precedence Traps
               LHS vs. RHS of any assignment operator, Semantic errors
               introduced due to precedence, Precedence of assignment
               operators same as the precedence of assignment, "open" requires
               parentheses around filehandle, $: precedence over $:: gone,
               Precedence of file test operators documented, "keys", "each",
               "values" are regular named unary operators

           General Regular Expression Traps using s///, etc.
               "s'$lhs'$rhs'" interpolates on either side, "m//g" attaches its
               state to the searched string, "m//o" used within an anonymous
               sub, $+ isn't set to whole match, Substitution now returns null
               string if it fails, "s`lhs`rhs`" is now a normal substitution,
               Stricter parsing of variables in regular expressions, "m?x?"
               matches only once, Failed matches don't reset the match
               variables

           Subroutine, Signal, Sorting Traps
               Barewords that used to look like strings look like subroutine
               calls, Reverse is no longer allowed as the name of a sort
               subroutine, "warn()" won't let you specify a filehandle

           OS Traps
               SysV resets signal handler correctly, SysV "seek()" appends
               correctly

           Interpolation Traps
               "@" always interpolates an array in double-quotish strings,

           Unclassified Traps
               "require"/"do" trap using returned value, "split" on empty
               string with LIMIT specified

   perldebtut - Perl debugging tutorial
       DESCRIPTION
       use strict
       Looking at data and -w and v
       help
       Stepping through code
       Placeholder for a, w, t, T
       REGULAR EXPRESSIONS
       OUTPUT TIPS
       CGI
       GUIs
       SUMMARY
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       CONTRIBUTORS

   perlfaq - frequently asked questions about Perl
       DESCRIPTION
           Where to get the perlfaq
           How to contribute to the perlfaq
           What will happen if you mail your Perl programming problems to the
           authors?
       CREDITS
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
       Table of Contents
           perlfaq  - this document, perlfaq1 - General Questions About Perl,
           perlfaq2 - Obtaining and Learning about Perl, perlfaq3 -
           Programming Tools, perlfaq4 - Data Manipulation, perlfaq5 - Files
           and Formats, perlfaq6 - Regular Expressions, perlfaq7 - General
           Perl Language Issues, perlfaq8 - System Interaction, perlfaq9 -
           Networking

       The Questions
           perlfaq1: General Questions About Perl
           perlfaq2: Obtaining and Learning about Perl
           perlfaq3: Programming Tools
           perlfaq4: Data Manipulation
           perlfaq5: Files and Formats
           perlfaq6: Regular Expressions
           perlfaq7: General Perl Language Issues
           perlfaq8: System Interaction
           perlfaq9: Networking

   perlfaq1 - General Questions About Perl
       DESCRIPTION
           What is Perl?
           Who supports Perl? Who develops it? Why is it free?
           Which version of Perl should I use?
           What are Perl 4, Perl 5, or Perl 6?
           How can I convince others to use Perl?
               http://perltraining.com.au/whyperl.html,
               http://www.perl.org/advocacy/whyperl.html

       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

   perlfaq2 - Obtaining and Learning about Perl
       DESCRIPTION
           What machines support perl? Where do I get it?
           How can I get a binary version of perl?
           I don't have a C compiler. How can I build my own Perl interpreter?
           I copied the perl binary from one machine to another, but scripts
           don't work.
           I grabbed the sources and tried to compile but gdbm/dynamic
           loading/malloc/linking/... failed. How do I make it work?
           What modules and extensions are available for Perl? What is CPAN?
           What does CPAN/src/... mean?
           Is there an ISO or ANSI certified version of Perl?
           Where can I get information on Perl?
           What are the Perl newsgroups on Usenet? Where do I post questions?
           Where should I post source code?
           Perl Books
           Which magazines have Perl content?
           What mailing lists are there for Perl?
           Where are the archives for comp.lang.perl.misc?
           Where can I buy a commercial version of perl?
           Where do I send bug reports?
           What is perl.com? Perl Mongers? pm.org? perl.org? cpan.org?
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

   perlfaq3 - Programming Tools
       DESCRIPTION
           How do I do (anything)?
           How can I use Perl interactively?
           Is there a Perl shell?
           How do I find which modules are installed on my system?
           How do I debug my Perl programs?
           How do I profile my Perl programs?
           How do I cross-reference my Perl programs?
           Is there a pretty-printer (formatter) for Perl?
           Is there a ctags for Perl?
           Is there an IDE or Windows Perl Editor?
               Eclipse, Enginsite, Komodo, Notepad++, Open Perl IDE, OptiPerl,
               Padre, PerlBuilder, visiPerl+, Visual Perl, Zeus, GNU Emacs,
               MicroEMACS, XEmacs, Jed, Elvis, Vile, Vim, Codewright,
               MultiEdit, SlickEdit, ConTEXT, Bash, Ksh, Tcsh, Zsh, Affrus,
               Alpha, BBEdit and BBEdit Lite

           Where can I get Perl macros for vi?
           Where can I get perl-mode or cperl-mode for emacs?
           How can I use curses with Perl?
           How can I write a GUI (X, Tk, Gtk, etc.) in Perl?
               Tk, Wx, Gtk and Gtk2, Win32::GUI, CamelBones, Qt, Athena

           Can I write useful Perl programs on the command line?
           Why don't Perl one-liners work on my DOS/Mac/VMS system?
           Where can I learn about CGI or Web programming in Perl?
           Where can I learn about object-oriented Perl programming?
           Where can I learn about linking C with Perl?
           I've read perlembed, perlguts, etc., but I can't embed perl in my C
           program; what am I doing wrong?
           When I tried to run my script, I got this message. What does it
           mean?
           What's MakeMaker?
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

   perlfaq4 - Data Manipulation
       DESCRIPTION
       Data: Numbers
           Why am I getting long decimals (eg, 19.9499999999999) instead of
           the numbers I should be getting (eg, 19.95)?
           Why is int() broken?
           Why isn't my octal data interpreted correctly?
           Does Perl have a round() function?  What about ceil() and floor()?
           Trig functions?
           How do I convert between numeric representations/bases/radixes?
               How do I convert hexadecimal into decimal, How do I convert
               from decimal to hexadecimal, How do I convert from octal to
               decimal, How do I convert from decimal to octal, How do I
               convert from binary to decimal, How do I convert from decimal
               to binary

           Why doesn't & work the way I want it to?
           How do I multiply matrices?
           How do I perform an operation on a series of integers?
           How can I output Roman numerals?
           Why aren't my random numbers random?
           How do I get a random number between X and Y?
       Data: Dates
           How do I find the day or week of the year?
           How do I find the current century or millennium?
           How can I compare two dates and find the difference?
           How can I take a string and turn it into epoch seconds?
           How can I find the Julian Day?
           How do I find yesterday's date?
           Does Perl have a Year 2000 or 2038 problem? Is Perl Y2K compliant?
       Data: Strings
           How do I validate input?
           How do I unescape a string?
           How do I remove consecutive pairs of characters?
           How do I expand function calls in a string?
           How do I find matching/nesting anything?
           How do I reverse a string?
           How do I expand tabs in a string?
           How do I reformat a paragraph?
           How can I access or change N characters of a string?
           How do I change the Nth occurrence of something?
           How can I count the number of occurrences of a substring within a
               should be a semicolon at the end of the opening token, You
               can't (easily) have any space in front of the tag, There needs
               to be at least a line separator after the end token

       Data: Arrays
           What is the difference between a list and an array?
           What is the difference between $array[1] and @array[1]?
           How can I remove duplicate elements from a list or array?
           How can I tell whether a certain element is contained in a list or
           array?
           How do I compute the difference of two arrays?  How do I compute
           the intersection of two arrays?
           How do I test whether two arrays or hashes are equal?
           How do I find the first array element for which a condition is
           true?
           How do I handle linked lists?
           How do I handle circular lists?
           How do I shuffle an array randomly?
           How do I process/modify each element of an array?
           How do I select a random element from an array?
           How do I permute N elements of a list?
           How do I sort an array by (anything)?
           How do I manipulate arrays of bits?
           Why does defined() return true on empty arrays and hashes?
       Data: Hashes (Associative Arrays)
           How do I process an entire hash?
           How do I merge two hashes?
           What happens if I add or remove keys from a hash while iterating
           over it?
           How do I look up a hash element by value?
           How can I know how many entries are in a hash?
           How do I sort a hash (optionally by value instead of key)?
           How can I always keep my hash sorted?
           What's the difference between "delete" and "undef" with hashes?
           Why don't my tied hashes make the defined/exists distinction?
           How do I reset an each() operation part-way through?
           How can I get the unique keys from two hashes?
           How can I store a multidimensional array in a DBM file?
           How can I make my hash remember the order I put elements into it?
           Why does passing a subroutine an undefined element in a hash create
           it?
           How can I make the Perl equivalent of a C structure/C++ class/hash
           or array of hashes or arrays?
           How can I use a reference as a hash key?
           How can I check if a key exists in a multilevel hash?
       Data: Misc
           How do I handle binary data correctly?
           How do I determine whether a scalar is a
           number/whole/integer/float?
           How do I keep persistent data across program calls?
           How do I print out or copy a recursive data structure?
           How do I define methods for every class/object?
           How do I verify a credit card checksum?
           How do I pack arrays of doubles or floats for XS code?
           How can I manipulate fixed-record-length files?
           How can I make a filehandle local to a subroutine?  How do I pass
           filehandles between subroutines?  How do I make an array of
           filehandles?
           How can I use a filehandle indirectly?
           How can I set up a footer format to be used with write()?
           How can I write() into a string?
           How can I open a filehandle to a string?
           How can I output my numbers with commas added?
           How can I translate tildes (~) in a filename?
           How come when I open a file read-write it wipes it out?
           Why do I sometimes get an "Argument list too long" when I use <*>?
           Is there a leak/bug in glob()?
           How can I open a file with a leading ">" or trailing blanks?
           How can I reliably rename a file?
           How can I lock a file?
           Why can't I just open(FH, ">file.lock")?
           I still don't get locking. I just want to increment the number in
           the file. How can I do this?
           All I want to do is append a small amount of text to the end of a
           file. Do I still have to use locking?
           How do I randomly update a binary file?
           How do I get a file's timestamp in perl?
           How do I set a file's timestamp in perl?
           How do I print to more than one file at once?
           How can I read in an entire file all at once?
           How can I read in a file by paragraphs?
           How can I read a single character from a file?  From the keyboard?
           How can I tell whether there's a character waiting on a filehandle?
           How do I do a "tail -f" in perl?
           How do I dup() a filehandle in Perl?
           How do I close a file descriptor by number?
           Why can't I use "C:\temp\foo" in DOS paths?  Why doesn't
           `C:\temp\foo.exe` work?
           Why doesn't glob("*.*") get all the files?
           Why does Perl let me delete read-only files?  Why does "-i" clobber
           protected files?  Isn't this a bug in Perl?
           How do I select a random line from a file?
           Why do I get weird spaces when I print an array of lines?
           How do I traverse a directory tree?
           How do I delete a directory tree?
           How do I copy an entire directory?
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

   perlfaq6 - Regular Expressions
       DESCRIPTION
           How can I hope to use regular expressions without creating
           illegible and unmaintainable code?
               Comments Outside the Regex, Comments Inside the Regex,
               Different Delimiters

           I'm having trouble matching over more than one line. What's wrong?
           How can I pull out lines between two patterns that are themselves
           on different lines?
           How can I make "\w" match national character sets?
           How can I match a locale-smart version of "/[a-zA-Z]/"?
           How can I quote a variable to use in a regex?
           What is "/o" really for?
           How do I use a regular expression to strip C-style comments from a
           file?
           Can I use Perl regular expressions to match balanced text?
           What does it mean that regexes are greedy? How can I get around it?
           How do I process each word on each line?
           How can I print out a word-frequency or line-frequency summary?
           How can I do approximate matching?
           How do I efficiently match many regular expressions at once?
           Why don't word-boundary searches with "\b" work for me?
           Why does using $&, $`, or $' slow my program down?
           What good is "\G" in a regular expression?
           Are Perl regexes DFAs or NFAs? Are they POSIX compliant?
           What's wrong with using grep in a void context?
           How can I match strings with multibyte characters?
               Martian"
           How do I match a regular expression that's in a variable? ,
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

   perlfaq7 - General Perl Language Issues
       DESCRIPTION
           Can I get a BNF/yacc/RE for the Perl language?
           What are all these $@%&* punctuation signs, and how do I know when
           to use them?
           Do I always/never have to quote my strings or use semicolons and
           commas?
           How do I skip some return values?
           How do I temporarily block warnings?
           What's an extension?
           Why do Perl operators have different precedence than C operators?
           How do I declare/create a structure?
           How do I create a module?
           How do I adopt or take over a module already on CPAN?
           How do I create a class?
           How can I tell if a variable is tainted?
           What's a closure?
           What is variable suicide and how can I prevent it?
           How can I pass/return a {Function, FileHandle, Array, Hash, Method,
           Regex}?
               Passing Variables and Functions, Passing Filehandles, Passing
               Regexes, Passing Methods

           How do I create a static variable?
           What's the difference between dynamic and lexical (static) scoping?
           Between local() and my()?
           How can I access a dynamic variable while a similarly named lexical
           is in scope?
           What's the difference between deep and shallow binding?
           Why doesn't "my($foo) = <FILE>;" work right?
           How do I redefine a builtin function, operator, or method?
           What's the difference between calling a function as &foo and foo()?

       DESCRIPTION
           How do I find out which operating system I'm running under?
           How come exec() doesn't return?
           How do I do fancy stuff with the keyboard/screen/mouse?
               Keyboard, Screen, Mouse

           How do I print something out in color?
           How do I read just one key without waiting for a return key?
           How do I check whether input is ready on the keyboard?
           How do I clear the screen?
           How do I get the screen size?
           How do I ask the user for a password?
           How do I read and write the serial port?
               lockfiles, open mode, end of line, flushing output, non-
               blocking input

           How do I decode encrypted password files?
           How do I start a process in the background?
               STDIN, STDOUT, and STDERR are shared, Signals, Zombies

           How do I trap control characters/signals?
           How do I modify the shadow password file on a Unix system?
           How do I set the time and date?
           How can I sleep() or alarm() for under a second?
           How can I measure time under a second?
           How can I do an atexit() or setjmp()/longjmp()? (Exception
           handling)
           Why doesn't my sockets program work under System V (Solaris)?  What
           does the error message "Protocol not supported" mean?
           How can I call my system's unique C functions from Perl?
           Where do I get the include files to do ioctl() or syscall()?
           Why do setuid perl scripts complain about kernel problems?
           How can I open a pipe both to and from a command?
           Why can't I get the output of a command with system()?
           How can I capture STDERR from an external command?
           Why doesn't open() return an error when a pipe open fails?
           What's wrong with using backticks in a void context?
           How can I call backticks without shell processing?
           Why can't my script read from STDIN after I gave it EOF (^D on
           Unix, ^Z on MS-DOS)?
           How can I convert my shell script to perl?
           Can I use perl to run a telnet or ftp session?
           How can I write expect in Perl?
           Is there a way to hide perl's command line from programs such as
           "ps"?
           I {changed directory, modified my environment} in a perl
           script. How come the change disappeared when I exited the script?
           How do I get my changes to be visible?
               Unix

           How do I close a process's filehandle without waiting for it to
           complete?
           How do I fork a daemon process?
           How do I find out if I'm running interactively or not?
           module/library search path?
           How do I add a directory to my include path (@INC) at runtime?
               the "PERLLIB" environment variable, the "PERL5LIB" environment
               variable, the "perl -Idir" command line flag, the "lib"
               pragma:, the "local::lib" module:

           What is socket.ph and where do I get it?
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

   perlfaq9 - Networking
       DESCRIPTION
           What is the correct form of response from a CGI script?
           My CGI script runs from the command line but not the browser. (500
           Server Error)
           How can I get better error messages from a CGI program?
           How do I remove HTML from a string?
           How do I extract URLs?
           How do I download a file from the user's machine?  How do I open a
           file on another machine?
           How do I make an HTML pop-up menu with Perl?
           How do I fetch an HTML file?
           How do I automate an HTML form submission?
           How do I decode or create those %-encodings on the web?
           How do I redirect to another page?
           How do I put a password on my web pages?
           How do I edit my .htpasswd and .htgroup files with Perl?
           How do I make sure users can't enter values into a form that cause
           my CGI script to do bad things?
           How do I parse a mail header?
           How do I decode a CGI form?
           How do I check a valid mail address?
           How do I decode a MIME/BASE64 string?
           How do I return the user's mail address?
           How do I send mail?
           How do I use MIME to make an attachment to a mail message?
           How do I read mail?
           How do I find out my hostname, domainname, or IP address?
               gethostbyname, Socket, Net::Domain, Sys::Hostname"
           How do I fetch a news article or the active newsgroups?
           How do I fetch/put an FTP file?
           How can I do RPC in Perl?
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

   perlsyn - Perl syntax
       DESCRIPTION
           Declarations
           Comments
           Simple Statements
           Truth and Falsehood
           Statement Modifiers
           Compound Statements
           Loop Control
           For Loops
           Foreach Loops
           List value constructors
           Subscripts
           Slices
           Typeglobs and Filehandles
       SEE ALSO

   perlop - Perl operators and precedence
       DESCRIPTION
           Operator Precedence and Associativity
           Terms and List Operators (Leftward)
           The Arrow Operator
           Auto-increment and Auto-decrement
           Exponentiation
           Symbolic Unary Operators
           Binding Operators
           Multiplicative Operators
           Additive Operators
           Shift Operators
           Named Unary Operators
           Relational Operators
           Equality Operators
           Bitwise And
           Bitwise Or and Exclusive Or
           C-style Logical And
           C-style Logical Or
           C-style Logical Defined-Or
           Range Operators
           Conditional Operator
           Assignment Operators
           The Triple-Dot Operator
           Comma Operator
           List Operators (Rightward)
           Logical Not
           Logical And
           Logical or, Defined or, and Exclusive Or
           C Operators Missing From Perl
               unary &, unary *, (TYPE)

           Quote and Quote-like Operators
               [1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7], [8]

           Regexp Quote-Like Operators
               qr/STRING/msixpodual       , m/PATTERN/msixpodualgc
                        , /PATTERN/msixpodualgc, The empty pattern //,
               Matching in list context, \G assertion, m?PATTERN?msixpodualgc
               , ?PATTERN?msixpodualgc, s/PATTERN/REPLACEMENT/msixpodualgcer

           Quote-Like Operators
               q/STRING/    , 'STRING', qq/STRING/
                 , "STRING", qx/STRING/ , `STRING`, qw/STRING/   ,
               tr/SEARCHLIST/REPLACEMENTLIST/cdsr ,
               y/SEARCHLIST/REPLACEMENTLIST/cdsr, <<EOF
                , Double Quotes, Single Quotes, Backticks

           Integer Arithmetic
           Floating-point Arithmetic
           Bigger Numbers

   perlsub - Perl subroutines
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Private Variables via my()
           Persistent Private Variables
               static closure"
           Temporary Values via local()
           Lvalue subroutines
               Lvalue subroutines are EXPERIMENTAL

           Passing Symbol Table Entries (typeglobs)
           When to Still Use local()
           Pass by Reference
           Prototypes
           Constant Functions
           Overriding Built-in Functions
           Autoloading
           Subroutine Attributes
       SEE ALSO

   perlfunc - Perl builtin functions
       DESCRIPTION
           Perl Functions by Category
               Functions for SCALARs or strings   , Regular expressions and
               pattern matching   , Numeric functions    , Functions for real
               @ARRAYs , Functions for list data , Functions for real %HASHes
               , Input and output functions
                 , Functions for fixed-length data or records, Functions for
               filehandles, files, or directories
                  , Keywords related to the control flow of your Perl program
               , Keywords related to the switch feature, Keywords related to
               scoping, Miscellaneous functions, Functions for processes and
               process groups   , Keywords related to Perl modules , Keywords
               related to classes and object-orientation   , Low-level socket
               functions  , System V interprocess communication functions
                    , Fetching user and group info
                , Fetching network info
                   , Time-related functions
                , Functions new in perl5 , Functions obsoleted in perl5

           Portability
           Alphabetical Listing of Perl Functions
               -X FILEHANDLE

               , -X EXPR, -X DIRHANDLE, -X, abs VALUE  , abs, accept
               NEWSOCKET,GENERICSOCKET , alarm SECONDS , alarm, atan2 Y,X    ,
               bind SOCKET,NAME , binmode FILEHANDLE, LAYER
                , binmode FILEHANDLE, bless REF,CLASSNAME , bless REF, break,
               caller EXPR    , caller, chdir EXPR   , chdir FILEHANDLE, chdir
               DIRHANDLE, chdir, chmod LIST   , chomp VARIABLE     , chomp(
               EXPR  , exit EXPR , exit, exp EXPR , exp, fcntl
               FILEHANDLE,FUNCTION,SCALAR , fileno FILEHANDLE , flock
               FILEHANDLE,OPERATION   , fork
                 , format , formline PICTURE,LIST , getc FILEHANDLE    , getc,
               getlogin  , getpeername SOCKET , getpgrp PID  , getppid ,
               getpriority WHICH,WHO   , getpwnam NAME





                , getgrnam NAME, gethostbyname NAME, getnetbyname NAME,
               getprotobyname NAME, getpwuid UID, getgrgid GID, getservbyname
               NAME,PROTO, gethostbyaddr ADDR,ADDRTYPE, getnetbyaddr
               ADDR,ADDRTYPE, getprotobynumber NUMBER, getservbyport
               PORT,PROTO, getpwent, getgrent, gethostent, getnetent,
               getprotoent, getservent, setpwent, setgrent, sethostent
               STAYOPEN, setnetent STAYOPEN, setprotoent STAYOPEN, setservent
               STAYOPEN, endpwent, endgrent, endhostent, endnetent,
               endprotoent, endservent, getsockname SOCKET , getsockopt
               SOCKET,LEVEL,OPTNAME , given EXPR BLOCK , given BLOCK, glob
               EXPR    , glob, gmtime EXPR   , gmtime, goto LABEL
                , goto EXPR, goto &NAME, grep BLOCK LIST , grep EXPR,LIST, hex
               EXPR  , hex, import LIST , index STR,SUBSTR,POSITION   , index
               STR,SUBSTR, int EXPR     , int, ioctl
               FILEHANDLE,FUNCTION,SCALAR , join EXPR,LIST , keys HASH
                , keys ARRAY, keys EXPR, kill SIGNAL, LIST  , last LABEL  ,
               last, lc EXPR  , lc, If "use bytes" is in effect:, On EBCDIC
               platforms, On ASCII platforms, Otherwise, If EXPR has the UTF8
               flag set, Otherwise, if "use locale" is in effect, Otherwise,
               if "use feature 'unicode_strings'" is in effect:, Otherwise:,
               On EBCDIC platforms, On ASCII platforms, lcfirst EXPR ,
               lcfirst, length EXPR  , length, link OLDFILE,NEWFILE , listen
               SOCKET,QUEUESIZE , local EXPR , localtime EXPR  , localtime,
               lock THING , log EXPR     , log, lstat EXPR , lstat, m//, map
               BLOCK LIST , map EXPR,LIST, mkdir FILENAME,MASK   , mkdir
               FILENAME, mkdir, msgctl ID,CMD,ARG , msgget KEY,FLAGS , msgrcv
               ID,VAR,SIZE,TYPE,FLAGS , msgsnd ID,MSG,FLAGS , my EXPR , my
               TYPE EXPR, my EXPR : ATTRS, my TYPE EXPR : ATTRS, next LABEL
                , next, no MODULE VERSION LIST , no MODULE VERSION, no MODULE
               LIST, no MODULE, no VERSION, oct EXPR      , oct, open
               FILEHANDLE,EXPR    , open FILEHANDLE,MODE,EXPR, open
               FILEHANDLE,MODE,EXPR,LIST, open FILEHANDLE,MODE,REFERENCE, open
               FILEHANDLE, opendir DIRHANDLE,EXPR , ord EXPR  , ord, our EXPR
               , our TYPE EXPR, our EXPR : ATTRS, our TYPE EXPR : ATTRS, pack
               TEMPLATE,LIST , package NAMESPACE, package NAMESPACE VERSION
                , package NAMESPACE BLOCK, package NAMESPACE VERSION BLOCK
               , pipe READHANDLE,WRITEHANDLE , pop ARRAY  , pop EXPR, pop, pos
               SCALAR  , pos, print FILEHANDLE LIST , print FILEHANDLE, print
               LIST, print, printf FILEHANDLE FORMAT, LIST , printf
               FILEHANDLE, printf FORMAT, LIST, printf, prototype FUNCTION ,
               push ARRAY,LIST  , push EXPR,LIST, q/STRING/, qq/STRING/,
               qx/STRING/, qw/STRING/, qr/STRING/, quotemeta EXPR
                , quotemeta, rand EXPR  , rand, read

               KEY,NSEMS,FLAGS , semop KEY,OPSTRING , send SOCKET,MSG,FLAGS,TO
               , send SOCKET,MSG,FLAGS, setpgrp PID,PGRP
                , setpriority WHICH,WHO,PRIORITY
                 , setsockopt SOCKET,LEVEL,OPTNAME,OPTVAL , shift ARRAY ,
               shift EXPR, shift, shmctl ID,CMD,ARG , shmget KEY,SIZE,FLAGS ,
               shmread ID,VAR,POS,SIZE
                , shmwrite ID,STRING,POS,SIZE, shutdown SOCKET,HOW , sin EXPR
               , sin, sleep EXPR
                , sleep, socket SOCKET,DOMAIN,TYPE,PROTOCOL , socketpair
               SOCKET1,SOCKET2,DOMAIN,TYPE,PROTOCOL , sort SUBNAME LIST    ,
               sort BLOCK LIST, sort LIST, splice ARRAY or
               EXPR,OFFSET,LENGTH,LIST , splice ARRAY or EXPR,OFFSET,LENGTH,
               splice ARRAY or EXPR,OFFSET, splice ARRAY or EXPR, split
               /PATTERN/,EXPR,LIMIT , split /PATTERN/,EXPR, split /PATTERN/,
               split, sprintf FORMAT, LIST , format parameter index, flags,
               vector flag, (minimum) width, precision, or maximum width ,
               size, order of arguments, sqrt EXPR   , sqrt, srand EXPR   ,
               srand, stat FILEHANDLE
                , stat EXPR, stat DIRHANDLE, stat, state EXPR , state TYPE
               EXPR, state EXPR : ATTRS, state TYPE EXPR : ATTRS, study SCALAR
               , study, sub NAME BLOCK , sub NAME (PROTO) BLOCK, sub NAME :
               ATTRS BLOCK, sub NAME (PROTO) : ATTRS BLOCK, substr
               EXPR,OFFSET,LENGTH,REPLACEMENT , substr EXPR,OFFSET,LENGTH,
               substr EXPR,OFFSET, symlink OLDFILE,NEWFILE    , syscall
               NUMBER, LIST  , sysopen FILEHANDLE,FILENAME,MODE , sysopen
               FILEHANDLE,FILENAME,MODE,PERMS, sysread
               FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH,OFFSET , sysread
               FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH, sysseek FILEHANDLE,POSITION,WHENCE  ,
               system LIST , system PROGRAM LIST, syswrite
               FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH,OFFSET , syswrite
               FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH, syswrite FILEHANDLE,SCALAR, tell
               FILEHANDLE , tell, telldir DIRHANDLE , tie
               VARIABLE,CLASSNAME,LIST , tied VARIABLE , time , times , tr///,
               truncate FILEHANDLE,LENGTH , truncate EXPR,LENGTH, uc EXPR   ,
               uc, ucfirst EXPR  , ucfirst, umask EXPR , umask, undef EXPR  ,
               undef, unlink LIST
                , unlink, unpack TEMPLATE,EXPR , unpack TEMPLATE, untie
               VARIABLE , unshift ARRAY,LIST , unshift EXPR,LIST, use Module
               VERSION LIST   , use Module VERSION, use Module LIST, use
               Module, use VERSION, utime LIST , values HASH , values ARRAY,
               values EXPR, vec EXPR,OFFSET,BITS , wait , waitpid PID,FLAGS ,
               wantarray
                , warn LIST   , when EXPR BLOCK , when BLOCK, write FILEHANDLE
               , write EXPR, write, y/// file end-of-file eval try catch
               evaluate parse execute error, handling exception, handling exec
               execute exists autovivification exit terminate abort exp
               exponential antilog antilogarithm e fcntl fileno flock lock
               locking fork child parent format formline getc getchar
               character file, read getlogin login getpeername peer getpgrp
               group getppid parent pid getpriority priority nice getpwnam
               getgrnam gethostbyname getnetbyname getprotobyname getpwuid
               getgrgid getservbyname gethostbyaddr getnetbyaddr
               getprotobynumber getservbyport getpwent getgrent gethostent
               getnetent getprotoent getservent setpwent setgrent sethostent
               position print printf prototype push stack quotemeta
               metacharacter rand random read file, read readdir readline gets
               fgets readlink readpipe recv redo ref reference rename move mv
               ren require reset return reverse rev invert rewinddir rindex
               rmdir rd directory, remove say scalar context seek fseek
               filehandle, position seekdir select filehandle, default select
               semctl semget semop send setpgrp group setpriority priority
               nice renice setsockopt shift shmctl shmget shmread shmwrite
               shutdown sin sine asin arcsine sleep pause socket socketpair
               sort qsort quicksort mergesort splice split sprintf precision
               sqrt root square root srand seed randseed stat file, status
               ctime state study sub substr substring mid left right symlink
               link symbolic link link, symbolic syscall system call sysopen
               sysread sysseek lseek system shell syswrite tell telldir tie
               tied time epoch times truncate uc uppercase toupper ucfirst
               uppercase umask undef undefine unlink delete remove rm del
               unpack untie unshift use module import utime values vec bit bit
               vector wait waitpid wantarray context warn warning STDERR when
               write"

   perlopentut - tutorial on opening things in Perl
       DESCRIPTION
       Open a la shell
           Simple Opens
           Indirect Filehandles
           Pipe Opens
           The Minus File
           Mixing Reads and Writes
           Filters
       Open a la C
           Permissions a la mode
       Obscure Open Tricks
           Re-Opening Files (dups)
           Dispelling the Dweomer
           Paths as Opens
           Single Argument Open
           Playing with STDIN and STDOUT
       Other I/O Issues
           Opening Non-File Files
           Opening Named Pipes
           Opening Sockets
           Binary Files
           File Locking
           IO Layers
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR and COPYRIGHT
       HISTORY

   perlpacktut - tutorial on "pack" and "unpack"
       DESCRIPTION
       The Basic Principle
       Packing Text
       Packing Numbers
           Integers
           String Lengths
           Dynamic Templates
           Counting Repetitions
           Intel HEX
       Packing and Unpacking C Structures
           The Alignment Pit
           Dealing with Endian-ness
           Alignment, Take 2
           Alignment, Take 3
           Pointers for How to Use Them
       Pack Recipes
       Funnies Section
       Authors

   perlpod - the Plain Old Documentation format
       DESCRIPTION
           Ordinary Paragraph
           Verbatim Paragraph
           Command Paragraph
               "=head1 Heading Text"
                 , "=head2 Heading Text", "=head3 Heading Text", "=head4
               Heading Text", "=over indentlevel"
                   , "=item stuff...", "=back", "=cut"  , "=pod"  , "=begin
               formatname"
                    , "=end formatname", "=for formatname text...", "=encoding
               encodingname"

           Formatting Codes
               "I<text>" -- italic text    , "B<text>" -- bold text
                , "C<code>" -- code text
                 , "L<name>" -- a hyperlink , "E<escape>" -- a character
               escape
                , "F<filename>" -- used for filenames , "S<text>" -- text
               contains non-breaking spaces
                  , "X<topic name>" -- an index entry
                , "Z<>" -- a null (zero-effect) formatting code code, italic
               italic B B<> POD, formatting code, bold bold C C<> POD,
               formatting code, code code L L<> POD, formatting code,
               hyperlink hyperlink E E<> POD, formatting code, escape escape F
               F<> POD, formatting code, filename filename S S<> POD,
               formatting code, non-breaking space non-breaking space X X<>
               POD, formatting code, index entry index entry Z Z<> POD,
               formatting code, null null"

           The Intent
           Embedding Pods in Perl Modules
           Hints for Writing Pod


       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   perlpodspec - Plain Old Documentation: format specification and notes
       DESCRIPTION
           "S<text>" -- text contains non-breaking spaces

       Notes on Implementing Pod Processors
       About L<...> Codes
           First:, Second:, Third:, Fourth:, Fifth:, Sixth:

       About =over...=back Regions
       About Data Paragraphs and "=begin/=end" Regions
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   perlpodstyle - Perl POD style guide
       DESCRIPTION
           NAME, SYNOPSIS, DESCRIPTION, OPTIONS, RETURN VALUE, ERRORS,
           DIAGNOSTICS, EXAMPLES, ENVIRONMENT, FILES, CAVEATS, BUGS,
           RESTRICTIONS, NOTES, AUTHOR, HISTORY, COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE, SEE
           ALSO

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   perlrun - how to execute the Perl interpreter
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           #! and quoting on non-Unix systems
               OS/2, MS-DOS, Win95/NT, VMS

           Location of Perl
           Command Switches
               -0[octal/hexadecimal]  , -a  , -C [number/list] , -c , -d  ,
               -dt, -d:MOD[=bar,baz]  , -dt:MOD[=bar,baz], -Dletters   ,
               -Dnumber, -e commandline , -E commandline , -f
                , -Fpattern , -h , -i[extension]  , -Idirectory  , -l[octnum]
               , -m[-]module  , -M[-]module, -M[-]'module ...',
               -[mM][-]module=arg[,arg]..., -n , -p , -s , -S , -t , -T , -u ,
               -U , -v , -V , -V:configvar, -w , -W , -X , -x , -xdirectory

       ENVIRONMENT
           HOME , LOGDIR , PATH , PERL5LIB , PERL5OPT , PERLIO , :bytes ,
           :crlf , :mmap , :perlio , :pop , :raw , :stdio , :unix , :utf8 ,
           :win32 , PERLIO_DEBUG , PERLLIB , PERL5DB , PERL5DB_THREADED ,
           PERL5SHELL (specific to the Win32 port) , PERL_ALLOW_NON_IFS_LSP
           (specific to the Win32 port) , PERL_DEBUG_MSTATS ,
           PERL_DESTRUCT_LEVEL , PERL_DL_NONLAZY , PERL_ENCODING ,
           PERL_HASH_SEED , PERL_HASH_SEED_DEBUG , PERL_MEM_LOG , PERL_ROOT
           (specific to the VMS port) , PERL_SIGNALS , PERL_UNICODE ,
           SYS$LOGIN (specific to the VMS port)

   perldiag - various Perl diagnostics
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO

   perllexwarn - Perl Lexical Warnings

   perldebug - Perl debugging
       DESCRIPTION
       The Perl Debugger
           Calling the Debugger
               perl -d program_name, perl -d -e 0, perl -d:Ptkdb program_name,
               perl -dt threaded_program_name

           Debugger Commands
               h , h [command], h h, p expr , x [maxdepth] expr , V [pkg
               [vars]] , X [vars] , y [level [vars]] , T   , s [expr]  , n
               [expr] , r , <CR>, c [line|sub] , l , l min+incr, l min-max, l
               line, l subname, - , v [line] , . , f filename , /pattern/,
               ?pattern?, L [abw] , S [[!]regex] , t , t expr , b , b [line]
               [condition]  , b subname [condition]  , b postpone subname
               [condition]  , b load filename  , b compile subname
                , B line  , B *  , a [line] command , A line , A * , w expr ,
               W expr , W * , o , o booloption ...  , o anyoption? ... , o
               option=value ... , < ? , < [ command ] , < * , << command , > ?
               , > command , > * , >> command , { ? , { [ command ], { * , {{
               command , ! number , ! -number , !  pattern , !! cmd , source
               file , H -number , q or ^D
                , R , |dbcmd , ||dbcmd , command, m expr , M , man [manpage]
               command, V debugger command, X debugger command, y debugger
               command, T backtrace stack, backtrace debugger command, s step
               debugger command, n debugger command, r debugger command, c
               debugger command, l debugger command, - debugger command, v
               debugger command, . debugger command, f debugger command, L
               debugger command, S debugger command, t debugger command, t
               breakpoint debugger command, b breakpoint debugger command, b
               breakpoint debugger command, b breakpoint debugger command, b
               breakpoint debugger command, b breakpoint debugger command, b
               breakpoint debugger command, B breakpoint debugger command, B
               debugger command, a debugger command, A debugger command, A
               debugger command, w debugger command, W debugger command, W
               debugger command, o debugger command, o debugger command, o
               debugger command, o debugger command, < debugger command, <
               debugger command, < debugger command, << debugger command, >
               debugger command, > debugger command, > debugger command, >>
               debugger command, { debugger command, { debugger command, {{
               debugger command, ! debugger command, ! debugger command, !
               debugger command, !! debugger command, source debugger command,
               H debugger command, q debugger command, ^D debugger command, R
               debugger command, | debugger command, || debugger command, m
               debugger command, M debugger command, man"

           Configurable Options
               "recallCommand", "ShellBang"  , "pager" , "tkRunning" ,
               "signalLevel", "warnLevel", "dieLevel"
                 , "AutoTrace" , "LineInfo" , "inhibit_exit" , "PrintRet" ,
               "ornaments" , "frame" , "maxTraceLen" , "windowSize" ,
               "arrayDepth", "hashDepth"  , "dumpDepth" , "compactDump",
               "veryCompact" , "globPrint" , "DumpDBFiles" , "DumpPackages" ,
               "DumpReused" , "quote", "HighBit", "undefPrint"
               debugger option, HighBit debugger option, undefPrint debugger
               option, UsageOnly debugger option, TTY debugger option, noTTY
               debugger option, ReadLine debugger option, NonStop"

           Debugger Input/Output
               Prompt, Multiline commands, Stack backtrace  , Line Listing
               Format, Frame listing backtrace"

           Debugging Compile-Time Statements
           Debugger Customization
           Readline Support / History in the Debugger
           Editor Support for Debugging
           The Perl Profiler
       Debugging Regular Expressions
       Debugging Memory Usage
       SEE ALSO
       BUGS

   perlvar - Perl predefined variables
       DESCRIPTION
           The Syntax of Variable Names
       SPECIAL VARIABLES
           General Variables
               $ARG, $_  , @ARG, @_  , $LIST_SEPARATOR, $" , $PROCESS_ID,
               $PID, $$   , $REAL_GROUP_ID, $GID, $(   , $EFFECTIVE_GROUP_ID,
               $EGID, $)   , $PROGRAM_NAME, $0  , $SUBSCRIPT_SEPARATOR,
               $SUBSEP, $;
                 , $REAL_USER_ID, $UID, $<
                , $EFFECTIVE_USER_ID, $EUID, $> , $a, $b  , $COMPILING, $^C ,
               $DEBUGGING, $^D  , ${^ENCODING} , %ENV , $SYSTEM_FD_MAX, $^F ,
               @F , ${^GLOBAL_PHASE} , CONSTRUCT, START, CHECK, INIT, RUN,
               END, DESTRUCT, $^H , %^H , @INC , %INC , $INPLACE_EDIT, $^I  ,
               $^M , $OSNAME, $^O  , ${^OPEN} , $PERLDB, $^P
                , 0x01, 0x02, 0x04, 0x08, 0x10, 0x20, 0x40, 0x80, 0x100,
               0x200, 0x400, %SIG , $BASETIME, $^T  , ${^TAINT} , ${^UNICODE}
               , ${^UTF8CACHE} , ${^UTF8LOCALE} , $PERL_VERSION, $^V ,
               ${^WIN32_SLOPPY_STAT}
                , $EXECUTABLE_NAME, $^X

           Variables related to regular expressions
               $<digits> ($1, $2, ...)   , $MATCH, $&  , ${^MATCH} ,
               $PREMATCH, $`   , ${^PREMATCH}  , $POSTMATCH, $'
                , ${^POSTMATCH}   , $LAST_PAREN_MATCH, $+  ,
               $LAST_SUBMATCH_RESULT, $^N  , @LAST_MATCH_END, @+ ,
               %LAST_PAREN_MATCH, %+  , @LAST_MATCH_START, @-  , "$`" is the
               same as "substr($var, 0, $-[0])", $& is the same as
               "substr($var, $-[0], $+[0] - $-[0])", "$'" is the same as
               "substr($var, $+[0])", $1 is the same as "substr($var, $-[1],
               $+[1] - $-[1])", $2 is the same as "substr($var, $-[2], $+[2] -
               $-[2])", $3 is the same as "substr($var, $-[3], $+[3] -
               $-[3])", %LAST_MATCH_START, %-  , $LAST_REGEXP_CODE_RESULT, $^R
               , ${^RE_DEBUG_FLAGS} , ${^RE_TRIE_MAXBUF}

           Variables related to filehandles
               $FORMAT_LINES_LEFT, $-  , Handle->format_line_break_characters
               EXPR, $FORMAT_LINE_BREAK_CHARACTERS, $:  ,
               HANDLE->format_lines_per_page(EXPR), $FORMAT_LINES_PER_PAGE, $=
               , HANDLE->format_top_name(EXPR), $FORMAT_TOP_NAME, $^  ,
               HANDLE->format_name(EXPR), $FORMAT_NAME, $~ number $ $RS
               $INPUT_RECORD_SEPARATOR $\ $ORS $OUTPUT_RECORD_SEPARATOR $|
               autoflush flush $OUTPUT_AUTOFLUSH $^A $ACCUMULATOR $^L
               $FORMAT_FORMFEED $% $FORMAT_PAGE_NUMBER $- $FORMAT_LINES_LEFT
               $: FORMAT_LINE_BREAK_CHARACTERS $= $FORMAT_LINES_PER_PAGE $^
               $FORMAT_TOP_NAME $~ $FORMAT_NAME"

           Error Variables
               ${^CHILD_ERROR_NATIVE} , $EXTENDED_OS_ERROR, $^E
                , $EXCEPTIONS_BEING_CAUGHT, $^S , $WARNING, $^W  ,
               ${^WARNING_BITS} , $OS_ERROR, $ERRNO, $!  , %OS_ERROR, %ERRNO,
               %!   , $CHILD_ERROR, $?  , $EVAL_ERROR, $@

           Deprecated and removed variables
               $OFMT, $#  , $* , $ARRAY_BASE, $[  , $OLD_PERL_VERSION, $]

   perlre - Perl regular expressions
       DESCRIPTION
           Modifiers
               m    , s    , i    , x , p
                , g and c  , a, d, l and u multiline  s regex, single-line
               regexp, single-line regular expression, single-line  i regex,
               case-insensitive regexp, case-insensitive regular expression,
               case-insensitive  x  p regex, preserve regexp, preserve  g  c
               a  d  l  u"

           Regular Expressions
               [1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7]

           Quoting metacharacters
           Extended Patterns
               "(?#text)" , "(?adlupimsx-imsx)", "(?^alupimsx)"  ,
               "(?:pattern)" , "(?adluimsx-imsx:pattern)",
               "(?^aluimsx:pattern)" , "(?|pattern)"  , Look-Around Assertions

               , "(?=pattern)"   , "(?!pattern)"   , "(?<=pattern)" "\K"
                , "(?<!pattern)"   , "(?'NAME'pattern)", "(?<NAME>pattern)" ,
               "\k<NAME>", "\k'NAME'", "(?{ code })"
                 , "(??{ code })"    , "(?PARNO)" "(?-PARNO)" "(?+PARNO)"
               "(?R)" "(?0)"
                   , "(?&NAME)" , "(?(condition)yes-pattern|no-pattern)" ,
               "(?(condition)yes-pattern)", (1) (2) .., (<NAME>) ('NAME'),
               (?=...)  (?!...) (?<=...) (?<!...), (?{ CODE }), (R), (R1) (R2)
               .., (R&NAME), (DEFINE), "(?>pattern)" positive (?!) look-ahead,
               negative lookahead, negative (?<=) look-behind, positive
               lookbehind, positive \K (?<!) look-behind, negative lookbehind,
               negative (?<NAME>) (?'NAME') named capture capture (?{}) regex,
               code in regexp, code in regular expression, code in (??{})
               regex, postponed regexp, postponed regular expression,
               postponed (?PARNO) (?1) (?R) (?0) (?-1) (?+1) (?-PARNO)

           Version 8 Regular Expressions
           Warning on \1 Instead of $1
           Repeated Patterns Matching a Zero-length Substring
           Combining RE Pieces
               "ST", "S|T", "S{REPEAT_COUNT}", "S{min,max}", "S{min,max}?",
               "S?", "S*", "S+", "S??", "S*?", "S+?", "(?>S)", "(?=S)",
               "(?<=S)", "(?!S)", "(?<!S)", "(??{ EXPR })", "(?PARNO)",
               "(?(condition)yes-pattern|no-pattern)"

           Creating Custom RE Engines
           PCRE/Python Support
               "(?P<NAME>pattern)", "(?P=NAME)", "(?P>NAME)"

       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

   perlrebackslash - Perl Regular Expression Backslash Sequences and Escapes
       DESCRIPTION
           The backslash
               [1]

           All the sequences and escapes
           Character Escapes
               [1], [2]

           Modifiers
           Character classes
           Referencing
           Assertions
               \A, \z, \Z, \G, \b, \B

           Misc
               \C, \K, \N, \R , \X

   perlrecharclass - Perl Regular Expression Character Classes
       DESCRIPTION
           The dot
           Backslash sequences
               If the "/a" modifier is in effect .., otherwise .., For code
               points above 255 .., For code points below 256 .., if locale
               rules are in effect .., if Unicode rules are in effect or if on
               an EBCDIC platform .., otherwise .., If the "/a" modifier is in
               effect .., otherwise .., For code points above 255 .., For code
               points below 256 .., if locale rules are in effect .., if
               Unicode rules are in effect or if on an EBCDIC platform ..,
               otherwise .., [1]

           Bracketed Character Classes
               If the "/a" modifier, is in effect .., otherwise .., For code
               points above 255 .., For code points below 256 .., if locale
               rules are in effect .., if Unicode rules are in effect or if on
               an EBCDIC platform .., otherwise .., [1], [2], [3], [4], [5],
               [6]

       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO
       THANKS

   perlref - Perl references and nested data structures
       NOTE
       DESCRIPTION
           Making References
               1.  , 2.
                  , 3.

                 , 4.       , 5.  , 6. , 7.  anonymous subroutine, reference
               reference, subroutine scope, lexical closure lexical lexical
               scope constructor new autovivification *foo{THING} *"

           Using References
           Symbolic references
           Not-so-symbolic references
           Pseudo-hashes: Using an array as a hash
           Function Templates
       WARNING
       SEE ALSO

   perlform - Perl formats
       DESCRIPTION
           Text Fields
           Numeric Fields
           The Field @* for Variable-Width Multi-Line Text
           The Field ^* for Variable-Width One-line-at-a-time Text
           Specifying Values
           Using Fill Mode
           Suppressing Lines Where All Fields Are Void
           Repeating Format Lines
           Top of Form Processing
           Format Variables
       NOTES
           Footers
           Accessing Formatting Internals
       WARNINGS

   perlobj - Perl objects
       DESCRIPTION
           An Object is Simply a Reference
           A Class is Simply a Package
           A Method is Simply a Subroutine
           Method Invocation
           Indirect Object Syntax
           Default UNIVERSAL methods
               isa(CLASS) , DOES(ROLE) , can(METHOD) , VERSION( [NEED] )

           Destructors
           Summary
           Two-Phased Garbage Collection
       SEE ALSO
               , PUSH this, LIST
                , POP this , SHIFT this , UNSHIFT this, LIST , SPLICE this,
               offset, length, LIST , UNTIE this , DESTROY this

           Tying Hashes
               USER, HOME, CLOBBER, LIST, TIEHASH classname, LIST , FETCH
               this, key , STORE this, key, value , DELETE this, key , CLEAR
               this , EXISTS this, key , FIRSTKEY this , NEXTKEY this, lastkey
               , SCALAR this , UNTIE this , DESTROY this

           Tying FileHandles
               TIEHANDLE classname, LIST , WRITE this, LIST , PRINT this, LIST
               , PRINTF this, LIST , READ this, LIST , READLINE this , GETC
               this , EOF this , CLOSE this , UNTIE this , DESTROY this

           UNTIE this
           The "untie" Gotcha
       SEE ALSO
       BUGS
       AUTHOR

   perldbmfilter - Perl DBM Filters
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           filter_store_key, filter_store_value, filter_fetch_key,
           filter_fetch_value

           The Filter
           An Example: the NULL termination problem.
           Another Example: Key is a C int.
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   perlipc - Perl interprocess communication (signals, fifos, pipes, safe
       subprocesses, sockets, and semaphores)
       DESCRIPTION
       Signals
           Handling the SIGHUP Signal in Daemons
           Deferred Signals (Safe Signals)
               Long-running opcodes, Interrupting IO, Restartable system
               calls, Signals as "faults", Signals triggered by operating
               system state

       Named Pipes
       Using open() for IPC
           Filehandles
           Background Processes
           Complete Dissociation of Child from Parent
           Safe Pipe Opens
           Avoiding Pipe Deadlocks
           Bidirectional Communication with Another Process
           Bidirectional Communication with Yourself
       Sockets: Client/Server Communication
           Internet Line Terminators

       SysV IPC
       NOTES
       BUGS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   perlfork - Perl's fork() emulation
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Behavior of other Perl features in forked pseudo-processes
               $$ or $PROCESS_ID, %ENV, chdir() and all other builtins that
               accept filenames, wait() and waitpid(), kill(), exec(), exit(),
               Open handles to files, directories and network sockets

           Resource limits
           Killing the parent process
           Lifetime of the parent process and pseudo-processes
       CAVEATS AND LIMITATIONS
           BEGIN blocks, Open filehandles, Open directory handles, Forking
           pipe open() not yet implemented, Global state maintained by XSUBs,
           Interpreter embedded in larger application, Thread-safety of
           extensions

       BUGS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   perlnumber - semantics of numbers and numeric operations in Perl
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Storing numbers
       Numeric operators and numeric conversions
       Flavors of Perl numeric operations
           Arithmetic operators, ++, Arithmetic operators during "use
           integer", Other mathematical operators, Bitwise operators, Bitwise
           operators during "use integer", Operators which expect an integer,
           Operators which expect a string

       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   perlthrtut - Tutorial on threads in Perl
       DESCRIPTION
       What Is A Thread Anyway?
       Threaded Program Models
           Boss/Worker
           Work Crew
           Pipeline
       What kind of threads are Perl threads?
       Thread-Safe Modules
       Thread Basics
           Basic Thread Support
           A Note about the Examples
           Creating Threads
           Advanced Semaphores
           Waiting for a Condition
           Giving up control
       General Thread Utility Routines
           What Thread Am I In?
           Thread IDs
           Are These Threads The Same?
           What Threads Are Running?
       A Complete Example
       Different implementations of threads
       Performance considerations
       Process-scope Changes
       Thread-Safety of System Libraries
       Conclusion
       SEE ALSO
       Bibliography
           Introductory Texts
           OS-Related References
           Other References
       Acknowledgements
       AUTHOR
       Copyrights

   perlport - Writing portable Perl
       DESCRIPTION
           Not all Perl programs have to be portable, Nearly all of Perl
           already is portable

       ISSUES
           Newlines
           Numbers endianness and Width
           Files and Filesystems
           System Interaction
           Command names versus file pathnames
           Networking
           Interprocess Communication (IPC)
           External Subroutines (XS)
           Standard Modules
           Time and Date
           Character sets and character encoding
           Internationalisation
           System Resources
           Security
           Style
       CPAN Testers
       PLATFORMS
           Unix
           DOS and Derivatives
           VMS
           VOS
           EBCDIC Platforms
           Acorn RISC OS
           Other perls
       FUNCTION IMPLEMENTATIONS
               rewinddir, select, semctl, semget, semop, setgrent, setpgrp,
               setpriority, setpwent, setsockopt, shmctl, shmget, shmread,
               shmwrite, sockatmark, socketpair, stat, symlink, syscall,
               sysopen, system, times, truncate, umask, utime, wait, waitpid

       Supported Platforms
           Linux (x86, ARM, IA64), HP-UX, AIX, Win32, Windows 2000, Windows
           XP, Windows Server 2003, Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008,
           Windows 7, Cygwin, Solaris (x86, SPARC), OpenVMS, Alpha (7.2 and
           later), I64 (8.2 and later), Symbian, NetBSD, FreeBSD, Debian
           GNU/kFreeBSD, Haiku, Irix (6.5. What else?), OpenBSD, Dragonfly
           BSD, QNX Neutrino RTOS (6.5.0), MirOS BSD, time_t issues that may
           or may not be fixed, Symbian (Series 60 v3, 3.2 and 5 - what
           else?), Stratus VOS / OpenVOS, AIX

       EOL Platforms (Perl 5.14)
           Atari MiNT, Apollo Domain/OS, Apple Mac OS 8/9, Tenon Machten,
           Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows ME, Windows NT4

       Supported Platforms (Perl 5.8)
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS / CONTRIBUTORS

   perllocale - Perl locale handling (internationalization and localization)
       DESCRIPTION
       PREPARING TO USE LOCALES
       USING LOCALES
           The use locale pragma
           The setlocale function
           Finding locales
           LOCALE PROBLEMS
           Temporarily fixing locale problems
           Permanently fixing locale problems
           Permanently fixing your system's locale configuration
           Fixing system locale configuration
           The localeconv function
           I18N::Langinfo
       LOCALE CATEGORIES
           Category LC_COLLATE: Collation
           Category LC_CTYPE: Character Types
           Category LC_NUMERIC: Numeric Formatting
           Category LC_MONETARY: Formatting of monetary amounts
           LC_TIME
           Other categories
       SECURITY
       ENVIRONMENT
           PERL_BADLANG, DPKG_RUNNING_VERSION, LC_ALL, LANGUAGE, LC_CTYPE,
           LC_COLLATE, LC_MONETARY, LC_NUMERIC, LC_TIME, LANG

           Examples
       NOTES
           Backward compatibility
           I18N:Collate obsolete
           Sort speed and memory use impacts
           Unicode
           Perl's Unicode Support
           Perl's Unicode Model
           Unicode and EBCDIC
           Creating Unicode
           Handling Unicode
           Legacy Encodings
           Unicode I/O
           Displaying Unicode As Text
           Special Cases
           Advanced Topics
           Miscellaneous
           Questions With Answers
           Hexadecimal Notation
           Further Resources
       UNICODE IN OLDER PERLS
       SEE ALSO
       ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
       AUTHOR, COPYRIGHT, AND LICENSE

   perlunicode - Unicode support in Perl
       DESCRIPTION
           Important Caveats
               Safest if you "use feature 'unicode_strings'", Input and Output
               Layers, "use utf8" still needed to enable UTF-8/UTF-EBCDIC in
               scripts, BOM-marked scripts and UTF-16 scripts autodetected,
               "use encoding" needed to upgrade non-Latin-1 byte strings

           Byte and Character Semantics
           Effects of Character Semantics
           Unicode Character Properties
               "\p{All}", "\p{Alnum}", "\p{Any}", "\p{ASCII}", "\p{Assigned}",
               "\p{Blank}", "\p{Decomposition_Type: Non_Canonical}"    (Short:
               "\p{Dt=NonCanon}"), "\p{Graph}", "\p{HorizSpace}", "\p{In=*}",
               "\p{PerlSpace}", "\p{PerlWord}", "\p{Posix...}",
               "\p{Present_In: *}"    (Short: "\p{In=*}"), "\p{Print}",
               "\p{SpacePerl}", "\p{VertSpace}", "\p{Word}", "\p{XPosix...}"

           User-Defined Character Properties
           User-Defined Case Mappings (for serious hackers only)
           Character Encodings for Input and Output
           Unicode Regular Expression Support Level
           Unicode Encodings
           Non-character code points
           Beyond Unicode code points
           Security Implications of Unicode
           Unicode in Perl on EBCDIC
           Locales
           When Unicode Does Not Happen
           The "Unicode Bug"
           Forcing Unicode in Perl (Or Unforcing Unicode in Perl)
           Using Unicode in XS
           Hacking Perl to work on earlier Unicode versions (for very serious
           hackers only)
           What character encodings does Perl support?
           Which version of perl should I use?
           What about binary data, like images?
           When should I decode or encode?
           What if I don't decode?
           What if I don't encode?
           Is there a way to automatically decode or encode?
           What if I don't know which encoding was used?
           Can I use Unicode in my Perl sources?
           Data::Dumper doesn't restore the UTF8 flag; is it broken?
           Why do regex character classes sometimes match only in the ASCII
           range?
           Why do some characters not uppercase or lowercase correctly?
           How can I determine if a string is a text string or a binary
           string?
           How do I convert from encoding FOO to encoding BAR?
           What are "decode_utf8" and "encode_utf8"?
           What is a "wide character"?
       INTERNALS
           What is "the UTF8 flag"?
           What about the "use bytes" pragma?
           What about the "use encoding" pragma?
           What is the difference between ":encoding" and ":utf8"?
           What's the difference between "UTF-8" and "utf8"?
           I lost track; what encoding is the internal format really?
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   perluniprops - Index of Unicode Version 6.0.0 properties in Perl
       DESCRIPTION
       Properties accessible through \p{} and \P{}
           Single form (\p{name}) tighter rules:, white space adjacent to a
           non-word character, underscores separating digits in numbers,
           Compound form (\p{name=value} or \p{name:value}) tighter rules:,
           Obsolete, Stabilized, Deprecated, * is a wild-card, (\d+) in the
           info column gives the number of code points matched by this
           property, D means this is deprecated, O means this is obsolete, S
           means this is stabilized, T means tighter (stricter) name matching
           applies, X means use of this form is discouraged

           Legal \p{} and \P{} constructs that match no characters
               \p{Canonical_Combining_Class=Attached_Below_Left},
               \p{Joining_Type=Left_Joining}

       Properties not accessible through \p{} and \P{}
       Unicode regular expression properties that are NOT accepted by Perl
           Expands_On_NFC (XO_NFC), Expands_On_NFD (XO_NFD), Expands_On_NFKC
           (XO_NFKC), Expands_On_NFKD (XO_NFKD), Grapheme_Link (Gr_Link),
           Jamo_Short_Name (JSN), Script=Katakana_Or_Hiragana (sc=Hrkt)

       Files in the To directory (for serious hackers only)
       SEE ALSO

   perlunitut - Perl Unicode Tutorial
       COMMON CHARACTER CODE SETS
           ASCII
           ISO 8859
           Latin 1 (ISO 8859-1)
           EBCDIC
           The 13 variant characters
           0037
           1047
           POSIX-BC
           Unicode code points versus EBCDIC code points
           Remaining Perl Unicode problems in EBCDIC
           Unicode and UTF
           Using Encode
       SINGLE OCTET TABLES
           recipe 0, recipe 1, recipe 2, recipe 3, recipe 4, recipe 5, recipe
           6

       IDENTIFYING CHARACTER CODE SETS
       CONVERSIONS
           tr///
           iconv
           C RTL
       OPERATOR DIFFERENCES
       FUNCTION DIFFERENCES
           chr(), ord(), pack(), print(), printf(), sort(), sprintf(),
           unpack()

       REGULAR EXPRESSION DIFFERENCES
       SOCKETS
       SORTING
           Ignore ASCII vs. EBCDIC sort differences.
           MONO CASE then sort data.
           Convert, sort data, then re convert.
           Perform sorting on one type of platform only.
       TRANSFORMATION FORMATS
           URL decoding and encoding
           uu encoding and decoding
           Quoted-Printable encoding and decoding
           Caesarean ciphers
       Hashing order and checksums
       I18N AND L10N
       MULTI-OCTET CHARACTER SETS
       OS ISSUES
           OS/400
               PASE, IFS access

           OS/390, z/OS
               chcp, dataset access, OS/390, z/OS iconv, locales

           VM/ESA?
           POSIX-BC?
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO
       REFERENCES
           Security Bugs
           Protecting Your Programs
           Unicode
           Algorithmic Complexity Attacks
       SEE ALSO

   perlmod - Perl modules (packages and symbol tables)
       DESCRIPTION
           Packages
           Symbol Tables
           BEGIN, UNITCHECK, CHECK, INIT and END
           Perl Classes
           Perl Modules
           Making your module threadsafe
       SEE ALSO

   perlmodlib - constructing new Perl modules and finding existing ones
       THE PERL MODULE LIBRARY
           Pragmatic Modules
               attributes, autodie, autodie::exception,
               autodie::exception::system, autodie::hints, autouse, base,
               bigint, bignum, bigrat, blib, bytes, charnames, constant,
               deprecate, diagnostics, encoding, encoding::warnings, feature,
               fields, filetest, if, inc::latest, integer, less, lib, locale,
               mro, open, ops, overload, overloading, parent, re, sigtrap,
               sort, strict, subs, threads, threads::shared, utf8, vars,
               version, vmsish, warnings, warnings::register

           Standard Modules
               AnyDBM_File, App::Cpan, App::Prove, App::Prove::State,
               App::Prove::State::Result, App::Prove::State::Result::Test,
               Archive::Extract, Archive::Tar, Archive::Tar::File,
               Attribute::Handlers, AutoLoader, AutoSplit, B, B::Concise,
               B::Debug, B::Deparse, B::Lint, B::Lint::Debug, B::Showlex,
               B::Terse, B::Xref, Benchmark, CGI, CGI::Apache, CGI::Carp,
               CGI::Cookie, CGI::Fast, CGI::Pretty, CGI::Push, CGI::Switch,
               CGI::Util, CORE, CPAN, CPAN::API::HOWTO, CPAN::Distroprefs,
               CPAN::FirstTime, CPAN::Kwalify, CPAN::Meta,
               CPAN::Meta::Converter, CPAN::Meta::Feature,
               CPAN::Meta::History, CPAN::Meta::Prereqs, CPAN::Meta::Spec,
               CPAN::Meta::Validator, CPAN::Meta::YAML, CPAN::Nox,
               CPAN::Version, CPANPLUS, CPANPLUS::Dist::Base,
               CPANPLUS::Dist::Build, CPANPLUS::Dist::Build::Constants,
               CPANPLUS::Dist::Sample, CPANPLUS::Internals::Source::Memory,
               CPANPLUS::Internals::Source::SQLite, CPANPLUS::Shell::Classic,
               CPANPLUS::Shell::Default::Plugins::HOWTO, Carp, Class::Struct,
               Compress::Raw::Bzip2, Compress::Raw::Bzip2::FAQ,
               Compress::Raw::Zlib, Compress::Raw::Zlib::FAQ, Compress::Zlib,
               Config, Cwd, DB, DBM_Filter, DBM_Filter::compress,
               DBM_Filter::encode, DBM_Filter::int32, DBM_Filter::null,
               DBM_Filter::utf8, DB_File, Data::Dumper, Devel::DProf,
               Devel::InnerPackage, Devel::PPPort, Devel::Peek,
               Devel::SelfStubber, Digest, Digest::MD5, Digest::SHA,
               Digest::base, Digest::file, DirHandle, Dumpvalue, DynaLoader,
               ExtUtils::Constant::XS, ExtUtils::Embed, ExtUtils::Install,
               ExtUtils::Installed, ExtUtils::Liblist, ExtUtils::MM,
               ExtUtils::MM_AIX, ExtUtils::MM_Any, ExtUtils::MM_BeOS,
               ExtUtils::MM_Cygwin, ExtUtils::MM_DOS, ExtUtils::MM_Darwin,
               ExtUtils::MM_MacOS, ExtUtils::MM_NW5, ExtUtils::MM_OS2,
               ExtUtils::MM_QNX, ExtUtils::MM_UWIN, ExtUtils::MM_Unix,
               ExtUtils::MM_VMS, ExtUtils::MM_VOS, ExtUtils::MM_Win32,
               ExtUtils::MM_Win95, ExtUtils::MY, ExtUtils::MakeMaker,
               ExtUtils::MakeMaker::Config, ExtUtils::MakeMaker::FAQ,
               ExtUtils::MakeMaker::Tutorial, ExtUtils::Manifest,
               ExtUtils::Mkbootstrap, ExtUtils::Mksymlists,
               ExtUtils::Packlist, ExtUtils::ParseXS, ExtUtils::XSSymSet,
               ExtUtils::testlib, Fatal, Fcntl, File::Basename,
               File::CheckTree, File::Compare, File::Copy, File::DosGlob,
               File::Fetch, File::Find, File::Glob, File::GlobMapper,
               File::Path, File::Spec, File::Spec::Cygwin, File::Spec::Epoc,
               File::Spec::Functions, File::Spec::Mac, File::Spec::OS2,
               File::Spec::Unix, File::Spec::VMS, File::Spec::Win32,
               File::Temp, File::stat, FileCache, FileHandle, Filter::Simple,
               Filter::Util::Call, FindBin, GDBM_File, Getopt::Long,
               Getopt::Std, HTTP::Tiny, Hash::Util, Hash::Util::FieldHash,
               I18N::Collate, I18N::LangTags, I18N::LangTags::Detect,
               I18N::LangTags::List, I18N::Langinfo, IO, IO::Compress::Base,
               IO::Compress::Bzip2, IO::Compress::Deflate, IO::Compress::FAQ,
               IO::Compress::Gzip, IO::Compress::RawDeflate,
               IO::Compress::Zip, IO::Dir, IO::File, IO::Handle, IO::Pipe,
               IO::Poll, IO::Seekable, IO::Select, IO::Socket,
               IO::Socket::INET, IO::Socket::UNIX, IO::Uncompress::AnyInflate,
               IO::Uncompress::AnyUncompress, IO::Uncompress::Base,
               IO::Uncompress::Bunzip2, IO::Uncompress::Gunzip,
               IO::Uncompress::Inflate, IO::Uncompress::RawInflate,
               IO::Uncompress::Unzip, IO::Zlib, IPC::Cmd, IPC::Msg,
               IPC::Open2, IPC::Open3, IPC::Semaphore, IPC::SharedMem,
               IPC::SysV, JSON::PP, JSON::PP::Boolean, List::Util,
               List::Util::XS, Locale::Codes, Locale::Codes::Changes,
               Locale::Codes::Country, Locale::Codes::Currency,
               Locale::Codes::Language, Locale::Codes::Script,
               Locale::Constants, Locale::Country, Locale::Currency,
               Locale::Language, Locale::Maketext, Locale::Maketext::Cookbook,
               Locale::Maketext::Guts, Locale::Maketext::GutsLoader,
               Locale::Maketext::Simple, Locale::Maketext::TPJ13,
               Locale::Script, Log::Message, Log::Message::Config,
               Log::Message::Handlers, Log::Message::Item,
               Log::Message::Simple, MIME::Base64, MIME::QuotedPrint,
               Math::BigFloat, Math::BigInt, Math::BigInt::Calc,
               Math::BigInt::CalcEmu, Math::BigInt::FastCalc, Math::BigRat,
               Math::Complex, Math::Trig, Memoize, Memoize::AnyDBM_File,
               Memoize::Expire, Memoize::ExpireFile, Memoize::ExpireTest,
               Memoize::NDBM_File, Memoize::SDBM_File, Memoize::Storable,
               Module::Build, Module::Build::API, Module::Build::Authoring,
               Module::Build::Base, Module::Build::Bundling,
               Module::Build::Compat, Module::Build::ConfigData,
               Module::Build::Cookbook, Module::Build::ModuleInfo,
               Module::Build::Notes, Module::Build::PPMMaker,
               NDBM_File, NEXT, Net::Cmd, Net::Config, Net::Domain, Net::FTP,
               Net::NNTP, Net::Netrc, Net::POP3, Net::Ping, Net::SMTP,
               Net::Time, Net::hostent, Net::libnetFAQ, Net::netent,
               Net::protoent, Net::servent, O, ODBM_File, Object::Accessor,
               Opcode, POSIX, Package::Constants, Params::Check,
               Parse::CPAN::Meta, Perl::OSType, PerlIO, PerlIO::encoding,
               PerlIO::scalar, PerlIO::via, PerlIO::via::QuotedPrint,
               Pod::Checker, Pod::Escapes, Pod::Find, Pod::Functions,
               Pod::Html, Pod::InputObjects, Pod::LaTeX, Pod::Man,
               Pod::ParseLink, Pod::ParseUtils, Pod::Parser, Pod::Perldoc,
               Pod::Perldoc::BaseTo, Pod::Perldoc::GetOptsOO,
               Pod::Perldoc::ToChecker, Pod::Perldoc::ToMan,
               Pod::Perldoc::ToNroff, Pod::Perldoc::ToPod,
               Pod::Perldoc::ToRtf, Pod::Perldoc::ToText, Pod::Perldoc::ToTk,
               Pod::Perldoc::ToXml, Pod::PlainText, Pod::Select, Pod::Simple,
               Pod::Simple::Checker, Pod::Simple::Debug,
               Pod::Simple::DumpAsText, Pod::Simple::DumpAsXML,
               Pod::Simple::HTML, Pod::Simple::HTMLBatch,
               Pod::Simple::LinkSection, Pod::Simple::Methody,
               Pod::Simple::PullParser, Pod::Simple::PullParserEndToken,
               Pod::Simple::PullParserStartToken,
               Pod::Simple::PullParserTextToken, Pod::Simple::PullParserToken,
               Pod::Simple::RTF, Pod::Simple::Search, Pod::Simple::SimpleTree,
               Pod::Simple::Subclassing, Pod::Simple::Text,
               Pod::Simple::TextContent, Pod::Simple::XHTML,
               Pod::Simple::XMLOutStream, Pod::Text, Pod::Text::Color,
               Pod::Text::Termcap, Pod::Usage, SDBM_File, Safe, Scalar::Util,
               Search::Dict, SelectSaver, SelfLoader, Shell, Socket, Storable,
               Symbol, Sys::Hostname, Sys::Syslog, Sys::Syslog::Win32,
               TAP::Base, TAP::Formatter::Base, TAP::Formatter::Color,
               TAP::Formatter::Console,
               TAP::Formatter::Console::ParallelSession,
               TAP::Formatter::Console::Session, TAP::Formatter::File,
               TAP::Formatter::File::Session, TAP::Formatter::Session,
               TAP::Harness, TAP::Object, TAP::Parser,
               TAP::Parser::Aggregator, TAP::Parser::Grammar,
               TAP::Parser::Iterator, TAP::Parser::Iterator::Array,
               TAP::Parser::Iterator::Process, TAP::Parser::Iterator::Stream,
               TAP::Parser::IteratorFactory, TAP::Parser::Multiplexer,
               TAP::Parser::Result, TAP::Parser::Result::Bailout,
               TAP::Parser::Result::Comment, TAP::Parser::Result::Plan,
               TAP::Parser::Result::Pragma, TAP::Parser::Result::Test,
               TAP::Parser::Result::Unknown, TAP::Parser::Result::Version,
               TAP::Parser::Result::YAML, TAP::Parser::ResultFactory,
               TAP::Parser::Scheduler, TAP::Parser::Scheduler::Job,
               TAP::Parser::Scheduler::Spinner, TAP::Parser::Source,
               TAP::Parser::SourceHandler,
               TAP::Parser::SourceHandler::Executable,
               TAP::Parser::SourceHandler::File,
               TAP::Parser::SourceHandler::Handle,
               TAP::Parser::SourceHandler::Perl,
               TAP::Parser::SourceHandler::RawTAP, TAP::Parser::Utils,
               TAP::Parser::YAMLish::Reader, TAP::Parser::YAMLish::Writer,
               Term::ANSIColor, Term::Cap, Term::Complete, Term::ReadLine,
               Unicode::Collate::CJK::Pinyin, Unicode::Collate::CJK::Stroke,
               Unicode::Collate::Locale, Unicode::Normalize, Unicode::UCD,
               User::grent, User::pwent, VMS::DCLsym, VMS::Stdio,
               Version::Requirements, Win32API::File, Win32CORE, XS::APItest,
               XS::Typemap, XSLoader, version::Internals

           Extension Modules
       CPAN
           Africa
               South Africa

           Asia
               Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Republic of
               Korea, Russia, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, Viet Nam

           Central America
               Costa Rica

           Europe
               Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia,
               Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,
               Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta,
               Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia,
               Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, United
               Kingdom

           North America
               Bahamas, Canada, Mexico, United States, Alabama, California,
               Florida, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Michigan,
               Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Oregon,
               Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia,
               Washington, Wisconsin

           Oceania
               Australia, New Zealand

           South America
               Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia

           RSYNC Mirrors
       Modules: Creation, Use, and Abuse
           Guidelines for Module Creation
           Guidelines for Converting Perl 4 Library Scripts into Modules
           Guidelines for Reusing Application Code
       NOTE

   perlmodstyle - Perl module style guide
       INTRODUCTION
       QUICK CHECKLIST
           Before you start
           The API
           Stability
           Documentation
           Release considerations
           Backwards compatibility
           Error handling and messages
       DOCUMENTING YOUR MODULE
           POD
           README, INSTALL, release notes, changelogs
               perl Makefile.PL, make, make test, make install, perl Build.PL,
               perl Build, perl Build test, perl Build install

       RELEASE CONSIDERATIONS
           Version numbering
           Pre-requisites
           Testing
           Packaging
           Licensing
       COMMON PITFALLS
           Reinventing the wheel
           Trying to do too much
           Inappropriate documentation
       SEE ALSO
           perlstyle, perlnewmod, perlpod, podchecker, Packaging Tools,
           Testing tools, http://pause.perl.org/, Any good book on software
           engineering

       AUTHOR

   perlmodinstall - Installing CPAN Modules
       DESCRIPTION
           PREAMBLE
               DECOMPRESS the file, UNPACK the file into a directory, BUILD
               the module (sometimes unnecessary), INSTALL the module

       PORTABILITY
       HEY
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   perlnewmod - preparing a new module for distribution
       DESCRIPTION
           Warning
           What should I make into a module?
           Step-by-step: Preparing the ground
               Look around, Check it's new, Discuss the need, Choose a name,
               Check again

           Step-by-step: Making the module
               Start with module-starter or h2xs, Use strict and warnings, Use
               Carp, Use Exporter - wisely!, Use plain old documentation,
               Write tests, Write the README

           Step-by-step: Distributing your module
               Get a CPAN user ID, "perl Makefile.PL; make test; make dist",
               Upload the tarball, Announce to the modules list, Announce to
               clpa, Fix bugs!

               perldoc, pod2man and pod2text, pod2html and pod2latex,
               pod2usage, podselect, podchecker, splain, roffitall

           Converters
               a2p, s2p and psed, find2perl

           Administration
               config_data, libnetcfg, perlivp

           Development
               perlbug, perlthanks, h2ph, c2ph and pstruct, h2xs, enc2xs,
               xsubpp, dprofpp, prove, corelist

           General tools
               piconv, ptar, ptardiff, ptargrep, shasum

           Installation
               cpan, cpanp, cpan2dist, instmodsh

       SEE ALSO

   perlcompile - Introduction to the Perl Compiler-Translator
       DESCRIPTION
           Layout
               B::Lint, B::Deparse, B::Xref

       Using The Back Ends
           The Cross-Referencing Back End
               i, &, s, r

           The Decompiling Back End
           The Lint Back End
       Module List for the Compiler Suite
           B, O, B::Concise, B::Debug, B::Deparse, B::Lint, B::Showlex,
           B::Terse, B::Xref

       KNOWN PROBLEMS
       AUTHOR

   perlfilter - Source Filters
       DESCRIPTION
       CONCEPTS
       USING FILTERS
       WRITING A SOURCE FILTER
       WRITING A SOURCE FILTER IN C
           Decryption Filters

       CREATING A SOURCE FILTER AS A SEPARATE EXECUTABLE
       WRITING A SOURCE FILTER IN PERL
       USING CONTEXT: THE DEBUG FILTER
       CONCLUSION
       THINGS TO LOOK OUT FOR
           Some Filters Clobber the "DATA" Handle

               autovivification, AV, awk

           B   backreference, backtracking, backward compatibility, bareword,
               base class, big-endian, binary, binary operator, bind, bit, bit
               shift, bit string, bless, block, BLOCK, block buffering,
               Boolean, Boolean context, breakpoint, broadcast, BSD, bucket,
               buffer, built-in, bundle, byte, bytecode

           C   C, C preprocessor, call by reference, call by value, callback,
               canonical, capture buffer, capture group, capturing, character,
               character class, character property, circumfix operator, class,
               class method, client, cloister, closure, cluster, CODE, code
               generator, code point, code subpattern, collating sequence,
               command, command buffering, command name, command-line
               arguments, comment, compilation unit, compile phase, compile
               time, compiler, composer, concatenation, conditional,
               connection, construct, constructor, context, continuation, core
               dump, CPAN, cracker, current package, current working
               directory, currently selected output channel, CV

           D   dangling statement, data structure, data type, datagram, DBM,
               declaration, decrement, default, defined, delimiter, deprecated
               modules and features, dereference, derived class, descriptor,
               destroy, destructor, device, directive, directory, directory
               handle, dispatch, distribution, (to be) dropped modules,
               dweomer, dwimmer, dynamic scoping

           E   eclectic, element, embedding, empty subclass test, en passant,
               encapsulation, endian, environment, environment variable, EOF,
               errno, error, escape sequence, exception, exception handling,
               exec, executable file, execute, execute bit, exit status,
               export, expression, extension

           F   false, FAQ, fatal error, field, FIFO, file, file descriptor,
               file test operator, fileglob, filehandle, filename, filesystem,
               filter, flag, floating point, flush, FMTEYEWTK, fork, formal
               arguments, format, freely available, freely redistributable,
               freeware, function, funny character

           G   garbage collection, GID, glob, global, global destruction, glue
               language, granularity, greedy, grep, group, GV

           H   hacker, handler, hard reference, hash, hash table, header file,
               here document, hexadecimal, home directory, host, hubris, HV

           I   identifier, impatience, implementation, import, increment,
               indexing, indirect filehandle, indirect object, indirect object
               slot, indirection, infix, inheritance, instance, instance
               variable, integer, interface, interpolation, interpreter,
               invocant, invocation, I/O, IO, IP, IPC, is-a, iteration,
               iterator, IV

           J   JAPH

               metasymbol, method, minimalism, mode, modifier, module,
               modulus, monger, mortal, multidimensional array, multiple
               inheritance

           N   named pipe, namespace, network address, newline, NFS, null
               character, null list, null string, numeric context, NV, nybble

           O   object, octal, offset, one-liner, open source software,
               operand, operating system, operator, operator overloading,
               options, ordinal, overloading, overriding, owner

           P   package, pad, parameter, parent class, parse tree, parsing,
               patch, PATH, pathname, pattern, pattern matching, permission
               bits, Pern, pipe, pipeline, platform, pod, pointer,
               polymorphism, port, portable, porter, POSIX, postfix, pp,
               pragma, precedence, prefix, preprocessing, procedure, process,
               program generator, progressive matching, property, protocol,
               prototype, pseudofunction, pseudohash, pseudoliteral, public
               domain, pumpkin, pumpking, PV

           Q   qualified, quantifier

           R   readable, reaping, record, recursion, reference, referent,
               regex, regular expression, regular expression modifier, regular
               file, relational operator, reserved words, return value, RFC,
               right shift, root, RTFM, run phase, run time, run-time pattern,
               RV, rvalue

           S   scalar, scalar context, scalar literal, scalar value, scalar
               variable, scope, scratchpad, script, script kiddie, sed,
               semaphore, separator, serialization, server, service, setgid,
               setuid, shared memory, shebang, shell, side effects, signal,
               signal handler, single inheritance, slice, slurp, socket, soft
               reference, source filter, stack, standard, standard error,
               standard I/O, standard input, standard output, stat structure,
               statement, statement modifier, static, static method, static
               scoping, static variable, status, STDERR, STDIN, STDIO, STDOUT,
               stream, string, string context, stringification, struct,
               structure, subclass, subpattern, subroutine, subscript,
               substitution, substring, superclass, superuser, SV, switch,
               switch cluster, switch statement, symbol, symbol table,
               symbolic debugger, symbolic link, symbolic reference,
               synchronous, syntactic sugar, syntax, syntax tree, syscall

           T   tainted, TCP, term, terminator, ternary, text, thread, tie,
               TMTOWTDI, token, tokener, tokenizing, toolbox approach,
               transliterate, trigger, trinary, troff, true, truncating, type,
               type casting, typed lexical, typedef, typeglob, typemap

           U   UDP, UID, umask, unary operator, Unicode, Unix

           V   value, variable, variable interpolation, variadic, vector,
               virtual, void context, v-string

       DESCRIPTION
           PREAMBLE
               Use C from Perl?, Use a Unix program from Perl?, Use Perl from
               Perl?, Use C from C?, Use Perl from C?

           ROADMAP
           Compiling your C program
           Adding a Perl interpreter to your C program
           Calling a Perl subroutine from your C program
           Evaluating a Perl statement from your C program
           Performing Perl pattern matches and substitutions from your C
           program
           Fiddling with the Perl stack from your C program
           Maintaining a persistent interpreter
           Execution of END blocks
           $0 assignments
           Maintaining multiple interpreter instances
           Using Perl modules, which themselves use C libraries, from your C
           program
       Hiding Perl_
       MORAL
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   perldebguts - Guts of Perl debugging
       DESCRIPTION
       Debugger Internals
           Writing Your Own Debugger
       Frame Listing Output Examples
       Debugging Regular Expressions
           Compile-time Output
               "anchored" STRING "at" POS, "floating" STRING "at" POS1..POS2,
               "matching floating/anchored", "minlen", "stclass" TYPE,
               "noscan", "isall", "GPOS", "plus", "implicit", "with eval",
               "anchored(TYPE)"

           Types of Nodes
           Run-time Output
       Debugging Perl Memory Usage
           Using $ENV{PERL_DEBUG_MSTATS}
               "buckets SMALLEST(APPROX)..GREATEST(APPROX)", Free/Used, "Total
               sbrk(): SBRKed/SBRKs:CONTINUOUS", "pad: 0", "heads: 2192",
               "chain: 0", "tail: 6144"

       SEE ALSO

   perlxstut, perlXStut - Tutorial for writing XSUBs
       DESCRIPTION
       SPECIAL NOTES
           make
           Version caveat
           Dynamic Loading versus Static Loading
       TUTORIAL
           EXAMPLE 1
           Getting the fat out of XSUBs
           More about XSUB arguments
           The Argument Stack
           Extending your Extension
           Documenting your Extension
           Installing your Extension
           EXAMPLE 5
           New Things in this Example
           EXAMPLE 6
           New Things in this Example
           EXAMPLE 7 (Coming Soon)
           EXAMPLE 8 (Coming Soon)
           EXAMPLE 9 Passing open files to XSes
           Troubleshooting these Examples
       See also
       Author
           Last Changed

   perlxs - XS language reference manual
       DESCRIPTION
           Introduction
           On The Road
           The Anatomy of an XSUB
           The Argument Stack
           The RETVAL Variable
           Returning SVs, AVs and HVs through RETVAL
           The MODULE Keyword
           The PACKAGE Keyword
           The PREFIX Keyword
           The OUTPUT: Keyword
           The NO_OUTPUT Keyword
           The CODE: Keyword
           The INIT: Keyword
           The NO_INIT Keyword
           Initializing Function Parameters
           Default Parameter Values
           The PREINIT: Keyword
           The SCOPE: Keyword
           The INPUT: Keyword
           The IN/OUTLIST/IN_OUTLIST/OUT/IN_OUT Keywords
           The "length(NAME)" Keyword
           Variable-length Parameter Lists
           The C_ARGS: Keyword
           The PPCODE: Keyword
           Returning Undef And Empty Lists
           The REQUIRE: Keyword
           The CLEANUP: Keyword
           The POSTCALL: Keyword
           The BOOT: Keyword
           The VERSIONCHECK: Keyword
           The PROTOTYPES: Keyword
           The PROTOTYPE: Keyword
           The ALIAS: Keyword
           The OVERLOAD: Keyword
           Safely Storing Static Data in XS
               MY_CXT_KEY, typedef my_cxt_t, START_MY_CXT, MY_CXT_INIT,
               dMY_CXT, MY_CXT, aMY_CXT/pMY_CXT, MY_CXT_CLONE,
               MY_CXT_INIT_INTERP(my_perl), dMY_CXT_INTERP(my_perl)

           Thread-aware system interfaces
       EXAMPLES
       XS VERSION
       AUTHOR

   perlclib - Internal replacements for standard C library functions
       DESCRIPTION
           Conventions
               "t", "p", "n", "s"

           File Operations
           File Input and Output
           File Positioning
           Memory Management and String Handling
           Character Class Tests
           stdlib.h functions
           Miscellaneous functions
       SEE ALSO

   perlguts - Introduction to the Perl API
       DESCRIPTION
       Variables
           Datatypes
           What is an "IV"?
           Working with SVs
           Offsets
           What's Really Stored in an SV?
           Working with AVs
           Working with HVs
           Hash API Extensions
           AVs, HVs and undefined values
           References
           Blessed References and Class Objects
           Creating New Variables
               GV_ADDMULTI, GV_ADDWARN

           Reference Counts and Mortality
           Stashes and Globs
           Double-Typed SVs
           Magic Variables
           Assigning Magic
           Magic Virtual Tables
           Finding Magic
           Understanding the Magic of Tied Hashes and Arrays
           Localizing changes
               "SAVEINT(int i)", "SAVEIV(IV i)", "SAVEI32(I32 i)",
               "SAVELONG(long i)", SAVESPTR(s), SAVEPPTR(p), "SAVEFREESV(SV
               *sv)", "SAVEMORTALIZESV(SV *sv)", "SAVEFREEOP(OP *op)",
               SAVEFREEPV(p), "SAVECLEARSV(SV *sv)", "SAVEDELETE(HV *hv, char

           PerlIO
           Putting a C value on Perl stack
           Scratchpads
           Scratchpads and recursion
       Compiled code
           Code tree
           Examining the tree
           Compile pass 1: check routines
           Compile pass 1a: constant folding
           Compile pass 2: context propagation
           Compile pass 3: peephole optimization
           Pluggable runops
           Compile-time scope hooks
               "void bhk_start(pTHX_ int full)", "void bhk_pre_end(pTHX_ OP
               **o)", "void bhk_post_end(pTHX_ OP **o)", "void bhk_eval(pTHX_
               OP *const o)"

       Examining internal data structures with the "dump" functions
       How multiple interpreters and concurrency are supported
           Background and PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT
           So what happened to dTHR?
           How do I use all this in extensions?
           Should I do anything special if I call perl from multiple threads?
           Future Plans and PERL_IMPLICIT_SYS
       Internal Functions
           A, p, d, s, n, r, f, M, o, x, m, X, E, b, others

           Formatted Printing of IVs, UVs, and NVs
           Pointer-To-Integer and Integer-To-Pointer
           Exception Handling
           Source Documentation
           Backwards compatibility
       Unicode Support
           What is Unicode, anyway?
           How can I recognise a UTF-8 string?
           How does UTF-8 represent Unicode characters?
           How does Perl store UTF-8 strings?
           How do I convert a string to UTF-8?
           Is there anything else I need to know?
       Custom Operators
           xop_name, xop_desc, xop_class, OA_BASEOP, OA_UNOP, OA_BINOP,
           OA_LOGOP, OA_LISTOP, OA_PMOP, OA_SVOP, OA_PADOP, OA_PVOP_OR_SVOP,
           OA_LOOP, OA_COP, xop_peep

       AUTHORS
       SEE ALSO

   perlcall - Perl calling conventions from C
       DESCRIPTION
           An Error Handler, An Event-Driven Program

       THE CALL_ FUNCTIONS
           call_sv, call_pv, call_method, call_argv

           Returning a Scalar
           Returning a List of Values
           Returning a List in a Scalar Context
           Returning Data from Perl via the Parameter List
           Using G_EVAL
           Using G_KEEPERR
           Using call_sv
           Using call_argv
           Using call_method
           Using GIMME_V
           Using Perl to Dispose of Temporaries
           Strategies for Storing Callback Context Information
               1. Ignore the problem - Allow only 1 callback, 2. Create a
               sequence of callbacks - hard wired limit, 3. Use a parameter to
               map to the Perl callback

           Alternate Stack Manipulation
           Creating and Calling an Anonymous Subroutine in C
       LIGHTWEIGHT CALLBACKS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       DATE

   perlmroapi - Perl method resolution plugin interface
       DESCRIPTION
           resolve, name, length, kflags, hash

       Callbacks
       Caching
       Examples
       AUTHORS

   perlreapi - perl regular expression plugin interface
       DESCRIPTION
       Callbacks
           comp
               "/m" - RXf_PMf_MULTILINE, "/s" - RXf_PMf_SINGLELINE, "/i" -
               RXf_PMf_FOLD, "/x" - RXf_PMf_EXTENDED, "/p" - RXf_PMf_KEEPCOPY,
               Character set, RXf_UTF8, RXf_SPLIT, RXf_SKIPWHITE,
               RXf_START_ONLY, RXf_WHITE, RXf_NULL

           exec
           intuit
           checkstr
           free
           Numbered capture callbacks
           Named capture callbacks
           qr_package
           dupe
       The REGEXP structure
           "engine"
           "mother_re"
           "extflags"
           "minlen" "minlenret"
           "seen_evals"
           "refcnt"
       HISTORY
       AUTHORS
       LICENSE

   perlreguts - Description of the Perl regular expression engine.
       DESCRIPTION
       OVERVIEW
           A quick note on terms
           What is a regular expression engine?
           Structure of a Regexp Program
               "regnode_1", "regnode_2", "regnode_string",
               "regnode_charclass", "regnode_charclass_class"

       Process Overview
           A. Compilation, 1. Parsing for size, 2. Parsing for construction,
           3.  Peep-hole optimisation and analysis, B. Execution, 4. Start
           position and no-match optimisations, 5. Program execution

           Compilation
               anchored fixed strings, floating fixed strings, minimum and
               maximum length requirements, start class, Beginning/End of line
               positions

           Execution
       MISCELLANEOUS
           Unicode and Localisation Support
           Base Structures
               "swap", "offsets", "regstclass", "data", "program"

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       LICENCE
       REFERENCES

   perlapi - autogenerated documentation for the perl public API
       DESCRIPTION
       "Gimme" Values
           GIMME , GIMME_V , G_ARRAY , G_DISCARD , G_EVAL , G_NOARGS ,
           G_SCALAR , G_VOID

       Array Manipulation Functions
           AvFILL , av_clear , av_create_and_push , av_create_and_unshift_one
           , av_delete , av_exists , av_extend , av_fetch , av_fill , av_len ,
           av_make , av_pop , av_push , av_shift , av_store , av_undef ,
           av_unshift , get_av , newAV , sortsv , sortsv_flags

       Callback Functions
           call_argv , call_method , call_pv , call_sv , ENTER , eval_pv ,
           eval_sv , FREETMPS , LEAVE , SAVETMPS

       Character case changing
           toLOWER , toUPPER
           cophh_2hv , cophh_copy , cophh_delete_pv , cophh_delete_pvn ,
           cophh_delete_pvs , cophh_delete_sv , cophh_fetch_pv ,
           cophh_fetch_pvn , cophh_fetch_pvs , cophh_fetch_sv , cophh_free ,
           cophh_new_empty , cophh_store_pv , cophh_store_pvn ,
           cophh_store_pvs , cophh_store_sv

       COP Hint Reading
           cop_hints_2hv , cop_hints_fetch_pv , cop_hints_fetch_pvn ,
           cop_hints_fetch_pvs , cop_hints_fetch_sv

       Custom Operators
           custom_op_register , custom_op_xop , XopDISABLE , XopENABLE ,
           XopENTRY , XopENTRY_set , XopFLAGS

       CV Manipulation Functions
           CvSTASH , get_cv , get_cvn_flags

       Embedding Functions
           cv_undef , load_module , nothreadhook , pad_findmy , pad_sv ,
           perl_alloc , perl_construct , perl_destruct , perl_free ,
           perl_parse , perl_run , require_pv

       Functions in file dump.c
           pv_display , pv_escape , pv_pretty

       Functions in file mathoms.c
           custom_op_desc , custom_op_name , gv_fetchmethod , pack_cat ,
           sv_2pvbyte_nolen , sv_2pvutf8_nolen , sv_2pv_nolen , sv_catpvn_mg ,
           sv_catsv_mg , sv_force_normal , sv_iv , sv_nolocking ,
           sv_nounlocking , sv_nv , sv_pv , sv_pvbyte , sv_pvbyten , sv_pvn ,
           sv_pvutf8 , sv_pvutf8n , sv_taint , sv_unref , sv_usepvn ,
           sv_usepvn_mg , sv_uv , unpack_str

       Functions in file op.c
           op_contextualize

       Functions in file perl.h
           PERL_SYS_INIT , PERL_SYS_INIT3 , PERL_SYS_TERM

       Functions in file pp_ctl.c
           caller_cx , find_runcv

       Functions in file pp_pack.c
           packlist , unpackstring

       Functions in file pp_sys.c
           setdefout

       Functions in file utf8.h
           ibcmp_utf8

       Functions in file util.h
           ibcmp , ibcmp_locale

           get_hv , HEf_SVKEY , HeHASH , HeKEY , HeKLEN , HePV , HeSVKEY ,
           HeSVKEY_force , HeSVKEY_set , HeUTF8 , HeVAL , HvENAME , HvNAME ,
           hv_assert , hv_clear , hv_clear_placeholders , hv_copy_hints_hv ,
           hv_delete , hv_delete_ent , hv_exists , hv_exists_ent , hv_fetch ,
           hv_fetchs , hv_fetch_ent , hv_fill , hv_iterinit , hv_iterkey ,
           hv_iterkeysv , hv_iternext , hv_iternextsv , hv_iternext_flags ,
           hv_iterval , hv_magic , hv_scalar , hv_store , hv_stores ,
           hv_store_ent , hv_undef , newHV

       Lexer interface
           lex_bufutf8 , lex_discard_to , lex_grow_linestr , lex_next_chunk ,
           lex_peek_unichar , lex_read_space , lex_read_to , lex_read_unichar
           , lex_start , lex_stuff_pv , lex_stuff_pvn , lex_stuff_pvs ,
           lex_stuff_sv , lex_unstuff , parse_arithexpr , parse_barestmt ,
           parse_block , parse_fullexpr , parse_fullstmt , parse_label ,
           parse_listexpr , parse_stmtseq , parse_termexpr , PL_parser ,
           PL_parser->bufend , PL_parser->bufptr , PL_parser->linestart ,
           PL_parser->linestr

       Magical Functions
           mg_clear , mg_copy , mg_find , mg_findext , mg_free , mg_free_type
           , mg_get , mg_length , mg_magical , mg_set , SvGETMAGIC , SvLOCK ,
           SvSETMAGIC , SvSetMagicSV , SvSetMagicSV_nosteal , SvSetSV ,
           SvSetSV_nosteal , SvSHARE , SvUNLOCK

       Memory Management
           Copy , CopyD , Move , MoveD , Newx , Newxc , Newxz , Poison ,
           PoisonFree , PoisonNew , PoisonWith , Renew , Renewc , Safefree ,
           savepv , savepvn , savepvs , savesharedpv , savesharedpvn ,
           savesharedpvs , savesharedsvpv , savesvpv , StructCopy , Zero ,
           ZeroD

       Miscellaneous Functions
           fbm_compile , fbm_instr , foldEQ , foldEQ_locale , form , getcwd_sv
           , mess , mess_sv , my_snprintf , my_sprintf , my_vsnprintf ,
           new_version , prescan_version , scan_version , strEQ , strGE ,
           strGT , strLE , strLT , strNE , strnEQ , strnNE , sv_destroyable ,
           sv_nosharing , upg_version , vcmp , vmess , vnormal , vnumify ,
           vstringify , vverify

       MRO Functions
           mro_get_linear_isa , mro_method_changed_in

       Multicall Functions
           dMULTICALL , MULTICALL , POP_MULTICALL , PUSH_MULTICALL

       Numeric functions
           grok_bin , grok_hex , grok_number , grok_numeric_radix , grok_oct ,
           Perl_signbit , scan_bin , scan_hex , scan_oct

       Optree construction
           newASSIGNOP , newBINOP , newCONDOP , newFOROP , newGIVENOP ,
           newGVOP , newLISTOP , newLOGOP , newLOOPEX , newLOOPOP ,
           newNULLLIST , newOP , newPADOP , newPMOP , newPVOP , newRANGE ,
           PL_sv_no , PL_sv_undef , PL_sv_yes

       REGEXP Functions
           SvRX , SvRXOK

       Simple Exception Handling Macros
           dXCPT , XCPT_CATCH , XCPT_RETHROW , XCPT_TRY_END , XCPT_TRY_START

       Stack Manipulation Macros
           dMARK , dORIGMARK , dSP , EXTEND , MARK , mPUSHi , mPUSHn , mPUSHp
           , mPUSHs , mPUSHu , mXPUSHi , mXPUSHn , mXPUSHp , mXPUSHs , mXPUSHu
           , ORIGMARK , POPi , POPl , POPn , POPp , POPpbytex , POPpx , POPs ,
           PUSHi , PUSHMARK , PUSHmortal , PUSHn , PUSHp , PUSHs , PUSHu ,
           PUTBACK , SP , SPAGAIN , XPUSHi , XPUSHmortal , XPUSHn , XPUSHp ,
           XPUSHs , XPUSHu , XSRETURN , XSRETURN_EMPTY , XSRETURN_IV ,
           XSRETURN_NO , XSRETURN_NV , XSRETURN_PV , XSRETURN_UNDEF ,
           XSRETURN_UV , XSRETURN_YES , XST_mIV , XST_mNO , XST_mNV , XST_mPV
           , XST_mUNDEF , XST_mYES

       SV Flags
           svtype , SVt_IV , SVt_NV , SVt_PV , SVt_PVAV , SVt_PVCV , SVt_PVHV
           , SVt_PVMG

       SV Manipulation Functions
           croak_xs_usage , get_sv , newRV_inc , newSVpvn_utf8 , SvCUR ,
           SvCUR_set , SvEND , SvGAMAGIC , SvGROW , SvIOK , SvIOKp ,
           SvIOK_notUV , SvIOK_off , SvIOK_on , SvIOK_only , SvIOK_only_UV ,
           SvIOK_UV , SvIsCOW , SvIsCOW_shared_hash , SvIV , SvIVX , SvIVx ,
           SvIV_nomg , SvIV_set , SvLEN , SvLEN_set , SvMAGIC_set , SvNIOK ,
           SvNIOKp , SvNIOK_off , SvNOK , SvNOKp , SvNOK_off , SvNOK_on ,
           SvNOK_only , SvNV , SvNVX , SvNVx , SvNV_nomg , SvNV_set , SvOK ,
           SvOOK , SvOOK_offset , SvPOK , SvPOKp , SvPOK_off , SvPOK_on ,
           SvPOK_only , SvPOK_only_UTF8 , SvPV , SvPVbyte , SvPVbytex ,
           SvPVbytex_force , SvPVbyte_force , SvPVbyte_nolen , SvPVutf8 ,
           SvPVutf8x , SvPVutf8x_force , SvPVutf8_force , SvPVutf8_nolen ,
           SvPVX , SvPVx , SvPV_force , SvPV_force_nomg , SvPV_nolen ,
           SvPV_nomg , SvPV_nomg_nolen , SvPV_set , SvREFCNT , SvREFCNT_dec ,
           SvREFCNT_inc , SvREFCNT_inc_NN , SvREFCNT_inc_simple ,
           SvREFCNT_inc_simple_NN , SvREFCNT_inc_simple_void ,
           SvREFCNT_inc_simple_void_NN , SvREFCNT_inc_void ,
           SvREFCNT_inc_void_NN , SvROK , SvROK_off , SvROK_on , SvRV ,
           SvRV_set , SvSTASH , SvSTASH_set , SvTAINT , SvTAINTED ,
           SvTAINTED_off , SvTAINTED_on , SvTRUE , SvTRUE_nomg , SvTYPE ,
           SvUOK , SvUPGRADE , SvUTF8 , SvUTF8_off , SvUTF8_on , SvUV , SvUVX
           , SvUVx , SvUV_nomg , SvUV_set , SvVOK , sv_catpvn_nomg ,
           sv_catpv_nomg , sv_catsv_nomg , sv_derived_from , sv_does ,
           sv_report_used , sv_setsv_nomg , sv_utf8_upgrade_nomg

       SV-Body Allocation
           looks_like_number , newRV_noinc , newSV , newSVhek , newSViv ,
           newSVnv , newSVpv , newSVpvf , newSVpvn , newSVpvn_flags ,
           newSVpvn_share , newSVpvs , newSVpvs_flags , newSVpvs_share ,
           newSVpv_share , newSVrv , newSVsv , newSVuv , newSV_type , sv_2bool
           , sv_2bool_flags , sv_2cv , sv_2io , sv_2iv_flags , sv_2mortal ,
           sv_pvn_force_flags , sv_pvutf8n_force , sv_reftype , sv_replace ,
           sv_reset , sv_rvweaken , sv_setiv , sv_setiv_mg , sv_setnv ,
           sv_setnv_mg , sv_setpv , sv_setpvf , sv_setpvf_mg , sv_setpviv ,
           sv_setpviv_mg , sv_setpvn , sv_setpvn_mg , sv_setpvs , sv_setpvs_mg
           , sv_setpv_mg , sv_setref_iv , sv_setref_nv , sv_setref_pv ,
           sv_setref_pvn , sv_setref_pvs , sv_setref_uv , sv_setsv ,
           sv_setsv_flags , sv_setsv_mg , sv_setuv , sv_setuv_mg , sv_tainted
           , sv_true , sv_unmagic , sv_unmagicext , sv_unref_flags ,
           sv_untaint , sv_upgrade , sv_usepvn_flags , sv_utf8_decode ,
           sv_utf8_downgrade , sv_utf8_encode , sv_utf8_upgrade ,
           sv_utf8_upgrade_flags , sv_utf8_upgrade_nomg , sv_vcatpvf ,
           sv_vcatpvfn , sv_vcatpvf_mg , sv_vsetpvf , sv_vsetpvfn ,
           sv_vsetpvf_mg

       Unicode Support
           bytes_cmp_utf8 , bytes_from_utf8 , bytes_to_utf8 , foldEQ_utf8 ,
           is_ascii_string , is_utf8_char , is_utf8_string ,
           is_utf8_string_loc , is_utf8_string_loclen , pv_uni_display ,
           sv_cat_decode , sv_recode_to_utf8 , sv_uni_display , to_utf8_case ,
           to_utf8_fold , to_utf8_lower , to_utf8_title , to_utf8_upper ,
           utf8n_to_uvchr , utf8n_to_uvuni , utf8_distance , utf8_hop ,
           utf8_length , utf8_to_bytes , utf8_to_uvchr , utf8_to_uvuni ,
           uvchr_to_utf8 , uvuni_to_utf8_flags

       Variables created by "xsubpp" and "xsubpp" internal functions
           ax , CLASS , dAX , dAXMARK , dITEMS , dUNDERBAR , dXSARGS , dXSI32
           , items , ix , newXSproto , RETVAL , ST , THIS , UNDERBAR , XS ,
           XS_APIVERSION_BOOTCHECK , XS_VERSION , XS_VERSION_BOOTCHECK

       Warning and Dieing
           croak , croak_no_modify , croak_sv , die , die_sv , vcroak , vwarn
           , warn , warn_sv

       Undocumented functions
           GetVars , Gv_AMupdate , PerlIO_clearerr , PerlIO_close ,
           PerlIO_context_layers , PerlIO_eof , PerlIO_error , PerlIO_fileno ,
           PerlIO_fill , PerlIO_flush , PerlIO_get_base , PerlIO_get_bufsiz ,
           PerlIO_get_cnt , PerlIO_get_ptr , PerlIO_read , PerlIO_seek ,
           PerlIO_set_cnt , PerlIO_set_ptrcnt , PerlIO_setlinebuf ,
           PerlIO_stderr , PerlIO_stdin , PerlIO_stdout , PerlIO_tell ,
           PerlIO_unread , PerlIO_write , Slab_Alloc , Slab_Free ,
           _to_uni_fold_flags , _to_utf8_fold_flags , amagic_call ,
           amagic_deref_call , any_dup , apply_attrs_string , atfork_lock ,
           atfork_unlock , av_arylen_p , av_iter_p , block_gimme , call_atexit
           , call_list , calloc , cast_i32 , cast_iv , cast_ulong , cast_uv ,
           ck_warner , ck_warner_d , ckwarn , ckwarn_d , clone_params_del ,
           clone_params_new , croak_nocontext , csighandler , cx_dump , cx_dup
           , cxinc , deb , deb_nocontext , debop , debprofdump , debstack ,
           debstackptrs , delimcpy , despatch_signals , die_nocontext ,
           dirp_dup , do_aspawn , do_binmode , do_close , do_gv_dump ,
           do_gvgv_dump , do_hv_dump , do_join , do_magic_dump , do_op_dump ,
           do_open , do_open9 , do_openn , do_pmop_dump , do_spawn ,
           do_spawn_nowait , do_sprintf , do_sv_dump , doing_taint , doref ,
           dounwind , dowantarray , dump_all , dump_eval , dump_fds ,
           hv_delayfree_ent , hv_eiter_p , hv_eiter_set , hv_free_ent ,
           hv_ksplit , hv_name_set , hv_placeholders_get , hv_placeholders_p ,
           hv_placeholders_set , hv_riter_p , hv_riter_set , hv_store_flags ,
           init_global_struct , init_i18nl10n , init_i18nl14n , init_stacks ,
           init_tm , instr , is_lvalue_sub , is_uni_alnum , is_uni_alnum_lc ,
           is_uni_alpha , is_uni_alpha_lc , is_uni_ascii , is_uni_ascii_lc ,
           is_uni_cntrl , is_uni_cntrl_lc , is_uni_digit , is_uni_digit_lc ,
           is_uni_graph , is_uni_graph_lc , is_uni_idfirst , is_uni_idfirst_lc
           , is_uni_lower , is_uni_lower_lc , is_uni_print , is_uni_print_lc ,
           is_uni_punct , is_uni_punct_lc , is_uni_space , is_uni_space_lc ,
           is_uni_upper , is_uni_upper_lc , is_uni_xdigit , is_uni_xdigit_lc ,
           is_utf8_alnum , is_utf8_alpha , is_utf8_ascii , is_utf8_cntrl ,
           is_utf8_digit , is_utf8_graph , is_utf8_idcont , is_utf8_idfirst ,
           is_utf8_lower , is_utf8_mark , is_utf8_perl_space ,
           is_utf8_perl_word , is_utf8_posix_digit , is_utf8_print ,
           is_utf8_punct , is_utf8_space , is_utf8_upper , is_utf8_xdigit ,
           is_utf8_xidcont , is_utf8_xidfirst , leave_scope ,
           load_module_nocontext , magic_dump , malloc , markstack_grow ,
           mess_nocontext , mfree , mg_dup , mg_size , mini_mktime ,
           moreswitches , mro_get_from_name , mro_get_private_data ,
           mro_register , mro_set_mro , mro_set_private_data , my_atof ,
           my_atof2 , my_bcopy , my_bzero , my_chsize , my_cxt_index ,
           my_cxt_init , my_dirfd , my_exit , my_failure_exit , my_fflush_all
           , my_fork , my_htonl , my_lstat , my_memcmp , my_memset , my_ntohl
           , my_pclose , my_popen , my_popen_list , my_setenv , my_socketpair
           , my_stat , my_strftime , my_strlcat , my_strlcpy , my_swap ,
           newANONATTRSUB , newANONHASH , newANONLIST , newANONSUB ,
           newATTRSUB , newAVREF , newCVREF , newFORM , newGVREF , newGVgen ,
           newHVREF , newHVhv , newIO , newMYSUB , newPROG , newRV , newSUB ,
           newSVREF , newSVpvf_nocontext , newXS_flags , new_collate ,
           new_ctype , new_numeric , new_stackinfo , ninstr , op_dump ,
           op_free , op_null , op_refcnt_lock , op_refcnt_unlock , parser_dup
           , perl_alloc_using , perl_clone_using , pmop_dump , pop_scope ,
           pregcomp , pregexec , pregfree , pregfree2 , printf_nocontext ,
           ptr_table_clear , ptr_table_fetch , ptr_table_free , ptr_table_new
           , ptr_table_split , ptr_table_store , push_scope , re_compile ,
           re_dup_guts , re_intuit_start , re_intuit_string , realloc ,
           reentrant_free , reentrant_init , reentrant_retry , reentrant_size
           , ref , reg_named_buff_all , reg_named_buff_exists ,
           reg_named_buff_fetch , reg_named_buff_firstkey ,
           reg_named_buff_nextkey , reg_named_buff_scalar , regclass_swash ,
           regdump , regdupe_internal , regexec_flags , regfree_internal ,
           reginitcolors , regnext , repeatcpy , rninstr , rsignal ,
           rsignal_state , runops_debug , runops_standard , rvpv_dup ,
           safesyscalloc , safesysfree , safesysmalloc , safesysrealloc ,
           save_I16 , save_I32 , save_I8 , save_adelete , save_aelem ,
           save_aelem_flags , save_alloc , save_aptr , save_ary , save_bool ,
           save_clearsv , save_delete , save_destructor , save_destructor_x ,
           save_freeop , save_freepv , save_freesv , save_generic_pvref ,
           save_generic_svref , save_gp , save_hash , save_hdelete ,
           save_helem , save_helem_flags , save_hints , save_hptr , save_int ,
           save_item , save_iv , save_list , save_long , save_mortalizesv ,
           save_nogv , save_op , save_padsv_and_mortalize , save_pptr ,
           save_pushi32ptr , save_pushptr , save_pushptrptr , save_re_context
           to_uni_lower , to_uni_lower_lc , to_uni_title , to_uni_title_lc ,
           to_uni_upper , to_uni_upper_lc , unlnk , unsharepvn , utf16_to_utf8
           , utf16_to_utf8_reversed , uvchr_to_utf8_flags , uvuni_to_utf8 ,
           vdeb , vform , vload_module , vnewSVpvf , vwarner , warn_nocontext
           , warner , warner_nocontext , whichsig

       AUTHORS
       SEE ALSO

   perlintern - autogenerated documentation of purely internal Perl functions
       DESCRIPTION
       Compile-time scope hooks
           BhkENTRY , BhkFLAGS , CALL_BLOCK_HOOKS

       CV reference counts and CvOUTSIDE
           CvWEAKOUTSIDE

       Embedding Functions
           cv_clone , cv_dump , do_dump_pad , intro_my , pad_add_anon ,
           pad_add_name , pad_alloc , pad_block_start , pad_check_dup ,
           pad_findlex , pad_fixup_inner_anons , pad_free , pad_leavemy ,
           pad_push , pad_reset , pad_setsv , pad_swipe , pad_tidy

       Functions in file pad.h
           CX_CURPAD_SAVE , CX_CURPAD_SV , PAD_BASE_SV , PAD_CLONE_VARS ,
           PAD_COMPNAME_FLAGS , PAD_COMPNAME_GEN , PAD_COMPNAME_GEN_set ,
           PAD_COMPNAME_OURSTASH , PAD_COMPNAME_PV , PAD_COMPNAME_TYPE ,
           PAD_DUP , PAD_RESTORE_LOCAL , PAD_SAVE_LOCAL , PAD_SAVE_SETNULLPAD
           , PAD_SETSV , PAD_SET_CUR , PAD_SET_CUR_NOSAVE , PAD_SV , PAD_SVl ,
           SAVECLEARSV , SAVECOMPPAD , SAVEPADSV

       Functions in file pp_ctl.c
           docatch

       GV Functions
           gv_try_downgrade , is_gv_magical_sv

       Hash Manipulation Functions
           hv_ename_add , hv_ename_delete , refcounted_he_chain_2hv ,
           refcounted_he_fetch_pv , refcounted_he_fetch_pvn ,
           refcounted_he_fetch_pvs , refcounted_he_fetch_sv ,
           refcounted_he_free , refcounted_he_inc , refcounted_he_new_pv ,
           refcounted_he_new_pvn , refcounted_he_new_pvs ,
           refcounted_he_new_sv

       IO Functions
           start_glob

       Magical Functions
           magic_clearhint , magic_clearhints , magic_methcall , magic_sethint
           , mg_localize

       MRO Functions
           mro_get_linear_isa_dfs , mro_isa_changed_in , mro_package_moved
           sv_add_arena , sv_clean_all , sv_clean_objs , sv_free_arenas

       SV-Body Allocation
           sv_2num

       Unicode Support
           find_uninit_var , report_uninit

       Undocumented functions
           F0convert , Slab_to_rw , _append_range_to_invlist , _new_invlist ,
           _swash_inversion_hash , _swash_to_invlist , add_alternate ,
           add_cp_to_invlist , add_data , add_range_to_invlist ,
           add_utf16_textfilter , addmad , allocmy , amagic_cmp ,
           amagic_cmp_locale , amagic_i_ncmp , amagic_ncmp ,
           anonymise_cv_maybe , ao , append_madprops , apply , apply_attrs ,
           apply_attrs_my , assert_uft8_cache_coherent , av_reify , bad_type ,
           bind_match , block_end , block_start , boot_core_PerlIO ,
           boot_core_UNIVERSAL , boot_core_mro , bytes_to_uni , cando ,
           check_type_and_open , check_uni , check_utf8_print , checkcomma ,
           checkposixcc , ckwarn_common , cl_and , cl_anything , cl_init ,
           cl_is_anything , cl_or , clear_placeholders , closest_cop , convert
           , cop_free , cr_textfilter , create_eval_scope , curmad , curse ,
           cv_ckproto_len , cvgv_set , cvstash_set , deb_curcv , deb_stack_all
           , deb_stack_n , debprof , debug_start_match , del_sv ,
           delete_eval_scope , deprecate_commaless_var_list , destroy_matcher
           , die_unwind , div128 , do_aexec , do_aexec5 , do_chomp ,
           do_delete_local , do_eof , do_exec , do_exec3 , do_execfree ,
           do_ipcctl , do_ipcget , do_msgrcv , do_msgsnd , do_oddball ,
           do_op_xmldump , do_pmop_xmldump , do_print , do_readline , do_seek
           , do_semop , do_shmio , do_smartmatch , do_sysseek , do_tell ,
           do_trans , do_trans_complex , do_trans_complex_utf8 ,
           do_trans_count , do_trans_count_utf8 , do_trans_simple ,
           do_trans_simple_utf8 , do_vecget , do_vecset , do_vop , doeval ,
           dofile , dofindlabel , doform , dooneliner , doopen_pm ,
           doparseform , dopoptoeval , dopoptogiven , dopoptolabel ,
           dopoptoloop , dopoptosub_at , dopoptowhen , dump_all_perl ,
           dump_exec_pos , dump_packsubs_perl , dump_sub_perl , dump_sv_child
           , dump_trie , dump_trie_interim_list , dump_trie_interim_table ,
           dumpuntil , dup_attrlist , emulate_cop_io , exec_failed ,
           expect_number , feature_is_enabled , filter_gets ,
           find_and_forget_pmops , find_array_subscript , find_beginning ,
           find_byclass , find_hash_subscript , find_in_my_stash , find_script
           , first_symbol , fold_constants , forbid_setid , force_ident ,
           force_list , force_next , force_strict_version , force_version ,
           force_word , forget_pmop , free_tied_hv_pool , gen_constant_list ,
           get_aux_mg , get_db_sub , get_debug_opts , get_hash_seed ,
           get_no_modify , get_num , get_opargs , get_re_arg , getenv_len ,
           glob_2number , glob_assign_glob , glob_assign_ref , grok_bslash_c ,
           grok_bslash_o , group_end , gv_ename , gv_get_super_pkg ,
           gv_init_sv , gv_magicalize_isa , gv_magicalize_overload ,
           hfreeentries , hsplit , hv_auxinit , hv_backreferences_p ,
           hv_delete_common , hv_kill_backrefs , hv_magic_check ,
           hv_notallowed , hv_undef_flags , incline , incpush ,
           incpush_if_exists , incpush_use_sep , ingroup , init_argv_symbols ,
           keyword_plugin_standard , list , listkids , localize ,
           looks_like_bool , lop , mad_free , madlex , madparse ,
           magic_clear_all_env , magic_clearenv , magic_clearisa ,
           magic_clearpack , magic_clearsig , magic_existspack ,
           magic_freearylen_p , magic_freeovrld , magic_get , magic_getarylen
           , magic_getdefelem , magic_getnkeys , magic_getpack , magic_getpos
           , magic_getsig , magic_getsubstr , magic_gettaint , magic_getuvar ,
           magic_getvec , magic_killbackrefs , magic_len , magic_methcall1 ,
           magic_methpack , magic_nextpack , magic_regdata_cnt ,
           magic_regdatum_get , magic_regdatum_set , magic_scalarpack ,
           magic_set , magic_set_all_env , magic_setamagic , magic_setarylen ,
           magic_setcollxfrm , magic_setdbline , magic_setdefelem ,
           magic_setenv , magic_setisa , magic_setmglob , magic_setnkeys ,
           magic_setpack , magic_setpos , magic_setregexp , magic_setsig ,
           magic_setsubstr , magic_settaint , magic_setutf8 , magic_setuvar ,
           magic_setvec , magic_sizepack , magic_wipepack , make_matcher ,
           make_trie , make_trie_failtable , malloc_good_size , malloced_size
           , matcher_matches_sv , measure_struct , mem_collxfrm ,
           mem_log_common , mess_alloc , method_common , missingterm , mod ,
           mode_from_discipline , modkids , more_bodies , more_sv ,
           mro_clean_isarev , mro_gather_and_rename , mro_meta_dup ,
           mro_meta_init , mul128 , mulexp10 , munge_qwlist_to_paren_list ,
           my_attrs , my_betoh16 , my_betoh32 , my_betoh64 , my_betohi ,
           my_betohl , my_betohs , my_clearenv , my_exit_jump , my_htobe16 ,
           my_htobe32 , my_htobe64 , my_htobei , my_htobel , my_htobes ,
           my_htole16 , my_htole32 , my_htole64 , my_htolei , my_htolel ,
           my_htoles , my_kid , my_letoh16 , my_letoh32 , my_letoh64 ,
           my_letohi , my_letohl , my_letohs , my_lstat_flags , my_stat_flags
           , my_swabn , my_unexec , need_utf8 , newDEFSVOP , newGIVWHENOP ,
           newGP , newMADPROP , newMADsv , newTOKEN , new_constant , new_he ,
           new_logop , new_warnings_bitfield , next_symbol , nextargv ,
           nextchar , no_bareword_allowed , no_fh_allowed , no_op ,
           not_a_number , nuke_stacks , num_overflow , oopsAV , oopsHV ,
           op_clear , op_const_sv , op_getmad , op_getmad_weak , op_refcnt_dec
           , op_refcnt_inc , op_xmldump , open_script , opt_scalarhv ,
           pack_rec , package , package_version , pad_add_name_sv ,
           pad_compname_type , pad_peg , padlist_dup , parse_body ,
           parse_unicode_opts , parser_free , path_is_absolute , peep ,
           pending_Slabs_to_ro , pidgone , pm_description , pmop_xmldump ,
           pmruntime , pmtrans , populate_isa , prepend_madprops , printbuf ,
           process_special_blocks , ptr_table_find , put_byte , qerror ,
           qsortsvu , re_croak2 , readpipe_override , ref_array_or_hash ,
           refcounted_he_value , refkids , refto , reg ,
           reg_check_named_buff_matched , reg_named_buff , reg_named_buff_iter
           , reg_namedseq , reg_node , reg_numbered_buff_fetch ,
           reg_numbered_buff_length , reg_numbered_buff_store , reg_qr_package
           , reg_recode , reg_scan_name , reg_skipcomment , reg_temp_copy ,
           reganode , regatom , regbranch , regclass , regcppop , regcppush ,
           regcurly , regdump_extflags , reghop3 , reghop4 , reghopmaybe3 ,
           reginclass , reginsert , regmatch , regpiece , regpposixcc ,
           regprop , regrepeat , regtail , regtail_study , regtry , reguni ,
           regwhite , report_evil_fh , report_wrongway_fh , require_tie_mod ,
           restore_magic , rpeep , rsignal_restore , rsignal_save , run_body ,
           run_user_filter , rxres_free , rxres_restore , rxres_save ,
           sublex_done , sublex_push , sublex_start , sv_2iuv_common ,
           sv_2iuv_non_preserve , sv_add_backref , sv_catxmlpv , sv_catxmlpvn
           , sv_catxmlsv , sv_compile_2op_is_broken , sv_del_backref ,
           sv_dup_common , sv_dup_inc_multiple , sv_exp_grow , sv_free2 ,
           sv_i_ncmp , sv_kill_backrefs , sv_ncmp , sv_pos_b2u_midway ,
           sv_pos_u2b_cached , sv_pos_u2b_forwards , sv_pos_u2b_midway ,
           sv_release_COW , sv_setsv_cow , sv_unglob , sv_xmlpeek ,
           swallow_bom , swash_get , tied_method , to_byte_substr ,
           to_utf8_substr , token_free , token_getmad , tokenize_use , tokeq ,
           tokereport , too_few_arguments , too_many_arguments ,
           try_amagic_bin , try_amagic_un , uiv_2buf , unpack_rec ,
           unreferenced_to_tmp_stack , unshare_hek , unshare_hek_or_pvn ,
           unwind_handler_stack , update_debugger_info , usage ,
           utf16_textfilter , utf8_mg_len_cache_update ,
           utf8_mg_pos_cache_update , utilize , validate_suid , varname ,
           visit , vivify_defelem , vivify_ref , wait4pid , watch ,
           with_queued_errors , write_no_mem , write_to_stderr , xmldump_all ,
           xmldump_all_perl , xmldump_attr , xmldump_eval , xmldump_form ,
           xmldump_indent , xmldump_packsubs , xmldump_packsubs_perl ,
           xmldump_sub , xmldump_sub_perl , xmldump_vindent ,
           xs_apiversion_bootcheck , xs_version_bootcheck , yyerror , yylex ,
           yyparse , yyunlex , yywarn

       AUTHORS
       SEE ALSO

   perliol - C API for Perl's implementation of IO in Layers.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           History and Background
           Basic Structure
           Layers vs Disciplines
           Data Structures
           Functions and Attributes
           Per-instance Data
           Layers in action.
           Per-instance flag bits
               PERLIO_F_EOF, PERLIO_F_CANWRITE,  PERLIO_F_CANREAD,
               PERLIO_F_ERROR, PERLIO_F_TRUNCATE, PERLIO_F_APPEND,
               PERLIO_F_CRLF, PERLIO_F_UTF8, PERLIO_F_UNBUF, PERLIO_F_WRBUF,
               PERLIO_F_RDBUF, PERLIO_F_LINEBUF, PERLIO_F_TEMP, PERLIO_F_OPEN,
               PERLIO_F_FASTGETS

           Methods in Detail
               fsize, name, size, kind, PERLIO_K_BUFFERED, PERLIO_K_RAW,
               PERLIO_K_CANCRLF, PERLIO_K_FASTGETS, PERLIO_K_MULTIARG, Pushed,
               Popped, Open, Binmode, Getarg, Fileno, Dup, Read, Write, Seek,
               Tell, Close, Flush, Fill, Eof, Error,    Clearerr, Setlinebuf,
               Get_base, Get_bufsiz, Get_ptr, Get_cnt, Set_ptrcnt

           Utilities
           Implementing PerlIO Layers
               C implementations, Perl implementations

           1. USE_STDIO, 2. USE_SFIO, 3. USE_PERLIO, PerlIO_stdin(),
           PerlIO_stdout(), PerlIO_stderr(), PerlIO_open(path, mode),
           PerlIO_fdopen(fd,mode), PerlIO_reopen(path,mode,f),
           PerlIO_printf(f,fmt,...), PerlIO_vprintf(f,fmt,a),
           PerlIO_stdoutf(fmt,...), PerlIO_read(f,buf,count),
           PerlIO_write(f,buf,count), PerlIO_close(f), PerlIO_puts(f,s),
           PerlIO_putc(f,c), PerlIO_ungetc(f,c), PerlIO_getc(f),
           PerlIO_eof(f), PerlIO_error(f), PerlIO_fileno(f),
           PerlIO_clearerr(f), PerlIO_flush(f), PerlIO_seek(f,offset,whence),
           PerlIO_tell(f), PerlIO_getpos(f,p), PerlIO_setpos(f,p),
           PerlIO_rewind(f), PerlIO_tmpfile(), PerlIO_setlinebuf(f)

           Co-existence with stdio
               PerlIO_importFILE(f,mode), PerlIO_exportFILE(f,mode),
               PerlIO_releaseFILE(p,f), PerlIO_findFILE(f)

           "Fast gets" Functions
               PerlIO_fast_gets(f), PerlIO_has_cntptr(f), PerlIO_get_cnt(f),
               PerlIO_get_ptr(f), PerlIO_set_ptrcnt(f,p,c),
               PerlIO_canset_cnt(f), PerlIO_set_cnt(f,c), PerlIO_has_base(f),
               PerlIO_get_base(f), PerlIO_get_bufsiz(f)

           Other Functions
               PerlIO_apply_layers(f,mode,layers),
               PerlIO_binmode(f,ptype,imode,layers), '<' read, '>' write, '+'
               read/write, PerlIO_debug(fmt,...)

   perlhack - How to hack on Perl
       DESCRIPTION
       SUPER QUICK PATCH GUIDE
           Check out the source repository, Make your change, Test your
           change, Commit your change, Send your change to perlbug, Thank you

       BUG REPORTING
       PERL 5 PORTERS
           perl-changes mailing list
       GETTING THE PERL SOURCE
           Read access via Git
           Read access via the web
           Read access via rsync
           Write access via git
       PATCHING PERL
           Submitting patches
           Getting your patch accepted
               Why, What, How

           Patching a core module
           Updating perldelta
           What makes for a good patch?
       TESTING
           t/base and t/comp, t/cmd, t/run, t/io and t/op, Everything else

           Special "make test" targets
               test_porting, coretest, test.deparse, test.taintwarn, minitest,

           perlsource, perlinterp, perlhacktut, perlhacktips, perlguts,
           perlxstut and perlxs, perlapi, Porting/pumpkin.pod, The
           perl5-porters FAQ

       CPAN TESTERS AND PERL SMOKERS
       WHAT NEXT?
           "The Road goes ever on and on, down from the door where it began."
           Metaphoric Quotations
       AUTHOR

   perlsource - A guide to the Perl source tree
       DESCRIPTION
       FINDING YOUR WAY AROUND
           C code
           Core modules
               lib/, ext/, dist/, cpan/

           Tests
               Module tests, t/base/, t/cmd/, t/comp/, t/io/, t/mro/, t/op/,
               t/re/, t/run/, t/uni/, t/win32/, t/porting/, t/lib/, t/x2p

           Documentation
           Hacking toolks and documentation
               check*, Maintainers, Maintainers.pl, and Maintainers.pm,
               podtidy

           Build system
           AUTHORS
           MANIFEST

   perlinterp - An overview of the Perl interpreter
       DESCRIPTION
       ELEMENTS OF THE INTERPRETER
           Startup
           Parsing
           Optimization
           Running
           Exception handing
           INTERNAL VARIABLE TYPES
       OP TREES
       STACKS
           Argument stack
           Mark stack
           Save stack
       MILLIONS OF MACROS
       FURTHER READING

   perlhacktut - Walk through the creation of a simple C code patch
       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLE OF A SIMPLE PATCH
           Writing the patch
           Testing the patch
           Documenting the patch
           Submit
               run [args], break function_name, break source.c:xxx, step,
               next, continue, finish, 'enter', print

           gdb macro support
           Dumping Perl Data Structures
       SOURCE CODE STATIC ANALYSIS
           lint, splint
           Coverity
           cpd (cut-and-paste detector)
           gcc warnings
           Warnings of other C compilers
       MEMORY DEBUGGERS
           Rational Software's Purify
               -Accflags=-DPURIFY, -Doptimize='-g', -Uusemymalloc,
               -Dusemultiplicity, DEFINES, USE_MULTI = define, #PERL_MALLOC =
               define, CFG = Debug

           valgrind
       PROFILING
           Gprof Profiling
               -a, -b, -e routine, -f routine, -s, -z

           GCC gcov Profiling
       MISCELLANEOUS TRICKS
           PERL_DESTRUCT_LEVEL
           PERL_MEM_LOG
           DDD over gdb
           Poison
           Read-only optrees
           The .i Targets
       AUTHOR

   perlpolicy - Various and sundry policies and commitments related to the
       Perl core
       DESCRIPTION
       MAINTENANCE AND SUPPORT
       BACKWARD COMPATIBILITY AND DEPRECATION
           Terminology
               experimental, deprecated, discouraged, removed

       MAINTENANCE BRANCHES
           Getting changes into a maint branch
       CONTRIBUTED MODULES
           A Social Contract about Artistic Control
       DOCUMENTATION
       CREDITS

   perlgit - Detailed information about git and the Perl repository
       DESCRIPTION
       CLONING THE REPOSITORY
       WORKING WITH THE REPOSITORY
           Finding out your status
           Patch workflow
           Committing your changes

   perlbook - Books about and related to Perl
       DESCRIPTION
           The most popular books
               Programming Perl (the "Camel Book"):, The Perl Cookbook (the
               "Ram Book"):, Learning Perl  (the "Llama Book"), Intermediate
               Perl (the "Alpaca Book")

           References
               Perl 5 Pocket Reference, Perl Debugger Pocket Reference,
               Regular Expression Pocket Reference

           Tutorials
               Beginning Perl, Learning Perl, Intermediate Perl (the "Alpaca
               Book"), Mastering Perl, Effective Perl Programming

           Task-Oriented
               Writing Perl Modules for CPAN, The Perl Cookbook, Automating
               System Administration with Perl, Real World SQL Server
               Administration with Perl

           Special Topics
               Regular Expressions Cookbook, Programming the Perl DBI, Perl
               Best Practices, Higher-Order Perl, Mastering Regular
               Expressions, Network Programming with Perl, Perl Template
               Toolkit, Object Oriented Perl, Data Munging with Perl,
               Mastering Perl/Tk, Extending and Embedding Perl, Pro Perl
               Debugging

           Free (as in beer) books
           Other interesting, non-Perl books
               Programming Pearls, More Programming Pearls

           A note on freshness
           Get your book listed

   perlcommunity - a brief overview of the Perl community
       DESCRIPTION
           Where to Find the Community
           Mailing Lists and Newsgroups
           IRC
           Websites
               <http://perl.com/>, <http://use.perl.org/>,
               <http://www.perlmonks.org/>

           User Groups
           Workshops
           Hackathons
           Conventions
           Calendar of Perl Events
       AUTHOR

   perltodo - Perl TO-DO List
       DESCRIPTION
       Tasks that only need Perl knowledge
           Dual life everything
           POSIX memory footprint
           embed.pl/makedef.pl
           use strict; and AutoLoad
           profile installman
           enable lexical enabling/disabling of individual warnings
       Tasks that need a little sysadmin-type knowledge
           make HTML install work
           compressed man pages
           Add a code coverage target to the Makefile
           Make Config.pm cope with differences between built and installed
           perl
           linker specification files
           Cross-compile support
           roffitall
           Split "linker" from "compiler"
               "cc" (in cc.U), "ld" (in dlsrc.U)

           Configure Windows using PowerShell
           decouple -g and -DDEBUGGING
       Tasks that need a little C knowledge
           Weed out needless PERL_UNUSED_ARG
           Modernize the order of directories in @INC
           -Duse32bit*
           Profile Perl - am I hot or not?
           Allocate OPs from arenas
           Improve win32/wince.c
           Use secure CRT functions when building with VC8 on Win32
           Fix POSIX::access() and chdir() on Win32
           strcat(), strcpy(), strncat(), strncpy(), sprintf(), vsprintf()
           -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2, -fstack-protector
           Arenas for GPs? For MAGIC?
           Shared arenas
       Tasks that need a knowledge of XS
           Write an XS cookbook
           Allow XSUBs to inline themselves as OPs
           Remove the use of SVs as temporaries in dump.c
           safely supporting POSIX SA_SIGINFO
           autovivification
           Unicode in Filenames
           Unicode in %ENV
           Unicode and glob()
           use less 'memory'
           Re-implement ":unique" in a way that is actually thread-safe
           Make tainting consistent
           readpipe(LIST)
           Audit the code for destruction ordering assumptions
           Extend PerlIO and PerlIO::Scalar
           -C on the #! line
           Organize error messages
       Tasks that need a knowledge of the interpreter
           forbid labels with keyword names
           truncate() prototype
           decapsulation of smart match argument
           "/w" regex modifier
           optional optimizer
           You WANT *how* many
           lexical aliases
           entersub XS vs Perl
           Self-ties
           Optimize away @_
           Virtualize operating system access
           Investigate PADTMP hash pessimisation
           Store the current pad in the OP slab allocator
           repack the optree
           eliminate incorrect line numbers in warnings
           optimize tail-calls
           Add "00dddd"
       Big projects
           make ithreads more robust
           iCOW
           (?{...}) closures in regexps
           Add class set operations to regexp engine
       Tasks for microperl
           make creating uconfig.sh automatic
           make creating Makefile.micro automatic
           do away with fork/exec/wait?
           some of the uconfig.sh really needs to be probed (using cc) in
           buildtime:

   perldoc - Look up Perl documentation in Pod format.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OPTIONS
           -h, -D, -t, -u, -m module, -l, -F, -f perlfunc, -q perlfaq-search-
           regexp, -v perlvar, -T, -d destination-filename, -o output-
           formatname, -M module-name, -w option:value or -w option, -X, -L
           language_code, PageName|ModuleName|ProgramName, -n some-formatter,
           -r, -i, -V

       SECURITY
       ENVIRONMENT
       CHANGES
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   perlhist - the Perl history records
       DESCRIPTION
       INTRODUCTION
       THE KEEPERS OF THE PUMPKIN
           PUMPKIN?
       THE RECORDS
           SELECTED RELEASE SIZES
           SELECTED PATCH SIZES
       THE KEEPERS OF THE RECORDS

   perldelta - what is new for perl v5.14.2
       DESCRIPTION
           New Platforms
           Discontinued Platforms
           Platform-Specific Notes
               HP-UX PA-RISC/64 now supports gcc-4.x, Building on OS X 10.7
               Lion and Xcode 4 works again

       Bug Fixes
       Known Problems
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5142delta, perldelta - what is new for perl v5.14.2
       DESCRIPTION
       Core Enhancements
       Security
           "File::Glob::bsd_glob()" memory error with GLOB_ALTDIRFUNC
           (CVE-2011-2728).
           "Encode" decode_xs n-byte heap-overflow (CVE-2011-2939)
       Incompatible Changes
       Deprecations
       Modules and Pragmata
           New Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
           Removed Modules and Pragmata
       Platform Support
           New Platforms
           Discontinued Platforms
           Platform-Specific Notes
               HP-UX PA-RISC/64 now supports gcc-4.x, Building on OS X 10.7
               Lion and Xcode 4 works again

       Bug Fixes
       Known Problems
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5141delta - what is new for perl v5.14.1
       DESCRIPTION
       Core Enhancements
       Security
       Incompatible Changes
       Deprecations
       Modules and Pragmata
           New Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
           Removed Modules and Pragmata
       Documentation
           New Documentation
           Changes to Existing Documentation
       Diagnostics
           New Diagnostics
           Changes to Existing Diagnostics

   perl5140delta - what is new for perl v5.14.0
       DESCRIPTION
       Notice
       Core Enhancements
           Unicode
           Regular Expressions
           Syntactical Enhancements
           Exception Handling
           Other Enhancements
               "-d:-foo", "-d:-foo=bar"

           New C APIs
       Security
           User-defined regular expression properties
       Incompatible Changes
           Regular Expressions and String Escapes
           Stashes and Package Variables
           Changes to Syntax or to Perl Operators
           Threads and Processes
           Configuration
       Deprecations
           Omitting a space between a regular expression and subsequent word
           "\cX"
           "\b{" and "\B{"
           Perl 4-era .pl libraries
           List assignment to $[
           Use of qw(...) as parentheses
           "\N{BELL}"
           "?PATTERN?"
           Tie functions on scalars holding typeglobs
           User-defined case-mapping
           Deprecated modules
               Devel::DProf

       Performance Enhancements
           "Safe signals" optimisation
           Optimisation of shift() and pop() calls without arguments
           Optimisation of regexp engine string comparison work
           Regular expression compilation speed-up
           String appending is 100 times faster
           Eliminate "PL_*" accessor functions under ithreads
           Freeing weak references
           Lexical array and hash assignments
           @_ uses less memory
           Size optimisations to SV and HV structures
           Memory consumption improvements to Exporter
           Memory savings for weak references
           "%+" and "%-" use less memory
           Multiple small improvements to threads
           Adjacent pairs of nextstate opcodes are now optimized away
       Modules and Pragmata
           New Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragma

       Diagnostics
           New Diagnostics
               Closure prototype called, Insecure user-defined property %s,
               panic: gp_free failed to free glob pointer - something is
               repeatedly re-creating entries, Parsing code internal error
               (%s), refcnt: fd %d%s, Regexp modifier "/%c" may not appear
               twice, Regexp modifiers "/%c" and "/%c" are mutually exclusive,
               Using !~ with %s doesn't make sense, "\b{" is deprecated; use
               "\b\{" instead, "\B{" is deprecated; use "\B\{" instead,
               Operation "%s" returns its argument for .., Use of qw(...) as
               parentheses is deprecated

           Changes to Existing Diagnostics
       Utility Changes
       Configuration and Compilation
       Platform Support
           New Platforms
               AIX

           Discontinued Platforms
               Apollo DomainOS, MacOS Classic

           Platform-Specific Notes
       Internal Changes
           New APIs
           C API Changes
           Deprecated C APIs
               "Perl_ptr_table_clear", "sv_compile_2op",
               "find_rundefsvoffset", "CALL_FPTR" and "CPERLscope"

           Other Internal Changes
       Selected Bug Fixes
           I/O
           Regular Expression Bug Fixes
           Syntax/Parsing Bugs
           Stashes, Globs and Method Lookup
               Aliasing packages by assigning to globs [perl #77358], Deleting
               packages by deleting their containing stash elements,
               Undefining the glob containing a package ("undef *Foo::"),
               Undefining an ISA glob ("undef *Foo::ISA"), Deleting an ISA
               stash element ("delete $Foo::{ISA}"), Sharing @ISA arrays
               between classes (via "*Foo::ISA = \@Bar::ISA" or "*Foo::ISA =
               *Bar::ISA") [perl #77238]

           Unicode
           Ties, Overloading and Other Magic
           The Debugger
           Threads
           Scoping and Subroutines
           Signals
           Miscellaneous Memory Leaks
           Memory Corruption and Crashes
           Fixes to Various Perl Operators
           Bugs Relating to the C API
           User-defined regular expression properties
       Incompatible Changes
           local($_) will strip all magic from $_
           Passing references to warn()
           fork() emulation will not wait for signalled children
           Perl source code is read in text mode on Windows
       Performance Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
               charinfo(), charscript(), charblock()

       Documentation
           Changes to Existing Documentation
       Diagnostics
           New Diagnostics
       Testing
       Selected Bug Fixes
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl51310delta - what is new for perl v5.13.10
       DESCRIPTION
       Core Enhancements
           The new regular expression modifiers available in suffix form
           Add "\p{Titlecase}" as a synonym for "\p{Title}"
           New regular expression modifier option "/aa"
           New warnings categories for problematic (non-)Unicode code points.
       Incompatible Changes
           Most "\p{}" properties are now immune from case-insensitive
           matching
           regex: \p{} in pattern implies Unicode semantics
           add GvCV_set() and GvGP_set() macros and change GvGP()
           _swash_inversion_hash is no longer exported as part of the API
           Unreferenced objects in global destruction
           "close" on shared pipes
       Deprecations
           Deprecated Modules, Devel::DProf

           User-defined case-mapping
       Modules and Pragmata
           New Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
       Documentation
           Changes to Existing Documentation
       Diagnostics
           New Diagnostics
               "\b{" is deprecated; use "\b\{" instead, "\B{" is deprecated;
               use "\B\{" instead, regcomp: Add warning if \p is used under
               locale. (fb2e24c), panic: gp_free failed to free glob pointer -
               something is repeatedly re-creating entries, refcnt: fd %d%s

           Changes to Existing Diagnostics
       Utility Changes

   perl5139delta - what is new for perl v5.13.9
       DESCRIPTION
       Core Enhancements
           New regular expression modifier "/a"
           Any unsigned value can be encoded as a character
           Regular expression debugging output improvement
       Security
           Restrict \p{IsUserDefined} to In\w+ and Is\w+
       Incompatible Changes
           All objects are destroyed
       Modules and Pragmata
           New Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
       Documentation
           Changes to Existing Documentation
       Diagnostics
           New Diagnostics
           Changes to Existing Diagnostics
       Utility Changes
       Testing
       Platform Support
           Discontinued Platforms
               Apollo DomainOS, MacOS Classic

           Platform-Specific Notes
               Cygwin, Solaris

       Internal Changes
       Selected Bug Fixes
       Known Problems
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5138delta - what is new for perl v5.13.8
       DESCRIPTION
       Core Enhancements
           "-d:-foo" calls "Devel::foo::unimport"
               "-d:-foo", "-d:-foo=bar"

           Filehandle method calls load IO::File on demand
           Full functionality for "use feature 'unicode_strings'"
           Exception Handling Backcompat Hack
           printf-like functions understand post-1980 size modifiers
           DTrace probes now include package name
           Stacked labels
       Incompatible Changes
           ":=" is now a syntax error
           Run-time code block in regular expressions
       Deprecations
           "?PATTERN?" is deprecated
           "sv_compile_2op()" is now deprecated
           Tie functions on scalars holding typeglobs
       Modules and Pragmata
       Selected Bug Fixes
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5137delta - what is new for perl v5.13.7
       DESCRIPTION
       Core Enhancements
           Single term prototype
           "use re '/flags';"
           Statement labels can appear in more places
           "use feature "unicode_strings"" now applies to more regex matching
           Array and hash container functions accept references
           y///r
           New global variable "${^GLOBAL_PHASE}"
           Unicode Version 6.0 is now supported (mostly)
           Improved support for custom OPs
       Incompatible Changes
           Dereferencing typeglobs
           Clearing stashes
       Deprecations
           "\N{BELL}" is deprecated
       Performance Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
           New Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
       Documentation
           New Documentation
           Changes to Existing Documentation
       Diagnostics
           New Diagnostics
       Utility Changes
       Testing
       Platform Support
           Platform-Specific Notes
               Windows, VMS

       Internal Changes
       Selected Bug Fixes
       Obituary
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5136delta - what is new for perl v5.13.6
       DESCRIPTION
       Core Enhancements
           "(?^...)" regex construct added to signify default modifiers
           "d", "l", and "u" regex modifiers added
           "use feature "unicode_strings"" now applies to some regex matching
           "\N{...}" now handles Unicode named character sequences
           New function "charnames::string_vianame()"
           Reentrant regular expression engine
           Custom per-subroutine check hooks
           Changes to Existing Documentation
       Diagnostics
           Changes to Existing Diagnostics
       Testing
       Platform Support
           Platform-Specific Notes
               IRIX, Mac OS X, OpenVOS, VMS, Windows

       Internal Changes
       Selected Bug Fixes
       Errata
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5135delta - what is new for perl v5.13.5
       DESCRIPTION
       Core Enhancements
           Adjacent pairs of nextstate opcodes are now optimized away
           API function to parse statements
           API functions for accessing the runtime hinthash
           C interface to "caller()"
       Incompatible Changes
           Magic variables outside the main package
           Smart-matching against array slices
           C API changes
       Deprecations
           Use of qw(...) as parentheses
       Performance Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
               "bignum", "blib", "open", "threads-shared", "warnings" and
               "warnings::register", "B::Debug", "CPANPLUS::Dist::Build",
               "Data::Dumper", "Encode", "Errno", "ExtUtils::MakeMaker",
               "Filter::Simple", "Hash::Util", "Math::BigInt",
               "Math::BigInt::FastCalc", "Math::BigRat", "Module::CoreList",
               "PerlIO::scalar", "POSIX", "Safe", "Test::Simple", "Tie::Hash",
               "Unicode::Collate", "XSLoader"

       Documentation
           Changes to Existing Documentation
       Diagnostics
           New Diagnostics
           Changes to Existing Diagnostics
       Utility Changes
       Testing
       Platform Support
           Platform-Specific Notes
               VMS

       Internal Changes
       Selected Bug Fixes
       Known Problems
       Acknowledgements
           Change in the parsing of certain prototypes
       Deprecations
           List assignment to $[
       Performance Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
           New Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
               "Archive::Tar", "B::Lint", "Carp", "Compress::Raw::Bzip2",
               "Compress::Raw::Zlib", "File::Spec", "I18N::Langinfo",
               "IO::Compress", "Module::CoreList", "Test::Harness",
               "Test::Simple", "Unicode::Collate", "feature"

           Removed Modules and Pragmata
       Documentation
           Changes to Existing Documentation
       Configuration and Compilation
       Testing
       Platform Support
           Platform-Specific Notes
               Win32

       Internal Changes
           Removed "PERL_POLLUTE", Added "PERL_STATIC_INLINE"

       Selected Bug Fixes
       Known Problems
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5133delta - what is new for perl v5.13.3
       DESCRIPTION
       Core Enhancements
           \o{...} for octals
           "\N{name}" and "charnames" enhancements
           Uppercase X/B allowed in hexadecimal/binary literals
       Incompatible Changes
           \400 - \777
       Deprecations
           Omitting a space between a regular expression and subsequent word
           Deprecation warning added for deprecated-in-core .pl libs
       Performance Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
               "autodie", "charnames", "lib", "threads", "threads::shared",
               "warnings", "Archive::Extract", "Archive::Tar",
               "Attribute::Handlers", "Compress::Raw::Bzip2",
               "Compress::Raw::Zlib", "Compress::Zlib", "CPANPLUS",
               "Digest::MD5", "Digest::SHA", "Exporter", "ExtUtils::CBuilder",
               "ExtUtils::Manifest", "ExtUtils::ParseXS", "File::Copy",
               "I18N::LangTags", "IPC::Cmd", "IPC::SysV", "Locale::Maketext",
               "Module::Build", "Module::CoreList", "Module::Load",
               "Term::ANSIColor", "Test::Harness", "Time::HiRes",
               "Time::Piece", "Unicode::Collate", "Unicode::Normalize"
               Win32

       Internal Changes
       Selected Bug Fixes
       Known Problems
       Errata
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5132delta - what is new for perl v5.13.2
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
           localised tied scalars are tied again.
           Naming fixes in Policy_sh.SH may invalidate Policy.sh
           Stashes are now always defined
       Core Enhancements
           Non-destructive substitution
           package block syntax
           CLONE_PARAMS structure added to ease correct thread creation
           perl -h no longer recommends -w
       Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules
               release 1.94_57, bugfix: treat modules correctly that are
               deprecated in perl 5.12, bugfix: RT #57482 and #57788 revealed
               that configure_requires implicitly assumed build_requires
               instead of normal requires. (Reported by Andrew Whatson and
               Father Chrysostomos respectively), testfix: solaris should run
               the tests without expect because (some?) solaris have a broken
               expect, testfix: run tests with cache_metadata off to prevent
               spill over effects from previous test runs

       Changes to Existing Documentation
           Replace wrong tr/// table in perlebcdic.pod
           Document tricks for user-defined casing
           Document $# and $* as removed and clarify $#array usage
           INSTALL explicitly states the requirement for C89
           No longer advertise Math::TrulyRandom
           perlfaq synchronised to upstream
       Performance Enhancements
           Multiple small improvements to threads
           Size optimisations to SV and HV structures
           Optimisation of regexp engine string comparison work
           Memory consumption improvements to Exporter
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
           Compilation improvements
       Selected Bug Fixes
           Timely cleanup of SVs that are cloned into a new thread but then
           discovered to be orphaned (i.e. their owners are -not- cloned)
           (e42956), Don't accidentally clone lexicals in scope within active
           stack frames in the parent when creating a child thread (RT #73086)
           (05d04d), Avoid loading feature.pm when 'no 5.13.2;' or similar is
           encountered (faee19), Trap invalid use of SvIVX on SVt_REGEXP when
           assertions are on (e77da3), Don't stamp on $DB::single, $DB::trace
           be treated as not overloaded (RT #57012) (6f1401, ed3b9b, 6a5f8c ..
           24328f), Independently, a bug was fixed that prevented $tied->()
           from always calling FETCH correctly (RT #8438) (7c7501)

       Changed Internals
           The implementation of sv_dup_inc() has changed from a macro to a
           function

       Deprecations
       Platform Specific Notes
           Recent OpenBSDs now use perl's malloc
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5131delta - what is new for perl v5.13.1
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
           ""\cX""
           localised tied hashes, arrays and scalars are no longed tied
           "given" return values
       Core Enhancements
           Exception Handling Reliability
       Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules
               "Errno", Perl 4 ".pl" libraries, "B::Deparse"

           Removed Modules and Pragmata
               "Class::ISA", "Pod::Plainer", "Switch"

       New Documentation
           perlgpl

       Selected Bug Fixes
       Changed Internals
       Deprecations
           "Perl_ptr_table_clear"

       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5130delta - what is new for perl v5.13.0
       DESCRIPTION
       Core Enhancements
           "safe signals" optimization
           Assignment to $0 sets the legacy process name with "prctl()" on
           Linux
           Optimization of shift; and pop; calls without arguments
       Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules
               CGI, Data::Dumper, MIME::Base64, threads, threads-shared

       Installation and Configuration Improvements
       Bug Fixes
       Platform Specific Notes
           Solaris, VMS, VOS

       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5122delta - what is new for perl v5.12.2
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
       Core Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
           New Modules and Pragmata
           Pragmata Changes
           Updated Modules
               "Carp", "CPANPLUS", "File::Glob", "File::Copy", "File::Spec"

       Utility Changes
       Changes to Existing Documentation
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
           Configuration improvements
           Compilation improvements
       Selected Bug Fixes
       Platform Specific Notes
           AIX
           Windows
           VMS
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5121delta - what is new for perl v5.12.1
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
       Core Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
           Pragmata Changes
           Updated Modules
       Changes to Existing Documentation
       Testing
           Testing Improvements
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
           Configuration improvements
       Bug Fixes
       Platform Specific Notes
           HP-UX
           AIX
           FreeBSD 7
           VMS
       Known Problems
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO
           Overridable function lookup
           A proper interface for pluggable Method Resolution Orders
           "\N" experimental regex escape
           DTrace support
           Support for "configure_requires" in CPAN module metadata
           "each", "keys", "values" are now more flexible
           "when" as a statement modifier
           $, flexibility
           // in when clauses
           Enabling warnings from your shell environment
           "delete local"
           New support for Abstract namespace sockets
           32-bit limit on substr arguments removed
       Potentially Incompatible Changes
           Deprecations warn by default
           Version number formats
           @INC reorganization
           REGEXPs are now first class
           Switch statement changes
               flip-flop operators, defined-or operator

           Smart match changes
           Other potentially incompatible changes
       Deprecations
           suidperl, Use of ":=" to mean an empty attribute list,
           "UNIVERSAL->import()", Use of "goto" to jump into a construct,
           Custom character names in \N{name} that don't look like names,
           Deprecated Modules, Class::ISA, Pod::Plainer, Shell, Switch,
           Assignment to $[, Use of the attribute :locked on subroutines, Use
           of "locked" with the attributes pragma, Use of "unique" with the
           attributes pragma, Perl_pmflag, Numerous Perl 4-era libraries

       Unicode overhaul
       Modules and Pragmata
           New Modules and Pragmata
               "autodie", "Compress::Raw::Bzip2", "overloading", "parent",
               "Parse::CPAN::Meta", "VMS::DCLsym", "VMS::Stdio",
               "XS::APItest::KeywordRPN"

           Updated Pragmata
               "base", "bignum", "charnames", "constant", "diagnostics",
               "feature", "less", "lib", "mro", "overload", "threads",
               "threads::shared", "version", "warnings"

           Updated Modules
               "Archive::Extract", "Archive::Tar", "Attribute::Handlers",
               "AutoLoader", "B::Concise", "B::Debug", "B::Deparse",
               "B::Lint", "CGI", "Class::ISA", "Compress::Raw::Zlib", "CPAN",
               "CPANPLUS", "CPANPLUS::Dist::Build", "Data::Dumper", "DB_File",
               "Devel::PPPort", "Digest", "Digest::MD5", "Digest::SHA",
               "Encode", "Exporter", "ExtUtils::CBuilder",
               "ExtUtils::Command", "ExtUtils::Constant", "ExtUtils::Install",
               "ExtUtils::MakeMaker", "ExtUtils::Manifest",
               "ExtUtils::ParseXS", "File::Fetch", "File::Path", "File::Temp",
               "Text::Balanced", "Text::ParseWords", "Text::Soundex",
               "Thread::Queue", "Thread::Semaphore", "Tie::RefHash",
               "Time::HiRes", "Time::Local", "Time::Piece",
               "Unicode::Collate", "Unicode::Normalize", "Win32",
               "Win32API::File", "XSLoader"

           Removed Modules and Pragmata
               "attrs", "CPAN::API::HOWTO", "CPAN::DeferedCode",
               "CPANPLUS::inc", "DCLsym", "ExtUtils::MakeMaker::bytes",
               "ExtUtils::MakeMaker::vmsish", "Stdio",
               "Test::Harness::Assert", "Test::Harness::Iterator",
               "Test::Harness::Point", "Test::Harness::Results",
               "Test::Harness::Straps", "Test::Harness::Util", "XSSymSet"

           Deprecated Modules and Pragmata
       Documentation
           New Documentation
           Changes to Existing Documentation
       Selected Performance Enhancements
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
       Internal Changes
       Testing
           Testing improvements
               Parallel tests, Test harness flexibility, Test watchdog

           New Tests
       New or Changed Diagnostics
           New Diagnostics
           Changed Diagnostics
               "Illegal character in prototype for %s : %s", "Prototype after
               '%c' for %s : %s"

       Utility Changes
       Selected Bug Fixes
       Platform Specific Changes
           New Platforms
               Haiku, MirOS BSD

           Discontinued Platforms
               Domain/OS, MiNT, Tenon MachTen

           Updated Platforms
               AIX, Cygwin, Darwin (Mac OS X), DragonFly BSD, FreeBSD, Irix,
               NetBSD, OpenVMS, Stratus VOS, Symbian, Windows

       Known Problems
       Errata
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5115delta - what is new for perl v5.11.5
       DESCRIPTION
       Core Enhancements
       Selected Bug Fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
       New Tests
           t/op/filehandle.t, t/op/time_loop.t

       Known Problems
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5114delta - what is new for perl v5.11.4
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
           Version number formats
       Core Enhancements
           Unicode properties
       Modules and Pragmata
           Pragmata Changes
               "less", "version", "warnings"

           Updated Modules
               "Archive::Extract", "B::Deparse", "Compress::Raw::Bzip2",
               "Compress::Raw::Zlib", "CPAN", "File::Fetch", "Module::Build",
               "Safe"

           Removed Modules and Pragmata
               "Devel::DProf::V"

       Changes to Existing Documentation
           Configuration improvements
           Platform Specific Changes
               VMS

       Selected Bug Fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
           New warning category "illegalproto", lvalue attribute ignored after
           the subroutine has been defined

       Changed Internals
       Known Problems
       Deprecations
           "UNIVERSAL->import()"

       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5113delta - what is new for perl v5.11.3
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
           Filehandles are blessed directly into "IO::Handle", as "FileHandle"
           is merely a wrapper around "IO::Handle".
       Core Enhancements
           Unicode version

       Utility Changes
           perlbug

       Changes to Existing Documentation
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
           Testing improvements
               It's now possible to override "PERL5OPT" and friends in t/TEST

           Platform Specific Changes
               Win32, cygwin, Enable IPv6 support on cygwin 1.7 and newer,
               OpenVMS, Make -UDEBUGGING the default on VMS for 5.12.0

       Selected Bug Fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
       New Tests
           t/comp/final_line_num.t, t/comp/form_scope.t, t/comp/line_debug.t,
           t/op/filetest_t.t, t/op/qr.t, t/op/utf8cache.t, t/re/uniprops.t

       Deprecations
           Use of "goto" to jump into a construct is deprecated

       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5112delta - what is new for perl v5.11.2
       DESCRIPTION
       Core Enhancements
           qr overloading
           Pluggable keywords
           APIs for more internals
           Overridable function lookup
       Modules and Pragmata
           New Modules and Pragmata
               "legacy"

           Pragmata Changes
               "diagnostics", "overload"

           Updated Modules
               "B::Concise", "B::Deparse", "Carp", "Compress::Zlib",
               "CPANPLUS", "Encode", "ExtUtils::CBuilder", "Env",
               "File::Fetch", "I8N::Langinfo", "I8N::LangTags",
               "IO::Compress", "IPC::Cmd", "List::Util", "Locale::Maketext",
               "Module::Build", "Module::CoreList", "Pod::Simple",
               "Scalar::Util", "Switch"

       Utility Changes
           a2p

       Performance Enhancements
       New or Changed Diagnostics
           "Bad plugin affecting keyword '%s'", "gmtime(%.0f) too large",
           "Lexing code attempted to stuff non-Latin-1 character into Latin-1

       Deprecations
           Use of ":=" to mean an empty attribute list is now deprecated.
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5111delta - what is new for perl v5.11.1
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
       Core Enhancements
           Add "package NAME VERSION" syntax
       Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules
       New Documentation
       Changes to Existing Documentation
           Documentation for $1 in perlvar.pod clarified

       Performance Enhancements
           "if (%foo)" has been optimized to be faster than "if (keys %foo)"

       Platform Specific Notes
           Darwin (Mac OS X), DragonFly BSD, Win32

       Selected Bug Fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
       Testing
       Known Problems
           Untriaged test crashes on Windows 2000, Known test failures on VMS

       Errata for 5.11.0
           The Perl 5.11.0 release notes incorrectly described 'delete local'

       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5110delta - what is new for perl v5.11.0
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
           Unicode interpretation of \w, \d, \s, and the POSIX character
           classes redefined.
           @INC reorganization
           Switch statement changes
               flip-flop operators, defined-or operator

           Smart match changes
           Labels can't be keywords
           Other incompatible changes
       Core Enhancements
           Unicode Character Database 5.1.0
           A proper interface for pluggable Method Resolution Orders
           The "overloading" pragma
           "\N" regex escape
           Implicit strictures
           Dual-lifed modules moved
           New Modules and Pragmata
               "autodie", "Compress::Raw::Bzip2", "parent",
               "Parse::CPAN::Meta"

           Pragmata Changes
               "overloading", "attrs", "charnames", "feature", "mro"

           Updated Modules
               "ExtUtils::MakeMaker", "Test::Harness", "UNIVERSAL"

       Utility Changes
           h2ph, h2xs, perl5db.pl, perlbug, perlthanks

       New Documentation
           perlhaiku, perlmroapi, perlperf, perlrepository

       Changes to Existing Documentation
       Performance Enhancements
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
           ext/ reorganisation
           Configuration improvements
           Compilation improvements
           Platform Specific Changes
               AIX, Cygwin, DomainOS, FreeBSD, Irix, Haiku, MachTen, MiNT,
               MirOS BSD, NetBSD, Stratus VOS, Symbian, Win32, VMS

       Selected Bug Fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
           "panic: sv_chop %s", "Can't locate package %s for the parents of
           %s", "v-string in use/require is non-portable", "Deep recursion on
           subroutine "%s""

       Changed Internals
           "SVf_UTF8", "SVs_TEMP"

       New Tests
           t/comp/retainedlines.t, t/io/perlio_fail.t, t/io/perlio_leaks.t,
           t/io/perlio_open.t, t/io/perlio.t, t/io/pvbm.t,
           t/mro/package_aliases.t, t/op/dbm.t, t/op/index_thr.t,
           t/op/pat_thr.t, t/op/qr_gc.t, t/op/reg_email_thr.t,
           t/op/regexp_qr_embed_thr.t, t/op/regexp_unicode_prop.t,
           t/op/regexp_unicode_prop_thr.t, t/op/reg_nc_tie.t,
           t/op/reg_posixcc.t, t/op/re.t, t/op/setpgrpstack.t,
           t/op/substr_thr.t, t/op/upgrade.t, t/uni/lex_utf8.t, t/uni/tie.t

       Known Problems
       Deprecations
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5101delta - what is new for perl v5.10.1
       DESCRIPTION
           Support for "configure_requires" in CPAN module metadata
       Modules and Pragmata
           New Modules and Pragmata
               "autodie", "Compress::Raw::Bzip2", "parent",
               "Parse::CPAN::Meta"

           Pragmata Changes
               "attributes", "attrs", "base", "bigint", "bignum", "bigrat",
               "charnames", "constant", "feature", "fields", "lib", "open",
               "overload", "overloading", "version"

           Updated Modules
               "Archive::Extract", "Archive::Tar", "Attribute::Handlers",
               "AutoLoader", "AutoSplit", "B", "B::Debug", "B::Deparse",
               "B::Lint", "B::Xref", "Benchmark", "Carp", "CGI",
               "Compress::Zlib", "CPAN", "CPANPLUS", "CPANPLUS::Dist::Build",
               "Cwd", "Data::Dumper", "DB", "DB_File", "Devel::PPPort",
               "Digest::MD5", "Digest::SHA", "DirHandle", "Dumpvalue",
               "DynaLoader", "Encode", "Errno", "Exporter",
               "ExtUtils::CBuilder", "ExtUtils::Command",
               "ExtUtils::Constant", "ExtUtils::Embed", "ExtUtils::Install",
               "ExtUtils::MakeMaker", "ExtUtils::Manifest",
               "ExtUtils::ParseXS", "Fatal", "File::Basename",
               "File::Compare", "File::Copy", "File::Fetch", "File::Find",
               "File::Path", "File::Spec", "File::stat", "File::Temp",
               "FileCache", "FileHandle", "Filter::Simple",
               "Filter::Util::Call", "FindBin", "GDBM_File", "Getopt::Long",
               "Hash::Util::FieldHash", "I18N::Collate", "IO",
               "IO::Compress::*", "IO::Dir", "IO::Handle", "IO::Socket",
               "IO::Zlib", "IPC::Cmd", "IPC::Open3", "IPC::SysV", "lib",
               "List::Util", "Locale::MakeText", "Log::Message",
               "Math::BigFloat", "Math::BigInt", "Math::BigInt::FastCalc",
               "Math::BigRat", "Math::Complex", "Math::Trig", "Memoize",
               "Module::Build", "Module::CoreList", "Module::Load",
               "Module::Load::Conditional", "Module::Loaded",
               "Module::Pluggable", "NDBM_File", "Net::Ping", "NEXT",
               "Object::Accessor", "OS2::REXX", "Package::Constants",
               "PerlIO", "PerlIO::via", "Pod::Man", "Pod::Parser",
               "Pod::Simple", "Pod::Text", "POSIX", "Safe", "Scalar::Util",
               "SelectSaver", "SelfLoader", "Socket", "Storable", "Switch",
               "Symbol", "Sys::Syslog", "Term::ANSIColor", "Term::ReadLine",
               "Term::UI", "Test::Harness", "Test::Simple",
               "Text::ParseWords", "Text::Tabs", "Text::Wrap",
               "Thread::Queue", "Thread::Semaphore", "threads",
               "threads::shared", "Tie::RefHash", "Tie::StdHandle",
               "Time::HiRes", "Time::Local", "Time::Piece",
               "Unicode::Normalize", "Unicode::UCD", "UNIVERSAL", "Win32",
               "Win32API::File", "XSLoader"

       Utility Changes
           h2ph, h2xs, perl5db.pl, perlthanks

       New Documentation
           perlhaiku, perlmroapi, perlperf, perlrepository, perlthanks

       New or Changed Diagnostics
           "panic: sv_chop %s", "Can't locate package %s for the parents of
           %s", "v-string in use/require is non-portable", "Deep recursion on
           subroutine "%s""

       Changed Internals
           "SVf_UTF8", "SVs_TEMP"

       New Tests
           t/comp/retainedlines.t, t/io/perlio_fail.t, t/io/perlio_leaks.t,
           t/io/perlio_open.t, t/io/perlio.t, t/io/pvbm.t,
           t/mro/package_aliases.t, t/op/dbm.t, t/op/index_thr.t,
           t/op/pat_thr.t, t/op/qr_gc.t, t/op/reg_email_thr.t,
           t/op/regexp_qr_embed_thr.t, t/op/regexp_unicode_prop.t,
           t/op/regexp_unicode_prop_thr.t, t/op/reg_nc_tie.t,
           t/op/reg_posixcc.t, t/op/re.t, t/op/setpgrpstack.t,
           t/op/substr_thr.t, t/op/upgrade.t, t/uni/lex_utf8.t, t/uni/tie.t

       Known Problems
       Deprecations
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5100delta - what is new for perl 5.10.0
       DESCRIPTION
       Core Enhancements
           The "feature" pragma
           New -E command-line switch
           Defined-or operator
           Switch and Smart Match operator
           Regular expressions
               Recursive Patterns, Named Capture Buffers, Possessive
               Quantifiers, Backtracking control verbs, Relative
               backreferences, "\K" escape, Vertical and horizontal
               whitespace, and linebreak

           "say()"
           Lexical $_
           The "_" prototype
           UNITCHECK blocks
           New Pragma, "mro"
           readdir() may return a "short filename" on Windows
           readpipe() is now overridable
           Default argument for readline()
           state() variables
           Stacked filetest operators
           UNIVERSAL::DOES()
           Formats
           Byte-order modifiers for pack() and unpack()
           "no VERSION"
           "chdir", "chmod" and "chown" on filehandles
           OS groups
           Recursive sort subs
           Byte/character count feature in unpack()
           The $* and $# variables have been removed
           substr() lvalues are no longer fixed-length
           Parsing of "-f _"
           ":unique"
           Effect of pragmas in eval
           chdir FOO
           Handling of .pmc files
           $^V is now a "version" object instead of a v-string
           @- and @+ in patterns
           $AUTOLOAD can now be tainted
           Tainting and printf
           undef and signal handlers
           strictures and dereferencing in defined()
           "(?p{})" has been removed
           Pseudo-hashes have been removed
           Removal of the bytecode compiler and of perlcc
           Removal of the JPL
           Recursive inheritance detected earlier
           warnings::enabled and warnings::warnif changed to favor users of
           modules
       Modules and Pragmata
           Upgrading individual core modules
           Pragmata Changes
               "feature", "mro", Scoping of the "sort" pragma, Scoping of
               "bignum", "bigint", "bigrat", "base", "strict" and "warnings",
               "version", "warnings", "less"

           New modules
           Selected Changes to Core Modules
               "Attribute::Handlers", "B::Lint", "B", "Thread"

       Utility Changes
           perl -d, ptar, ptardiff, shasum, corelist, h2ph and h2xs, perlivp,
           find2perl, config_data, cpanp, cpan2dist, pod2html

       New Documentation
       Performance Enhancements
           In-place sorting
           Lexical array access
           XS-assisted SWASHGET
           Constant subroutines
           "PERL_DONT_CREATE_GVSV"
           Weak references are cheaper
           sort() enhancements
           Memory optimisations
           UTF-8 cache optimisation
           Sloppy stat on Windows
           Regular expressions optimisations
               Engine de-recursivised, Single char char-classes treated as
               literals, Trie optimisation of literal string alternations,
               Aho-Corasick start-point optimisation

       Installation and Configuration Improvements

           New Or Improved Platforms
       Selected Bug Fixes
           strictures in regexp-eval blocks, Calling CORE::require(),
           Subscripts of slices, "no warnings 'category'" works correctly with
           -w, threads improvements, chr() and negative values, PERL5SHELL and
           tainting, Using *FILE{IO}, Overloading and reblessing, Overloading
           and UTF-8, eval memory leaks fixed, Random device on Windows,
           PERLIO_DEBUG, PerlIO::scalar and read-only scalars, study() and
           UTF-8, Critical signals, @INC-hook fix, "-t" switch fix, Duping
           UTF-8 filehandles, Localisation of hash elements

       New or Changed Diagnostics
           Use of uninitialized value, Deprecated use of my() in false
           conditional, !=~ should be !~, Newline in left-justified string,
           Too late for "-T" option, "%s" variable %s masks earlier
           declaration, readdir()/closedir()/etc. attempted on invalid
           dirhandle, Opening dirhandle/filehandle %s also as a
           file/directory, Use of -P is deprecated, v-string in use/require is
           non-portable, perl -V

       Changed Internals
           Reordering of SVt_* constants
           Elimination of SVt_PVBM
           New type SVt_BIND
           Removal of CPP symbols
           Less space is used by ops
           New parser
           Use of "const"
           Mathoms
           "AvFLAGS" has been removed
           "av_*" changes
           $^H and %^H
           B:: modules inheritance changed
           Anonymous hash and array constructors
       Known Problems
           UTF-8 problems
       Platform Specific Problems
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl595delta - what is new for perl v5.9.5
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
           Tainting and printf
           undef and signal handlers
           strictures and array/hash dereferencing in defined()
           "(?p{})" has been removed
           Pseudo-hashes have been removed
           Removal of the bytecode compiler and of perlcc
           Removal of the JPL
           Recursive inheritance detected earlier
       Core Enhancements
           Regular expressions

       Modules and Pragmas
           New Pragma, "mro"
           bignum, bigint, bigrat
           Math::BigInt/Math::BigFloat
               config(), import(), roundmode common, bpi(), bcos(), bsin(),
               batan(), batan2(), bmuladd(), bexp(), bnok(), from_hex(),
               from_oct(), and from_bin(), as_oct()

           New Core Modules
           Module changes
               "assertions", "base", "strict" and "warnings", "warnings",
               "less", "Attribute::Handlers", "B::Lint", "B", "Thread"

       Utility Changes
           "cpanp"
           "cpan2dist"
           "pod2html"
       Documentation
           New manpage, perlunifaq
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
           C++ compatibility
           Visual C++
           Static build on Win32
           win32 builds
           "d_pseudofork" and "d_printf_format_null"
           Help
           64bit systems
           Ports
       Selected Bug Fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
           Deprecations
       Changed Internals
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl594delta - what is new for perl v5.9.4
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
           chdir FOO
           Handling of pmc files
           @- and @+ in patterns
           $AUTOLOAD can now be tainted
       Core Enhancements
           state() variables
           UNIVERSAL::DOES()
           Exceptions in constant folding
           Source filters in @INC
           MAD
       Modules and Pragmas
           New Core Modules
       Utility Changes
           config_data
       Documentation
           New manpage, perlpragma
           Relocatable installations
           Ports
           Compilation improvements
           New probes
           Windows build improvements
               Building XS extensions, Support for 64-bit compiler

       Selected Bug Fixes
           PERL5SHELL and tainting
           Using *FILE{IO}
           Overloading and reblessing
           Overloading and UTF-8
           eval memory leaks fixed
           Random device on Windows
       New or Changed Diagnostics
           State variable %s will be reinitialized

       Changed Internals
       Known Problems
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl593delta - what is new for perl v5.9.3
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
           Parsing of "-f _"
           "mkdir()"
           Magic goto and eval
           $# has been removed
           ":unique"
           Scoping of the "sort" pragma
       Core Enhancements
           The "feature" pragma
           Switch and Smart Match operator
           "say()"
           "CLONE_SKIP()"
           "${^CHILD_ERROR_NATIVE}"
           Assertions
           Unicode Character Database 4.1.0
           "no VERSION"
           Recursive sort subs
           Effect of pragmas in eval
           New -E command-line switch
           "chdir", "chmod" and "chown" on filehandles
           OS groups
       Modules and Pragmata
           New Core Modules
       Utility Changes
           "ptar"
           "ptardiff"
           "shasum"
           "h2xs" enhancements
           "perlivp" enhancements
       Documentation
       Selected Bug Fixes
           "defined $$x"
           Calling CORE::require()
           Subscripts of slices
           Remove over-optimisation
           sprintf() fixes
           no warnings 'category' works correctly with -w
           Smaller fixes
           More Unicode Fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
           Attempt to set length of freed array
           Non-string passed as bitmask
           Search pattern not terminated or ternary operator parsed as search
           pattern
           "%s" variable %s masks earlier declaration
           readdir()/closedir()/etc. attempted on invalid dirhandle
       Changed Internals
           B:: modules inheritance changed
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl592delta - what is new for perl v5.9.2
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
           Packing and UTF-8 strings
           Miscellaneous
       Core Enhancements
           Malloc wrapping
           Unicode Character Database 4.0.1
           suidperl less insecure
           PERLIO_DEBUG
           Formats
           Unicode Character Classes
           Byte-order modifiers for pack() and unpack()
           Byte count feature in pack()
           New variables
       Modules and Pragmata
           New modules
           Updated And Improved Modules and Pragmata
               B::Concise, Socket, Sys::Syslog, threads

       Utility Changes
       Performance Enhancements
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
       Selected Bug Fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
       Changed Internals
       Known Problems
       Plans for the next release
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl591delta - what is new for perl v5.9.1
       DESCRIPTION
       Documentation
       Performance Enhancements
       Selected Bug Fixes
           UTF-8 bugs
           Threading bugs
           More bugs
       New or Changed Diagnostics
       Changed Internals
           Reordering of SVt_* constants
           Removal of CPP symbols
           Less space is used by ops
           New parser
       Configuration and Building
       Known Problems
           Platform Specific Problems
       To-do for perl 5.10.0
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl590delta - what is new for perl v5.9.0
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
           Hash Randomisation
           UTF-8 On Filehandles No Longer Activated By Locale
           Single-number v-strings are no longer v-strings before "=>"
           (Win32) The -C Switch Has Been Repurposed
           (Win32) The /d Switch Of cmd.exe
           The $* variable has been removed
       Core Enhancements
           Assertions
           Defined-or operators
           UTF-8 no longer default under UTF-8 locales
           Unsafe signals again available
           Tied Arrays with Negative Array Indices
           local ${$x}
           Unicode Character Database 4.0.0
           Miscellaneous Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules And Pragmata
               base, B::Bytecode, B::Concise, B::Deparse, Benchmark,
               ByteLoader, bytes, CGI, charnames, CPAN, Data::Dumper, DB_File,
               Devel::PPPort, Digest::MD5, Encode, fields, libnet,
               Math::BigInt, MIME::Base64, NEXT, Net::Ping, PerlIO::scalar,
               podlators, Pod::LaTeX, PodParsers, Pod::Perldoc, Scalar::Util,
               Storable, strict, Term::ANSIcolor, Test::Harness, Test::More,
               Test::Simple, Text::Balanced, Time::HiRes, threads,
               threads::shared, Unicode::Collate, Unicode::Normalize,
               Win32::GetFolderPath, Win32::GetOSVersion

       Utility Changes
       New Documentation
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
           Platform-specific enhancements
       Selected Bug Fixes
           New "Tied variable freed while still in use"
           New "To%s: illegal mapping '%s'"
           New "Use of freed value in iteration"
       Changed Internals
       New Tests
       Known Problems
           Tied hashes in scalar context
           Net::Ping 450_service and 510_ping_udp failures
           B::C
       Platform Specific Problems
           EBCDIC Platforms
           Cygwin 1.5 problems
           HP-UX: HP cc warnings about sendfile and sendpath
           IRIX: t/uni/tr_7jis.t falsely failing
           Mac OS X: no usemymalloc
           Tru64: No threaded builds with GNU cc (gcc)
           Win32: sysopen, sysread, syswrite
       TODO
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl589delta - what is new for perl v5.8.9
       DESCRIPTION
       Notice
       Incompatible Changes
       Core Enhancements
           Unicode Character Database 5.1.0.
           stat and -X on directory handles
           Source filters in @INC
           Exceptions in constant folding
           "no VERSION"
           Improved internal UTF-8 caching code
           Runtime relocatable installations
           New internal variables
               "${^CHILD_ERROR_NATIVE}", "${^UTF8CACHE}"

           "readpipe" is now overridable
           simple exception handling macros
           -D option enhancements
           XS-assisted SWASHGET
           Constant subroutines
       New Platforms
       Modules and Pragmata
           New Modules
           Updated Modules
       Utility Changes
           debugger upgraded to version 1.31
           perlthanks
           perlbug
           h2xs
           h2ph
       New Documentation
       Changes to Existing Documentation
       Performance Enhancements
           Other fixes
           Platform Specific Fixes
           Smaller fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
           panic: sv_chop %s
           Maximal count of pending signals (%s) exceeded
           panic: attempt to call %s in %s
           FETCHSIZE returned a negative value
           Can't upgrade %s (%d) to %d
           %s argument is not a HASH or ARRAY element or a subroutine
           Cannot make the non-overridable builtin %s fatal
           Unrecognized character '%s' in column %d
           Offset outside string
           Invalid escape in the specified encoding in regexp; marked by <--
           HERE in m/%s/
           Your machine doesn't support dump/undump.
       Changed Internals
           Macro cleanups
       New Tests
           ext/DynaLoader/t/DynaLoader.t, t/comp/fold.t, t/io/pvbm.t,
           t/lib/proxy_constant_subs.t, t/op/attrhand.t, t/op/dbm.t,
           t/op/inccode-tie.t, t/op/incfilter.t, t/op/kill0.t, t/op/qrstack.t,
           t/op/qr.t, t/op/regexp_qr_embed.t, t/op/regexp_qr.t, t/op/rxcode.t,
           t/op/studytied.t, t/op/substT.t, t/op/symbolcache.t,
           t/op/upgrade.t, t/mro/package_aliases.t, t/pod/twice.t,
           t/run/cloexec.t, t/uni/cache.t, t/uni/chr.t, t/uni/greek.t,
           t/uni/latin2.t, t/uni/overload.t, t/uni/tie.t

       Known Problems
       Platform Specific Notes
           Win32
           OS/2
           VMS
       Obituary
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl588delta - what is new for perl v5.8.8
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
       Core Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
       Utility Changes
           "h2xs" enhancements
           "perlivp" enhancements
       New Documentation
       Performance Enhancements
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
       Selected Bug Fixes
           no warnings 'category' works correctly with -w
           Remove over-optimisation
           sprintf() fixes
           Debugger and Unicode slowdown

       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
       Core Enhancements
           Unicode Character Database 4.1.0
           suidperl less insecure
           Optional site customization script
           "Config.pm" is now much smaller.
       Modules and Pragmata
       Utility Changes
           find2perl enhancements
       Performance Enhancements
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
       Selected Bug Fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
       Changed Internals
       Known Problems
       Platform Specific Problems
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl586delta - what is new for perl v5.8.6
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
       Core Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
       Utility Changes
       Performance Enhancements
       Selected Bug Fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
       Changed Internals
       New Tests
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl585delta - what is new for perl v5.8.5
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
       Core Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
       Utility Changes
           Perl's debugger
           h2ph
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
       Selected Bug Fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
       Changed Internals
       Known Problems
       Platform Specific Problems
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl584delta - what is new for perl v5.8.4
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes

       Performance Enhancements
       Utility Changes
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
       Selected Bug Fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
       Changed Internals
       Future Directions
       Platform Specific Problems
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl583delta - what is new for perl v5.8.3
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
       Core Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
           CGI, Cwd, Digest, Digest::MD5, Encode, File::Spec, FindBin,
           List::Util, Math::BigInt, PodParser, Pod::Perldoc, POSIX,
           Unicode::Collate, Unicode::Normalize, Test::Harness,
           threads::shared

       Utility Changes
       New Documentation
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
       Selected Bug Fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
       Changed Internals
       Configuration and Building
       Platform Specific Problems
       Known Problems
       Future Directions
       Obituary
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl582delta - what is new for perl v5.8.2
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
       Core Enhancements
           Hash Randomisation
           Threading
       Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules And Pragmata
               Devel::PPPort, Digest::MD5, I18N::LangTags, libnet,
               MIME::Base64, Pod::Perldoc, strict, Tie::Hash, Time::HiRes,
               Unicode::Collate, Unicode::Normalize, UNIVERSAL

       Selected Bug Fixes
       Changed Internals
       Platform Specific Problems
       Future Directions
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO
           Tied Arrays with Negative Array Indices
           local ${$x}
           Unicode Character Database 4.0.0
           Deprecation Warnings
           Miscellaneous Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules And Pragmata
               base, B::Bytecode, B::Concise, B::Deparse, Benchmark,
               ByteLoader, bytes, CGI, charnames, CPAN, Data::Dumper, DB_File,
               Devel::PPPort, Digest::MD5, Encode, fields, libnet,
               Math::BigInt, MIME::Base64, NEXT, Net::Ping, PerlIO::scalar,
               podlators, Pod::LaTeX, PodParsers, Pod::Perldoc, Scalar::Util,
               Storable, strict, Term::ANSIcolor, Test::Harness, Test::More,
               Test::Simple, Text::Balanced, Time::HiRes, threads,
               threads::shared, Unicode::Collate, Unicode::Normalize,
               Win32::GetFolderPath, Win32::GetOSVersion

       Utility Changes
       New Documentation
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
           Platform-specific enhancements
       Selected Bug Fixes
           Closures, eval and lexicals
           Generic fixes
           Platform-specific fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
           Changed "A thread exited while %d threads were running"
           Removed "Attempt to clear a restricted hash"
           New "Illegal declaration of anonymous subroutine"
           Changed "Invalid range "%s" in transliteration operator"
           New "Missing control char name in \c"
           New "Newline in left-justified string for %s"
           New "Possible precedence problem on bitwise %c operator"
           New "Pseudo-hashes are deprecated"
           New "read() on %s filehandle %s"
           New "5.005 threads are deprecated"
           New "Tied variable freed while still in use"
           New "To%s: illegal mapping '%s'"
           New "Use of freed value in iteration"
       Changed Internals
       New Tests
       Known Problems
           Tied hashes in scalar context
           Net::Ping 450_service and 510_ping_udp failures
           B::C
       Platform Specific Problems
           EBCDIC Platforms
           Cygwin 1.5 problems
           HP-UX: HP cc warnings about sendfile and sendpath
           IRIX: t/uni/tr_7jis.t falsely failing
           Mac OS X: no usemymalloc
           Tru64: No threaded builds with GNU cc (gcc)
           Win32: sysopen, sysread, syswrite
       Future Directions
           IEEE-format Floating Point Default on OpenVMS Alpha
           New Unicode Semantics (no more "use utf8", almost)
           New Unicode Properties
           REF(...) Instead Of SCALAR(...)
           pack/unpack D/F recycled
           glob() now returns filenames in alphabetical order
           Deprecations
       Core Enhancements
           Unicode Overhaul
           PerlIO is Now The Default
           ithreads
           Restricted Hashes
           Safe Signals
           Understanding of Numbers
           Arrays now always interpolate into double-quoted strings [561]
           Miscellaneous Changes
       Modules and Pragmata
           New Modules and Pragmata
           Updated And Improved Modules and Pragmata
       Utility Changes
       New Documentation
       Performance Enhancements
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
           Generic Improvements
           New Or Improved Platforms
       Selected Bug Fixes
           Platform Specific Changes and Fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
       Changed Internals
       Security Vulnerability Closed [561]
       New Tests
       Known Problems
           The Compiler Suite Is Still Very Experimental
           Localising Tied Arrays and Hashes Is Broken
           Building Extensions Can Fail Because Of Largefiles
           Modifying $_ Inside for(..)
           mod_perl 1.26 Doesn't Build With Threaded Perl
           lib/ftmp-security tests warn 'system possibly insecure'
           libwww-perl (LWP) fails base/date #51
           PDL failing some tests
           Perl_get_sv
           Self-tying Problems
           ext/threads/t/libc
           Failure of Thread (5.005-style) tests
           Timing problems
           Tied/Magical Array/Hash Elements Do Not Autovivify
           Unicode in package/class and subroutine names does not work
       Platform Specific Problems
           AIX
           Alpha systems with old gccs fail several tests
           AmigaOS
           BeOS
           Cygwin "unable to remap"
           Cygwin ndbm tests fail on FAT
           Solaris 2.5
           Solaris x86 Fails Tests With -Duse64bitint
           SUPER-UX (NEC SX)
           Term::ReadKey not working on Win32
           UNICOS/mk
           UTS
           VOS (Stratus)
           VMS
           Win32
           XML::Parser not working
           z/OS (OS/390)
           Unicode Support on EBCDIC Still Spotty
           Seen In Perl 5.7 But Gone Now
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY

   perl573delta - what's new for perl v5.7.3
       DESCRIPTION
       Changes
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY

   perl572delta - what's new for perl v5.7.2
       DESCRIPTION
       Security Vulnerability Closed
       Incompatible Changes
           64-bit platforms and malloc
           AIX Dynaloading
           Socket Extension Dynamic in VMS
           Different Definition of the Unicode Character Classes \p{In...}
           Deprecations
       Core Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
           New Modules and Distributions
           Updated And Improved Modules and Pragmata
       Utility Changes
       New Documentation
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
           New Or Improved Platforms
           Generic Improvements
       Selected Bug Fixes
           Platform Specific Changes and Fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
       Source Code Enhancements
           MAGIC constants
           Better commented code
           Regex pre-/post-compilation items matched up
           gcc -Wall
       New Tests
       Known Problems
           AIX
           Amiga Perl Invoking Mystery
           Localising a Tied Variable Leaks Memory
           Self-tying of Arrays and Hashes Is Forbidden
           Variable Attributes are not Currently Usable for Tying
           Building Extensions Can Fail Because Of Largefiles
           The Compiler Suite Is Still Experimental
           The Long Double Support is Still Experimental
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY

   perl571delta - what's new for perl v5.7.1
       DESCRIPTION
       Security Vulnerability Closed
       Incompatible Changes
       Core Enhancements
           AUTOLOAD Is Now Lvaluable
           PerlIO is Now The Default
           Signals Are Now Safe
       Modules and Pragmata
           New Modules
           Updated And Improved Modules and Pragmata
       Performance Enhancements
       Utility Changes
       New Documentation
           perlclib
           perliol
           README.aix
           README.bs2000
           README.macos
           README.mpeix
           README.solaris
           README.vos
           Porting/repository.pod
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
           New Or Improved Platforms
           Generic Improvements
               d_cmsghdr, d_fcntl_can_lock, d_fsync, d_getitimer, d_getpagsz,
               d_msghdr_s, need_va_copy, d_readv, d_recvmsg, d_sendmsg,
               sig_size, d_sockatmark, d_strtoq, d_u32align, d_ualarm,
               d_usleep

       Selected Bug Fixes
           Platform Specific Changes and Fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
       Changed Internals
       New Tests
       Known Problems
           AIX vac 5.0.0.0 May Produce Buggy Code For Perl
           lib/ftmp-security tests warn 'system possibly insecure'
           lib/io_multihomed Fails In LP64-Configured HP-UX
           Test lib/posix Subtest 9 Fails In LP64-Configured HP-UX
           lib/b test 19
           Linux With Sfio Fails op/misc Test 48
           sigaction test 13 in VMS

       Security Vulnerability Closed
       Incompatible Changes
       Core Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
           New Modules
           Updated And Improved Modules and Pragmata
       Utility Changes
       New Documentation
       Performance Enhancements
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
           Generic Improvements
       Selected Bug Fixes
           Platform Specific Changes and Fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
       Changed Internals
       Known Problems
           Unicode Support Still Far From Perfect
           EBCDIC Still A Lost Platform
           Building Extensions Can Fail Because Of Largefiles
           ftmp-security tests warn 'system possibly insecure'
           Test lib/posix Subtest 9 Fails In LP64-Configured HP-UX
           Long Doubles Still Don't Work In Solaris
           Linux With Sfio Fails op/misc Test 48
           Storable tests fail in some platforms
           Threads Are Still Experimental
           The Compiler Suite Is Still Experimental
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY

   perl561delta - what's new for perl v5.6.x
       DESCRIPTION
       Summary of changes between 5.6.0 and 5.6.1
           Security Issues
           Core bug fixes
               "UNIVERSAL::isa()", Memory leaks, Numeric conversions,
               qw(a\\b), caller(), Bugs in regular expressions, "slurp" mode,
               Autovivification of symbolic references to special variables,
               Lexical warnings, Spurious warnings and errors, glob(),
               Tainting, sort(), #line directives, Subroutine prototypes,
               map(), Debugger, PERL5OPT, chop(), Unicode support, 64-bit
               support, Compiler, Lvalue subroutines, IO::Socket, File::Find,
               xsubpp, "no Module;", Tests

           Core features
           Configuration issues
           Documentation
           Bundled modules
               B::Concise, File::Temp, Pod::LaTeX, Pod::Text::Overstrike, CGI,
               CPAN, Class::Struct, DB_File, Devel::Peek, File::Find,
               Getopt::Long, IO::Poll, IPC::Open3, Math::BigFloat,
               Math::Complex, Net::Ping, Opcode, Pod::Parser, Pod::Text,
               SDBM_File, Sys::Syslog, Tie::RefHash, Tie::SubstrHash

           File and directory handles can be autovivified
           open() with more than two arguments
           64-bit support
           Large file support
           Long doubles
           "more bits"
           Enhanced support for sort() subroutines
           "sort $coderef @foo" allowed
           File globbing implemented internally
           Support for CHECK blocks
           POSIX character class syntax [: :] supported
           Better pseudo-random number generator
           Improved "qw//" operator
           Better worst-case behavior of hashes
           pack() format 'Z' supported
           pack() format modifier '!' supported
           pack() and unpack() support counted strings
           Comments in pack() templates
           Weak references
           Binary numbers supported
           Lvalue subroutines
           Some arrows may be omitted in calls through references
           Boolean assignment operators are legal lvalues
           exists() is supported on subroutine names
           exists() and delete() are supported on array elements
           Pseudo-hashes work better
           Automatic flushing of output buffers
           Better diagnostics on meaningless filehandle operations
           Where possible, buffered data discarded from duped input filehandle
           eof() has the same old magic as <>
           binmode() can be used to set :crlf and :raw modes
           "-T" filetest recognizes UTF-8 encoded files as "text"
           system(), backticks and pipe open now reflect exec() failure
           Improved diagnostics
           Diagnostics follow STDERR
           More consistent close-on-exec behavior
           syswrite() ease-of-use
           Better syntax checks on parenthesized unary operators
           Bit operators support full native integer width
           Improved security features
           More functional bareword prototype (*)
           "require" and "do" may be overridden
           $^X variables may now have names longer than one character
           New variable $^C reflects "-c" switch
           New variable $^V contains Perl version as a string
           Optional Y2K warnings
           Arrays now always interpolate into double-quoted strings
           @- and @+ provide starting/ending offsets of regex submatches
       Modules and Pragmata
           Modules
               attributes, B, Benchmark, ByteLoader, constant, charnames,
               Data::Dumper, DB, DB_File, Devel::DProf, Devel::Peek,
               Dumpvalue, DynaLoader, English, Env, Fcntl, File::Compare,
               File::Find, File::Glob, File::Spec, File::Spec::Functions,

           perlcc
           perldoc
           The Perl Debugger
       Improved Documentation
           perlapi.pod, perlboot.pod, perlcompile.pod, perldbmfilter.pod,
           perldebug.pod, perldebguts.pod, perlfork.pod, perlfilter.pod,
           perlhack.pod, perlintern.pod, perllexwarn.pod, perlnumber.pod,
           perlopentut.pod, perlreftut.pod, perltootc.pod, perltodo.pod,
           perlunicode.pod

       Performance enhancements
           Simple sort() using { $a <=> $b } and the like are optimized
           Optimized assignments to lexical variables
           Faster subroutine calls
           delete(), each(), values() and hash iteration are faster
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
           -Dusethreads means something different
           New Configure flags
           Threadedness and 64-bitness now more daring
           Long Doubles
           -Dusemorebits
           -Duselargefiles
           installusrbinperl
           SOCKS support
           "-A" flag
           Enhanced Installation Directories
           gcc automatically tried if 'cc' does not seem to be working
       Platform specific changes
           Supported platforms
           DOS
           OS390 (OpenEdition MVS)
           VMS
           Win32
       Significant bug fixes
           <HANDLE> on empty files
           "eval '...'" improvements
           All compilation errors are true errors
           Implicitly closed filehandles are safer
           Behavior of list slices is more consistent
           "(\$)" prototype and $foo{a}
           "goto &sub" and AUTOLOAD
           "-bareword" allowed under "use integer"
           Failures in DESTROY()
           Locale bugs fixed
           Memory leaks
           Spurious subroutine stubs after failed subroutine calls
           Taint failures under "-U"
           END blocks and the "-c" switch
           Potential to leak DATA filehandles
       New or Changed Diagnostics
           "%s" variable %s masks earlier declaration in same %s, "my sub" not
           yet implemented, "our" variable %s redeclared, '!' allowed only
           after types %s, / cannot take a count, / must be followed by a, A
           or Z, / must be followed by a*, A* or Z*, / must follow a numeric
           "%s", Can't declare %s in "%s", Can't ignore signal CHLD, forcing
           to default, Can't modify non-lvalue subroutine call, Can't read
           CRTL environ, Can't remove %s: %s, skipping file, Can't return %s
           from lvalue subroutine, Can't weaken a nonreference, Character
           class [:%s:] unknown, Character class syntax [%s] belongs inside
           character classes, Constant is not %s reference, constant(%s): %s,
           CORE::%s is not a keyword, defined(@array) is deprecated,
           defined(%hash) is deprecated, Did not produce a valid header, (Did
           you mean "local" instead of "our"?), Document contains no data,
           entering effective %s failed, false [] range "%s" in regexp,
           Filehandle %s opened only for output, flock() on closed filehandle
           %s, Global symbol "%s" requires explicit package name, Hexadecimal
           number > 0xffffffff non-portable, Ill-formed CRTL environ value
           "%s", Ill-formed message in prime_env_iter: |%s|, Illegal binary
           digit %s, Illegal binary digit %s ignored, Illegal number of bits
           in vec, Integer overflow in %s number, Invalid %s attribute: %s,
           Invalid %s attributes: %s, invalid [] range "%s" in regexp, Invalid
           separator character %s in attribute list, Invalid separator
           character %s in subroutine attribute list, leaving effective %s
           failed, Lvalue subs returning %s not implemented yet, Method %s not
           permitted, Missing %sbrace%s on \N{}, Missing command in piped
           open, Missing name in "my sub", No %s specified for -%c, No package
           name allowed for variable %s in "our", No space allowed after -%c,
           no UTC offset information; assuming local time is UTC, Octal number
           > 037777777777 non-portable, panic: del_backref, panic: kid popen
           errno read, panic: magic_killbackrefs, Parentheses missing around
           "%s" list, Possible unintended interpolation of %s in string,
           Possible Y2K bug: %s, pragma "attrs" is deprecated, use "sub NAME :
           ATTRS" instead, Premature end of script headers, Repeat count in
           pack overflows, Repeat count in unpack overflows, realloc() of
           freed memory ignored, Reference is already weak, setpgrp can't take
           arguments, Strange *+?{} on zero-length expression, switching
           effective %s is not implemented, This Perl can't reset CRTL environ
           elements (%s), This Perl can't set CRTL environ elements (%s=%s),
           Too late to run %s block, Unknown open() mode '%s', Unknown process
           %x sent message to prime_env_iter: %s, Unrecognized escape \\%c
           passed through, Unterminated attribute parameter in attribute list,
           Unterminated attribute list, Unterminated attribute parameter in
           subroutine attribute list, Unterminated subroutine attribute list,
           Value of CLI symbol "%s" too long, Version number must be a
           constant number

       New tests
       Incompatible Changes
           Perl Source Incompatibilities
               CHECK is a new keyword, Treatment of list slices of undef has
               changed, Format of $English::PERL_VERSION is different,
               Literals of the form 1.2.3 parse differently, Possibly changed
               pseudo-random number generator, Hashing function for hash keys
               has changed, "undef" fails on read only values, Close-on-exec
               bit may be set on pipe and socket handles, Writing "$$1" to
               mean "${$}1" is unsupported, delete(), each(), values() and
               "\(%h)", vec(EXPR,OFFSET,BITS) enforces powers-of-two BITS,
               Text of some diagnostic output has changed, "%@" has been

       Known Problems
           Localizing a tied hash element may leak memory
           Known test failures
           EBCDIC platforms not fully supported
           UNICOS/mk CC failures during Configure run
           Arrow operator and arrays
           Experimental features
               Threads, Unicode, 64-bit support, Lvalue subroutines, Weak
               references, The pseudo-hash data type, The Compiler suite,
               Internal implementation of file globbing, The DB module, The
               regular expression code constructs:

       Obsolete Diagnostics
           Character class syntax [: :] is reserved for future extensions,
           Ill-formed logical name |%s| in prime_env_iter, In string, @%s now
           must be written as \@%s, Probable precedence problem on %s, regexp
           too big, Use of "$$<digit>" to mean "${$}<digit>" is deprecated

       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY

   perl56delta - what's new for perl v5.6.0
       DESCRIPTION
       Core Enhancements
           Interpreter cloning, threads, and concurrency
           Lexically scoped warning categories
           Unicode and UTF-8 support
           Support for interpolating named characters
           "our" declarations
           Support for strings represented as a vector of ordinals
           Improved Perl version numbering system
           New syntax for declaring subroutine attributes
           File and directory handles can be autovivified
           open() with more than two arguments
           64-bit support
           Large file support
           Long doubles
           "more bits"
           Enhanced support for sort() subroutines
           "sort $coderef @foo" allowed
           File globbing implemented internally
           Support for CHECK blocks
           POSIX character class syntax [: :] supported
           Better pseudo-random number generator
           Improved "qw//" operator
           Better worst-case behavior of hashes
           pack() format 'Z' supported
           pack() format modifier '!' supported
           pack() and unpack() support counted strings
           Comments in pack() templates
           Weak references
           Binary numbers supported
           Lvalue subroutines
           Improved diagnostics
           Diagnostics follow STDERR
           More consistent close-on-exec behavior
           syswrite() ease-of-use
           Better syntax checks on parenthesized unary operators
           Bit operators support full native integer width
           Improved security features
           More functional bareword prototype (*)
           "require" and "do" may be overridden
           $^X variables may now have names longer than one character
           New variable $^C reflects "-c" switch
           New variable $^V contains Perl version as a string
           Optional Y2K warnings
           Arrays now always interpolate into double-quoted strings
           @- and @+ provide starting/ending offsets of regex matches
       Modules and Pragmata
           Modules
               attributes, B, Benchmark, ByteLoader, constant, charnames,
               Data::Dumper, DB, DB_File, Devel::DProf, Devel::Peek,
               Dumpvalue, DynaLoader, English, Env, Fcntl, File::Compare,
               File::Find, File::Glob, File::Spec, File::Spec::Functions,
               Getopt::Long, IO, JPL, lib, Math::BigInt, Math::Complex,
               Math::Trig, Pod::Parser, Pod::InputObjects, Pod::Checker,
               podchecker, Pod::ParseUtils, Pod::Find, Pod::Select, podselect,
               Pod::Usage, pod2usage, Pod::Text and Pod::Man, SDBM_File,
               Sys::Syslog, Sys::Hostname, Term::ANSIColor, Time::Local,
               Win32, XSLoader, DBM Filters

           Pragmata
       Utility Changes
           dprofpp
           find2perl
           h2xs
           perlcc
           perldoc
           The Perl Debugger
       Improved Documentation
           perlapi.pod, perlboot.pod, perlcompile.pod, perldbmfilter.pod,
           perldebug.pod, perldebguts.pod, perlfork.pod, perlfilter.pod,
           perlhack.pod, perlintern.pod, perllexwarn.pod, perlnumber.pod,
           perlopentut.pod, perlreftut.pod, perltootc.pod, perltodo.pod,
           perlunicode.pod

       Performance enhancements
           Simple sort() using { $a <=> $b } and the like are optimized
           Optimized assignments to lexical variables
           Faster subroutine calls
           delete(), each(), values() and hash iteration are faster
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
           -Dusethreads means something different
           New Configure flags
           Threadedness and 64-bitness now more daring
           Long Doubles
           -Dusemorebits
           <HANDLE> on empty files
           "eval '...'" improvements
           All compilation errors are true errors
           Implicitly closed filehandles are safer
           Behavior of list slices is more consistent
           "(\$)" prototype and $foo{a}
           "goto &sub" and AUTOLOAD
           "-bareword" allowed under "use integer"
           Failures in DESTROY()
           Locale bugs fixed
           Memory leaks
           Spurious subroutine stubs after failed subroutine calls
           Taint failures under "-U"
           END blocks and the "-c" switch
           Potential to leak DATA filehandles
       New or Changed Diagnostics
           "%s" variable %s masks earlier declaration in same %s, "my sub" not
           yet implemented, "our" variable %s redeclared, '!' allowed only
           after types %s, / cannot take a count, / must be followed by a, A
           or Z, / must be followed by a*, A* or Z*, / must follow a numeric
           type, /%s/: Unrecognized escape \\%c passed through, /%s/:
           Unrecognized escape \\%c in character class passed through, /%s/
           should probably be written as "%s", %s() called too early to check
           prototype, %s argument is not a HASH or ARRAY element, %s argument
           is not a HASH or ARRAY element or slice, %s argument is not a
           subroutine name, %s package attribute may clash with future
           reserved word: %s, (in cleanup) %s, <> should be quotes, Attempt to
           join self, Bad evalled substitution pattern, Bad realloc() ignored,
           Bareword found in conditional, Binary number >
           0b11111111111111111111111111111111 non-portable, Bit vector size >
           32 non-portable, Buffer overflow in prime_env_iter: %s, Can't check
           filesystem of script "%s", Can't declare class for non-scalar %s in
           "%s", Can't declare %s in "%s", Can't ignore signal CHLD, forcing
           to default, Can't modify non-lvalue subroutine call, Can't read
           CRTL environ, Can't remove %s: %s, skipping file, Can't return %s
           from lvalue subroutine, Can't weaken a nonreference, Character
           class [:%s:] unknown, Character class syntax [%s] belongs inside
           character classes, Constant is not %s reference, constant(%s): %s,
           CORE::%s is not a keyword, defined(@array) is deprecated,
           defined(%hash) is deprecated, Did not produce a valid header, (Did
           you mean "local" instead of "our"?), Document contains no data,
           entering effective %s failed, false [] range "%s" in regexp,
           Filehandle %s opened only for output, flock() on closed filehandle
           %s, Global symbol "%s" requires explicit package name, Hexadecimal
           number > 0xffffffff non-portable, Ill-formed CRTL environ value
           "%s", Ill-formed message in prime_env_iter: |%s|, Illegal binary
           digit %s, Illegal binary digit %s ignored, Illegal number of bits
           in vec, Integer overflow in %s number, Invalid %s attribute: %s,
           Invalid %s attributes: %s, invalid [] range "%s" in regexp, Invalid
           separator character %s in attribute list, Invalid separator
           character %s in subroutine attribute list, leaving effective %s
           failed, Lvalue subs returning %s not implemented yet, Method %s not
           permitted, Missing %sbrace%s on \N{}, Missing command in piped
           open, Missing name in "my sub", No %s specified for -%c, No package
           Too late to run %s block, Unknown open() mode '%s', Unknown process
           %x sent message to prime_env_iter: %s, Unrecognized escape \\%c
           passed through, Unterminated attribute parameter in attribute list,
           Unterminated attribute list, Unterminated attribute parameter in
           subroutine attribute list, Unterminated subroutine attribute list,
           Value of CLI symbol "%s" too long, Version number must be a
           constant number

       New tests
       Incompatible Changes
           Perl Source Incompatibilities
               CHECK is a new keyword, Treatment of list slices of undef has
               changed, Format of $English::PERL_VERSION is different,
               Literals of the form 1.2.3 parse differently, Possibly changed
               pseudo-random number generator, Hashing function for hash keys
               has changed, "undef" fails on read only values, Close-on-exec
               bit may be set on pipe and socket handles, Writing "$$1" to
               mean "${$}1" is unsupported, delete(), each(), values() and
               "\(%h)", vec(EXPR,OFFSET,BITS) enforces powers-of-two BITS,
               Text of some diagnostic output has changed, "%@" has been
               removed, Parenthesized not() behaves like a list operator,
               Semantics of bareword prototype "(*)" have changed, Semantics
               of bit operators may have changed on 64-bit platforms, More
               builtins taint their results

           C Source Incompatibilities
               "PERL_POLLUTE", "PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT", "PERL_POLLUTE_MALLOC"

           Compatible C Source API Changes
               "PATCHLEVEL" is now "PERL_VERSION"

           Binary Incompatibilities
       Known Problems
           Thread test failures
           EBCDIC platforms not supported
           In 64-bit HP-UX the lib/io_multihomed test may hang
           NEXTSTEP 3.3 POSIX test failure
           Tru64 (aka Digital UNIX, aka DEC OSF/1) lib/sdbm test failure with
           gcc
           UNICOS/mk CC failures during Configure run
           Arrow operator and arrays
           Experimental features
               Threads, Unicode, 64-bit support, Lvalue subroutines, Weak
               references, The pseudo-hash data type, The Compiler suite,
               Internal implementation of file globbing, The DB module, The
               regular expression code constructs:

       Obsolete Diagnostics
           Character class syntax [: :] is reserved for future extensions,
           Ill-formed logical name |%s| in prime_env_iter, In string, @%s now
           must be written as \@%s, Probable precedence problem on %s, regexp
           too big, Use of "$$<digit>" to mean "${$}<digit>" is deprecated

       Reporting Bugs
           Security fixes may affect compatibility
           Relaxed new mandatory warnings introduced in 5.004
           Licensing
       Core Changes
           Threads
           Compiler
           Regular Expressions
               Many new and improved optimizations, Many bug fixes, New
               regular expression constructs, New operator for precompiled
               regular expressions, Other improvements, Incompatible changes

           Improved malloc()
           Quicksort is internally implemented
           Reliable signals
           Reliable stack pointers
           More generous treatment of carriage returns
           Memory leaks
           Better support for multiple interpreters
           Behavior of local() on array and hash elements is now well-defined
           "%!" is transparently tied to the Errno module
           Pseudo-hashes are supported
           "EXPR foreach EXPR" is supported
           Keywords can be globally overridden
           $^E is meaningful on Win32
           "foreach (1..1000000)" optimized
           "Foo::" can be used as implicitly quoted package name
           "exists $Foo::{Bar::}" tests existence of a package
           Better locale support
           Experimental support for 64-bit platforms
           prototype() returns useful results on builtins
           Extended support for exception handling
           Re-blessing in DESTROY() supported for chaining DESTROY() methods
           All "printf" format conversions are handled internally
           New "INIT" keyword
           New "lock" keyword
           New "qr//" operator
           "our" is now a reserved word
           Tied arrays are now fully supported
           Tied handles support is better
           4th argument to substr
           Negative LENGTH argument to splice
           Magic lvalues are now more magical
           <> now reads in records
       Supported Platforms
           New Platforms
           Changes in existing support
       Modules and Pragmata
           New Modules
               B, Data::Dumper, Dumpvalue, Errno, File::Spec,
               ExtUtils::Installed, ExtUtils::Packlist, Fatal, IPC::SysV,
               Test, Tie::Array, Tie::Handle, Thread, attrs, fields, re

           Changes in existing modules
               Benchmark, Carp, CGI, Fcntl, Math::Complex, Math::Trig, POSIX,

           [. .] is reserved for future extensions, Character class syntax [:
           :] is reserved for future extensions, Character class syntax [= =]
           is reserved for future extensions, %s: Eval-group in insecure
           regular expression, %s: Eval-group not allowed, use re 'eval', %s:
           Eval-group not allowed at run time, Explicit blessing to ''
           (assuming package main), Illegal hex digit ignored, No such array
           field, No such field "%s" in variable %s of type %s, Out of memory
           during ridiculously large request, Range iterator outside integer
           range, Recursive inheritance detected while looking for method '%s'
           %s, Reference found where even-sized list expected, Undefined value
           assigned to typeglob, Use of reserved word "%s" is deprecated,
           perl: warning: Setting locale failed

       Obsolete Diagnostics
           Can't mktemp(), Can't write to temp file for -e: %s, Cannot open
           temporary file, regexp too big

       Configuration Changes
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY

   perl5004delta - what's new for perl5.004
       DESCRIPTION
       Supported Environments
       Core Changes
           List assignment to %ENV works
           Change to "Can't locate Foo.pm in @INC" error
           Compilation option: Binary compatibility with 5.003
           $PERL5OPT environment variable
           Limitations on -M, -m, and -T options
           More precise warnings
           Deprecated: Inherited "AUTOLOAD" for non-methods
           Previously deprecated %OVERLOAD is no longer usable
           Subroutine arguments created only when they're modified
           Group vector changeable with $)
           Fixed parsing of $$<digit>, &$<digit>, etc.
           Fixed localization of $<digit>, $&, etc.
           No resetting of $. on implicit close
           "wantarray" may return undef
           "eval EXPR" determines value of EXPR in scalar context
           Changes to tainting checks
               No glob() or <*>, No spawning if tainted $CDPATH, $ENV,
               $BASH_ENV, No spawning if tainted $TERM doesn't look like a
               terminal name

           New Opcode module and revised Safe module
           Embedding improvements
           Internal change: FileHandle class based on IO::* classes
           Internal change: PerlIO abstraction interface
           New and changed syntax
               $coderef->(PARAMS)

           New and changed builtin constants

           New builtin methods
               isa(CLASS), can(METHOD), VERSION( [NEED] )

           TIEHANDLE now supported
               TIEHANDLE classname, LIST, PRINT this, LIST, PRINTF this, LIST,
               READ this LIST, READLINE this, GETC this, DESTROY this

           Malloc enhancements
               -DPERL_EMERGENCY_SBRK, -DPACK_MALLOC, -DTWO_POT_OPTIMIZE

           Miscellaneous efficiency enhancements
       Support for More Operating Systems
           Win32
           Plan 9
           QNX
           AmigaOS
       Pragmata
           use autouse MODULE => qw(sub1 sub2 sub3), use blib, use blib 'dir',
           use constant NAME => VALUE, use locale, use ops, use vmsish

       Modules
           Required Updates
           Installation directories
           Module information summary
           Fcntl
           IO
           Math::Complex
           Math::Trig
           DB_File
           Net::Ping
           Object-oriented overrides for builtin operators
       Utility Changes
           pod2html
               Sends converted HTML to standard output

           xsubpp
               "void" XSUBs now default to returning nothing

       C Language API Changes
           "gv_fetchmethod" and "perl_call_sv", "perl_eval_pv", Extended API
           for manipulating hashes

       Documentation Changes
           perldelta, perlfaq, perllocale, perltoot, perlapio, perlmodlib,
           perldebug, perlsec

       New Diagnostics
           "my" variable %s masks earlier declaration in same scope, %s
           argument is not a HASH element or slice, Allocation too large: %lx,
           Allocation too large, Applying %s to %s will act on scalar(%s),
           Attempt to free nonexistent shared string, Attempt to use reference
           as lvalue in substr, Bareword "%s" refers to nonexistent package,
           Can't redefine active sort subroutine %s, Can't use bareword ("%s")
           commas, Scalar value @%s{%s} better written as $%s{%s}, Stub found
           while resolving method `%s' overloading `%s' in %s, Too late for
           "-T" option, untie attempted while %d inner references still exist,
           Unrecognized character %s, Unsupported function fork, Use of
           "$$<digit>" to mean "${$}<digit>" is deprecated, Value of %s can be
           "0"; test with defined(), Variable "%s" may be unavailable,
           Variable "%s" will not stay shared, Warning: something's wrong,
           Ill-formed logical name |%s| in prime_env_iter, Got an error from
           DosAllocMem, Malformed PERLLIB_PREFIX, PERL_SH_DIR too long,
           Process terminated by SIG%s

       BUGS
       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY

   perlartistic - the Perl Artistic License
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       The "Artistic License"
           Preamble
           Definitions
               "Package", "Standard Version", "Copyright Holder", "You",
               "Reasonable copying fee", "Freely Available"

           Conditions
               a), b), c), d), a), b), c), d)

   perlgpl - the GNU General Public License, version 1
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE

   perlaix, README.aix - Perl version 5 on IBM AIX (UNIX) systems
       DESCRIPTION
           Compiling Perl 5 on AIX
           Supported Compilers
           Incompatibility with AIX Toolbox lib gdbm
           Perl 5 was successfully compiled and tested on:
           Building Dynamic Extensions on AIX
           Using Large Files with Perl
           Threaded Perl
           64-bit Perl
           Recommended Options AIX 5.1/5.2/5.3/6.1 and 7.1 (threaded/32-bit)
           Recommended Options AIX 5.1/5.2/5.3/6.1 and 7.1 (32-bit)
           Recommended Options AIX 5.1/5.2/5.3/6.1 and 7.1 (threaded/64-bit)
           Recommended Options AIX 5.1/5.2/5.3/6.1 and 7.1 (64-bit)
           Compiling Perl 5 on older AIX versions up to 4.3.3
           OS level
           Building Dynamic Extensions on AIX < 5L
           The IBM ANSI C Compiler
           The usenm option
           Using GNU's gcc for building Perl
           Using Large Files with Perl < 5L
           Threaded Perl < 5L
           Shortcomings of Perl under AmigaOS
       INSTALLATION
       Accessing documentation
           Manpages for Perl on AmigaOS
           Perl HTML Documentation on AmigaOS
           Perl GNU Info Files on AmigaOS
           Perl LaTeX Documentation on AmigaOS
       BUILDING PERL ON AMIGAOS
           Build Prerequisites for Perl on AmigaOS
           Getting the Perl Source for AmigaOS
           Making Perl on AmigaOS
           Testing Perl on AmigaOS
           Installing the built Perl on AmigaOS
       PERL 5.8.0 BROKEN IN AMIGAOS
       AUTHORS
       SEE ALSO

   perlbeos, README.beos - Perl version 5.8+ on BeOS
       DESCRIPTION
       BUILD AND INSTALL
           Requirements
           Configure
           Build
           Install
       KNOWN PROBLEMS
       CONTACT

   perlbs2000, README.BS2000 - building and installing Perl for BS2000.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           gzip on BS2000
           bison on BS2000
           Unpacking Perl Distribution on BS2000
           Compiling Perl on BS2000
           Testing Perl on BS2000
           Installing Perl on BS2000
           Using Perl in the Posix-Shell of BS2000
           Using Perl in "native" BS2000
           Floating point anomalies on BS2000
           Using PerlIO and different encodings on ASCII and EBCDIC partitions
       AUTHORS
       SEE ALSO
           Mailing list
       HISTORY

   perlce - Perl for WinCE
       Building Perl for WinCE
           DESCRIPTION
           General explanations on cross-compiling WinCE
           BUILD
               Microsoft Embedded Visual Tools, Microsoft Visual C++, Rainer
               Keuchel's celib-sources, Rainer Keuchel's console-sources, go
               to "./win32" subdirectory, edit file
               "./win32/ce-helpers/compile.bat", run      compile.bat, run

           INSTALLATION
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       History of WinCE port
       AUTHORS
           Rainer Keuchel <coyxc@rainer-keuchel.de>, Vadim Konovalov

   perlcygwin, README.cygwin - Perl for Cygwin
       SYNOPSIS
       PREREQUISITES FOR COMPILING PERL ON CYGWIN
           Cygwin = GNU+Cygnus+Windows (Don't leave UNIX without it)
           Cygwin Configuration
               "PATH", nroff, Permissions

       CONFIGURE PERL ON CYGWIN
           Stripping Perl Binaries on Cygwin
           Optional Libraries for Perl on Cygwin
               "-lcrypt", "-lgdbm_compat" ("use GDBM_File"), "-ldb" ("use
               DB_File"), "cygserver" ("use IPC::SysV"), "-lutil"

           Configure-time Options for Perl on Cygwin
               "-Uusedl", "-Uusemymalloc", "-Uuseperlio", "-Dusemultiplicity",
               "-Duse64bitint", "-Duselongdouble", "-Dusethreads",
               "-Duselargefiles", "-Dmksymlinks"

           Suspicious Warnings on Cygwin
               Win9x and "d_eofnblk", Compiler/Preprocessor defines

       MAKE ON CYGWIN
       TEST ON CYGWIN
           File Permissions on Cygwin
           NDBM_File and ODBM_File do not work on FAT filesystems
           "fork()" failures in io_* tests
       Specific features of the Cygwin port
           Script Portability on Cygwin
               Pathnames, Text/Binary, PerlIO, .exe, Cygwin vs. Windows
               process ids, Cygwin vs. Windows errors, "chown()",
               Miscellaneous

           Prebuilt methods:
               "Cwd::cwd", "Cygwin::pid_to_winpid", "Cygwin::winpid_to_pid",
               "Cygwin::win_to_posix_path", "Cygwin::posix_to_win_path",
               "Cygwin::mount_table()", "Cygwin::mount_flags",
               "Cygwin::is_binmount"

       INSTALL PERL ON CYGWIN
       MANIFEST ON CYGWIN
           Documentation, Build, Configure, Make, Install, Tests, Compiled
           Perl Source, Compiled Module Source, Perl Modules/Scripts, Perl
           Module Tests

       BUGS ON CYGWIN
       AUTHORS
       HISTORY

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Prerequisites for Compiling Perl on DOS
               DJGPP, Pthreads

           Shortcomings of Perl under DOS
           Building Perl on DOS
           Testing Perl on DOS
           Installation of Perl on DOS
       BUILDING AND INSTALLING MODULES ON DOS
           Building Prerequisites for Perl on DOS
           Unpacking CPAN Modules on DOS
           Building Non-XS Modules on DOS
           Building XS Modules on DOS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   perlepoc, README.epoc - Perl for EPOC
       SYNOPSIS
       INTRODUCTION
       INSTALLING PERL ON EPOC
       STARTING PERL ON EPOC
           Features of Perl on Epoc
           Restrictions of Perl on Epoc
           Compiling Perl 5 on the EPOC cross compiling environment
       SUPPORT STATUS OF PERL ON EPOC
       AUTHOR
       LAST UPDATE

   perlfreebsd, README.freebsd - Perl version 5 on FreeBSD systems
       DESCRIPTION
           FreeBSD core dumps from readdir_r with ithreads
           $^X doesn't always contain a full path in FreeBSD
       AUTHOR

   perlhaiku, README.haiku - Perl version 5.10+ on Haiku
       DESCRIPTION
       BUILD AND INSTALL
       KNOWN PROBLEMS
       CONTACT

   perlhpux, README.hpux - Perl version 5 on Hewlett-Packard Unix (HP-UX)
       systems
       DESCRIPTION
           Using perl as shipped with HP-UX
           Using perl from HP's porting centre
           Compiling Perl 5 on HP-UX
           PA-RISC
           Portability Between PA-RISC Versions
           PA-RISC 1.0
           PA-RISC 1.1
           PA-RISC 2.0
           Itanium Processor Family (IPF) and HP-UX
           Itanium, Itanium 2 & Madison 6

       Miscellaneous
       AUTHOR
       DATE

   perlhurd, README.hurd - Perl version 5 on Hurd
       DESCRIPTION
           Known Problems with Perl on Hurd
       AUTHOR

   perlirix, README.irix - Perl version 5 on Irix systems
       DESCRIPTION
           Building 32-bit Perl in Irix
           Building 64-bit Perl in Irix
           About Compiler Versions of Irix
           Linker Problems in Irix
           Malloc in Irix
           Building with threads in Irix
           Irix 5.3
       AUTHOR

   perllinux, README.linux - Perl version 5 on Linux systems
       DESCRIPTION
           Experimental Support for Sun Studio Compilers for Linux OS
       AUTHOR

   perlmacos, README.macos - Perl under Mac OS (Classic)
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR

   perlmacosx, README.macosx - Perl under Mac OS X
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Installation Prefix
           SDK support
           Universal Binary support
           64-bit PPC support
           libperl and Prebinding
           Updating Apple's Perl
           Known problems
           Cocoa
       Starting From Scratch
       AUTHOR
       DATE

   perlmpeix, README.mpeix - Perl/iX for HP e3000 MPE
       SYNOPSIS
       NOTE
       What's New in Perl for MPE/iX
       Welcome to Perl/iX
       System Requirements for Perl/iX
       How to Obtain Perl/iX
       Perl/iX Distribution Contents Highlights
           README, INSTALL, LIBSHP3K, PERL, .cpan/, lib/, man/,

   perlnetware - Perl for NetWare
       DESCRIPTION
       BUILD
           Tools & SDK
           Setup
               SetNWBld.bat, Buildtype.bat

           Make
           Interpreter
           Extensions
       INSTALL
       BUILD NEW EXTENSIONS
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       AUTHORS
       DATE

   perlopenbsd, README.openbsd - Perl version 5 on OpenBSD systems
       DESCRIPTION
           OpenBSD core dumps from getprotobyname_r and getservbyname_r with
           ithreads
       AUTHOR

   perlos2 - Perl under OS/2, DOS, Win0.3*, Win0.95 and WinNT.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Target
           Other OSes
           Prerequisites
               EMX, RSX, HPFS, pdksh

           Starting Perl programs under OS/2 (and DOS and...)
           Starting OS/2 (and DOS) programs under Perl
       Frequently asked questions
           "It does not work"
           I cannot run external programs
           I cannot embed perl into my program, or use perl.dll from my
           program.
               Is your program EMX-compiled with "-Zmt -Zcrtdll"?, Did you use
               ExtUtils::Embed?

           "``" and pipe-"open" do not work under DOS.
           Cannot start "find.exe "pattern" file"
       INSTALLATION
           Automatic binary installation
               "PERL_BADLANG", "PERL_BADFREE", Config.pm

           Manual binary installation
               Perl VIO and PM executables (dynamically linked), Perl_ VIO
               executable (statically linked), Executables for Perl utilities,
               Main Perl library, Additional Perl modules, Tools to compile
               Perl modules, Manpages for Perl and utilities, Manpages for
               Perl modules, Source for Perl documentation, Perl manual in
               .INF format, Pdksh

           Getting perl source
           Application of the patches
           Hand-editing
           Making
           Testing
               A lot of "bad free", Process terminated by SIGTERM/SIGINT,
               op/fs.t, op/stat.t

           Installing the built perl
           "a.out"-style build
       Building a binary distribution
       Building custom .EXE files
           Making executables with a custom collection of statically loaded
           extensions
           Making executables with a custom search-paths
       Build FAQ
           Some "/" became "\" in pdksh.
           'errno' - unresolved external
           Problems with tr or sed
           Some problem (forget which ;-)
           Library ... not found
           Segfault in make
           op/sprintf test failure
       Specific (mis)features of OS/2 port
           "setpriority", "getpriority"
           "system()"
           "extproc" on the first line
           Additional modules:
           Prebuilt methods:
               "File::Copy::syscopy", "DynaLoader::mod2fname",
               "Cwd::current_drive()",
                "Cwd::sys_chdir(name)",  "Cwd::change_drive(name)",
               "Cwd::sys_is_absolute(name)", "Cwd::sys_is_rooted(name)",
               "Cwd::sys_is_relative(name)", "Cwd::sys_cwd(name)",
               "Cwd::sys_abspath(name, dir)",  "Cwd::extLibpath([type])",
               "Cwd::extLibpath_set( path [, type ] )",
               "OS2::Error(do_harderror,do_exception)",
               "OS2::Errors2Drive(drive)", OS2::SysInfo(), OS2::BootDrive(),
               "OS2::MorphPM(serve)", "OS2::UnMorphPM(serve)",
               "OS2::Serve_Messages(force)", "OS2::Process_Messages(force [,
               cnt])", "OS2::_control87(new,mask)", OS2::get_control87(),
               "OS2::set_control87_em(new=MCW_EM,mask=MCW_EM)",
               "OS2::DLLname([how [, \&xsub]])"

           Prebuilt variables:
               $OS2::emx_rev, $OS2::emx_env, $OS2::os_ver, $OS2::is_aout,
               $OS2::can_fork, $OS2::nsyserror

           Misfeatures
           Modifications
               "popen", "tmpnam", "tmpfile", "ctermid", "stat", "mkdir",
               "rmdir", "flock"

           Identifying DLLs
           perl___.exe
           Why strange names?
           Why dynamic linking?
           Why chimera build?
       ENVIRONMENT
           "PERLLIB_PREFIX"
           "PERL_BADLANG"
           "PERL_BADFREE"
           "PERL_SH_DIR"
           "USE_PERL_FLOCK"
           "TMP" or "TEMP"
       Evolution
           Text-mode filehandles
           Priorities
           DLL name mangling: pre 5.6.2
           DLL name mangling: 5.6.2 and beyond
               Global DLLs, specific DLLs, "BEGINLIBPATH" and "ENDLIBPATH", .
               from "LIBPATH"

           DLL forwarder generation
           Threading
           Calls to external programs
           Memory allocation
           Threads
               "COND_WAIT", os2.c

       BUGS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   perlos390, README.os390 - building and installing Perl for OS/390 and z/OS
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Tools
           Unpacking Perl distribution on OS/390
           Setup and utilities for Perl on OS/390
           Configure Perl on OS/390
           Build, Test, Install Perl on OS/390
           Build Anomalies with Perl on OS/390
           Testing Anomalies with Perl on OS/390
           Installation Anomalies with Perl on OS/390
           Usage Hints for Perl on OS/390
           Floating Point Anomalies with Perl on OS/390
           Modules and Extensions for Perl on OS/390
       AUTHORS
       SEE ALSO
           Mailing list for Perl on OS/390
       HISTORY

   perlos400, README.os400 - Perl version 5 on OS/400
       DESCRIPTION
           Compiling Perl for OS/400 PASE
           Installing Perl in OS/400 PASE
           Using Perl in OS/400 PASE
           Installing Perl Documentation on Plan 9
       BUGS
       Revision date
       AUTHOR

   perlqnx, README.qnx - Perl version 5 on QNX
       DESCRIPTION
           Required Software for Compiling Perl on QNX4
               /bin/sh, ar, nm, cpp, make

           Outstanding Issues with Perl on QNX4
           QNX auxiliary files
               qnx/ar, qnx/cpp

           Outstanding issues with perl under QNX6
       AUTHOR

   perlriscos, README.riscos - Perl version 5 for RISC OS
       DESCRIPTION
       BUILD
       AUTHOR

   perlsolaris, README.solaris - Perl version 5 on Solaris systems
       DESCRIPTION
           Solaris Version Numbers.
       RESOURCES
           Solaris FAQ, Precompiled Binaries, Solaris Documentation

       SETTING UP
           File Extraction Problems on Solaris.
           Compiler and Related Tools on Solaris.
           Environment for Compiling perl on Solaris
       RUN CONFIGURE.
           64-bit perl on Solaris.
           Threads in perl on Solaris.
           Malloc Issues with perl on Solaris.
       MAKE PROBLEMS.
           Dynamic Loading Problems With GNU as and GNU ld, ld.so.1: ./perl:
           fatal: relocation error:, dlopen: stub interception failed, #error
           "No DATAMODEL_NATIVE specified", sh: ar: not found

       MAKE TEST
           op/stat.t test 4 in Solaris
           nss_delete core dump from op/pwent or op/grent
       PREBUILT BINARIES OF PERL FOR SOLARIS.
       RUNTIME ISSUES FOR PERL ON SOLARIS.
           Limits on Numbers of Open Files on Solaris.
       SOLARIS-SPECIFIC MODULES.
       SOLARIS-SPECIFIC PROBLEMS WITH MODULES.
           Proc::ProcessTable on Solaris
           BSD::Resource on Solaris
           Net::SSLeay on Solaris
       SunOS 4.x
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT
       LICENSE
       HISTORY

   perltru64, README.tru64 - Perl version 5 on Tru64 (formerly known as
       Digital UNIX formerly known as DEC OSF/1) systems
       DESCRIPTION
           Compiling Perl 5 on Tru64
           Using Large Files with Perl on Tru64
           Threaded Perl on Tru64
           Long Doubles on Tru64
           DB_File tests failing on Tru64
           64-bit Perl on Tru64
           Warnings about floating-point overflow when compiling Perl on Tru64
       Testing Perl on Tru64
       ext/ODBM_File/odbm Test Failing With Static Builds
       Perl Fails Because Of Unresolved Symbol sockatmark
       AUTHOR

   perluts - Perl under UTS
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       BUILDING PERL ON UTS
       Installing the built perl on UTS
       AUTHOR

   perlvmesa, README.vmesa - building and installing Perl for VM/ESA.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Unpacking Perl Distribution on VM/ESA
           Setup Perl and utilities on VM/ESA
           Configure Perl on VM/ESA
           Testing Anomalies of Perl on VM/ESA
           Usage Hints for Perl on VM/ESA
       AUTHORS
       SEE ALSO
           Mailing list for Perl on VM/ESA

   perlvms - VMS-specific documentation for Perl
       DESCRIPTION
       Installation
       Organization of Perl Images
           Core Images
           Perl Extensions
           Installing static extensions
           Installing dynamic extensions
       File specifications
           Syntax
           Filename Case
           Symbolic Links
           Wildcard expansion
           Pipes
       PERL5LIB and PERLLIB
       The Perl Forked Debugger
       Perl variables
           %ENV, CRTL_ENV, CLISYM_[LOCAL], Any other string, $!, $^E, $?, $|

       Standard modules with VMS-specific differences
           SDBM_File
       Revision date
       AUTHOR

   perlvos, README.vos - Perl for Stratus VOS
       SYNOPSIS
       BUILDING PERL FOR VOS
       INSTALLING PERL IN VOS
       USING PERL IN VOS
           Restrictions of Perl on VOS
           Handling of underflow and overflow
       TEST STATUS
       SUPPORT STATUS
       AUTHOR
       LAST UPDATE

   perlwin32 - Perl under Windows
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           <http://mingw.org>, http://mingw-w64.sf.net <http://mingw-
           w64.sf.net>

           Setting Up Perl on Windows
               Make, Command Shell, Borland C++, Microsoft Visual C++,
               Microsoft Visual C++ 2008/2010 Express Edition, Microsoft
               Visual C++ 2005 Express Edition, Microsoft Visual C++ Toolkit
               2003, Microsoft Platform SDK 64-bit Compiler, MinGW release 3
               with gcc

           Building
           Testing Perl on Windows
           Installation of Perl on Windows
           Usage Hints for Perl on Windows
               Environment Variables, File Globbing, Using perl from the
               command line, Building Extensions, Command-line Wildcard
               Expansion, Notes on 64-bit Windows

           Running Perl Scripts
           Miscellaneous Things
       BUGS AND CAVEATS
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       AUTHORS
           Gary Ng <71564.1743@CompuServe.COM>, Gurusamy Sarathy
           <gsar@activestate.com>, Nick Ing-Simmons <nick@ing-simmons.net>,
           Jan Dubois <jand@activestate.com>, Steve Hay
           <steve.m.hay@googlemail.com>

       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY

               FETCH_type_ATTRIBUTES, MODIFY_type_ATTRIBUTES

           Syntax of Attribute Lists
       EXPORTS
           Default exports
           Available exports
           Export tags defined
       EXAMPLES
       MORE EXAMPLES
       SEE ALSO

   autodie - Replace functions with ones that succeed or die with lexical
       scope
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXCEPTIONS
       CATEGORIES
       FUNCTION SPECIFIC NOTES
           flock
           system/exec
       GOTCHAS
       DIAGNOSTICS
           :void cannot be used with lexical scope, No user hints defined for
           %s

       BUGS
           autodie and string eval
           REPORTING BUGS
       FEEDBACK
       AUTHOR
       LICENSE
       SEE ALSO
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

   autodie::exception - Exceptions from autodying functions.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Common Methods
       Advanced methods
       SEE ALSO
       LICENSE
       AUTHOR

   autodie::exception::system - Exceptions from autodying system().
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       stringify
       LICENSE
       AUTHOR

   autodie::hints - Provide hints about user subroutines to autodie
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Introduction

       LICENSE
       SEE ALSO

   autouse - postpone load of modules until a function is used
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       WARNING
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   base - Establish an ISA relationship with base classes at compile time
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       DIAGNOSTICS
           Base class package "%s" is empty, Class 'Foo' tried to inherit from
           itself

       HISTORY
       CAVEATS
       SEE ALSO

   bigint - Transparent BigInteger support for Perl
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           use integer vs. use bigint
           Options
               a or accuracy, p or precision, t or trace, hex, oct, l, lib,
               try or only, v or version

           Math Library
           Internal Format
           Sign
           Methods
               inf(), NaN(), e, PI, bexp(), bpi(), upgrade(), in_effect()

           MATH LIBRARY
           Caveat
       CAVEATS
           in_effect(), hex()/oct()

       MODULES USED
       EXAMPLES
       LICENSE
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS

   bignum - Transparent BigNumber support for Perl
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Options
               a or accuracy, p or precision, t or trace, l or lib, hex, oct,
               v or version

           Methods

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS

   bigrat - Transparent BigNumber/BigRational support for Perl
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Modules Used
           Math Library
           Sign
           Methods
               inf(), NaN(), e, PI, bexp(), bpi(), upgrade(), in_effect()

           MATH LIBRARY
           Caveat
           Options
               a or accuracy, p or precision, t or trace, l or lib, hex, oct,
               v or version

       CAVEATS
           in_effect(), hex()/oct()

       EXAMPLES
       LICENSE
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS

   blib - Use MakeMaker's uninstalled version of a package
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       BUGS
       AUTHOR

   bytes - Perl pragma to force byte semantics rather than character semantics
       NOTICE
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       LIMITATIONS
       SEE ALSO

   charnames - access to Unicode character names and named character
       sequences; also define character names
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       ALIASES
       CUSTOM ALIASES
       charnames::viacode(code)
       charnames::string_vianame(name)
       charnames::vianame(name)
       CUSTOM TRANSLATORS
       BUGS

   constant - Perl pragma to declare constants
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           EXPORT
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   diagnostics, splain - produce verbose warning diagnostics
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           The "diagnostics" Pragma
           The splain Program
       EXAMPLES
       INTERNALS
       BUGS
       AUTHOR

   encoding - allows you to write your script in non-ascii or non-utf8
       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
           Literal Conversions
           PerlIO layers for "STD(IN|OUT)"
           Implicit upgrading for byte strings
           Side effects
       FEATURES THAT REQUIRE 5.8.1
           "NON-EUC" doublebyte encodings, tr//, DATA pseudo-filehandle

       USAGE
           use encoding [ENCNAME] ;, use encoding ENCNAME [ STDIN =>
           ENCNAME_IN ...] ;, use encoding ENCNAME Filter=>1;, no encoding;

       The Filter Option
           Filter-related changes at Encode version 1.87
       CAVEATS
           NOT SCOPED
           DO NOT MIX MULTIPLE ENCODINGS
           tr/// with ranges
               Legend of characters above

       EXAMPLE - Greekperl
       KNOWN PROBLEMS
           literals in regex that are longer than 127 bytes, EBCDIC, format,
           Thread safety

           The Logic of :locale
       HISTORY
       SEE ALSO

   encoding::warnings - Warn on implicit encoding conversions
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Overview of the problem
           Detecting the problem

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Lexical effect
           "no feature"
           The 'switch' feature
           The 'say' feature
           the 'state' feature
           the 'unicode_strings' feature
       FEATURE BUNDLES
       IMPLICIT LOADING

   fields - compile-time class fields
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           new, phash

       SEE ALSO

   filetest - Perl pragma to control the filetest permission operators
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Consider this carefully
           The "access" sub-pragma
           Limitation with regard to "_"

   if - "use" a Perl module if a condition holds
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       BUGS
       AUTHOR

   inc::latest - use modules bundled in inc/ if they are newer than installed
       ones
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Special notes on bundling
       USAGE
           Author-mode
               loaded_modules(), write(), bundle_module()

           As bundled in inc/
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   integer - Perl pragma to use integer arithmetic instead of floating point
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   less - perl pragma to request less of something
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       FOR MODULE AUTHORS
           "BOOLEAN = less->of( FEATURE )"

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   locale - Perl pragma to use and avoid POSIX locales for built-in operations
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   mro - Method Resolution Order
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OVERVIEW
       The C3 MRO
           What is C3?
           How does C3 work
       Functions
           mro::get_linear_isa($classname[, $type])
           mro::set_mro ($classname, $type)
           mro::get_mro($classname)
           mro::get_isarev($classname)
           mro::is_universal($classname)
           mro::invalidate_all_method_caches()
           mro::method_changed_in($classname)
           mro::get_pkg_gen($classname)
           next::method
           next::can
           maybe::next::method
       SEE ALSO
           The original Dylan paper
               http://www.webcom.com/haahr/dylan/linearization-oopsla96.html
               <http://www.webcom.com/haahr/dylan/linearization-oopsla96.html>

           Pugs
           Parrot
               http://aspn.activestate.com/ASPN/Mail/Message/perl6-internals/2746631
               <http://aspn.activestate.com/ASPN/Mail/Message/perl6-internals/2746631>,
               <http://use.perl.org/~autrijus/journal/25768>

           Python 2.3 MRO related links
               <http://www.python.org/2.3/mro.html>,
               <http://www.python.org/2.2.2/descrintro.html#mro>

           C3 for TinyCLOS
               http://www.call-with-current-continuation.org/eggs/c3.html
               <http://www.call-with-current-continuation.org/eggs/c3.html>

           Class::C3
               Class::C3

       AUTHOR

   open - perl pragma to set default PerlIO layers for input and output
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Fundamentals
           Overloadable Operations
               "not", "neg", "++", "--", Assignments, Non-mutators with a
               mutator variant, "int", String, numeric, boolean, and regexp
               conversions, Iteration, File tests, Matching, Dereferencing,
               Special

           Magic Autogeneration
           Special Keys for "use overload"
               defined, but FALSE, "undef", TRUE

           How Perl Chooses an Operator Implementation
           Losing Overloading
           Inheritance and Overloading
               Method names in the "use overload" directive, Overloading of an
               operation is inherited by derived classes

           Run-time Overloading
           Public Functions
               overload::StrVal(arg), overload::Overloaded(arg),
               overload::Method(obj,op)

           Overloading Constants
               integer, float, binary, q, qr

       IMPLEMENTATION
       COOKBOOK
           Two-face Scalars
           Two-face References
           Symbolic Calculator
           Really Symbolic Calculator
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO
       DIAGNOSTICS
           Odd number of arguments for overload::constant, `%s' is not an
           overloadable type, `%s' is not a code reference

       BUGS AND PITFALLS

   overloading - perl pragma to lexically control overloading
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           "no overloading", "no overloading @ops", "use overloading", "use
           overloading @ops"

   parent - Establish an ISA relationship with base classes at compile time
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       DIAGNOSTICS
           Class 'Foo' tried to inherit from itself

       HISTORY
       CAVEATS
       SEE ALSO
               Compile related options, COMPILE, PARSE, OPTIMISE, TRIEC, DUMP,
               Execute related options, EXECUTE, MATCH, TRIEE, INTUIT, Extra
               debugging options, EXTRA, BUFFERS, TRIEM, STATE, STACK,
               OPTIMISEM, OFFSETS, OFFSETSDBG, Other useful flags, ALL, All,
               MORE, More

           Exportable Functions
               is_regexp($ref), regexp_pattern($ref), regmust($ref),
               regname($name,$all), regnames($all), regnames_count()

       SEE ALSO

   sigtrap - Perl pragma to enable simple signal handling
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OPTIONS
           SIGNAL HANDLERS
               stack-trace, die, handler your-handler

           SIGNAL LISTS
               normal-signals, error-signals, old-interface-signals

           OTHER
               untrapped, any, signal, number

       EXAMPLES

   sort - perl pragma to control sort() behaviour
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CAVEATS

   strict - Perl pragma to restrict unsafe constructs
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           "strict refs", "strict vars", "strict subs"

       HISTORY

   subs - Perl pragma to predeclare sub names
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   threads - Perl interpreter-based threads
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           $thr = threads->create(FUNCTION, ARGS), $thr->join(),
           $thr->detach(), threads->detach(), threads->self(), $thr->tid(),
           threads->tid(), "$thr", threads->object($tid), threads->yield(),
           threads->list(), threads->list(threads::all),
           threads->list(threads::running), threads->list(threads::joinable),
           $thr1->equal($thr2), async BLOCK;, $thr->error(), $thr->_handle(),
           threads->_handle()
           Explicit context
           Implicit context
           $thr->wantarray()
           threads->wantarray()
       THREAD STACK SIZE
           threads->get_stack_size();, $size = $thr->get_stack_size();,
           $old_size = threads->set_stack_size($new_size);, use threads
           ('stack_size' => VALUE);, $ENV{'PERL5_ITHREADS_STACK_SIZE'},
           threads->create({'stack_size' => VALUE}, FUNCTION, ARGS), $thr2 =
           $thr1->create(FUNCTION, ARGS)

       THREAD SIGNALLING
           $thr->kill('SIG...');

       WARNINGS
           Perl exited with active threads:, Thread creation failed:
           pthread_create returned #, Thread # terminated abnormally: ..,
           Using minimum thread stack size of #, Thread creation failed:
           pthread_attr_setstacksize(SIZE) returned 22

       ERRORS
           This Perl not built to support threads, Cannot change stack size of
           an existing thread, Cannot signal threads without safe signals,
           Unrecognized signal name: ..

       BUGS AND LIMITATIONS
           Thread-safe modules, Using non-thread-safe modules, Memory
           consumption, Current working directory, Environment variables,
           Parent-child threads, Creating threads inside special blocks,
           Unsafe signals, Perl has been built with "PERL_OLD_SIGNALS" (see
           "perl -V"), The environment variable "PERL_SIGNALS" is set to
           "unsafe" (see "PERL_SIGNALS" in perlrun), The module
           Perl::Unsafe::Signals is used, Returning closures from threads,
           Returning objects from threads, END blocks in threads, Open
           directory handles, Perl Bugs and the CPAN Version of threads

       REQUIREMENTS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       LICENSE
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

   threads::shared - Perl extension for sharing data structures between
       threads
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXPORT
       FUNCTIONS
           share VARIABLE, shared_clone REF, is_shared VARIABLE, lock
           VARIABLE, cond_wait VARIABLE, cond_wait CONDVAR, LOCKVAR,
           cond_timedwait VARIABLE, ABS_TIMEOUT, cond_timedwait CONDVAR,
           ABS_TIMEOUT, LOCKVAR, cond_signal VARIABLE, cond_broadcast VARIABLE

               utf8::downgrade($string[, FAIL_OK]), utf8::encode($string),
               $success = utf8::decode($string), $flag =
               utf8::is_utf8(STRING), $flag = utf8::valid(STRING)

       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

   vars - Perl pragma to predeclare global variable names (obsolete)
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   version - Perl extension for Version Objects
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       TYPES OF VERSION OBJECTS
           Decimal Versions, Dotted Decimal Versions

       DECLARING VERSIONS
           How to convert a module from decimal to dotted-decimal
           How to "declare()" a dotted-decimal version
       PARSING AND COMPARING VERSIONS
           How to "parse()" a version
           How to check for a legal version string
               "is_lax()", "is_strict()"

           How to compare version objects
       OBJECT METHODS
           is_alpha()
           is_qv()
           normal()
           numify()
           stringify()
       EXPORTED FUNCTIONS
           qv()
           is_lax()
           is_strict()
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   version::Internals - Perl extension for Version Objects
       DESCRIPTION
       WHAT IS A VERSION?
           Decimal Versions, Dotted-Decimal Versions

           Decimal Versions
           Dotted-Decimal Versions
           Alpha Versions
           Regular Expressions for Version Parsing
               $version::LAX, $version::STRICT, v1.234.5

       IMPLEMENTATION DETAILS
           Equivalence between Decimal and Dotted-Decimal Versions
           Quoting Rules
           What about v-strings?

       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   vmsish - Perl pragma to control VMS-specific language features
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           "vmsish status", "vmsish exit", "vmsish time", "vmsish hushed"

   warnings - Perl pragma to control optional warnings
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           use warnings::register, warnings::enabled(),
           warnings::enabled($category), warnings::enabled($object),
           warnings::fatal_enabled(), warnings::fatal_enabled($category),
           warnings::fatal_enabled($object), warnings::warn($message),
           warnings::warn($category, $message), warnings::warn($object,
           $message), warnings::warnif($message), warnings::warnif($category,
           $message), warnings::warnif($object, $message),
           warnings::register_categories(@names)

   warnings::register - warnings import function
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

MODULE DOCUMENTATION
   AnyDBM_File - provide framework for multiple DBMs
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           DBM Comparisons
               [0], [1], [2], [3]

       SEE ALSO

   App::Cpan - easily interact with CPAN from the command line
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Options
               -a, -A module [ module ... ], -c module, -C module [ module ...
               ], -D module [ module ... ], -f, -F, -g module [ module ... ],
               -G module [ module ... ], -h, -i, -j Config.pm, -J, -l, -L
               author [ author ... ], -m, -O, -t, -r, -u, -v

           Examples
           Methods

       run()

       EXIT VALUES
       TO DO
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO
       SOURCE AVAILABILITY
       CREDITS
           "harness", "ignore_exit", "includes", "jobs", "lib", "merge",
           "modules", "parse", "plugins", "quiet", "really_quiet", "recurse",
           "rules", "show_count", "show_help", "show_man", "show_version",
           "shuffle", "state", "state_class", "taint_fail", "taint_warn",
           "test_args", "timer", "verbose", "warnings_fail", "warnings_warn",
           "tapversion", "trap"

       PLUGINS
           Sample Plugin
       SEE ALSO

   App::Prove::State - State storage for the "prove" command.
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       METHODS
           Class Methods
               "store", "extensions" (optional), "result_class" (optional)

       "result_class"
       "extensions"
       "results"
       "commit"
       Instance Methods
           "last", "failed", "passed", "all", "hot", "todo", "slow", "fast",
           "new", "old", "save"

   App::Prove::State::Result - Individual test suite results.
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       METHODS
           Class Methods
       "state_version"
       "test_class"

   App::Prove::State::Result::Test - Individual test results.
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       METHODS
           Class Methods
       Instance Methods

   Archive::Extract - A generic archive extracting mechanism
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           $ae = Archive::Extract->new(archive => '/path/to/archive',[type =>
           TYPE])
               tar, tgz, gz, Z, zip, bz2, tbz, lzma, xz, txz

       $ae->extract( [to => '/output/path'] )
           $ae->extract_path, $ae->files

       $ae->is_zip
       $ae->is_lzma
       $ae->is_xz
       $ae->bin_tar
       $ae->bin_gzip
       $ae->bin_unzip
       $ae->bin_unlzma
       $ae->bin_unxz
       $bool = $ae->have_old_bunzip2
       debug( MESSAGE )
       HOW IT WORKS
       CAVEATS
           File Extensions
           Supporting Very Large Files
           Bunzip2 support of arbitrary extensions.
       GLOBAL VARIABLES
           $Archive::Extract::DEBUG
           $Archive::Extract::WARN
           $Archive::Extract::PREFER_BIN
       TODO / CAVEATS
           Mime magic support, Thread safety

       BUG REPORTS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Archive::Tar - module for manipulations of tar archives
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Object Methods
           Archive::Tar->new( [$file, $compressed] )
       $tar->read ( $filename|$handle, [$compressed, {opt => 'val'}] )
           limit, filter, extract

       $tar->contains_file( $filename )
       $tar->extract( [@filenames] )
       $tar->extract_file( $file, [$extract_path] )
       $tar->list_files( [\@properties] )
       $tar->get_files( [@filenames] )
       $tar->get_content( $file )
       $tar->replace_content( $file, $content )
       $tar->rename( $file, $new_name )
       $tar->remove (@filenamelist)
       $tar->clear
       $tar->write ( [$file, $compressed, $prefix] )
       $tar->add_files( @filenamelist )
       $tar->add_data ( $filename, $data, [$opthashref] )
           FILE, HARDLINK, SYMLINK, CHARDEV, BLOCKDEV, DIR, FIFO, SOCKET

       $tar->error( [$BOOL] )
       $tar->setcwd( $cwd );
       Class Methods
           Archive::Tar->create_archive($file, $compressed, @filelist)
       Archive::Tar->iter( $filename, [ $compressed, {opt => $val} ] )
           $Archive::Tar::DO_NOT_USE_PREFIX
           $Archive::Tar::DEBUG
           $Archive::Tar::WARN
           $Archive::Tar::error
           $Archive::Tar::INSECURE_EXTRACT_MODE
           $Archive::Tar::HAS_PERLIO
           $Archive::Tar::HAS_IO_STRING
           $Archive::Tar::ZERO_PAD_NUMBERS
       FAQ What's the minimum perl version required to run Archive::Tar?,
           Isn't Archive::Tar slow?, Isn't Archive::Tar heavier on memory than
           /bin/tar?, Can you lazy-load data instead?, How much memory will an
           X kb tar file need?, What do you do with unsupported filetypes in
           an archive?, I'm using WinZip, or some other non-POSIX client, and
           files are not being extracted properly!, How do I extract only
           files that have property X from an archive?, How do I access .tar.Z
           files?, How do I handle Unicode strings?

       CAVEATS
       TODO
           Check if passed in handles are open for read/write, Allow archives
           to be passed in as string, Facilitate processing an opened
           filehandle of a compressed archive

       SEE ALSO
           The GNU tar specification, The PAX format specification, A
           comparison of GNU and POSIX tar standards;
           "http://www.delorie.com/gnu/docs/tar/tar_114.html", GNU tar intends
           to switch to POSIX compatibility, A Comparison between various tar
           implementations

       AUTHOR
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       COPYRIGHT

   Archive::Tar::File - a subclass for in-memory extracted file from
       Archive::Tar
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Accessors
               name, mode, uid, gid, size, mtime, chksum, type, linkname,
               magic, version, uname, gname, devmajor, devminor, prefix, raw

       Methods
           Archive::Tar::File->new( file => $path )
           Archive::Tar::File->new( data => $path, $data, $opt )
           Archive::Tar::File->new( chunk => $chunk )
       $bool = $file->extract( [ $alternative_name ] )
       $path = $file->full_path
       $bool = $file->validate
       $bool = $file->has_content
       $content = $file->get_content
       $cref = $file->get_content_by_ref
       $bool = $file->replace_content( $content )
       $bool = $file->rename( $new_name )
           Typed lexicals
           Type-specific attribute handlers
           Non-interpretive attribute handlers
           Phase-specific attribute handlers
           Attributes as "tie" interfaces
       EXAMPLES
       UTILITY FUNCTIONS
           findsym

       DIAGNOSTICS
           "Bad attribute type: ATTR(%s)", "Attribute handler %s doesn't
           handle %s attributes", "Declaration of %s attribute in package %s
           may clash with future reserved word", "Can't have two ATTR
           specifiers on one subroutine", "Can't autotie a %s", "Internal
           error: %s symbol went missing", "Won't be able to apply END
           handler"

       AUTHOR
       BUGS
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   AutoLoader - load subroutines only on demand
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Subroutine Stubs
           Using AutoLoader's AUTOLOAD Subroutine
           Overriding AutoLoader's AUTOLOAD Subroutine
           Package Lexicals
           Not Using AutoLoader
           AutoLoader vs. SelfLoader
       CAVEATS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   AutoSplit - split a package for autoloading
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           $keep, $check, $modtime

           Multiple packages
       DIAGNOSTICS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   B - The Perl Compiler Backend
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OVERVIEW
       Utility Functions
           Functions Returning "B::SV", "B::AV", "B::HV", and "B::CV" objects
               sv_undef, sv_yes, sv_no, svref_2object(SVREF),
               amagic_generation, init_av, check_av, unitcheck_av, begin_av,
               end_av, comppadlist, regex_padav, main_cv

           Exported utility variables
               @optype, @specialsv_name

       OVERVIEW OF CLASSES
           SV-RELATED CLASSES
           B::SV Methods
               REFCNT, FLAGS, object_2svref

           B::IV Methods
               IV, IVX, UVX, int_value, needs64bits, packiv

           B::NV Methods
               NV, NVX

           B::RV Methods
               RV

           B::PV Methods
               PV, RV, PVX

           B::PVMG Methods
               MAGIC, SvSTASH

           B::MAGIC Methods
               MOREMAGIC, precomp, PRIVATE, TYPE, FLAGS, OBJ, PTR, REGEX

           B::PVLV Methods
               TARGOFF, TARGLEN, TYPE, TARG

           B::BM Methods
               USEFUL, PREVIOUS, RARE, TABLE

           B::GV Methods
               is_empty, NAME, SAFENAME, STASH, SV, IO, FORM, AV, HV, EGV, CV,
               CVGEN, LINE, FILE, FILEGV, GvREFCNT, FLAGS

           B::IO Methods
               LINES, PAGE, PAGE_LEN, LINES_LEFT, TOP_NAME, TOP_GV, FMT_NAME,
               FMT_GV, BOTTOM_NAME, BOTTOM_GV, SUBPROCESS, IoTYPE, IoFLAGS,
               IsSTD

           B::AV Methods
               FILL, MAX, ARRAY, ARRAYelt, OFF, AvFLAGS

           B::CV Methods
               STASH, START, ROOT, GV, FILE, DEPTH, PADLIST, OUTSIDE,
               OUTSIDE_SEQ, XSUB, XSUBANY, CvFLAGS, const_sv

           B::HV Methods
               FILL, MAX, KEYS, RITER, NAME, ARRAY, PMROOT

           OP-RELATED CLASSES
           B::OP Methods
               next, sibling, name, ppaddr, desc, targ, type, opt, flags,
               children

           B::PMOP Methods
               pmreplroot, pmreplstart, pmnext, pmflags, extflags, precomp,
               pmoffset

           B::SVOP METHOD
               sv, gv

           B::PADOP METHOD
               padix

           B::PVOP METHOD
               pv

           B::LOOP Methods
               redoop, nextop, lastop

           B::COP Methods
               label, stash, stashpv, file, cop_seq, arybase, line, warnings,
               io, hints, hints_hash

       AUTHOR

   B::Concise - Walk Perl syntax tree, printing concise info about ops
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLE
       OPTIONS
           Options for Opcode Ordering
               -basic, -exec, -tree

           Options for Line-Style
               -concise, -terse, -linenoise, -debug, -env

           Options for tree-specific formatting
               -compact, -loose, -vt, -ascii

           Options controlling sequence numbering
               -basen, -bigendian, -littleendian

           Other options
               -src, -stash="somepackage", -main, -nomain, -nobanner, -banner,
               -banneris => subref

           Option Stickiness
       ABBREVIATIONS
           OP class abbreviations
           OP flags abbreviations
       FORMATTING SPECIFICATIONS
           Special Patterns
               (x(exec_text;basic_text)x), (*(text)*), (*(text1;text2)*),
               (?(text1#varText2)?), ~

           -MO=Concise,a -e 'sub a{_POSIX_SAVED_IDS}', perl -MB::Concise -e
           'B::Concise::compile("-exec","-src", \%B::Concise::)->()'

       Using B::Concise outside of the O framework
           Example: Altering Concise Renderings
           set_style()
           set_style_standard($name)
           add_style ()
           add_callback ()
           Running B::Concise::compile()
           B::Concise::reset_sequence()
           Errors
       AUTHOR

   B::Debug - Walk Perl syntax tree, printing debug info about ops
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OPTIONS
       AUTHOR
       LICENSE

   B::Deparse - Perl compiler backend to produce perl code
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OPTIONS
           -d, -fFILE, -l, -p, -P, -q, -sLETTERS, C, iNUMBER, T, vSTRING.,
           -xLEVEL

       USING B::Deparse AS A MODULE
           Synopsis
           Description
           new
           ambient_pragmas
               strict, $[, bytes, utf8, integer, re, warnings, hint_bits,
               warning_bits, %^H

           coderef2text
       BUGS
       AUTHOR

   B::Lint - Perl lint
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OPTIONS AND LINT CHECKS
           magic-diamond, context, implicit-read and implicit-write, bare-
           subs, dollar-underscore, private-names, undefined-subs, regexp-
           variables, all, none

       NON LINT-CHECK OPTIONS
           -u Package

       EXTENDING LINT
       TODO
           while(<FH>) stomps $_, strict oo, unchecked system calls, more

       EXAMPLES
           OPTIONS
       SEE ALSO
       TODO
       AUTHOR

   B::Terse - Walk Perl syntax tree, printing terse info about ops
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR

   B::Xref - Generates cross reference reports for Perl programs
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OPTIONS
           "-oFILENAME", "-r", "-d", "-D[tO]"

       BUGS
       AUTHOR

   Benchmark - benchmark running times of Perl code
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Methods
               new, debug, iters

           Standard Exports
               timeit(COUNT, CODE), timethis ( COUNT, CODE, [ TITLE, [ STYLE
               ]] ), timethese ( COUNT, CODEHASHREF, [ STYLE ] ), timediff (
               T1, T2 ), timestr ( TIMEDIFF, [ STYLE, [ FORMAT ] ] )

           Optional Exports
               clearcache ( COUNT ), clearallcache ( ), cmpthese ( COUNT,
               CODEHASHREF, [ STYLE ] ), cmpthese ( RESULTSHASHREF, [ STYLE ]
               ), countit(TIME, CODE), disablecache ( ), enablecache ( ),
               timesum ( T1, T2 )

           :hireswallclock
       NOTES
       EXAMPLES
       INHERITANCE
       CAVEATS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       MODIFICATION HISTORY

   CGI - Handle Common Gateway Interface requests and responses
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           PROGRAMMING STYLE
           CALLING CGI.PM ROUTINES
           CREATING A NEW QUERY OBJECT (OBJECT-ORIENTED STYLE):
           CREATING A NEW QUERY OBJECT FROM AN INPUT FILE
           FETCHING A LIST OF KEYWORDS FROM THE QUERY:
           USING THE FUNCTION-ORIENTED INTERFACE
               :cgi, :form, :html2, :html3, :html4, :netscape, :html,
               :standard, :all

           PRAGMAS
               -any, -compile, -nosticky, -tabindex, -no_undef_params,
               -no_xhtml, -utf8, -nph, -newstyle_urls, -oldstyle_urls,
               -autoload, -no_debug, -debug, -private_tempfiles

           SPECIAL FORMS FOR IMPORTING HTML-TAG FUNCTIONS
               1. start_table() (generates a <table> tag), 2. end_table()
               (generates a </table> tag), 3. start_ul() (generates a <ul>
               tag), 4. end_ul() (generates a </ul> tag)

       GENERATING DYNAMIC DOCUMENTS
           CREATING A STANDARD HTTP HEADER:
           GENERATING A REDIRECTION HEADER
           CREATING THE HTML DOCUMENT HEADER
               Parameters:, 4, 5, 6..

           ENDING THE HTML DOCUMENT:
           CREATING A SELF-REFERENCING URL THAT PRESERVES STATE INFORMATION:
           OBTAINING THE SCRIPT'S URL
               -absolute, -relative, -full, -path (-path_info), -query
               (-query_string), -base, -rewrite

           MIXING POST AND URL PARAMETERS
       CREATING STANDARD HTML ELEMENTS:
           PROVIDING ARGUMENTS TO HTML SHORTCUTS
           THE DISTRIBUTIVE PROPERTY OF HTML SHORTCUTS
           HTML SHORTCUTS AND LIST INTERPOLATION
           NON-STANDARD HTML SHORTCUTS
           AUTOESCAPING HTML
               $escaped_string = escapeHTML("unescaped string");, $charset =
               charset([$charset]);, $flag = autoEscape([$flag]);

           PRETTY-PRINTING HTML
       CREATING FILL-OUT FORMS:
           CREATING AN ISINDEX TAG
           STARTING AND ENDING A FORM
               application/x-www-form-urlencoded, multipart/form-data

           FORM ELEMENTS
               -name, -value, -values, -tabindex, -id, -override, -onChange,
               -onFocus, -onBlur, -onMouseOver, -onMouseOut, -onSelect

           CREATING A TEXT FIELD
               Parameters

           CREATING A BIG TEXT FIELD
           CREATING A PASSWORD FIELD
           CREATING A FILE UPLOAD FIELD
               Parameters

           CREATING A RADIO BUTTON GROUP
               Parameters:

           CREATING A SUBMIT BUTTON
               Parameters:

           CREATING A RESET BUTTON
           CREATING A DEFAULT BUTTON
           CREATING A HIDDEN FIELD
               Parameters:

           CREATING A CLICKABLE IMAGE BUTTON
               Parameters:, 3. The third option (-align, optional) is an
               alignment type, and may be TOP, BOTTOM or MIDDLE

           CREATING A JAVASCRIPT ACTION BUTTON
       HTTP COOKIES
           1. an expiration time, 2. a domain, 3. a path, 4. a "secure" flag,
           -name, -value, -path, -domain, -expires, -secure

       WORKING WITH FRAMES
           1. Create a <Frameset> document, 2. Specify the destination for the
           document in the HTTP header, 3. Specify the destination for the
           document in the <form> tag

       SUPPORT FOR JAVASCRIPT
           onLoad, onUnload, onSubmit, onClick, onChange, onFocus, onBlur,
           onSelect, onMouseOver, onMouseOut

       LIMITED SUPPORT FOR CASCADING STYLE SHEETS
       DEBUGGING
           DUMPING OUT ALL THE NAME/VALUE PAIRS
       FETCHING ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
           Accept(), raw_cookie(), user_agent(), path_info(),
           path_translated(), remote_host(), remote_addr(), script_name()
           Return the script name as a partial URL, for self-referring
           scripts, referer(), auth_type (), server_name (), virtual_host (),
           server_port (), virtual_port (), server_software (), remote_user
           (), user_name (), request_method(), content_type(), http(), https()

       USING NPH SCRIPTS
           In the use statement, By calling the nph() method:, By using -nph
           parameters

       Server Push
           multipart_init(), multipart_start(), multipart_end(),
           multipart_final()

       Avoiding Denial of Service Attacks
           $CGI::POST_MAX, $CGI::DISABLE_UPLOADS, 1. On a script-by-script
           basis, 2. Globally for all scripts

       COMPATIBILITY WITH CGI-LIB.PL
           Cgi-lib functions that are available in CGI.pm
           (Tim.MacKenzie@fulcrum.com.au), Kevin B. Hendricks
           (kbhend@dogwood.tyler.wm.edu), Stephen Dahmen
           (joyfire@inxpress.net), Ed Jordan (ed@fidalgo.net), David Alan
           Pisoni (david@cnation.com), Doug MacEachern (dougm@opengroup.org),
           Robin Houston (robin@oneworld.org), ...and many many more..

       A COMPLETE EXAMPLE OF A SIMPLE FORM-BASED SCRIPT
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

   CGI::Apache - Backward compatibility module for CGI.pm
       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR INFORMATION
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

   CGI::Carp, CGI::Carp - CGI routines for writing to the HTTPD (or other)
       error log
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       REDIRECTING ERROR MESSAGES
       MAKING PERL ERRORS APPEAR IN THE BROWSER WINDOW
           Changing the default message
       DOING MORE THAN PRINTING A MESSAGE IN THE EVENT OF PERL ERRORS
           SUPPRESSING PERL ERRORS APPEARING IN THE BROWSER WINDOW
       MAKING WARNINGS APPEAR AS HTML COMMENTS
       OVERRIDING THE NAME OF THE PROGRAM
       AUTHORS
       SEE ALSO

   CGI::Cookie - Interface to HTTP Cookies
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       USING CGI::Cookie
           1. expiration date, 2. domain, 3. path, 4. secure flag, 5.
           httponly flag

           Creating New Cookies
           Sending the Cookie to the Browser
           Recovering Previous Cookies
           Manipulating Cookies
               name(), value(), domain(), path(), expires()

       AUTHOR INFORMATION
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

   CGI::Fast - CGI Interface for Fast CGI
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OTHER PIECES OF THE PUZZLE
       WRITING FASTCGI PERL SCRIPTS
       DESCRIPTION
           Recommendation for when to use CGI::Pretty
           Tags that won't be formatted
           Customizing the Indenting
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   CGI::Push - Simple Interface to Server Push
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       USING CGI::Push
           -next_page, -last_page, -type, -delay, -cookie, -target, -expires,
           -nph

           Heterogeneous Pages
           Changing the Page Delay on the Fly
       INSTALLING CGI::Push SCRIPTS
       AUTHOR INFORMATION
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

   CGI::Switch - Backward compatibility module for defunct CGI::Switch
       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR INFORMATION
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

   CGI::Util - Internal utilities used by CGI module
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR INFORMATION
       SEE ALSO

   CORE - Pseudo-namespace for Perl's core routines
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OVERRIDING CORE FUNCTIONS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   CPAN - query, download and build perl modules from CPAN sites
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           CPAN::shell([$prompt, $command]) Starting Interactive Mode
               Searching for authors, bundles, distribution files and modules,
               "get", "make", "test", "install", "clean" modules or
               distributions, "readme", "perldoc", "look" module or
               distribution, "ls" author, "ls" globbing_expression, "failed",
               Persistence between sessions, The "force" and the "fforce"
               pragma, Lockfile, Signals

           CPAN::Shell
           completion support, displaying some help: o conf help, displaying
           current values: o conf [KEY], changing of scalar values: o conf KEY
           VALUE, changing of list values: o conf KEY
           SHIFT|UNSHIFT|PUSH|POP|SPLICE|LIST, reverting to saved: o conf
           defaults, saving the config: o conf commit

           Config Variables
               "o conf <scalar option>", "o conf <scalar option> <value>", "o
               conf <list option>", "o conf <list option> [shift|pop]", "o
               conf <list option> [unshift|push|splice] <list>", interactive
               editing: o conf init [MATCH|LIST]

           CPAN::anycwd($path): Note on config variable getcwd
               cwd, getcwd, fastcwd, backtickcwd

           Note on the format of the urllist parameter
           The urllist parameter has CD-ROM support
           Maintaining the urllist parameter
           The "requires" and "build_requires" dependency declarations
           Configuration for individual distributions (Distroprefs)
           Filenames
           Fallback Data::Dumper and Storable
           Blueprint
           Language Specs
               comment [scalar], cpanconfig [hash], depends [hash] ***
               EXPERIMENTAL FEATURE ***, disabled [boolean], features [array]
               *** EXPERIMENTAL FEATURE ***, goto [string], install [hash],
               make [hash], match [hash], patches [array], pl [hash], test
               [hash]

           Processing Instructions
               args [array], commandline, eexpect [hash], env [hash], expect
               [array]

           Schema verification with "Kwalify"
           Example Distroprefs Files
       PROGRAMMER'S INTERFACE
           expand($type,@things), expandany(@things), Programming Examples

           Methods in the other Classes
               CPAN::Author::as_glimpse(), CPAN::Author::as_string(),
               CPAN::Author::email(), CPAN::Author::fullname(),
               CPAN::Author::name(), CPAN::Bundle::as_glimpse(),
               CPAN::Bundle::as_string(), CPAN::Bundle::clean(),
               CPAN::Bundle::contains(), CPAN::Bundle::force($method,@args),
               CPAN::Bundle::get(), CPAN::Bundle::inst_file(),
               CPAN::Bundle::inst_version(), CPAN::Bundle::uptodate(),
               CPAN::Bundle::install(), CPAN::Bundle::make(),
               CPAN::Bundle::readme(), CPAN::Bundle::test(),
               CPAN::Distribution::as_glimpse(),
               CPAN::Distribution::as_string(), CPAN::Distribution::author,
               CPAN::Distribution::pretty_id(), CPAN::Distribution::base_id(),
               CPAN::Distribution::clean(),
               CPAN::Distribution::containsmods(),
               CPAN::Module::clean(), CPAN::Module::cpan_file(),
               CPAN::Module::cpan_version(), CPAN::Module::cvs_import(),
               CPAN::Module::description(), CPAN::Module::distribution(),
               CPAN::Module::dslip_status(),
               CPAN::Module::force($method,@args), CPAN::Module::get(),
               CPAN::Module::inst_file(), CPAN::Module::available_file(),
               CPAN::Module::inst_version(),
               CPAN::Module::available_version(), CPAN::Module::install(),
               CPAN::Module::look(), CPAN::Module::make(),
               CPAN::Module::manpage_headline(), CPAN::Module::perldoc(),
               CPAN::Module::readme(), CPAN::Module::reports(),
               CPAN::Module::test(), CPAN::Module::uptodate(),
               CPAN::Module::userid()

           Cache Manager
           Bundles
       PREREQUISITES
       UTILITIES
           Finding packages and VERSION
           Debugging
               o debug package.., o debug -package.., o debug all, o debug
               number

           Floppy, Zip, Offline Mode
           Basic Utilities for Programmers
               has_inst($module), has_usable($module), instance($module)

       SECURITY
           Cryptographically signed modules
       EXPORT
       ENVIRONMENT
       POPULATE AN INSTALLATION WITH LOTS OF MODULES
       WORKING WITH CPAN.pm BEHIND FIREWALLS
           Three basic types of firewalls
               http firewall, ftp firewall, One-way visibility, SOCKS, IP
               Masquerade

           Configuring lynx or ncftp for going through a firewall
       FAQ 1), 2), 3), 4), 5), 6), 7), 8), 9), 10), 11), 12), 13), 14), 15),
           16), 17), 18)

       COMPATIBILITY
           OLD PERL VERSIONS
           CPANPLUS
           CPANMINUS
       SECURITY ADVICE
       BUGS
       AUTHOR
       LICENSE
       TRANSLATIONS
       SEE ALSO

   CPAN::API::HOWTO - a recipe book for programming with CPAN.pm
       RECIPES

       RESULTS
           Common
           Errors
           Successes
       PREFS
       LICENSE

   CPAN::FirstTime - Utility for CPAN::Config file Initialization
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       auto_commit, build_cache, build_dir, build_dir_reuse,
       build_requires_install_policy, cache_metadata, check_sigs,
       colorize_output, colorize_print, colorize_warn, colorize_debug,
       commandnumber_in_prompt, connect_to_internet_ok, ftp_passive,
       ftpstats_period, ftpstats_size, getcwd, halt_on_failure, histfile,
       histsize, inactivity_timeout, index_expire, inhibit_startup_message,
       keep_source_where, load_module_verbosity, makepl_arg, make_arg,
       make_install_arg, make_install_make_command, mbuildpl_arg, mbuild_arg,
       mbuild_install_arg, mbuild_install_build_command, pager,
       prefer_installer, prefs_dir, prerequisites_policy, randomize_urllist,
       scan_cache, shell, show_unparsable_versions, show_upload_date,
       show_zero_versions, tar_verbosity, term_is_latin, term_ornaments,
       test_report, perl5lib_verbosity, prefer_external_tar,
       trust_test_report_history, use_sqlite, version_timeout, yaml_load_code,
       yaml_module

       LICENSE

   CPAN::Kwalify - Interface between CPAN.pm and Kwalify.pm
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           _validate($schema_name, $data, $file, $doc), yaml($schema_name)

       AUTHOR
       LICENSE

   CPAN::Meta - the distribution metadata for a CPAN dist
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           new
           create
           load_file
           load_yaml_string
           load_json_string
           save
           meta_spec_version
           effective_prereqs
           should_index_file
           should_index_package
           features

   CPAN::Meta::Converter - Convert CPAN distribution metadata structures
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           new
           convert
       BUGS
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   CPAN::Meta::Feature - an optional feature provided by a CPAN distribution
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           new
           identifier
           description
           prereqs
       BUGS
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   CPAN::Meta::History - history of CPAN Meta Spec changes
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       HISTORY
           Version 2
           Version 1.4
           Version 1.3
           Version 1.2
           Version 1.1
           Version 1.0
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   CPAN::Meta::Prereqs - a set of distribution prerequisites by phase and type
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           new
           requirements_for
           with_merged_prereqs
           as_string_hash
           is_finalized
           finalize
           clone
       BUGS
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   CPAN::Meta::Spec - specification for CPAN distribution metadata
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
           Version
           Version Range
       STRUCTURE
           REQUIRED FIELDS
               version, url, stable, testing, unstable

           OPTIONAL FIELDS
               file, directory, package, namespace, description, prereqs,
               file, version, homepage, license, bugtracker, repository

           DEPRECATED FIELDS
       VERSION NUMBERS
           Version Formats
               Decimal versions, Dotted-integer versions

           Version Ranges
       PREREQUISITES
           Prereq Spec
               configure, build, test, runtime, develop, requires, recommends,
               suggests, conflicts

           Merging and Resolving Prerequisites
       SERIALIZATION
       NOTES FOR IMPLEMENTORS
           Extracting Version Numbers from Perl Modules
           Comparing Version Numbers
       SEE ALSO
       CONTRIBUTORS
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   CPAN::Meta::Validator - validate CPAN distribution metadata structures
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           new
           is_valid
           errors
           Check Methods
               check_map($spec,$data)

           Validator Methods
               header($self,$key,$value)

       BUGS
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   CPAN::Meta::YAML - Read and write a subset of YAML for CPAN Meta files
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SUPPORT
       DESCRIPTION
       LICENSE

   CPANPLUS - API & CLI access to the CPAN mirrors
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       GUIDE TO DOCUMENTATION
           GENERAL USAGE
           API REFERENCE
       COMMANDLINE TOOLS
           STARTING AN INTERACTIVE SHELL
           CHOOSE A SHELL
           BUILDING PACKAGES
       FUNCTIONS
           $bool = install( Module::Name | /A/AU/AUTHOR/Module-Name-1.tgz )
           $where = fetch( Module::Name | /A/AU/AUTHOR/Module-Name-1.tgz )
           $where = get( Module::Name | /A/AU/AUTHOR/Module-Name-1.tgz )
           shell()
       FAQ
       BUG REPORTS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO
       CONTACT INFORMATION
           Bug reporting: bug-cpanplus@rt.cpan.org, Questions & suggestions:
           cpanplus-devel@lists.sourceforge.net

   CPANPLUS::Backend
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       ENVIRONMENT
       METHODS
           $cb = CPANPLUS::Backend->new( [CONFIGURE_OBJ] )
               Provide a valid "CPANPLUS::Configure" object, No arguments

       $href = $cb->module_tree( [@modules_names_list] )
       $href = $cb->author_tree( [@author_names_list] )
       $conf = $cb->configure_object;
       $su = $cb->selfupdate_object;
       @mods = $cb->search( type => TYPE, allow => AREF, [data => AREF,
       verbose => BOOL] )
       $backend_rv = $cb->fetch( modules => \@mods )
       $backend_rv = $cb->extract( modules => \@mods )
       $backend_rv = $cb->install( modules => \@mods )
       $backend_rv = $cb->readme( modules => \@mods )
       $backend_rv = $cb->files( modules => \@mods )
       $backend_rv = $cb->distributions( modules => \@mods )
       $mod_obj = $cb->parse_module( module =>
       $modname|$distname|$modobj|URI|PATH )
           Text::Bastardize, Text-Bastardize, Text-Bastardize-1.06,
           AYRNIEU/Text-Bastardize, AYRNIEU/Text-Bastardize-1.06,
           AYRNIEU/Text-Bastardize-1.06.tar.gz,
           http://example.com/Text-Bastardize-1.06.tar.gz,
           file:///tmp/Text-Bastardize-1.06.tar.gz, /tmp/Text-Bastardize-1.06,

       $file = $cb->autobundle([path => OUTPUT_PATH, force => BOOL, verbose =>
       BOOL])
       $bool = $cb->save_state
       CUSTOM MODULE SOURCES
           %files = $cb->list_custom_sources
       $local_index = $cb->add_custom_source( uri => URI, [verbose => BOOL] );
       $local_index = $cb->remove_custom_source( uri => URI, [verbose => BOOL]
       );
       $bool = $cb->update_custom_source( [remote => URI] );
       $file = $cb->write_custom_source_index( path => /path/to/package/root,
       [to => /path/to/index/file, verbose => BOOL] );
       BUG REPORTS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   CPANPLUS::Backend::RV
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           new( ok => BOOL, args => DATA, rv => DATA, [function =>
           $method_name] )
               ok, args, rv, function

       BUG REPORTS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   CPANPLUS::Config
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONFIGURATION
       Section 'conf'
           hosts

       base

       buildflags

       cpantest

       cpantest_mx

       debug

       dist_type

       email

       extractdir

       fetchdir

       flush

       passive

       prefer_bin

       prefer_makefile

       prereqs

       shell

       show_startup_tip

       signature

       skiptest

       storable

       timeout

       verbose

       write_install_log

       source_engine

       cpantest_reporter_args

       editor

       make

       pager

       shell

       sudo

       perlwrapper

       BUG REPORTS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   CPANPLUS::Config::System
       DESCRIPTION

   CPANPLUS::Configure
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           $Configure = CPANPLUS::Configure->new( load_configs => BOOL )

       BUG REPORTS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   CPANPLUS::Dist
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       ACCESSORS
           parent(), status()

       STATUS ACCESSORS
           created(), installed(), uninstalled(), dist()

       $dist = CPANPLUS::Dist::YOUR_DIST_TYPE_HERE->new( module => MODOBJ );
       @dists = CPANPLUS::Dist->dist_types;
       $bool = CPANPLUS::Dist->rescan_dist_types;
       $bool = CPANPLUS::Dist->has_dist_type( $type )
       $bool = $dist->prereq_satisfied( modobj => $modobj, version =>
       $version_spec )
       $configure_requires = $dist->find_configure_requires( [file =>
       /path/to/META.yml] )
       $bool = $dist->_resolve_prereqs( ... )

   CPANPLUS::Dist::Autobundle
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   CPANPLUS::Dist::Base - Base class for custom distribution classes
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       FLOW
       METHODS
       @subs = $Class->methods
       $bool = $Class->format_available
       $bool = $dist->init
       $bool = $dist->prepare
       $bool = $dist->create
       $bool = $dist->install
       $bool = $dist->uninstall

   CPANPLUS::Dist::Build - CPANPLUS plugin to install packages that use
       Build.PL
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       ACCESSORS
           "parent()", "status()"

       STATUS ACCESSORS
           "build_pl ()", "build ()", "test ()", "prepared ()", "distdir ()",
           "created ()", "installed ()", uninstalled (), "_create_args ()",
           "_install_args ()"

   CPANPLUS::Dist::Build::Constants - Constants for CPANPLUS::Dist::Build
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR
       LICENSE

   CPANPLUS::Dist::MM
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       ACCESSORS
           parent(), status()

       STATUS ACCESSORS
           makefile (), make (), test (), prepared (), distdir (), created (),
           installed (), uninstalled (), _create_args (), _install_args ()

       METHODS
           $bool = $dist->format_available();
       $bool = $dist->init();
       $bool = $dist->prepare([perl => '/path/to/perl', makemakerflags =>
       'EXTRA=FLAGS', force => BOOL, verbose => BOOL])
       $href = $dist->_find_prereqs( file => '/path/to/Makefile', [verbose =>
       BOOL])
       $bool = $dist->create([perl => '/path/to/perl', make =>
       '/path/to/make', makeflags => 'EXTRA=FLAGS', prereq_target => TARGET,
       skiptest => BOOL, force => BOOL, verbose => BOOL])
       $bool = $dist->install([make => '/path/to/make',  makemakerflags =>
       'EXTRA=FLAGS', force => BOOL, verbose => BOOL])
       $bool = $dist->write_makefile_pl([force => BOOL, verbose => BOOL])

   CPANPLUS::Dist::Sample -- Sample code to create your own Dist::* plugin
       Description.

   CPANPLUS::Error
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       FUNCTIONS
           cp_msg("message string" [,VERBOSE])
           msg()
           cp_error("error string" [,VERBOSE])
           error()
       CLASS METHODS
           CPANPLUS::Error->stack()
           CPANPLUS::Error->stack_as_string([TRACE])
           CPANPLUS::Error->flush()
       GLOBAL VARIABLES
           $ERROR_FH, $MSG_FH

   CPANPLUS::FAQ
       DESCRIPTION
       BUG REPORTS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

       SUPPLYING PATCHES
           In "diff -u" or "diff -c" format, From the root of the snapshot,
           Including patches for code + tests + docs, Sent per mail to
           cpanplus-devel@lists.sourceforge.net, With subject containing
           "[PATCH]" + description of the patch

   CPANPLUS::Internals
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       ACCESSORS
           _conf, _id

       METHODS
           $internals = CPANPLUS::Internals->_init( _conf => CONFIG_OBJ )
       $bool = $internals->_flush( list => \@caches )
       $bool = $internals->_register_callback( name => CALLBACK_NAME, code =>
       CODEREF );
           install_prerequisite, send_test_report, munge_test_report,
           edit_test_report, proceed_on_test_failure, munge_dist_metafile

       $bool = $internals->_add_to_includepath( directories => \@dirs )
       $id = CPANPLUS::Internals->_last_id
       $id = CPANPLUS::Internals->_store_id( $internals )
       $obj = CPANPLUS::Internals->_retrieve_id( $ID )
       CPANPLUS::Internals->_remove_id( $ID )
       @objs = CPANPLUS::Internals->_return_all_objects

   CPANPLUS::Internals::Extract
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           $dir = _extract( module => $modobj, [perl => '/path/to/perl',
           extractdir => '/path/to/extract/to', prefer_bin => BOOL, verbose =>
           BOOL, force => BOOL] )
               module, extractdir, prefer_bin, perl, verbose, force

   CPANPLUS::Internals::Fetch
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
       $path = _fetch( module => $modobj, [fetchdir => '/path/to/save/to',
       fetch_from => 'scheme://path/to/fetch/from', verbose => BOOL, force =>
       BOOL, prefer_bin => BOOL, ttl => $seconds] )
       _add_fail_host( host => $host_hashref )
       _host_ok( host => $host_hashref )

   CPANPLUS::Internals::Report
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           $bool = $cb->_have_query_report_modules
           $bool = $cb->_have_send_report_modules
       @list = $cb->_query_report( module => $modobj, [all_versions => BOOL,
       verbose => BOOL] )

       _search_author_tree( type => TYPE, allow => \@regexex, [data =>
       \@previous_results ] )
           type, allow, data

       _all_installed()

   CPANPLUS::Internals::Source
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
       $cb->_build_trees( uptodate => BOOL, [use_stored => BOOL, path =>
       $path, verbose => BOOL] )
           uptodate, path, verbose, use_stored

       $cb->_check_trees( [update_source => BOOL, path => PATH, verbose =>
       BOOL] )
           update_source, path, verbose

       $cb->__check_uptodate( file => $file, name => $name, [update_source =>
       BOOL, verbose => BOOL] )
           file, name, update_source, verbose

       $cb->_update_source( name => $name, [path => $path, verbose => BOOL] )
           name, path, verbose

       $cb->__create_author_tree([path => $path, uptodate => BOOL, verbose =>
       BOOL])
           uptodate, path, verbose

       $cb->_create_mod_tree([path => $path, uptodate => BOOL, verbose =>
       BOOL])
           uptodate, path, verbose

       $cb->__create_dslip_tree([path => $path, uptodate => BOOL, verbose =>
       BOOL])
           uptodate, path, verbose

       $cb->_dslip_defs ()
       $file = $cb->_add_custom_module_source( uri => URI, [verbose => BOOL]
       );
       $index = $cb->__custom_module_source_index_file( uri => $uri );
       $file = $cb->_remove_custom_module_source( uri => URI, [verbose =>
       BOOL] );
       %files = $cb->__list_custom_module_sources
       $bool = $cb->__update_custom_module_sources( [verbose => BOOL] );
       $ok = $cb->__update_custom_module_source
       $bool = $cb->__write_custom_module_index( path => /path/to/packages,
       [to => /path/to/index/file, verbose => BOOL] )
       $bool = $cb->__create_custom_module_entries( [verbose => BOOL] )

   CPANPLUS::Internals::Source::Memory - In memory implementation
       $cb->__memory_retrieve_source(name => $name, [path => $path, uptodate
       => BOOL, verbose => BOOL])
       $cb->_rmdir( dir => '/some/dir' );
       $cb->_perl_version ( perl => 'some/perl/binary' );
       $cb->_version_to_number( version => $version );
       $cb->_whoami
       _get_file_contents( file => $file );
       $cb->_move( from => $file|$dir, to => $target );
       $cb->_copy( from => $file|$dir, to => $target );
       $cb->_mode_plus_w( file => '/path/to/file' );
       $uri = $cb->_host_to_uri( scheme => SCHEME, host => HOST, path => PATH
       );
       $cb->_vcmp( VERSION, VERSION );
       $cb->_home_dir
       $path = $cb->_safe_path( path => $path );
       ($pkg, $version, $ext) = $cb->_split_package_string( package =>
       PACKAGE_STRING );

   CPANPLUS::Module
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CLASS METHODS
           accessors ()
       ACCESSORS
           name, module, version, path, comment, package, description, dslip

       status, author, parent

       STATUS ACCESSORS
           installer_type, dist_cpan, dist, prereqs | requires,
           configure_requires, signature, extract, fetch, readme, uninstall,
           created, installed, checksums, checksum_ok, checksum_value

       METHODS
           $self = CPANPLUS::Module->new( OPTIONS )
       $mod->package_name( [$package_string] )
       $mod->package_version( [$package_string] )
       $mod->package_extension( [$package_string] )
       $mod->package_is_perl_core
       $mod->module_is_supplied_with_perl_core( [version => $]] )
       $mod->is_bundle
       $mod->is_autobundle;
       $mod->is_third_party
       $mod->third_party_information
       $clone = $self->clone
       $where = $self->fetch
       $path = $self->extract
       $type = $self->get_installer_type([prefer_makefile => BOOL])
       $dist = $self->dist([target => 'prepare|create', format =>
       DISTRIBUTION_TYPE, args => {key => val}]);
       $bool = $mod->prepare( )
       $bool = $mod->create( )
       $bool = $mod->test( )
       $bool = $self->install([ target => 'init|prepare|create|install',
       format => FORMAT_TYPE, extractdir => DIRECTORY, fetchdir => DIRECTORY,
       prefer_bin => BOOL, force => BOOL, verbose => BOOL, ..... ]);
       @list = $self->packlist ()
       @list = $self->validate ()
       $bool = $self->add_to_includepath;
       $path = $self->best_path_to_module_build();
       BUG REPORTS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   CPANPLUS::Module::Author
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       ACCESSORS
           author, cpanid, email, parent

       METHODS
           $auth = CPANPLUS::Module::Author->new( author => AUTHOR_NAME,
           cpanid => CPAN_ID, _id => INTERNALS_ID [, email => AUTHOR_EMAIL] )
       @mod_objs = $auth->modules()
       @dists = $auth->distributions()
       CLASS METHODS
           accessors ()

   CPANPLUS::Module::Author::Fake
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           new( _id => DIGIT )

   CPANPLUS::Module::Checksums
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           $mod->checksums

   CPANPLUS::Module::Fake
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           new( module => $mod, path => $path, package => $pkg, [_id => DIGIT]
           )

   CPANPLUS::Selfupdate
       SYNOPSIS
       METHODS
           $self = CPANPLUS::Selfupdate->new( $backend_object );
       %list = $self->list_modules_to_update( update =>
       "core|dependencies|enabled_features|features|all", [latest => BOOL] )
       $bool = $self->selfupdate( update =>
       "core|dependencies|enabled_features|features|all", [latest => BOOL,
       force => BOOL] )
       @features = $self->list_features
       @features = $self->list_enabled_features
       @mods = $self->modules_for_feature( FEATURE [,AS_HASH] )
       @mods = $self->list_core_dependencies( [AS_HASH] )
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   CPANPLUS::Shell::Classic - CPAN.pm emulation for CPANPLUS
       DESCRIPTION
       BUG REPORTS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO
       SEE ALSO

   CPANPLUS::Shell::Default
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       BUG REPORTS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   CPANPLUS::Shell::Default::Plugins::CustomSource
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   CPANPLUS::Shell::Default::Plugins::HOWTO -- documentation on how to write
       your own plugins
       SYNOPSIS
       HOWTO
           Registering Plugin Modules
           Registering Plugin Commands
           Registering Plugin Help
           Arguments to Plugin Commands
               Classname -- The name of your plugin class, Shell     -- The
               CPANPLUS::Shell::Default object, Backend   -- The
               CPANPLUS::Backend object, Command   -- The command issued by
               the user, Input     -- The input string from the user,
               Options    -- A hashref of options provided by the user

       BUG REPORTS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   CPANPLUS::Shell::Default::Plugins::Remote
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       BUG REPORTS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   CPANPLUS::Shell::Default::Plugins::Source
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           $Carp::MaxArgNums
           $Carp::Verbose
           @CARP_NOT
           %Carp::Internal
           %Carp::CarpInternal
           $Carp::CarpLevel
       BUGS

   Class::Struct - declare struct-like datatypes as Perl classes
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           The "struct()" function
           Class Creation at Compile Time
           Element Types and Accessor Methods
               Scalar ('$' or '*$'), Array ('@' or '*@'), Hash ('%' or '*%'),
               Class ('Class_Name' or '*Class_Name')

           Initializing with "new"
       EXAMPLES
           Example 1, Example 2, Example 3

       Author and Modification History

   Compress::Raw::Bzip2 - Low-Level Interface to bzip2 compression library
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Compression
           ($z, $status) = new Compress::Raw::Bzip2 $appendOutput,
           $blockSize100k, $workfactor;
               $appendOutput, $blockSize100k, $workfactor

           $status = $bz->bzdeflate($input, $output);
           $status = $bz->bzflush($output);
           $status = $bz->bzclose($output);
           Example
       Uncompression
           ($z, $status) = new Compress::Raw::Bunzip2 $appendOutput,
           $consumeInput, $small, $verbosity, $limitOutput;
               $appendOutput, $consumeInput, $small, $limitOutput, $verbosity

           $status = $z->bzinflate($input, $output);
       Misc
           my $version = Compress::Raw::Bzip2::bzlibversion();
       Constants
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       MODIFICATION HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   Compress::Raw::Zlib - Low-Level Interface to zlib compression library
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Compress::Raw::Zlib::Deflate
           ($d, $status) = new Compress::Raw::Zlib::Deflate( [OPT] )
           $d->crc32()
           $d->adler32()
           $d->msg()
           $d->total_in()
           $d->total_out()
           $d->get_Strategy()
           $d->get_Level()
           $d->get_BufSize()
           Example
       Compress::Raw::Zlib::Inflate
            ($i, $status) = new Compress::Raw::Zlib::Inflate( [OPT] )
               -WindowBits, -Bufsize, -Dictionary, -AppendOutput, -CRC32,
               -ADLER32, -ConsumeInput, -LimitOutput

            $status = $i->inflate($input, $output [,$eof])
           $status = $i->inflateSync($input)
           $status = $i->inflateReset()
           $i->dict_adler()
           $i->crc32()
           $i->adler32()
           $i->msg()
           $i->total_in()
           $i->total_out()
           $d->get_BufSize()
           Examples
       CHECKSUM FUNCTIONS
       Misc
           my $version = Compress::Raw::Zlib::zlib_version();
       The LimitOutput option.
       ACCESSING ZIP FILES
       CONSTANTS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       MODIFICATION HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   Compress::Zlib - Interface to zlib compression library
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Notes for users of Compress::Zlib version 1
       GZIP INTERFACE
           $gz = gzopen($filename, $mode), $gz = gzopen($filehandle, $mode),
           $bytesread = $gz->gzread($buffer [, $size]) ;, $bytesread =
           $gz->gzreadline($line) ;, $byteswritten = $gz->gzwrite($buffer) ;,
           $status = $gz->gzflush($flush_type) ;, $offset = $gz->gztell() ;,
           $status = $gz->gzseek($offset, $whence) ;, $gz->gzclose,
           $gz->gzsetparams($level, $strategy, $level, $strategy,
           $gz->gzerror, $gzerrno

           Examples
           Compress::Zlib::memGzip
           Compress::Zlib::memGunzip
       COMPRESS/UNCOMPRESS
           $dest = compress($source [, $level] ) ;, $dest =

           $d->dict_adler()
           $d->msg()
           $d->total_in()
           $d->total_out()
           Example
       Inflate Interface
           ($i, $status) = inflateInit()
               -WindowBits, -Bufsize, -Dictionary

           ($out, $status) = $i->inflate($buffer)
           $status = $i->inflateSync($buffer)
           $i->dict_adler()
           $i->msg()
           $i->total_in()
           $i->total_out()
           Example
       CHECKSUM FUNCTIONS
       Misc
           my $version = Compress::Zlib::zlib_version();
       CONSTANTS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       MODIFICATION HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   Config - access Perl configuration information
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           myconfig(), config_sh(), config_re($regex), config_vars(@names),
           bincompat_options(), non_bincompat_options(), compile_date(),
           local_patches(), header_files()

       EXAMPLE
       WARNING
       GLOSSARY
       _

       "_a", "_exe", "_o"

       a

       "afs", "afsroot", "alignbytes", "ansi2knr", "aphostname",
       "api_revision", "api_subversion", "api_version", "api_versionstring",
       "ar", "archlib", "archlibexp", "archname", "archname64", "archobjs",
       "asctime_r_proto", "awk"

       b

       "baserev", "bash", "bin", "bin_ELF", "binexp", "bison", "byacc",
       "byteorder"

       c

       "d_asctime64", "d_asctime_r", "d_atolf", "d_atoll",
       "d_attribute_deprecated", "d_attribute_format", "d_attribute_malloc",
       "d_attribute_nonnull", "d_attribute_noreturn", "d_attribute_pure",
       "d_attribute_unused", "d_attribute_warn_unused_result", "d_bcmp",
       "d_bcopy", "d_bsd", "d_bsdgetpgrp", "d_bsdsetpgrp",
       "d_builtin_choose_expr", "d_builtin_expect", "d_bzero",
       "d_c99_variadic_macros", "d_casti32", "d_castneg", "d_charvspr",
       "d_chown", "d_chroot", "d_chsize", "d_class", "d_clearenv",
       "d_closedir", "d_cmsghdr_s", "d_const", "d_copysignl", "d_cplusplus",
       "d_crypt", "d_crypt_r", "d_csh", "d_ctermid", "d_ctermid_r",
       "d_ctime64", "d_ctime_r", "d_cuserid", "d_dbl_dig", "d_dbminitproto",
       "d_difftime", "d_difftime64", "d_dir_dd_fd", "d_dirfd", "d_dirnamlen",
       "d_dlerror", "d_dlopen", "d_dlsymun", "d_dosuid", "d_drand48_r",
       "d_drand48proto", "d_dup2", "d_eaccess", "d_endgrent", "d_endgrent_r",
       "d_endhent", "d_endhostent_r", "d_endnent", "d_endnetent_r",
       "d_endpent", "d_endprotoent_r", "d_endpwent", "d_endpwent_r",
       "d_endsent", "d_endservent_r", "d_eofnblk", "d_eunice", "d_faststdio",
       "d_fchdir", "d_fchmod", "d_fchown", "d_fcntl", "d_fcntl_can_lock",
       "d_fd_macros", "d_fd_set", "d_fds_bits", "d_fgetpos", "d_finite",
       "d_finitel", "d_flexfnam", "d_flock", "d_flockproto", "d_fork",
       "d_fp_class", "d_fpathconf", "d_fpclass", "d_fpclassify", "d_fpclassl",
       "d_fpos64_t", "d_frexpl", "d_fs_data_s", "d_fseeko", "d_fsetpos",
       "d_fstatfs", "d_fstatvfs", "d_fsync", "d_ftello", "d_ftime",
       "d_futimes", "d_Gconvert", "d_gdbm_ndbm_h_uses_prototypes",
       "d_gdbmndbm_h_uses_prototypes", "d_getaddrinfo", "d_getcwd",
       "d_getespwnam", "d_getfsstat", "d_getgrent", "d_getgrent_r",
       "d_getgrgid_r", "d_getgrnam_r", "d_getgrps", "d_gethbyaddr",
       "d_gethbyname", "d_gethent", "d_gethname", "d_gethostbyaddr_r",
       "d_gethostbyname_r", "d_gethostent_r", "d_gethostprotos",
       "d_getitimer", "d_getlogin", "d_getlogin_r", "d_getmnt", "d_getmntent",
       "d_getnameinfo", "d_getnbyaddr", "d_getnbyname", "d_getnent",
       "d_getnetbyaddr_r", "d_getnetbyname_r", "d_getnetent_r",
       "d_getnetprotos", "d_getpagsz", "d_getpbyname", "d_getpbynumber",
       "d_getpent", "d_getpgid", "d_getpgrp", "d_getpgrp2", "d_getppid",
       "d_getprior", "d_getprotobyname_r", "d_getprotobynumber_r",
       "d_getprotoent_r", "d_getprotoprotos", "d_getprpwnam", "d_getpwent",
       "d_getpwent_r", "d_getpwnam_r", "d_getpwuid_r", "d_getsbyname",
       "d_getsbyport", "d_getsent", "d_getservbyname_r", "d_getservbyport_r",
       "d_getservent_r", "d_getservprotos", "d_getspnam", "d_getspnam_r",
       "d_gettimeod", "d_gmtime64", "d_gmtime_r", "d_gnulibc", "d_grpasswd",
       "d_hasmntopt", "d_htonl", "d_ilogbl", "d_inc_version_list", "d_index",
       "d_inetaton", "d_inetntop", "d_inetpton", "d_int64_t", "d_isascii",
       "d_isfinite", "d_isinf", "d_isnan", "d_isnanl", "d_killpg", "d_lchown",
       "d_ldbl_dig", "d_libm_lib_version", "d_link", "d_localtime64",
       "d_localtime_r", "d_localtime_r_needs_tzset", "d_locconv", "d_lockf",
       "d_longdbl", "d_longlong", "d_lseekproto", "d_lstat", "d_madvise",
       "d_malloc_good_size", "d_malloc_size", "d_mblen", "d_mbstowcs",
       "d_mbtowc", "d_memchr", "d_memcmp", "d_memcpy", "d_memmove",
       "d_memset", "d_mkdir", "d_mkdtemp", "d_mkfifo", "d_mkstemp",
       "d_mkstemps", "d_mktime", "d_mktime64", "d_mmap", "d_modfl",
       "d_modfl_pow32_bug", "d_modflproto", "d_mprotect", "d_msg",
       "d_msg_ctrunc", "d_msg_dontroute", "d_msg_oob", "d_msg_peek",
       "d_msg_proxy", "d_msgctl", "d_msgget", "d_msghdr_s", "d_msgrcv",
       "d_msgsnd", "d_msync", "d_munmap", "d_mymalloc", "d_ndbm",
       "d_readdir64_r", "d_readdir_r", "d_readlink", "d_readv", "d_recvmsg",
       "d_rename", "d_rewinddir", "d_rmdir", "d_safebcpy", "d_safemcpy",
       "d_sanemcmp", "d_sbrkproto", "d_scalbnl", "d_sched_yield",
       "d_scm_rights", "d_SCNfldbl", "d_seekdir", "d_select", "d_sem",
       "d_semctl", "d_semctl_semid_ds", "d_semctl_semun", "d_semget",
       "d_semop", "d_sendmsg", "d_setegid", "d_seteuid", "d_setgrent",
       "d_setgrent_r", "d_setgrps", "d_sethent", "d_sethostent_r",
       "d_setitimer", "d_setlinebuf", "d_setlocale", "d_setlocale_r",
       "d_setnent", "d_setnetent_r", "d_setpent", "d_setpgid", "d_setpgrp",
       "d_setpgrp2", "d_setprior", "d_setproctitle", "d_setprotoent_r",
       "d_setpwent", "d_setpwent_r", "d_setregid", "d_setresgid",
       "d_setresuid", "d_setreuid", "d_setrgid", "d_setruid", "d_setsent",
       "d_setservent_r", "d_setsid", "d_setvbuf", "d_sfio", "d_shm",
       "d_shmat", "d_shmatprototype", "d_shmctl", "d_shmdt", "d_shmget",
       "d_sigaction", "d_signbit", "d_sigprocmask", "d_sigsetjmp",
       "d_sin6_scope_id", "d_sitearch", "d_snprintf", "d_sockaddr_sa_len",
       "d_sockatmark", "d_sockatmarkproto", "d_socket", "d_socklen_t",
       "d_sockpair", "d_socks5_init", "d_sprintf_returns_strlen", "d_sqrtl",
       "d_srand48_r", "d_srandom_r", "d_sresgproto", "d_sresuproto",
       "d_statblks", "d_statfs_f_flags", "d_statfs_s", "d_static_inline",
       "d_statvfs", "d_stdio_cnt_lval", "d_stdio_ptr_lval",
       "d_stdio_ptr_lval_nochange_cnt", "d_stdio_ptr_lval_sets_cnt",
       "d_stdio_stream_array", "d_stdiobase", "d_stdstdio", "d_strchr",
       "d_strcoll", "d_strctcpy", "d_strerrm", "d_strerror", "d_strerror_r",
       "d_strftime", "d_strlcat", "d_strlcpy", "d_strtod", "d_strtol",
       "d_strtold", "d_strtoll", "d_strtoq", "d_strtoul", "d_strtoull",
       "d_strtouq", "d_strxfrm", "d_suidsafe", "d_symlink", "d_syscall",
       "d_syscallproto", "d_sysconf", "d_sysernlst", "d_syserrlst",
       "d_system", "d_tcgetpgrp", "d_tcsetpgrp", "d_telldir",
       "d_telldirproto", "d_time", "d_timegm", "d_times", "d_tm_tm_gmtoff",
       "d_tm_tm_zone", "d_tmpnam_r", "d_truncate", "d_ttyname_r", "d_tzname",
       "d_u32align", "d_ualarm", "d_umask", "d_uname", "d_union_semun",
       "d_unordered", "d_unsetenv", "d_usleep", "d_usleepproto", "d_ustat",
       "d_vendorarch", "d_vendorbin", "d_vendorlib", "d_vendorscript",
       "d_vfork", "d_void_closedir", "d_voidsig", "d_voidtty", "d_volatile",
       "d_vprintf", "d_vsnprintf", "d_wait4", "d_waitpid", "d_wcstombs",
       "d_wctomb", "d_writev", "d_xenix", "date", "db_hashtype",
       "db_prefixtype", "db_version_major", "db_version_minor",
       "db_version_patch", "defvoidused", "direntrytype", "dlext", "dlsrc",
       "doublesize", "drand01", "drand48_r_proto", "dtrace", "dynamic_ext"

       e

       "eagain", "ebcdic", "echo", "egrep", "emacs", "endgrent_r_proto",
       "endhostent_r_proto", "endnetent_r_proto", "endprotoent_r_proto",
       "endpwent_r_proto", "endservent_r_proto", "eunicefix", "exe_ext",
       "expr", "extensions", "extern_C", "extras"

       f

       "fflushall", "fflushNULL", "find", "firstmakefile", "flex", "fpossize",
       "fpostype", "freetype", "from", "full_ar", "full_csh", "full_sed"

       g
       h

       "h_fcntl", "h_sysfile", "hint", "hostcat", "html1dir", "html1direxp",
       "html3dir", "html3direxp"

       i

       "i16size", "i16type", "i32size", "i32type", "i64size", "i64type",
       "i8size", "i8type", "i_arpainet", "i_assert", "i_bsdioctl", "i_crypt",
       "i_db", "i_dbm", "i_dirent", "i_dld", "i_dlfcn", "i_fcntl", "i_float",
       "i_fp", "i_fp_class", "i_gdbm", "i_gdbm_ndbm", "i_gdbmndbm", "i_grp",
       "i_ieeefp", "i_inttypes", "i_langinfo", "i_libutil", "i_limits",
       "i_locale", "i_machcthr", "i_malloc", "i_mallocmalloc", "i_math",
       "i_memory", "i_mntent", "i_ndbm", "i_netdb", "i_neterrno",
       "i_netinettcp", "i_niin", "i_poll", "i_prot", "i_pthread", "i_pwd",
       "i_rpcsvcdbm", "i_sfio", "i_sgtty", "i_shadow", "i_socks", "i_stdarg",
       "i_stddef", "i_stdlib", "i_string", "i_sunmath", "i_sysaccess",
       "i_sysdir", "i_sysfile", "i_sysfilio", "i_sysin", "i_sysioctl",
       "i_syslog", "i_sysmman", "i_sysmode", "i_sysmount", "i_sysndir",
       "i_sysparam", "i_syspoll", "i_sysresrc", "i_syssecrt", "i_sysselct",
       "i_syssockio", "i_sysstat", "i_sysstatfs", "i_sysstatvfs", "i_systime",
       "i_systimek", "i_systimes", "i_systypes", "i_sysuio", "i_sysun",
       "i_sysutsname", "i_sysvfs", "i_syswait", "i_termio", "i_termios",
       "i_time", "i_unistd", "i_ustat", "i_utime", "i_values", "i_varargs",
       "i_varhdr", "i_vfork", "ignore_versioned_solibs", "inc_version_list",
       "inc_version_list_init", "incpath", "inews", "initialinstalllocation",
       "installarchlib", "installbin", "installhtml1dir", "installhtml3dir",
       "installman1dir", "installman3dir", "installprefix",
       "installprefixexp", "installprivlib", "installscript",
       "installsitearch", "installsitebin", "installsitehtml1dir",
       "installsitehtml3dir", "installsitelib", "installsiteman1dir",
       "installsiteman3dir", "installsitescript", "installstyle",
       "installusrbinperl", "installvendorarch", "installvendorbin",
       "installvendorhtml1dir", "installvendorhtml3dir", "installvendorlib",
       "installvendorman1dir", "installvendorman3dir", "installvendorscript",
       "intsize", "issymlink", "ivdformat", "ivsize", "ivtype"

       k

       "known_extensions", "ksh"

       l

       "ld", "lddlflags", "ldflags", "ldflags_uselargefiles", "ldlibpthname",
       "less", "lib_ext", "libc", "libperl", "libpth", "libs", "libsdirs",
       "libsfiles", "libsfound", "libspath", "libswanted",
       "libswanted_uselargefiles", "line", "lint", "lkflags", "ln", "lns",
       "localtime_r_proto", "locincpth", "loclibpth", "longdblsize",
       "longlongsize", "longsize", "lp", "lpr", "ls", "lseeksize", "lseektype"

       m

       "mad", "madlyh", "madlyobj", "madlysrc", "mail", "mailx", "make",
       "make_set_make", "mallocobj", "mallocsrc", "malloctype", "man1dir",
       o

       "o_nonblock", "obj_ext", "old_pthread_create_joinable", "optimize",
       "orderlib", "osname", "osvers", "otherlibdirs"

       p

       "package", "pager", "passcat", "patchlevel", "path_sep", "perl",
       "perl5"

       P

       "PERL_API_REVISION", "PERL_API_SUBVERSION", "PERL_API_VERSION",
       "PERL_CONFIG_SH", "PERL_PATCHLEVEL", "perl_patchlevel",
       "PERL_REVISION", "perl_static_inline", "PERL_SUBVERSION",
       "PERL_VERSION", "perladmin", "perllibs", "perlpath", "pg", "phostname",
       "pidtype", "plibpth", "pmake", "pr", "prefix", "prefixexp", "privlib",
       "privlibexp", "procselfexe", "prototype", "ptrsize"

       q

       "quadkind", "quadtype"

       r

       "randbits", "randfunc", "random_r_proto", "randseedtype", "ranlib",
       "rd_nodata", "readdir64_r_proto", "readdir_r_proto", "revision", "rm",
       "rm_try", "rmail", "run", "runnm"

       s

       "sched_yield", "scriptdir", "scriptdirexp", "sed", "seedfunc",
       "selectminbits", "selecttype", "sendmail", "setgrent_r_proto",
       "sethostent_r_proto", "setlocale_r_proto", "setnetent_r_proto",
       "setprotoent_r_proto", "setpwent_r_proto", "setservent_r_proto",
       "sGMTIME_max", "sGMTIME_min", "sh", "shar", "sharpbang", "shmattype",
       "shortsize", "shrpenv", "shsharp", "sig_count", "sig_name",
       "sig_name_init", "sig_num", "sig_num_init", "sig_size", "signal_t",
       "sitearch", "sitearchexp", "sitebin", "sitebinexp", "sitehtml1dir",
       "sitehtml1direxp", "sitehtml3dir", "sitehtml3direxp", "sitelib",
       "sitelib_stem", "sitelibexp", "siteman1dir", "siteman1direxp",
       "siteman3dir", "siteman3direxp", "siteprefix", "siteprefixexp",
       "sitescript", "sitescriptexp", "sizesize", "sizetype", "sleep",
       "sLOCALTIME_max", "sLOCALTIME_min", "smail", "so", "sockethdr",
       "socketlib", "socksizetype", "sort", "spackage", "spitshell",
       "sPRId64", "sPRIeldbl", "sPRIEUldbl", "sPRIfldbl", "sPRIFUldbl",
       "sPRIgldbl", "sPRIGUldbl", "sPRIi64", "sPRIo64", "sPRIu64", "sPRIx64",
       "sPRIXU64", "srand48_r_proto", "srandom_r_proto", "src", "sSCNfldbl",
       "ssizetype", "startperl", "startsh", "static_ext", "stdchar",
       "stdio_base", "stdio_bufsiz", "stdio_cnt", "stdio_filbuf", "stdio_ptr",
       "stdio_stream_array", "strerror_r_proto", "strings", "submit",
       "subversion", "sysman"

       t
       "usemallocwrap", "usemorebits", "usemultiplicity", "usemymalloc",
       "usenm", "useopcode", "useperlio", "useposix", "usereentrant",
       "userelocatableinc", "usesfio", "useshrplib", "usesitecustomize",
       "usesocks", "usethreads", "usevendorprefix", "usevfork", "usrinc",
       "uuname", "uvoformat", "uvsize", "uvtype", "uvuformat", "uvxformat",
       "uvXUformat"

       v

       "vaproto", "vendorarch", "vendorarchexp", "vendorbin", "vendorbinexp",
       "vendorhtml1dir", "vendorhtml1direxp", "vendorhtml3dir",
       "vendorhtml3direxp", "vendorlib", "vendorlib_stem", "vendorlibexp",
       "vendorman1dir", "vendorman1direxp", "vendorman3dir",
       "vendorman3direxp", "vendorprefix", "vendorprefixexp", "vendorscript",
       "vendorscriptexp", "version", "version_patchlevel_string",
       "versiononly", "vi", "voidflags"

       x

       "xlibpth"

       y

       "yacc", "yaccflags"

       z

       "zcat", "zip"

       GIT DATA
       NOTE
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           dynamic, nonxs, static

       AUTHOR

   Cwd - get pathname of current working directory
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           getcwd and friends
               getcwd, cwd, fastcwd, fastgetcwd, getdcwd

           abs_path and friends
               abs_path, realpath, fast_abs_path

           $ENV{PWD}
       NOTES
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   DB - programmatic interface to the Perl debugging API
       SYNOPSIS
               CLIENT->init(), CLIENT->prestop([STRING]), CLIENT->stop(),
               CLIENT->idle(), CLIENT->poststop([STRING]),
               CLIENT->evalcode(STRING), CLIENT->cleanup(),
               CLIENT->output(LIST)

       BUGS
       AUTHOR

   DBM_Filter -- Filter DBM keys/values
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       What is a DBM Filter?
           So what's new?
       METHODS
           $db->Filter_Push() / $db->Filter_Key_Push() /
           $db->Filter_Value_Push()
               Filter_Push, Filter_Key_Push, Filter_Value_Push

           $db->Filter_Pop()
           $db->Filtered()
       Writing a Filter
           Immediate Filters
           Canned Filters
               "name", params

       Filters Included
           utf8, encode, compress, int32, null

       NOTES
           Maintain Round Trip Integrity
           Don't mix filtered & non-filtered data in the same database file.
       EXAMPLE
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   DBM_Filter::compress - filter for DBM_Filter
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   DBM_Filter::encode - filter for DBM_Filter
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   DBM_Filter::int32 - filter for DBM_Filter
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   DBM_Filter::null - filter for DBM_Filter
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           DB_HASH, DB_BTREE, DB_RECNO

           Using DB_File with Berkeley DB version 2 or greater
           Interface to Berkeley DB
           Opening a Berkeley DB Database File
           Default Parameters
           In Memory Databases
       DB_HASH
           A Simple Example
       DB_BTREE
           Changing the BTREE sort order
           Handling Duplicate Keys
           The get_dup() Method
           The find_dup() Method
           The del_dup() Method
           Matching Partial Keys
       DB_RECNO
           The 'bval' Option
           A Simple Example
           Extra RECNO Methods
               $X->push(list) ;, $value = $X->pop ;, $X->shift,
               $X->unshift(list) ;, $X->length, $X->splice(offset, length,
               elements);

           Another Example
       THE API INTERFACE
           $status = $X->get($key, $value [, $flags]) ;, $status =
           $X->put($key, $value [, $flags]) ;, $status = $X->del($key [,
           $flags]) ;, $status = $X->fd ;, $status = $X->seq($key, $value,
           $flags) ;, $status = $X->sync([$flags]) ;

       DBM FILTERS
           filter_store_key, filter_store_value, filter_fetch_key,
           filter_fetch_value

           The Filter
           An Example -- the NULL termination problem.
           Another Example -- Key is a C int.
       HINTS AND TIPS
           Locking: The Trouble with fd
           Safe ways to lock a database
               Tie::DB_Lock, Tie::DB_LockFile, DB_File::Lock

           Sharing Databases With C Applications
           The untie() Gotcha
       COMMON QUESTIONS
           Why is there Perl source in my database?
           How do I store complex data structures with DB_File?
           What does "Invalid Argument" mean?
           What does "Bareword 'DB_File' not allowed" mean?
       REFERENCES
       HISTORY
               PACKAGE->Dump(ARRAYREF [, ARRAYREF]), $OBJ->Seen([HASHREF]),
               $OBJ->Values([ARRAYREF]), $OBJ->Names([ARRAYREF]), $OBJ->Reset

           Functions
               Dumper(LIST)

           Configuration Variables or Methods
           Exports
               Dumper

       EXAMPLES
       BUGS
           NOTE
       AUTHOR
       VERSION
       SEE ALSO

   Devel::DProf - a DEPRECATED Perl code profiler
       SYNOPSIS
       ACHTUNG!
       DESCRIPTION
       PROFILE FORMAT
       AUTOLOAD
       ENVIRONMENT
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

   Devel::InnerPackage - find all the inner packages of a package
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           list_packages <package name>
       AUTHOR
       COPYING
       BUGS

   Devel::PPPort - Perl/Pollution/Portability
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Why use ppport.h?
           How to use ppport.h
           Running ppport.h
       FUNCTIONS
           WriteFile
       COMPATIBILITY
           Provided Perl compatibility API
           Perl API not supported by ppport.h
               perl 5.11.0, perl 5.10.0, perl 5.9.5, perl 5.9.4, perl 5.9.3,
               perl 5.9.2, perl 5.9.1, perl 5.9.0, perl 5.8.3, perl 5.8.1,
               perl 5.8.0, perl 5.7.3, perl 5.7.2, perl 5.7.1, perl 5.6.1,
               perl 5.6.0, perl 5.005_03, perl 5.005, perl 5.004_05, perl
               5.004

       BUGS
           A simple scalar with an extra reference
           A reference to a simple scalar
           A reference to an array
           A reference to a hash
           Dumping a large array or hash
           A reference to an SV which holds a C pointer
           A reference to a subroutine
       EXPORTS
       BUGS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   Devel::SelfStubber - generate stubs for a SelfLoading module
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   Digest - Modules that calculate message digests
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           binary, hex, base64

       OO INTERFACE
           $ctx = Digest->XXX($arg,...), $ctx = Digest->new(XXX => $arg,...),
           $ctx = Digest::XXX->new($arg,...), $other_ctx = $ctx->clone,
           $ctx->reset, $ctx->add( $data ), $ctx->add( $chunk1, $chunk2, ...
           ), $ctx->addfile( $io_handle ), $ctx->add_bits( $data, $nbits ),
           $ctx->add_bits( $bitstring ), $ctx->digest, $ctx->hexdigest,
           $ctx->b64digest

       Digest speed
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   Digest::MD5 - Perl interface to the MD5 Algorithm
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       FUNCTIONS
           md5($data,...), md5_hex($data,...), md5_base64($data,...)

       METHODS
           $md5 = Digest::MD5->new, $md5->reset, $md5->clone,
           $md5->add($data,...), $md5->addfile($io_handle),
           $md5->add_bits($data, $nbits), $md5->add_bits($bitstring),
           $md5->digest, $md5->hexdigest, $md5->b64digest

       EXAMPLES
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT
       AUTHORS

   Digest::SHA - Perl extension for SHA-1/224/256/384/512
       SYNOPSIS
       SYNOPSIS (HMAC-SHA)
       ABSTRACT
           sha384_base64($data, ...), sha512_base64($data, ...),
           sha512224_base64($data, ...), sha512256_base64($data, ...),
           new($alg), reset($alg), hashsize, algorithm, clone, add($data,
           ...), add_bits($data, $nbits), add_bits($bits), addfile(*FILE),
           addfile($filename [, $mode]), dump($filename), load($filename),
           digest, hexdigest, b64digest, hmac_sha1($data, $key),
           hmac_sha224($data, $key), hmac_sha256($data, $key),
           hmac_sha384($data, $key), hmac_sha512($data, $key),
           hmac_sha512224($data, $key), hmac_sha512256($data, $key),
           hmac_sha1_hex($data, $key), hmac_sha224_hex($data, $key),
           hmac_sha256_hex($data, $key), hmac_sha384_hex($data, $key),
           hmac_sha512_hex($data, $key), hmac_sha512224_hex($data, $key),
           hmac_sha512256_hex($data, $key), hmac_sha1_base64($data, $key),
           hmac_sha224_base64($data, $key), hmac_sha256_base64($data, $key),
           hmac_sha384_base64($data, $key), hmac_sha512_base64($data, $key),
           hmac_sha512224_base64($data, $key), hmac_sha512256_base64($data,
           $key)

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   Digest::base - Digest base class
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO

   Digest::file - Calculate digests of files
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           digest_file( $file, $algorithm, [$arg,...] ), digest_file_hex(
           $file, $algorithm, [$arg,...] ), digest_file_base64( $file,
           $algorithm, [$arg,...]  )

       SEE ALSO

   DirHandle - supply object methods for directory handles
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   Dumpvalue - provides screen dump of Perl data.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Creation
               "arrayDepth", "hashDepth", "compactDump", "veryCompact",
               "globPrint", "dumpDBFiles", "dumpPackages", "dumpReused",
               "tick", "quoteHighBit", "printUndef", "usageOnly", unctrl,
               subdump, bareStringify, quoteHighBit, stopDbSignal

           Methods
               dumpValue, dumpValues, stringify, dumpvars, set_quote,
               set_unctrl, compactDump, veryCompact, set, get

   Encode - character encodings
       SYNOPSIS
           Table of Contents
       DESCRIPTION
           TERMINOLOGY
       PERL ENCODING API
           $octets  = encode(ENCODING, $string [, CHECK]), $string =
           decode(ENCODING, $octets [, CHECK]), [$obj =]
           find_encoding(ENCODING), [$length =] from_to($octets, FROM_ENC,
           TO_ENC [, CHECK]), $octets = encode_utf8($string);, $string =
           decode_utf8($octets [, CHECK]);

           Listing available encodings
           Defining Aliases
           Finding IANA Character Set Registry names
       Encoding via PerlIO
       Handling Malformed Data
           NOTE: Not all encoding support this feature, CHECK =
           Encode::FB_DEFAULT ( == 0), CHECK = Encode::FB_CROAK ( == 1), CHECK
           = Encode::FB_QUIET, CHECK = Encode::FB_WARN, perlqq mode (CHECK =
           Encode::FB_PERLQQ), HTML charref mode (CHECK =
           Encode::FB_HTMLCREF), XML charref mode (CHECK =
           Encode::FB_XMLCREF), The bitmask, Encode::LEAVE_SRC

           coderef for CHECK
       Defining Encodings
       The UTF8 flag
           Goal #1:, Goal #2:, Goal #3:, Goal #4:

           Messing with Perl's Internals
               is_utf8(STRING [, CHECK]), _utf8_on(STRING), _utf8_off(STRING)

       UTF-8 vs. utf8 vs. UTF8
       SEE ALSO
       MAINTAINER
       COPYRIGHT

   Encode::Alias - alias definitions to encodings
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           As a simple string, As a qr// compiled regular expression, e.g.:,
           As a code reference, e.g.:

           Alias overloading
       SEE ALSO

   Encode::Byte - Single Byte Encodings
       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO

   Encode::CJKConstants -- Internally used by Encode::??::ISO_2022_*
   Encode::CN - China-based Chinese Encodings
       SEE ALSO

   Encode::Encoder -- Object Oriented Encoder
       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
       Description
           Predefined Methods
               $e = Encode::Encoder->new([$data, $encoding]);, encoder(),
               $e->data([$data]), $e->encoding([$encoding]),
               $e->bytes([$encoding])

           Example: base64 transcoder
           Operator Overloading
       SEE ALSO

   Encode::Encoding - Encode Implementation Base Class
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Methods you should implement
               ->encode($string [,$check]), ->decode($octets [,$check]),
               ->cat_decode($destination, $octets, $offset, $terminator
               [,$check])

           Other methods defined in Encode::Encodings
               ->name, ->mime_name, ->renew, ->renewed, ->perlio_ok(),
               ->needs_lines()

           Example: Encode::ROT13
       Why the heck Encode API is different?
           Compiled Encodings
       SEE ALSO
           Scheme 1, Scheme 2, Other Schemes

   Encode::GSM0338 -- ESTI GSM 03.38 Encoding
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTES
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

   Encode::Guess -- Guesses encoding from data
       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
       DESCRIPTION
           Encode::Guess->set_suspects, Encode::Guess->add_suspects,
           Encode::decode("Guess" ...), Encode::Guess->guess($data),
           guess_encoding($data, [, list of suspects])

       CAVEATS
       TO DO
       SEE ALSO

   Encode::JP - Japanese Encodings
       SYNOPSIS
       SEE ALSO

   Encode::KR::2022_KR -- internally used by Encode::KR
   Encode::MIME::Header -- MIME 'B' and 'Q' header encoding
       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
       DESCRIPTION
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

   Encode::MIME::Name, Encode::MIME::NAME -- internally used by Encode
       SEE ALSO

   Encode::PerlIO -- a detailed document on Encode and PerlIO
       Overview
       How does it work?
       Line Buffering
           How can I tell whether my encoding fully supports PerlIO ?
       SEE ALSO

   Encode::Supported -- Encodings supported by Encode
       DESCRIPTION
           Encoding Names
       Supported Encodings
           Built-in Encodings
           Encode::Unicode -- other Unicode encodings
           Encode::Byte -- Extended ASCII
               ISO-8859 and corresponding vendor mappings, KOI8 - De Facto
               Standard for the Cyrillic world

           gsm0338 - Hentai Latin 1
               gsm0338 support before 2.19

           CJK: Chinese, Japanese, Korean (Multibyte)
               Encode::CN -- Continental China, Encode::JP -- Japan,
               Encode::KR -- Korea, Encode::TW -- Taiwan, Encode::HanExtra --
               More Chinese via CPAN, Encode::JIS2K -- JIS X 0213 encodings
               via CPAN

           Miscellaneous encodings
               Encode::EBCDIC, Encode::Symbols, Encode::MIME::Header,
               Encode::Guess

       Unsupported encodings
             ISO-2022-JP-2 [RFC1554], ISO-2022-CN [RFC1922], Various HP-UX encodings,
           Cyrillic encoding ISO-IR-111, ISO-8859-8-1 [Hebrew], ISIRI 3342, Iran
           System, ISIRI 2900 [Farsi], Thai encoding TCVN, Vietnamese encodings VPS,
           Various Mac encodings, (Mac) Indic encodings

       Encoding vs. Charset -- terminology
       Encoding Classification (by Anton Tagunov and Dan Kogai)
           Microsoft-related naming mess
               KS_C_5601-1987, GB2312, Big5, Shift_JIS

               "Introduction to i18n"

           Offline sources
               "CJKV Information Processing" by Ken Lunde

   Encode::Symbol - Symbol Encodings
       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO

   Encode::TW - Taiwan-based Chinese Encodings
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTES
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

   Encode::Unicode -- Various Unicode Transformation Formats
       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
           <http://www.unicode.org/glossary/> says:, Quick Reference

       Size, Endianness, and BOM
           by size
           by endianness
               BOM as integer when fetched in network byte order

       Surrogate Pairs
       Error Checking
       SEE ALSO

   Encode::Unicode::UTF7 -- UTF-7 encoding
       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
       In Practice
       SEE ALSO

   English - use nice English (or awk) names for ugly punctuation variables
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       PERFORMANCE

   Env - perl module that imports environment variables as scalars or arrays
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       LIMITATIONS
       AUTHOR

   Errno - System errno constants
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CAVEATS
       AUTHOR
           Specialised Import Lists
           Exporting without using Exporter's import method
           Exporting without inheriting from Exporter
           Module Version Checking
           Managing Unknown Symbols
           Tag Handling Utility Functions
           Generating combined tags
           "AUTOLOAD"ed Constants
       Good Practices
           Declaring @EXPORT_OK and Friends
           Playing Safe
           What not to Export
       SEE ALSO
       LICENSE

   Exporter::Heavy - Exporter guts
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   ExtUtils::CBuilder - Compile and link C code for Perl modules
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           new, have_compiler, have_cplusplus, compile, "object_file",
           "include_dirs", "extra_compiler_flags", "C++", link, lib_file,
           module_name, extra_linker_flags, link_executable, exe_file,
           object_file, lib_file, exe_file, prelink, need_prelink,
           extra_link_args_after_prelink

       TO DO
       HISTORY
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   ExtUtils::CBuilder::Platform::Windows - Builder class for Windows platforms
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   ExtUtils::Command - utilities to replace common UNIX commands in Makefiles
       etc.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           FUNCTIONS

       cat

       eqtime

       rm_rf

       rm_f

       test_d

       dos2unix

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   ExtUtils::Command::MM - Commands for the MM's to use in Makefiles
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           test_harness

       pod2man

       warn_if_old_packlist

       perllocal_install

       uninstall

   ExtUtils::Constant - generate XS code to import C header constants
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       USAGE
           IV, UV, NV, PV, PVN, SV, YES, NO, UNDEF

       FUNCTIONS

       constant_types

       XS_constant PACKAGE, TYPES, XS_SUBNAME, C_SUBNAME

       autoload PACKAGE, VERSION, AUTOLOADER

       WriteMakefileSnippet

       WriteConstants ATTRIBUTE => VALUE [, ...], NAME, DEFAULT_TYPE,
       BREAKOUT_AT, NAMES, PROXYSUBS, C_FH, C_FILE, XS_FH, XS_FILE,
       XS_SUBNAME, C_SUBNAME

       AUTHOR

   ExtUtils::Constant::Base - base class for ExtUtils::Constant objects
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       USAGE

       header

       memEQ_clause args_hashref

       dump_names arg_hashref, ITEM..

       assign arg_hashref, VALUE..
       post, def_pre, def_post, utf8, weight

       BUGS
       AUTHOR

   ExtUtils::Constant::Utils - helper functions for ExtUtils::Constant
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       USAGE
           C_stringify NAME

       perl_stringify NAME

       AUTHOR

   ExtUtils::Constant::XS - generate C code for XS modules' constants.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       BUGS
       AUTHOR

   ExtUtils::Embed - Utilities for embedding Perl in C/C++ applications
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       @EXPORT
       FUNCTIONS
           xsinit(), Examples, ldopts(), Examples, perl_inc(), ccflags(),
           ccdlflags(), ccopts(), xsi_header(), xsi_protos(@modules),
           xsi_body(@modules)

       EXAMPLES
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   ExtUtils::Install - install files from here to there
       SYNOPSIS
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
           _chmod($$;$), _warnonce(@), _choke(@)

       _move_file_at_boot( $file, $target, $moan  )

       _unlink_or_rename( $file, $tryhard, $installing )

       Functions
           _get_install_skip

       _have_write_access

       _can_write_dir($dir)

       _mkpath($dir,$show,$verbose,$dry_run)

       _copy($from,$to,$verbose,$dry_run)

       install_default DISCOURAGED

       uninstall

       inc_uninstall($filepath,$libdir,$verbose,$dry_run,$ignore,$results)

       run_filter($cmd,$src,$dest)

       pm_to_blib

       _autosplit

       _invokant

       ENVIRONMENT
           PERL_INSTALL_ROOT, EU_INSTALL_IGNORE_SKIP,
           EU_INSTALL_SITE_SKIPFILE, EU_INSTALL_ALWAYS_COPY

       AUTHOR
       LICENSE

   ExtUtils::Installed - Inventory management of installed modules
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       USAGE
       METHODS
           new(), modules(), files(), directories(), directory_tree(),
           validate(), packlist(), version()

       EXAMPLE
       AUTHOR

   ExtUtils::Liblist - determine libraries to use and how to use them
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           For static extensions, For dynamic extensions at build/link time,
           For dynamic extensions at load time

           EXTRALIBS
           LDLOADLIBS and LD_RUN_PATH
           BSLOADLIBS
       PORTABILITY
           VMS implementation
           Win32 implementation
       SEE ALSO

   ExtUtils::MM - OS adjusted ExtUtils::MakeMaker subclass
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   ExtUtils::MM_AIX - AIX specific subclass of ExtUtils::MM_Unix
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       File::Spec wrappers
       Misc
       AUTHOR

   ExtUtils::MM_BeOS - methods to override UN*X behaviour in
       ExtUtils::MakeMaker
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       os_flavor

       init_linker

   ExtUtils::MM_Cygwin - methods to override UN*X behaviour in
       ExtUtils::MakeMaker
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           os_flavor

       cflags

       replace_manpage_separator

       init_linker

       maybe_command

       dynamic_lib

       all_target

   ExtUtils::MM_DOS - DOS specific subclass of ExtUtils::MM_Unix
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Overridden methods
               os_flavor

       replace_manpage_separator

       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   ExtUtils::MM_Darwin - special behaviors for OS X
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Overriden Methods

   ExtUtils::MM_MacOS - once produced Makefiles for MacOS Classic
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   ExtUtils::MM_NW5 - methods to override UN*X behaviour in
       ExtUtils::MakeMaker
       SYNOPSIS

   ExtUtils::MM_OS2 - methods to override UN*X behaviour in
       ExtUtils::MakeMaker
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           init_dist

       init_linker

       os_flavor

   ExtUtils::MM_QNX - QNX specific subclass of ExtUtils::MM_Unix
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Overridden methods
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   ExtUtils::MM_UWIN - U/WIN specific subclass of ExtUtils::MM_Unix
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Overridden methods
               os_flavor

       replace_manpage_separator

       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   ExtUtils::MM_Unix - methods used by ExtUtils::MakeMaker
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
       Methods
           os_flavor

       c_o (o)

       cflags (o)

       const_cccmd (o)

       const_config (o)

       const_loadlibs (o)

       constants (o)

       depend (o)

       init_DEST

       init_dist

       zipdist_target

       tarfile_target

       zipfile_target

       uutardist_target

       shdist_target

       dlsyms (o)

       dynamic_bs (o)

       dynamic_lib (o)

       exescan

       extliblist

       find_perl

       fixin

       force (o)

       guess_name

       has_link_code

       init_dirscan

       init_MANPODS

       init_MAN1PODS

       init_MAN3PODS

       init_PM

       init_DIRFILESEP

       init_main

       init_others

       init_linker

       init_lib2arch

       init_PERL

       init_platform, platform_constants

       macro (o)

       makeaperl (o)

       makefile (o)

       maybe_command

       needs_linking (o)

       parse_abstract

       parse_version

       pasthru (o)

       perl_script

       perldepend (o)

       pm_to_blib

       post_constants (o)

       post_initialize (o)

       postamble (o)

       ppd

       prefixify

       processPL (o)

       quote_paren

       replace_manpage_separator

       cd

       oneliner

       quote_literal

       escape_newlines

       max_exec_len

       static (o)

       static_lib (o)

       staticmake (o)

       all_target

       top_targets (o)

       writedoc

       xs_c (o)

       xs_cpp (o)

       xs_o (o)

       SEE ALSO

   ExtUtils::MM_VMS - methods to override UN*X behaviour in
       ExtUtils::MakeMaker
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Methods always loaded
               wraplist

       Methods
           guess_name (override)

       find_perl (override)

       _fixin_replace_shebang (override)

       maybe_command (override)

       pasthru (override)

       pm_to_blib (override)

       perl_script (override)

       replace_manpage_separator

       init_DEST

       init_DIRFILESEP

       init_main (override)

       init_others (override)

       init_platform (override)

       platform_constants

       init_VERSION (override)

       constants (override)

       xs_c (override)

       xs_o (override)

       dlsyms (override)

       dynamic_lib (override)

       static_lib (override)

       extra_clean_files

       zipfile_target, tarfile_target, shdist_target

       install (override)

       perldepend (override)

       makeaperl (override)

       maketext_filter (override)

       prefixify (override)

       cd

       oneliner

       echo

       quote_literal

       escape_newlines

       max_exec_len

       init_linker

       catdir (override), catfile (override)

       eliminate_macros

       fixpath

       os_flavor

       AUTHOR

   ExtUtils::MM_VOS - VOS specific subclass of ExtUtils::MM_Unix
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Overridden methods
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO
       init_DIRFILESEP

       init_others

       init_platform, platform_constants

       special_targets

       static_lib

       dynamic_lib

       extra_clean_files

       init_linker

       perl_script

       xs_o

       pasthru

       arch_check (override)

       oneliner

       cd

       max_exec_len

       os_flavor

       cflags

   ExtUtils::MM_Win95 - method to customize MakeMaker for Win9X
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Overridden methods
               xs_c

       xs_cpp

       xs_o

       max_exec_len

       os_flavor

       AUTHOR

   ExtUtils::MY - ExtUtils::MakeMaker subclass for customization
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

           Determination of Perl Library and Installation Locations
           Which architecture dependent directory?
           Using Attributes and Parameters
               ABSTRACT, ABSTRACT_FROM, AUTHOR, BINARY_LOCATION,
               BUILD_REQUIRES, C, CCFLAGS, CONFIG, CONFIGURE,
               CONFIGURE_REQUIRES, DEFINE, DESTDIR, DIR, DISTNAME, DISTVNAME,
               DL_FUNCS, DL_VARS, EXCLUDE_EXT, EXE_FILES, FIRST_MAKEFILE,
               FULLPERL, FULLPERLRUN, FULLPERLRUNINST, FUNCLIST, H, IMPORTS,
               INC, INCLUDE_EXT, INSTALLARCHLIB, INSTALLBIN, INSTALLDIRS,
               INSTALLMAN1DIR, INSTALLMAN3DIR, INSTALLPRIVLIB, INSTALLSCRIPT,
               INSTALLSITEARCH, INSTALLSITEBIN, INSTALLSITELIB,
               INSTALLSITEMAN1DIR, INSTALLSITEMAN3DIR, INSTALLSITESCRIPT,
               INSTALLVENDORARCH, INSTALLVENDORBIN, INSTALLVENDORLIB,
               INSTALLVENDORMAN1DIR, INSTALLVENDORMAN3DIR,
               INSTALLVENDORSCRIPT, INST_ARCHLIB, INST_BIN, INST_LIB,
               INST_MAN1DIR, INST_MAN3DIR, INST_SCRIPT, LD, LDDLFLAGS, LDFROM,
               LIB, LIBPERL_A, LIBS, LICENSE, LINKTYPE, MAKE, MAKEAPERL,
               MAKEFILE_OLD, MAN1PODS, MAN3PODS, MAP_TARGET, META_ADD,
               META_MERGE, MIN_PERL_VERSION, MYEXTLIB, NAME, NEEDS_LINKING,
               NOECHO, NORECURS, NO_META, NO_MYMETA, NO_VC, OBJECT, OPTIMIZE,
               PERL, PERL_CORE, PERLMAINCC, PERL_ARCHLIB, PERL_LIB,
               PERL_MALLOC_OK, PERLPREFIX, PERLRUN, PERLRUNINST, PERL_SRC,
               PERM_DIR, PERM_RW, PERM_RWX, PL_FILES, PM, PMLIBDIRS,
               PM_FILTER, POLLUTE, PPM_INSTALL_EXEC, PPM_INSTALL_SCRIPT,
               PREFIX, PREREQ_FATAL, PREREQ_PM, PREREQ_PRINT, PRINT_PREREQ,
               SITEPREFIX, SIGN, SKIP, TYPEMAPS, VENDORPREFIX, VERBINST,
               VERSION, VERSION_FROM, VERSION_SYM, XS, XSOPT, XSPROTOARG,
               XS_VERSION

           Additional lowercase attributes
               clean, depend, dist, dynamic_lib, linkext, macro, postamble,
               realclean, test, tool_autosplit

           Overriding MakeMaker Methods
           The End Of Cargo Cult Programming
               "MAN3PODS => ' '"

           Hintsfile support
           Distribution Support
                  make distcheck,    make skipcheck,    make distclean,    make manifest,
                 make distdir,   make disttest,    make tardist,    make dist,    make
               uutardist,    make shdist,    make zipdist,    make ci

           Module Meta-Data
           Disabling an extension
           Other Handy Functions
               prompt

       ENVIRONMENT
           PERL_MM_OPT, PERL_MM_USE_DEFAULT, PERL_CORE

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       LICENSE
               Module::Build::Cookbook

           Philosophy and History
               Why not just use <insert other build config tool here>?, What
               is Module::Build and how does it relate to MakeMaker?, pure
               perl.   no make, no shell commands, easier to customize,
               cleaner internals, less cruft

           Module Writing
               How do I keep my $VERSION up to date without resetting it
               manually?, What's this META.yml thing and how did it get in my
               MANIFEST?!, How do I delete everything not in my MANIFEST?,
               Which tar should I use on Windows?, Which zip should I use on
               Windows for '[nd]make zipdist'?

           XS  How to I prevent "object version X.XX does not match bootstrap
               parameter Y.YY" errors?, How do I make two or more XS files
               coexist in the same directory?

       PATCHING
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   ExtUtils::MakeMaker::Tutorial - Writing a module with MakeMaker
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           The Mantra
           The Layout
               Makefile.PL, MANIFEST, lib/, t/, Changes, README, INSTALL,
               MANIFEST.SKIP, bin/

       SEE ALSO

   ExtUtils::Manifest - utilities to write and check a MANIFEST file
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Functions
               mkmanifest

       manifind

       manicheck

       filecheck

       fullcheck

       skipcheck

       maniread

       maniskip

       manicopy

       ENVIRONMENT
           PERL_MM_MANIFEST_DEBUG

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   ExtUtils::Miniperl, writemain - write the C code for perlmain.c
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO

   ExtUtils::Mkbootstrap - make a bootstrap file for use by DynaLoader
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   ExtUtils::Mksymlists - write linker options files for dynamic extension
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           DLBASE, DL_FUNCS, DL_VARS, FILE, FUNCLIST, IMPORTS, NAME

       AUTHOR
       REVISION
           mkfh()

       __find_relocations

   ExtUtils::Packlist - manage .packlist files
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       USAGE
       FUNCTIONS
           new(), read(), write(), validate(), packlist_file()

       EXAMPLE
       AUTHOR

   ExtUtils::ParseXS - converts Perl XS code into C code
       SYNOPSIS
       EXPORT
       FUNCTIONS
           process_xs(), C++, hiertype, except, typemap, prototypes,
           versioncheck, linenumbers, optimize, inout, argtypes, s, errors()

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   ExtUtils::XSSymSet - keep sets of symbol names palatable to the VMS linker
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           new([$maxlen[,$silent]]), addsym($name[,$maxlen[,$silent]]),
           trimsym($name[,$maxlen[,$silent]]), delsym($name),
           get_orig($trimmed), get_trimmed($name), all_orig(), all_trimmed()

       DIAGNOSTICS
           Bad subroutine name for Fatal: %s, %s is not a Perl subroutine, %s
           is neither a builtin, nor a Perl subroutine, Cannot make the non-
           overridable %s fatal, Internal error: %s

       BUGS
       AUTHOR
       LICENSE
       SEE ALSO

   Fcntl - load the C Fcntl.h defines
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTE
       EXPORTED SYMBOLS

   File::Basename - Parse file paths into directory, filename and suffix.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       "fileparse"

       "basename"

       "dirname"

       "fileparse_set_fstype"

       SEE ALSO

   File::CheckTree - run many filetest checks on a tree
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR
       HISTORY

   File::Compare - Compare files or filehandles
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       RETURN
       AUTHOR

   File::Copy - Copy files or filehandles
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           copy  , move   , syscopy , rmscopy($from,$to[,$date_flag])

       RETURN
       AUTHOR

   File::DosGlob - DOS like globbing and then some
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXPORTS (by request only)
       $ff->output_file

       METHODS
           $ff = File::Fetch->new( uri => 'http://some.where.com/dir/file.txt'
           );
       $where = $ff->fetch( [to => /my/output/dir/ | \$scalar] )
       $ff->error([BOOL])
       HOW IT WORKS
       GLOBAL VARIABLES
           $File::Fetch::FROM_EMAIL
           $File::Fetch::USER_AGENT
           $File::Fetch::FTP_PASSIVE
           $File::Fetch::TIMEOUT
           $File::Fetch::WARN
           $File::Fetch::DEBUG
           $File::Fetch::BLACKLIST
           $File::Fetch::METHOD_FAIL
       MAPPING
       FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
           So how do I use a proxy with File::Fetch?
           I used 'lynx' to fetch a file, but its contents is all wrong!
           Files I'm trying to fetch have reserved characters or non-ASCII
           characters in them. What do I do?
       TODO
           Implement $PREFER_BIN

       BUG REPORTS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   File::Find - Traverse a directory tree.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           find, finddepth

           %options
               "wanted", "bydepth", "preprocess", "postprocess", "follow",
               "follow_fast", "follow_skip", "dangling_symlinks", "no_chdir",
               "untaint", "untaint_pattern", "untaint_skip"

           The wanted function
               $File::Find::dir is the current directory name,, $_ is the
               current filename within that directory, $File::Find::name is
               the complete pathname to the file

       WARNINGS
       CAVEAT
           $dont_use_nlink, symlinks

       BUGS AND CAVEATS
       HISTORY
       SEE ALSO

   File::Glob - Perl extension for BSD glob routine
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   File::GlobMapper - Extend File Glob to Allow Input and Output Files
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Behind The Scenes
           Limitations
           Input File Glob
               ~, ~user, ., *, ?, \,  [],  {,},  ()

           Output File Glob
               "*", #1

           Returned Data
       EXAMPLES
           A Rename script
           A few example globmaps
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   File::Path - Create or remove directory trees
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           make_path( $dir1, $dir2, .... ), make_path( $dir1, $dir2, ....,
           \%opts ), mode => $num, verbose => $bool, error => \$err, owner =>
           $owner, user => $owner, uid => $owner, group => $group, mkpath(
           $dir ), mkpath( $dir, $verbose, $mode ), mkpath( [$dir1,
           $dir2,...], $verbose, $mode ), mkpath( $dir1, $dir2,..., \%opt ),
           remove_tree( $dir1, $dir2, .... ), remove_tree( $dir1, $dir2, ....,
           \%opts ), verbose => $bool, safe => $bool, keep_root => $bool,
           result => \$res, error => \$err, rmtree( $dir ), rmtree( $dir,
           $verbose, $safe ), rmtree( [$dir1, $dir2,...], $verbose, $safe ),
           rmtree( $dir1, $dir2,..., \%opt )

           ERROR HANDLING
               NOTE:

           NOTES
       DIAGNOSTICS
           mkdir [path]: [errmsg] (SEVERE), No root path(s) specified, No such
           file or directory, cannot fetch initial working directory:
           [errmsg], cannot stat initial working directory: [errmsg], cannot
           chdir to [dir]: [errmsg], directory [dir] changed before chdir,
           expected dev=[n] ino=[n], actual dev=[n] ino=[n], aborting.
           (FATAL), cannot make directory [dir] read+writeable: [errmsg],
           cannot read [dir]: [errmsg], cannot reset chmod [dir]: [errmsg],
           cannot remove [dir] when cwd is [dir], cannot chdir to [parent-dir]
           from [child-dir]: [errmsg], aborting. (FATAL), cannot stat prior
           working directory [dir]: [errmsg], aborting. (FATAL), previous
           directory [parent-dir] changed before entering [child-dir],
           expected dev=[n] ino=[n], actual dev=[n] ino=[n], aborting.

       COPYRIGHT
       LICENSE

   File::Spec - portably perform operations on file names
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           canonpath , catdir , catfile , curdir , devnull , rootdir , tmpdir
           , updir , no_upwards, case_tolerant, file_name_is_absolute, path ,
           join , splitpath  , splitdir
            , catpath(), abs2rel , rel2abs()

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   File::Spec::Cygwin - methods for Cygwin file specs
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       canonpath

       file_name_is_absolute

       tmpdir (override)

       case_tolerant

       COPYRIGHT

   File::Spec::Epoc - methods for Epoc file specs
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       canonpath()

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   File::Spec::Functions - portably perform operations on file names
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Exports
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   File::Spec::Mac - File::Spec for Mac OS (Classic)
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           canonpath

       catdir()

       file_name_is_absolute

       path

       splitpath

       splitdir

       catpath

       abs2rel

       rel2abs

       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   File::Spec::OS2 - methods for OS/2 file specs
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           tmpdir, splitpath

       COPYRIGHT

   File::Spec::Unix - File::Spec for Unix, base for other File::Spec modules
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           canonpath()

       catdir()

       catfile

       curdir

       devnull

       rootdir

       tmpdir

       updir

       no_upwards

       case_tolerant

       file_name_is_absolute

       path

       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   File::Spec::VMS - methods for VMS file specs
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       canonpath (override)

       catdir (override)

       catfile (override)

       curdir (override)

       devnull (override)

       rootdir (override)

       tmpdir (override)

       updir (override)

       case_tolerant (override)

       path (override)

       file_name_is_absolute (override)

       splitpath (override)

       splitdir (override)

       catpath (override)

       abs2rel (override)

       rel2abs (override)

       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   File::Spec::Win32 - methods for Win32 file specs
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           devnull

       tmpdir

       case_tolerant

       file_name_is_absolute

       catfile

   File::Temp - return name and handle of a temporary file safely
       PORTABILITY
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OBJECT-ORIENTED INTERFACE
           new

       newdir

       filename

       dirname, unlink_on_destroy

       DESTROY

       FUNCTIONS
           tempfile

       tempdir

       MKTEMP FUNCTIONS
           mkstemp

       mkstemps

       mkdtemp

       mktemp

       POSIX FUNCTIONS
           tmpnam

       tmpfile

       ADDITIONAL FUNCTIONS
           tempnam

       UTILITY FUNCTIONS
           unlink0

       cmpstat

       unlink1

       cleanup

       PACKAGE VARIABLES
           safe_level, STANDARD, MEDIUM, HIGH

       TopSystemUID

       $KEEP_ALL, $DEBUG

       BUGS
       ERRORS
           -%s is not implemented on a File::stat object

       WARNINGS
           File::stat ignores use filetest 'access', File::stat ignores VMS
           ACLs

       NOTE
       AUTHOR

   FileCache - keep more files open than the system permits
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           cacheout EXPR, cacheout MODE, EXPR

       CAVEATS
       BUGS

   FileHandle - supply object methods for filehandles
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           $fh->print, $fh->printf, $fh->getline, $fh->getlines

       SEE ALSO

   Filter::Simple - Simplified source filtering
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           The Problem
           A Solution
           Disabling or changing <no> behaviour
           All-in-one interface
           Filtering only specific components of source code
               "code", "code_no_comments", "executable",
               "executable_no_comments", "quotelike", "string", "regex", "all"

           Filtering only the code parts of source code
           Using Filter::Simple with an explicit "import" subroutine
           Using Filter::Simple and Exporter together
           How it works
       AUTHOR
       CONTACT
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   Filter::Util::Call - Perl Source Filter Utility Module
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           use Filter::Util::Call
           import()
           filter() and anonymous sub
               $_, $status, filter_read and filter_read_exact, filter_del

       EXAMPLES
       KNOWN ISSUES
       KNOWN BUGS
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT

   GDBM_File - Perl5 access to the gdbm library.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       AVAILABILITY
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

   Getopt::Long - Extended processing of command line options
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Command Line Options, an Introduction
       Getting Started with Getopt::Long
           Simple options
           A little bit less simple options
           Mixing command line option with other arguments
           Options with values
           Options with multiple values
           Options with hash values
           User-defined subroutines to handle options
           Options with multiple names
           Case and abbreviations
           Summary of Option Specifications
               !, +, s, i, o, f, : type [ desttype ], : number [ desttype ], :
               + [ desttype ]

       Advanced Possibilities
           Object oriented interface
           Thread Safety
           Documentation and help texts
           Parsing options from an arbitrary array
           Parsing options from an arbitrary string
           Storing options values in a hash
           Bundling
           The lonesome dash
           Argument callback
       Configuring Getopt::Long
           default, posix_default, auto_abbrev, getopt_compat, gnu_compat,
           gnu_getopt, require_order, permute, bundling (default: disabled),
           bundling_override (default: disabled), ignore_case  (default:
           enabled), ignore_case_always (default: disabled), auto_version
           (default:disabled), auto_help (default:disabled), pass_through
           (default: disabled), prefix, prefix_pattern, long_prefix_pattern,
           debug (default: disabled)

       Exportable Methods
           VersionMessage, "-message", "-msg", "-exitval", "-output",
           HelpMessage

       Return values and Errors
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMER

   Getopt::Std, getopt, getopts - Process single-character switches with
       switch clustering
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       "--help" and "--version"

   HTTP::Tiny - A small, simple, correct HTTP/1.1 client
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           new
           get
           mirror
           request
       LIMITATIONS
       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
           Bugs / Feature Requests
           Source Code
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   Hash::Util - A selection of general-utility hash subroutines
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Restricted hashes
               lock_keys, unlock_keys

       lock_keys_plus

       lock_value, unlock_value

       lock_hash, unlock_hash

       lock_hash_recurse, unlock_hash_recurse

       hash_unlocked

       legal_keys, hidden_keys, all_keys, hash_seed

       hv_store

       Operating on references to hashes.
           lock_ref_keys, unlock_ref_keys, lock_ref_keys_plus, lock_ref_value,
           unlock_ref_value, lock_hashref, unlock_hashref,
           lock_hashref_recurse, unlock_hashref_recurse, hash_ref_unlocked,
           legal_ref_keys, hidden_ref_keys

       CAVEATS
       BUGS
           More Problems
           The Generic Object
           How to use Field Hashes
           Garbage-Collected Hashes
       EXAMPLES
           "init()", "first()", "last()", "name()", "Name_hash", "Name_id",
           "Name_idhash", "Name_id_reg", "Name_idhash_reg", "Name_fieldhash"

           Example 1
           Example 2
       GUTS
           The "PERL_MAGIC_uvar" interface for hashes
           Weakrefs call uvar magic
           How field hashes work
           Internal function Hash::Util::FieldHash::_fieldhash
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   I18N::Collate - compare 8-bit scalar data according to the current locale
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   I18N::LangTags - functions for dealing with RFC3066-style language tags
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       the function is_language_tag($lang1)

       the function extract_language_tags($whatever)

       the function same_language_tag($lang1, $lang2)

       the function similarity_language_tag($lang1, $lang2)

       the function is_dialect_of($lang1, $lang2)

       the function super_languages($lang1)

       the function locale2language_tag($locale_identifier)

       the function encode_language_tag($lang1)

       the function alternate_language_tags($lang1)

       the function @langs = panic_languages(@accept_languages)

       the function implicate_supers( ...languages... ), the function
       implicate_supers_strictly( ...languages... )

       ABOUT LOWERCASING
       ABOUT UNICODE PLAINTEXT LANGUAGE TAGS
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT
       AUTHOR
       DESCRIPTION
       ABOUT LANGUAGE TAGS
       LIST OF LANGUAGES
           {ab} : Abkhazian, {ace} : Achinese, {ach} : Acoli, {ada} : Adangme,
           {ady} : Adyghe, {aa} : Afar, {afh} : Afrihili, {af} : Afrikaans,
           [{afa} : Afro-Asiatic (Other)], {ak} : Akan, {akk} : Akkadian, {sq}
           : Albanian, {ale} : Aleut, [{alg} : Algonquian languages], [{tut} :
           Altaic (Other)], {am} : Amharic, {i-ami} : Ami, [{apa} : Apache
           languages], {ar} : Arabic, {arc} : Aramaic, {arp} : Arapaho, {arn}
           : Araucanian, {arw} : Arawak, {hy} : Armenian, {an} : Aragonese,
           [{art} : Artificial (Other)], {ast} : Asturian, {as} : Assamese,
           [{ath} : Athapascan languages], [{aus} : Australian languages],
           [{map} : Austronesian (Other)], {av} : Avaric, {ae} : Avestan,
           {awa} : Awadhi, {ay} : Aymara, {az} : Azerbaijani, {ban} :
           Balinese, [{bat} : Baltic (Other)], {bal} : Baluchi, {bm} :
           Bambara, [{bai} : Bamileke languages], {bad} : Banda, [{bnt} :
           Bantu (Other)], {bas} : Basa, {ba} : Bashkir, {eu} : Basque, {btk}
           : Batak (Indonesia), {bej} : Beja, {be} : Belarusian, {bem} :
           Bemba, {bn} : Bengali, [{ber} : Berber (Other)], {bho} : Bhojpuri,
           {bh} : Bihari, {bik} : Bikol, {bin} : Bini, {bi} : Bislama, {bs} :
           Bosnian, {bra} : Braj, {br} : Breton, {bug} : Buginese, {bg} :
           Bulgarian, {i-bnn} : Bunun, {bua} : Buriat, {my} : Burmese, {cad} :
           Caddo, {car} : Carib, {ca} : Catalan, [{cau} : Caucasian (Other)],
           {ceb} : Cebuano, [{cel} : Celtic (Other)], [{cai} : Central
           American Indian (Other)], {chg} : Chagatai, [{cmc} : Chamic
           languages], {ch} : Chamorro, {ce} : Chechen, {chr} : Cherokee,
           {chy} : Cheyenne, {chb} : Chibcha, {ny} : Chichewa, {zh} : Chinese,
           {chn} : Chinook Jargon, {chp} : Chipewyan, {cho} : Choctaw, {cu} :
           Church Slavic, {chk} : Chuukese, {cv} : Chuvash, {cop} : Coptic,
           {kw} : Cornish, {co} : Corsican, {cr} : Cree, {mus} : Creek, [{cpe}
           : English-based Creoles and pidgins (Other)], [{cpf} : French-based
           Creoles and pidgins (Other)], [{cpp} : Portuguese-based Creoles and
           pidgins (Other)], [{crp} : Creoles and pidgins (Other)], {hr} :
           Croatian, [{cus} : Cushitic (Other)], {cs} : Czech, {dak} : Dakota,
           {da} : Danish, {dar} : Dargwa, {day} : Dayak, {i-default} : Default
           (Fallthru) Language, {del} : Delaware, {din} : Dinka, {dv} :
           Divehi, {doi} : Dogri, {dgr} : Dogrib, [{dra} : Dravidian (Other)],
           {dua} : Duala, {nl} : Dutch, {dum} : Middle Dutch (ca.1050-1350),
           {dyu} : Dyula, {dz} : Dzongkha, {efi} : Efik, {egy} : Ancient
           Egyptian, {eka} : Ekajuk, {elx} : Elamite, {en} : English, {enm} :
           Old English (1100-1500), {ang} : Old English (ca.450-1100),
           {i-enochian} : Enochian (Artificial), {myv} : Erzya, {eo} :
           Esperanto, {et} : Estonian, {ee} : Ewe, {ewo} : Ewondo, {fan} :
           Fang, {fat} : Fanti, {fo} : Faroese, {fj} : Fijian, {fi} : Finnish,
           [{fiu} : Finno-Ugrian (Other)], {fon} : Fon, {fr} : French, {frm} :
           Middle French (ca.1400-1600), {fro} : Old French (842-ca.1400),
           {fy} : Frisian, {fur} : Friulian, {ff} : Fulah, {gaa} : Ga, {gd} :
           Scots Gaelic, {gl} : Gallegan, {lg} : Ganda, {gay} : Gayo, {gba} :
           Gbaya, {gez} : Geez, {ka} : Georgian, {de} : German, {gmh} : Middle
           High German (ca.1050-1500), {goh} : Old High German (ca.750-1050),
           [{gem} : Germanic (Other)], {gil} : Gilbertese, {gon} : Gondi,
           {gor} : Gorontalo, {got} : Gothic, {grb} : Grebo, {grc} : Ancient
           Greek, {el} : Modern Greek, {gn} : Guarani, {gu} : Gujarati, {gwi}
           : Gwich'in, {hai} : Haida, {ht} : Haitian, {ha} : Hausa, {haw} :
           {xal} : Kalmyk, {kam} : Kamba, {kn} : Kannada, {kr} : Kanuri, {krc}
           : Karachay-Balkar, {kaa} : Kara-Kalpak, {kar} : Karen, {ks} :
           Kashmiri, {csb} : Kashubian, {kaw} : Kawi, {kk} : Kazakh, {kha} :
           Khasi, {km} : Khmer, [{khi} : Khoisan (Other)], {kho} : Khotanese,
           {ki} : Kikuyu, {kmb} : Kimbundu, {rw} : Kinyarwanda, {ky} :
           Kirghiz, {i-klingon} : Klingon, {kv} : Komi, {kg} : Kongo, {kok} :
           Konkani, {ko} : Korean, {kos} : Kosraean, {kpe} : Kpelle, {kro} :
           Kru, {kj} : Kuanyama, {kum} : Kumyk, {ku} : Kurdish, {kru} :
           Kurukh, {kut} : Kutenai, {lad} : Ladino, {lah} : Lahnda, {lam} :
           Lamba, {lo} : Lao, {la} : Latin, {lv} : Latvian, {lb} :
           Letzeburgesch, {lez} : Lezghian, {li} : Limburgish, {ln} : Lingala,
           {lt} : Lithuanian, {nds} : Low German, {art-lojban} : Lojban
           (Artificial), {loz} : Lozi, {lu} : Luba-Katanga, {lua} : Luba-
           Lulua, {lui} : Luiseno, {lun} : Lunda, {luo} : Luo (Kenya and
           Tanzania), {lus} : Lushai, {mk} : Macedonian, {mad} : Madurese,
           {mag} : Magahi, {mai} : Maithili, {mak} : Makasar, {mg} : Malagasy,
           {ms} : Malay, {ml} : Malayalam, {mt} : Maltese, {mnc} : Manchu,
           {mdr} : Mandar, {man} : Mandingo, {mni} : Manipuri, [{mno} : Manobo
           languages], {gv} : Manx, {mi} : Maori, {mr} : Marathi, {chm} :
           Mari, {mh} : Marshall, {mwr} : Marwari, {mas} : Masai, [{myn} :
           Mayan languages], {men} : Mende, {mic} : Micmac, {min} :
           Minangkabau, {i-mingo} : Mingo, [{mis} : Miscellaneous languages],
           {moh} : Mohawk, {mdf} : Moksha, {mo} : Moldavian, [{mkh} : Mon-
           Khmer (Other)], {lol} : Mongo, {mn} : Mongolian, {mos} : Mossi,
           [{mul} : Multiple languages], [{mun} : Munda languages], {nah} :
           Nahuatl, {nap} : Neapolitan, {na} : Nauru, {nv} : Navajo, {nd} :
           North Ndebele, {nr} : South Ndebele, {ng} : Ndonga, {ne} : Nepali,
           {new} : Newari, {nia} : Nias, [{nic} : Niger-Kordofanian (Other)],
           [{ssa} : Nilo-Saharan (Other)], {niu} : Niuean, {nog} : Nogai,
           {non} : Old Norse, [{nai} : North American Indian], {no} :
           Norwegian, {nb} : Norwegian Bokmal, {nn} : Norwegian Nynorsk,
           [{nub} : Nubian languages], {nym} : Nyamwezi, {nyn} : Nyankole,
           {nyo} : Nyoro, {nzi} : Nzima, {oc} : Occitan (post 1500), {oj} :
           Ojibwa, {or} : Oriya, {om} : Oromo, {osa} : Osage, {os} : Ossetian;
           Ossetic, [{oto} : Otomian languages], {pal} : Pahlavi, {i-pwn} :
           Paiwan, {pau} : Palauan, {pi} : Pali, {pam} : Pampanga, {pag} :
           Pangasinan, {pa} : Panjabi, {pap} : Papiamento, [{paa} : Papuan
           (Other)], {fa} : Persian, {peo} : Old Persian (ca.600-400 B.C.),
           [{phi} : Philippine (Other)], {phn} : Phoenician, {pon} :
           Pohnpeian, {pl} : Polish, {pt} : Portuguese, [{pra} : Prakrit
           languages], {pro} : Old Provencal (to 1500), {ps} : Pushto, {qu} :
           Quechua, {rm} : Raeto-Romance, {raj} : Rajasthani, {rap} : Rapanui,
           {rar} : Rarotongan, [{qaa - qtz} : Reserved for local use.], [{roa}
           : Romance (Other)], {ro} : Romanian, {rom} : Romany, {rn} : Rundi,
           {ru} : Russian, [{sal} : Salishan languages], {sam} : Samaritan
           Aramaic, {se} : Northern Sami, {sma} : Southern Sami, {smn} : Inari
           Sami, {smj} : Lule Sami, {sms} : Skolt Sami, [{smi} : Sami
           languages (Other)], {sm} : Samoan, {sad} : Sandawe, {sg} : Sango,
           {sa} : Sanskrit, {sat} : Santali, {sc} : Sardinian, {sas} : Sasak,
           {sco} : Scots, {sel} : Selkup, [{sem} : Semitic (Other)], {sr} :
           Serbian, {srr} : Serer, {shn} : Shan, {sn} : Shona, {sid} : Sidamo,
           {sgn-...} : Sign Languages, {bla} : Siksika, {sd} : Sindhi, {si} :
           Sinhalese, [{sit} : Sino-Tibetan (Other)], [{sio} : Siouan
           languages], {den} : Slave (Athapascan), [{sla} : Slavic (Other)],
           {i-tsu} : Tsou, {tn} : Tswana, {tum} : Tumbuka, [{tup} : Tupi
           languages], {tr} : Turkish, {ota} : Ottoman Turkish (1500-1928),
           {crh} : Crimean Turkish, {tk} : Turkmen, {tvl} : Tuvalu, {tyv} :
           Tuvinian, {tw} : Twi, {udm} : Udmurt, {uga} : Ugaritic, {ug} :
           Uighur, {uk} : Ukrainian, {umb} : Umbundu, {und} : Undetermined,
           {ur} : Urdu, {uz} : Uzbek, {vai} : Vai, {ve} : Venda, {vi} :
           Vietnamese, {vo} : Volapuk, {vot} : Votic, [{wak} : Wakashan
           languages], {wa} : Walloon, {wal} : Walamo, {war} : Waray, {was} :
           Washo, {cy} : Welsh, {wo} : Wolof, {x-...} : Unregistered (Semi-
           Private Use), {xh} : Xhosa, {sah} : Yakut, {yao} : Yao, {yap} :
           Yapese, {ii} : Sichuan Yi, {yi} : Yiddish, {yo} : Yoruba, [{ypk} :
           Yupik languages], {znd} : Zande, [{zap} : Zapotec], {zen} : Zenaga,
           {za} : Zhuang, {zu} : Zulu, {zun} : Zuni

       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMER
       AUTHOR

   I18N::Langinfo - query locale information
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           EXPORT
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   IO - load various IO modules
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       DEPRECATED

   IO::Compress::Base - Base Class for IO::Compress modules
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       MODIFICATION HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   IO::Compress::Bzip2 - Write bzip2 files/buffers
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Functional Interface
           bzip2 $input => $output [, OPTS]
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array
               reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle,
               A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob

           Notes
           Optional Parameters
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeIn => 0|1", "Append => 0|1"

           Examples
       OO Interface
           syswrite
           write
           flush
           tell
           eof
           seek
           binmode
           opened
           autoflush
           input_line_number
           fileno
           close
           newStream([OPTS])
       Importing
           :all

       EXAMPLES
           Apache::GZip Revisited
           Working with Net::FTP
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       MODIFICATION HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   IO::Compress::Deflate - Write RFC 1950 files/buffers
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Functional Interface
           deflate $input => $output [, OPTS]
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array
               reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle,
               A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob

           Notes
           Optional Parameters
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeIn => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A
               Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle

           Examples
       OO Interface
           Constructor
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference

           Constructor Options
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A
               Filehandle, "Merge => 0|1", -Level, -Strategy, "Strict => 0|1"

           Examples
       Methods
           print
           printf
           syswrite
           write
           flush
           :all, :constants, :flush, :level, :strategy

       EXAMPLES
           Apache::GZip Revisited
           Working with Net::FTP
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       MODIFICATION HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   IO::Compress::Gzip - Write RFC 1952 files/buffers
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Functional Interface
           gzip $input => $output [, OPTS]
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array
               reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle,
               A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob

           Notes
           Optional Parameters
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeIn => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A
               Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle

           Examples
       OO Interface
           Constructor
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference

           Constructor Options
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A
               Filehandle, "Merge => 0|1", -Level, -Strategy, "Minimal =>
               0|1", "Comment => $comment", "Name => $string", "Time =>
               $number", "TextFlag => 0|1", "HeaderCRC => 0|1", "OS_Code =>
               $value", "ExtraField => $data", "ExtraFlags => $value", "Strict
               => 0|1"

           Examples
       Methods
           print
           printf
           syswrite
           write
           flush
           tell
           eof
           seek
           binmode
           opened
           autoflush
           input_line_number
           fileno
           close
           newStream([OPTS])

   IO::Compress::RawDeflate - Write RFC 1951 files/buffers
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Functional Interface
           rawdeflate $input => $output [, OPTS]
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array
               reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle,
               A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob

           Notes
           Optional Parameters
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeIn => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A
               Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle

           Examples
       OO Interface
           Constructor
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference

           Constructor Options
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A
               Filehandle, "Merge => 0|1", -Level, -Strategy, "Strict => 0|1"

           Examples
       Methods
           print
           printf
           syswrite
           write
           flush
           tell
           eof
           seek
           binmode
           opened
           autoflush
           input_line_number
           fileno
           close
           newStream([OPTS])
           deflateParams
       Importing
           :all, :constants, :flush, :level, :strategy

       EXAMPLES
           Apache::GZip Revisited
           Working with Net::FTP
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       MODIFICATION HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   IO::Compress::Zip - Write zip files/buffers
       SYNOPSIS
           Examples
       OO Interface
           Constructor
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference

           Constructor Options
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A
               Filehandle, "Name => $string", "Time => $number", "ExtAttr =>
               $attr", "exTime => [$atime, $mtime, $ctime]", "exUnix2 =>
               [$uid, $gid]", "Comment => $comment", "ZipComment => $comment",
               "Method => $method", "Stream => 0|1", "Zip64 => 0|1", "TextFlag
               => 0|1", "ExtraFieldLocal => $data" =item "ExtraFieldCentral =>
               $data", "Minimal => 1|0", "BlockSize100K => number",
               "WorkFactor => number", -Level, -Strategy, "Strict => 0|1"

           Examples
       Methods
           print
           printf
           syswrite
           write
           flush
           tell
           eof
           seek
           binmode
           opened
           autoflush
           input_line_number
           fileno
           close
           newStream([OPTS])
           deflateParams
       Importing
           :all, :constants, :flush, :level, :strategy, :zip_method

       EXAMPLES
           Apache::GZip Revisited
           Working with Net::FTP
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       MODIFICATION HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   IO::Dir - supply object methods for directory handles
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           new ( [ DIRNAME ] ), open ( DIRNAME ), read (), seek ( POS ), tell
           (), rewind (), close (), tie %hash, 'IO::Dir', DIRNAME [, OPTIONS ]

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

       HISTORY

   IO::Handle - supply object methods for I/O handles
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
           new (), new_from_fd ( FD, MODE )

       METHODS
           $io->fdopen ( FD, MODE ), $io->opened, $io->getline, $io->getlines,
           $io->ungetc ( ORD ), $io->write ( BUF, LEN [, OFFSET ] ),
           $io->error, $io->clearerr, $io->sync, $io->flush, $io->printflush (
           ARGS ), $io->blocking ( [ BOOL ] ), $io->untaint

       NOTE
       SEE ALSO
       BUGS
       HISTORY

   IO::Pipe - supply object methods for pipes
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
           new ( [READER, WRITER] )

       METHODS
           reader ([ARGS]), writer ([ARGS]), handles ()

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   IO::Poll - Object interface to system poll call
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           mask ( IO [, EVENT_MASK ] ), poll ( [ TIMEOUT ] ), events ( IO ),
           remove ( IO ), handles( [ EVENT_MASK ] )

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   IO::Seekable - supply seek based methods for I/O objects
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           $io->getpos, $io->setpos, $io->seek ( POS, WHENCE ), WHENCE=0
           (SEEK_SET), WHENCE=1 (SEEK_CUR), WHENCE=2 (SEEK_END), $io->sysseek(
           POS, WHENCE ), $io->tell

       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY

   IO::Select - OO interface to the select system call
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   IO::Socket - Object interface to socket communications
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
           new ( [ARGS] )

       METHODS
           accept([PKG]), socketpair(DOMAIN, TYPE, PROTOCOL), atmark,
           connected, protocol, sockdomain, sockopt(OPT [, VAL]),
           getsockopt(LEVEL, OPT), setsockopt(LEVEL, OPT, VAL), socktype,
           timeout([VAL])

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   IO::Socket::INET - Object interface for AF_INET domain sockets
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
           new ( [ARGS] )

           METHODS
               sockaddr (), sockport (), sockhost (), peeraddr (), peerport
               (), peerhost ()

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   IO::Socket::UNIX - Object interface for AF_UNIX domain sockets
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
           new ( [ARGS] )

       METHODS
           hostpath(), peerpath()

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   IO::Uncompress::AnyInflate - Uncompress zlib-based (zip, gzip) file/buffer
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           RFC 1950, RFC 1951 (optionally), gzip (RFC 1952), zip

       Functional Interface
           anyinflate $input => $output [, OPTS]
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference

           Constructor Options
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "MultiStream => 0|1", "Prime => $string",
               "Transparent => 0|1", "BlockSize => $num", "InputLength =>
               $size", "Append => 0|1", "Strict => 0|1", "RawInflate => 0|1",
               "ParseExtra => 0|1" If the gzip FEXTRA header field is present
               and this option is set, it will force the module to check that
               it conforms to the sub-field structure as defined in RFC 1952

           Examples
       Methods
           read
           read
           getline
           getc
           ungetc
           inflateSync
           getHeaderInfo
           tell
           eof
           seek
           binmode
           opened
           autoflush
           input_line_number
           fileno
           close
           nextStream
           trailingData
       Importing
           :all

       EXAMPLES
           Working with Net::FTP
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       MODIFICATION HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   IO::Uncompress::AnyUncompress - Uncompress gzip, zip, bzip2 or lzop
       file/buffer
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           RFC 1950, RFC 1951 (optionally), gzip (RFC 1952), zip, bzip2, lzop,
           lzf, lzma, xz

       Functional Interface
           anyuncompress $input => $output [, OPTS]
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array
               reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle,
               A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob

           Notes
               "Transparent => 0|1", "BlockSize => $num", "InputLength =>
               $size", "Append => 0|1", "Strict => 0|1", "RawInflate => 0|1",
               "UnLzma => 0|1"

           Examples
       Methods
           read
           read
           getline
           getc
           ungetc
           getHeaderInfo
           tell
           eof
           seek
           binmode
           opened
           autoflush
           input_line_number
           fileno
           close
           nextStream
           trailingData
       Importing
           :all

       EXAMPLES
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       MODIFICATION HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   IO::Uncompress::Base - Base Class for IO::Uncompress modules
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       MODIFICATION HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   IO::Uncompress::Bunzip2 - Read bzip2 files/buffers
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Functional Interface
           bunzip2 $input => $output [, OPTS]
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array
               reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle,
               A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob

           Notes
           Optional Parameters
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeOut => 0|1", "Append => 0|1",
               "MultiStream => 0|1", "TrailingData => $scalar"

           read
           read
           getline
           getc
           ungetc
           getHeaderInfo
           tell
           eof
           seek
           binmode
           opened
           autoflush
           input_line_number
           fileno
           close
           nextStream
           trailingData
       Importing
           :all

       EXAMPLES
           Working with Net::FTP
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       MODIFICATION HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   IO::Uncompress::Gunzip - Read RFC 1952 files/buffers
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Functional Interface
           gunzip $input => $output [, OPTS]
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array
               reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle,
               A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob

           Notes
           Optional Parameters
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeOut => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A
               Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "MultiStream => 0|1",
               "TrailingData => $scalar"

           Examples
       OO Interface
           Constructor
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference

           Constructor Options
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "MultiStream => 0|1", "Prime => $string",
               "Transparent => 0|1", "BlockSize => $num", "InputLength =>
               $size", "Append => 0|1", "Strict => 0|1", "ParseExtra => 0|1"
               If the gzip FEXTRA header field is present and this option is
               set, it will force the module to check that it conforms to the
               sub-field structure as defined in RFC 1952

           tell
           eof
           seek
           binmode
           opened
           autoflush
           input_line_number
           fileno
           close
           nextStream
           trailingData
       Importing
           :all

       EXAMPLES
           Working with Net::FTP
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       MODIFICATION HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   IO::Uncompress::Inflate - Read RFC 1950 files/buffers
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Functional Interface
           inflate $input => $output [, OPTS]
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array
               reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle,
               A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob

           Notes
           Optional Parameters
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeOut => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A
               Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "MultiStream => 0|1",
               "TrailingData => $scalar"

           Examples
       OO Interface
           Constructor
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference

           Constructor Options
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "MultiStream => 0|1", "Prime => $string",
               "Transparent => 0|1", "BlockSize => $num", "InputLength =>
               $size", "Append => 0|1", "Strict => 0|1"

           Examples
       Methods
           read
           read
           getline
           getc
           ungetc
           inflateSync

       Importing
           :all

       EXAMPLES
           Working with Net::FTP
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       MODIFICATION HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   IO::Uncompress::RawInflate - Read RFC 1951 files/buffers
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Functional Interface
           rawinflate $input => $output [, OPTS]
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array
               reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle,
               A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob

           Notes
           Optional Parameters
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeOut => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A
               Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "MultiStream => 0|1",
               "TrailingData => $scalar"

           Examples
       OO Interface
           Constructor
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference

           Constructor Options
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "MultiStream => 0|1", "Prime => $string",
               "Transparent => 0|1", "BlockSize => $num", "InputLength =>
               $size", "Append => 0|1", "Strict => 0|1"

           Examples
       Methods
           read
           read
           getline
           getc
           ungetc
           inflateSync
           getHeaderInfo
           tell
           eof
           seek
           binmode
           opened
           autoflush
           input_line_number
           fileno
           close
           nextStream

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Functional Interface
           unzip $input => $output [, OPTS]
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array
               reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle,
               A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob

           Notes
           Optional Parameters
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeOut => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A
               Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "MultiStream => 0|1",
               "TrailingData => $scalar"

           Examples
       OO Interface
           Constructor
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference

           Constructor Options
               "Name => "membername"", "AutoClose => 0|1", "MultiStream =>
               0|1", "Prime => $string", "Transparent => 0|1", "BlockSize =>
               $num", "InputLength => $size", "Append => 0|1", "Strict => 0|1"

           Examples
       Methods
           read
           read
           getline
           getc
           ungetc
           inflateSync
           getHeaderInfo
           tell
           eof
           seek
           binmode
           opened
           autoflush
           input_line_number
           fileno
           close
           nextStream
           trailingData
       Importing
           :all

       EXAMPLES
           Working with Net::FTP
           Walking through a zip file
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       MODIFICATION HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
       USING THE EXTERNAL GZIP
       CLASS METHODS
           has_Compress_Zlib, gzip_external, gzip_used, gzip_read_open,
           gzip_write_open

       DIAGNOSTICS
           IO::Zlib::getlines: must be called in list context,
           IO::Zlib::gzopen_external: mode '...' is illegal, IO::Zlib::import:
           '...'  is illegal, IO::Zlib::import: ':gzip_external' requires an
           argument, IO::Zlib::import: 'gzip_read_open' requires an argument,
           IO::Zlib::import: 'gzip_read' '...' is illegal, IO::Zlib::import:
           'gzip_write_open' requires an argument, IO::Zlib::import:
           'gzip_write_open' '...' is illegal, IO::Zlib::import: no
           Compress::Zlib and no external gzip, IO::Zlib::open: needs a
           filename, IO::Zlib::READ: NBYTES must be specified,
           IO::Zlib::WRITE: too long LENGTH

       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT

   IPC::Cmd - finding and running system commands made easy
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CLASS METHODS
           $ipc_run_version = IPC::Cmd->can_use_ipc_run( [VERBOSE] )
       $ipc_open3_version = IPC::Cmd->can_use_ipc_open3( [VERBOSE] )
       $bool = IPC::Cmd->can_capture_buffer
       $bool = IPC::Cmd->can_use_run_forked
       FUNCTIONS
           $path = can_run( PROGRAM );
       $ok | ($ok, $err, $full_buf, $stdout_buff, $stderr_buff) = run( command
       => COMMAND, [verbose => BOOL, buffer => \$SCALAR, timeout => DIGIT] );
           command, verbose, buffer, timeout, success, error message,
           full_buffer, out_buffer, error_buffer

       $hashref = run_forked( COMMAND, { child_stdin => SCALAR, timeout =>
       DIGIT, stdout_handler => CODEREF, stderr_handler => CODEREF} );
           "timeout", "child_stdin", "stdout_handler", "stderr_handler",
           "discard_output", "terminate_on_parent_sudden_death", "exit_code",
           "timeout", "stdout", "stderr", "merged", "err_msg"

       $q = QUOTE
       HOW IT WORKS
       Global Variables
           $IPC::Cmd::VERBOSE
           $IPC::Cmd::USE_IPC_RUN
           $IPC::Cmd::USE_IPC_OPEN3
           $IPC::Cmd::WARN
           $IPC::Cmd::INSTANCES
       Caveats
           Whitespace and IPC::Open3 / system(), Whitespace and IPC::Run, IO
           Redirect, Interleaving STDOUT/STDERR

           snd ( TYPE, MSG [, FLAGS ] ), stat

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT

   IPC::Open2 - open a process for both reading and writing using open2()
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       WARNING
       SEE ALSO

   IPC::Open3 - open a process for reading, writing, and error handling using
       open3()
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       See Also
           IPC::Open2, IPC::Run

       WARNING

   IPC::Semaphore - SysV Semaphore IPC object class
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           new ( KEY , NSEMS , FLAGS ), getall, getncnt ( SEM ), getpid ( SEM
           ), getval ( SEM ), getzcnt ( SEM ), id, op ( OPLIST ), remove, set
           ( STAT ), set ( NAME => VALUE [, NAME => VALUE ...] ), setall (
           VALUES ), setval ( N , VALUE ), stat

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT

   IPC::SharedMem - SysV Shared Memory IPC object class
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           new ( KEY , SIZE , FLAGS ), id, read ( POS, SIZE ), write ( STRING,
           POS, SIZE ), remove, is_removed, stat, attach ( [FLAG] ), detach,
           addr

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT

   IPC::SysV - System V IPC constants and system calls
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           ftok( PATH ), ftok( PATH, ID ), shmat( ID, ADDR, FLAG ), shmdt(
           ADDR ), memread( ADDR, VAR, POS, SIZE ), memwrite( ADDR, STRING,
           POS, SIZE )

       SEE ALSO
       FUNCTIONAL INTERFACE
           encode_json
           decode_json
           JSON::PP::is_bool
           JSON::PP::true
           JSON::PP::false
           JSON::PP::null
       HOW DO I DECODE A DATA FROM OUTER AND ENCODE TO OUTER
       METHODS
           new
           ascii
           latin1
           utf8
           pretty
           indent
           space_before
           space_after
           relaxed
               list items can have an end-comma, shell-style '#'-comments

           canonical
           allow_nonref
           allow_unknown
           allow_blessed
           convert_blessed
           filter_json_object
           filter_json_single_key_object
           shrink
           max_depth
           max_size
           encode
           decode
           decode_prefix
       INCREMENTAL PARSING
           incr_parse
           incr_text
           incr_skip
           incr_reset
       JSON::PP OWN METHODS
           allow_singlequote
           allow_barekey
           allow_bignum
           loose
           escape_slash
           indent_length
           sort_by
       INTERNAL
           PP_encode_box, PP_decode_box

       MAPPING
           JSON -> PERL
               object, array, string, number, true, false, null

           PERL -> JSON

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   JSON::PP::Boolean - dummy module providing JSON::PP::Boolean
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR

   List::Util - A selection of general-utility list subroutines
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           first BLOCK LIST, max LIST, maxstr LIST, min LIST, minstr LIST,
           reduce BLOCK LIST, shuffle LIST, sum LIST

       KNOWN BUGS
       SUGGESTED ADDITIONS
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT

   List::Util::XS - Indicate if List::Util was compiled with a C compiler
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT

   Locale::Codes - a distribution of modules to handle locale codes
       DESCRIPTION
           Locale::Country, Locale::Language, Locale::Currency, Locale::Script

       NEW CODE SETS
           General-use code set, An official source of data, A free source of
           the data, A reliable source of data

       COMMON ALIASES
       ROUTINES
           code2country ( CODE [,CODESET] ), code2language( CODE [,CODESET] ),
           code2currency( CODE [,CODESET] ), code2script  ( CODE [,CODESET] ),
           country2code ( NAME [,CODESET] ), language2code( NAME [,CODESET] ),
           currency2code( NAME [,CODESET] ), script2code  ( NAME [,CODESET] ),
           country_code2code ( CODE ,CODESET ,CODESET2 ), language_code2code(
           CODE ,CODESET ,CODESET2 ), currency_code2code( CODE ,CODESET
           ,CODESET2 ), script_code2code ( CODE ,CODESET ,CODESET2 ),
           all_country_codes ( [CODESET] ), all_language_codes( [CODESET] ),
           all_currency_codes( [CODESET] ), all_script_codes  ( [CODESET] ),
           all_country_names ( [CODESET] ), all_language_names( [CODESET] ),
           all_currency_names( [CODESET] ), all_script_names  ( [CODESET] )

       SEMI-PRIVATE ROUTINES
           Locale::Country::rename_country  ( CODE ,NEW_NAME [,CODESET] ),
           Locale::Language::rename_language( CODE ,NEW_NAME [,CODESET] ),
           Locale::Currency::rename_currency( CODE ,NEW_NAME [,CODESET] ),
           Locale::Script::rename_script    ( CODE ,NEW_NAME [,CODESET] ),
           Locale::Country::add_country  ( CODE ,NAME [,CODESET] ),
           Locale::Language::add_language( CODE ,NAME [,CODESET] ),
           Locale::Currency::delete_currency_alias( NAME ),
           Locale::Script::delete_script_alias      ( NAME ),
           Locale::Country::rename_country_code    ( CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]
           ), Locale::Language::rename_language_code( CODE ,NEW_CODE
           [,CODESET] ), Locale::Currency::rename_currency_code( CODE
           ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET] ), Locale::Script::rename_script_code ( CODE
           ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET] ), Locale::Country::add_country_code_alias  (
           CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET] ),
           Locale::Language::add_language_code_alias( CODE ,NEW_CODE
           [,CODESET] ), Locale::Currency::add_currency_code_alias( CODE
           ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET] ), Locale::Script::add_script_code_alias    (
           CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET] ),
           Locale::Country::delete_country_code_alias  ( CODE [,CODESET] ),
           Locale::Language::delete_language_code_alias( CODE [,CODESET] ),
           Locale::Currency::delete_currency_code_alias( CODE [,CODESET] ),
           Locale::Script::delete_script_code_alias    ( CODE [,CODESET] )

       KNOWN BUGS AND LIMITATIONS
           *, *

       SEE ALSO
           Locale::Constants, Locale::Country, Locale::Language,
           Locale::Script, Locale::Currency

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Locale::Codes::Changes - details important changes after 2.07
       3.10
           Changed XXX_code2code behavior slightly, Added many semi-private
           routines

       3.00
           New maintainer, All codes are generated from standards, Added
           several code sets from standards, Locale::Script changed, Added
           missing functions, Dropped support for _alias_code

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Locale::Codes::Country - country codes for the Locale::Country module
       SYNOPSIS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Locale::Codes::Currency - currency codes for the Locale::Currency module
       SYNOPSIS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Locale::Codes::Language - language codes for the Locale::Language module
       SYNOPSIS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Locale::Country - standard codes for country identification
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SUPPORTED CODE SETS
           alpha-2, alpha-3, numeric, fips-10, dom

       ROUTINES
           code2country ( CODE [,CODESET] ), country2code ( NAME [,CODESET] ),
           country_code2code ( CODE ,CODESET ,CODESET2 ), all_country_codes (
           [CODESET] ), all_country_names ( [CODESET] ),
           Locale::Country::rename_country  ( CODE ,NEW_NAME [,CODESET] ),
           Locale::Country::add_country  ( CODE ,NAME [,CODESET] ),
           Locale::Country::delete_country  ( CODE [,CODESET] ),
           Locale::Country::add_country_alias  ( NAME ,NEW_NAME ),
           Locale::Country::delete_country_alias  ( NAME ),
           Locale::Country::rename_country_code    ( CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]
           ), Locale::Country::add_country_code_alias  ( CODE ,NEW_CODE
           [,CODESET] ), Locale::Country::delete_country_code_alias  ( CODE
           [,CODESET] ), alias_code ( ALIAS, CODE [,CODESET] )

       SEE ALSO
           Locale::Codes, Locale::Constants, Locale::SubCountry,
           http://www.iso.org/iso/country_codes,
           http://www.iso.org/iso/list-en1-semic-3.txt,
           http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49alpha.htm,
           http://earth-info.nga.mil/gns/html/digraphs.htm,
           http://www.iana.org/domains/,
           https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/appendix/prin
           t_appendix-d.html, http://www.statoids.com/wab.html

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Locale::Currency - standard codes for currency identification
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SUPPORTED CODE SETS
           alpha, num

       ROUTINES
           code2currency ( CODE [,CODESET] ), currency2code ( NAME [,CODESET]
           ), currency_code2code ( CODE ,CODESET ,CODESET2 ),
           all_currency_codes ( [CODESET] ), all_currency_names ( [CODESET] ),
           Locale::Currency::rename_currency  ( CODE ,NEW_NAME [,CODESET] ),
           Locale::Currency::add_currency  ( CODE ,NAME [,CODESET] ),
           Locale::Currency::delete_currency  ( CODE [,CODESET] ),
           Locale::Currency::add_currency_alias    ( NAME ,NEW_NAME ),
           Locale::Currency::delete_currency_alias  ( NAME ),
           Locale::Currency::rename_currency_code  ( CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]
           ), Locale::Currency::add_currency_code_alias  ( CODE ,NEW_CODE
           [,CODESET] ), Locale::Currency::delete_currency_code_alias  ( CODE
           [,CODESET] )
           alpha-2, alpha-3, term

       ROUTINES
           code2language ( CODE [,CODESET] ), language2code ( NAME [,CODESET]
           ), language_code2code ( CODE ,CODESET ,CODESET2 ),
           all_language_codes ( [CODESET] ), all_language_names ( [CODESET] ),
           Locale::Language::rename_language  ( CODE ,NEW_NAME [,CODESET] ),
           Locale::Language::add_language  ( CODE ,NAME [,CODESET] ),
           Locale::Language::delete_language  ( CODE [,CODESET] ),
           Locale::Language::add_language_alias    ( NAME ,NEW_NAME ),
           Locale::Language::delete_language_alias  ( NAME ),
           Locale::Language::rename_language_code  ( CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]
           ), Locale::Language::add_language_code_alias  ( CODE ,NEW_CODE
           [,CODESET] ), Locale::Language::delete_language_code_alias  ( CODE
           [,CODESET] )

       SEE ALSO
           Locale::Codes, Locale::Constants,
           http://www.loc.gov/standards/iso639-2/

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Locale::Maketext - framework for localization
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       QUICK OVERVIEW
       METHODS
           Construction Methods
           The "maketext" Method
               $lh->fail_with or $lh->fail_with(PARAM),
               $lh->failure_handler_auto

           Utility Methods
               $language->quant($number, $singular), $language->quant($number,
               $singular, $plural), $language->quant($number, $singular,
               $plural, $negative), $language->numf($number),
               $language->sprintf($format, @items), $language->language_tag(),
               $language->encoding()

           Language Handle Attributes and Internals
       LANGUAGE CLASS HIERARCHIES
       ENTRIES IN EACH LEXICON
       BRACKET NOTATION
       AUTO LEXICONS
       READONLY LEXICONS
       CONTROLLING LOOKUP FAILURE
       HOW TO USE MAKETEXT
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMER
       AUTHOR

   Locale::Maketext::Cookbook - recipes for using Locale::Maketext
       INTRODUCTION

   Locale::Maketext::Simple - Simple interface to Locale::Maketext::Lexicon
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OPTIONS
           Class
           Path
           Style
           Export
           Subclass
           Decode
           Encoding
       ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT
           The "MIT" License

   Locale::Maketext::TPJ13 -- article about software localization
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Localization and Perl: gettext breaks, Maketext fixes
           A Localization Horror Story: It Could Happen To You
           The Linguistic View
           Breaking gettext
           Replacing gettext
           Buzzwords: Abstraction and Encapsulation
           Buzzword: Isomorphism
           Buzzword: Inheritance
           Buzzword: Concision
           The Devil in the Details
           The Proof in the Pudding: Localizing Web Sites
           References

   Locale::Script - standard codes for script identification
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SUPPORTED CODE SETS
           alpha, numeric

       ROUTINES
           code2script ( CODE [,CODESET] ), script2code ( NAME [,CODESET] ),
           script_code2code ( CODE ,CODESET ,CODESET2 ), all_script_codes (
           [CODESET] ), all_script_names ( [CODESET] ),
           Locale::Script::rename_script  ( CODE ,NEW_NAME [,CODESET] ),
           Locale::Script::add_script  ( CODE ,NAME [,CODESET] ),
           Locale::Script::delete_script  ( CODE [,CODESET] ),
           Locale::Script::add_script_alias  ( NAME ,NEW_NAME ),
           Locale::Script::delete_script_alias  ( NAME ),
           Locale::Script::rename_script_code  ( CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET] ),
           Locale::Script::add_script_code_alias  ( CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]
           ), Locale::Script::delete_script_code_alias  ( CODE [,CODESET] )


       Options
           config, private, verbose, tag, level, remove, chrono

       Methods
           new
       store
           message, tag, level, extra

       retrieve
           tag, level, message, amount, chrono, remove

       first
       last
       flush
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       Acknowledgements
       COPYRIGHT

   Log::Message::Config - Configuration options for Log::Message
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       Acknowledgements
       COPYRIGHT

   Log::Message::Handlers - Message handlers for Log::Message
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Default Handlers
           log
       carp
       croak
       cluck
       confess
       die
       warn
       trace
       Custom Handlers
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       Acknowledgements
       COPYRIGHT

   Log::Message::Item  - Message objects for Log::Message
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Methods and Accessors
           remove
           id
           when
           message

       DESCRIPTION
       FUNCTIONS
           msg("message string" [,VERBOSE])
           debug("message string" [,VERBOSE])
           error("error string" [,VERBOSE])
       carp();
       croak();
       confess();
       cluck();
       CLASS METHODS
           Log::Message::Simple->stack()
           Log::Message::Simple->stack_as_string([TRACE])
           Log::Message::Simple->flush()
       GLOBAL VARIABLES
           $ERROR_FH, $MSG_FH, $DEBUG_FH, $STACKTRACE_ON_ERROR

   MIME::Base64 - Encoding and decoding of base64 strings
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           encode_base64( $bytes ), encode_base64( $bytes, $eol );,
           decode_base64( $str ), encode_base64url( $bytes ),
           decode_base64url( $str ), encoded_base64_length( $bytes ),
           encoded_base64_length( $bytes, $eol ), decoded_base64_length( $str
           )

       EXAMPLES
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   MIME::QuotedPrint - Encoding and decoding of quoted-printable strings
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           encode_qp( $str), encode_qp( $str, $eol), encode_qp( $str, $eol,
           $binmode ), decode_qp( $str )

       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   Math::BigFloat - Arbitrary size floating point math package
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Canonical notation
           Output
           "mantissa()", "exponent()" and "parts()"
           Accuracy vs. Precision
           Rounding
               ffround ( +$scale ), ffround ( -$scale ), ffround ( 0 ), fround
               ( +$scale ), fround  ( -$scale ) and fround ( 0 )

       METHODS
           accuracy
           precision()
           bexp()
           bnok()
           stringify, bstr(), bdiv, brsft, Modifying and =, bpow, precision()
           vs.  accuracy()

       SEE ALSO
       LICENSE
       AUTHORS

   Math::BigInt - Arbitrary size integer/float math package
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Input, Output

       METHODS
           config()
           accuracy()
           precision()
           brsft()
           new()
           from_oct()
           from_hex()
           from_bin()
           bnan()
           bzero()
           binf()
           bone()
           is_one()/is_zero()/is_nan()/is_inf()
           is_pos()/is_neg()/is_positive()/is_negative()
           is_odd()/is_even()/is_int()
           bcmp()
           bacmp()
           sign()
           digit()
           bneg()
           babs()
           bnorm()
           bnot()
           binc()
           bdec()
           badd()
           bsub()
           bmul()
           bmuladd()
           bdiv()
           bmod()
           bmodinv()
           bmodpow()
           bpow()
           blog()
           bexp()
           bnok()
           bpi()
           bcos()
           bsin()
           batan2()
           bfround()
           bfloor()
           bceil()
           bgcd()
           blcm()
           exponent()
           mantissa()
           parts()
           copy()
           as_int()/as_number()
           bstr()
           bsstr()
           as_hex()
           as_bin()
           as_oct()
           numify()
           modify()
           upgrade()/downgrade()
           div_scale()
           round_mode()
       ACCURACY and PRECISION
           Precision P
           Accuracy A
           Fallback F
           Rounding mode R
               'trunc', 'even', 'odd', '+inf', '-inf', 'zero', 'common',
               Precision, Accuracy (significant digits), Setting/Accessing,
               Creating numbers, Usage, Precedence, Overriding globals, Local
               settings, Rounding, Default values, Remarks

       Infinity and Not a Number
           oct()/hex(), log(-inf), exp(), cos(), sin(), atan2()

       INTERNALS
           MATH LIBRARY
           SIGN
           mantissa(), exponent() and parts()
       EXAMPLES
       Autocreating constants
       PERFORMANCE
           Alternative math libraries
           SUBCLASSING
       Subclassing Math::BigInt
       UPGRADING
           Auto-upgrade
               bsqrt(), div(), blog(), bexp()

       EXPORTS
       CAVEATS
           bstr(), bsstr() and 'cmp', int(), length, bdiv, infinity handling,
           Modifying and =, bpow, Overloading -$x, Mixing different object
           types, bsqrt(), brsft()

       LICENSE
               FLAG), _sub(OBJ1, OBJ2), _dec(OBJ), _inc(OBJ), _mod(OBJ1,
               OBJ2), _sqrt(OBJ), _root(OBJ, N), _fac(OBJ), _pow(OBJ1, OBJ2),
               _modinv(OBJ1, OBJ2), _modpow(OBJ1, OBJ2, OBJ3), _rsft(OBJ, N,
               B), _lsft(OBJ, N, B), _log_int(OBJ, B), _gcd(OBJ1, OBJ2),
               _and(OBJ1, OBJ2), _or(OBJ1, OBJ2), _xor(OBJ1, OBJ2),
               _is_zero(OBJ), _is_one(OBJ), _is_two(OBJ), _is_ten(OBJ),
               _is_even(OBJ), _is_odd(OBJ), _acmp(OBJ1, OBJ2), _str(OBJ),
               _as_bin(OBJ), _as_oct(OBJ), _as_hex(OBJ), _num(OBJ),
               _copy(OBJ), _len(OBJ), _zeros(OBJ), _digit(OBJ, N), _check(OBJ)

           API version 2
               _1ex(N), _nok(OBJ1, OBJ2), _alen(OBJ)

           API optional methods
               _signed_or(OBJ1, OBJ2, SIGN1, SIGN2), _signed_and(OBJ1, OBJ2,
               SIGN1, SIGN2), _signed_xor(OBJ1, OBJ2, SIGN1, SIGN2)

       WRAP YOUR OWN
       LICENSE
       AUTHORS
       SEE ALSO

   Math::BigInt::CalcEmu - Emulate low-level math with BigInt code
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           __emu_bxor
           __emu_band
           __emu_bior
       LICENSE
       AUTHORS
       SEE ALSO

   Math::BigInt::FastCalc - Math::BigInt::Calc with some XS for more speed
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       STORAGE
       METHODS
       LICENSE
       AUTHORS
       SEE ALSO

   Math::BigRat - Arbitrary big rational numbers
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           MATH LIBRARY
       METHODS
           new()
           numerator()
           denominator()
           parts()
           numify()
           as_int()/as_number()
           as_float()
           is_zero()
           is_pos()/is_positive()
           is_neg()/is_negative()
           is_int()
           is_odd()
           is_even()
           bceil()
           bfloor()
           bsqrt()
           broot()
           badd()/bmul()/bsub()/bdiv()/bdec()/binc()
           copy()
           bstr()/bsstr()
           bacmp()/bcmp()
           blsft()/brsft()
           bpow()
           bexp()
           bnok()
           config()
           objectify()
       BUGS
           inf handling (partial), NaN handling (partial), rounding (not
           implemented except for bceil/bfloor), $x ** $y where $y is not an
           integer, bmod(), blog(), bmodinv() and bmodpow() (partial)

       LICENSE
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS

   Math::Complex - complex numbers and associated mathematical functions
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OPERATIONS
       CREATION
       DISPLAYING
           CHANGED IN PERL 5.6
       USAGE
       CONSTANTS
           PI
           Inf
       ERRORS DUE TO DIVISION BY ZERO OR LOGARITHM OF ZERO
       ERRORS DUE TO INDIGESTIBLE ARGUMENTS
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       LICENSE

   Math::Trig - trigonometric functions
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS
           tan

           ERRORS DUE TO DIVISION BY ZERO

       GREAT CIRCLE DISTANCES AND DIRECTIONS
           great_circle_distance
           great_circle_direction
           great_circle_bearing
           great_circle_destination
           great_circle_midpoint
           great_circle_waypoint
       EXAMPLES
           CAVEAT FOR GREAT CIRCLE FORMULAS
           Real-valued asin and acos
               asin_real, acos_real

       BUGS
       AUTHORS
       LICENSE

   Memoize - Make functions faster by trading space for time
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       DETAILS
       OPTIONS
           INSTALL
           NORMALIZER
           "SCALAR_CACHE", "LIST_CACHE"
               "MEMORY", "HASH", "TIE", "FAULT", "MERGE"

       OTHER FACILITIES
           "unmemoize"
           "flush_cache"
       CAVEATS
       PERSISTENT CACHE SUPPORT
       EXPIRATION SUPPORT
       BUGS
       MAILING LIST
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
       THANK YOU

   Memoize::AnyDBM_File - glue to provide EXISTS for AnyDBM_File for Storable
       use
       DESCRIPTION

   Memoize::Expire - Plug-in module for automatic expiration of memoized
       values
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       INTERFACE
            TIEHASH,  EXISTS,  STORE

       ALTERNATIVES
       CAVEATS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   Memoize::Storable - store Memoized data in Storable database
       DESCRIPTION

   Module::Build - Build and install Perl modules
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       GUIDE TO DOCUMENTATION
           General Usage (Module::Build), Authoring Reference
           (Module::Build::Authoring), API Reference (Module::Build::API),
           Cookbook (Module::Build::Cookbook)

       ACTIONS
           build, clean, code, config_data, diff, dist, distcheck, distclean,
           distdir, distinstall, distmeta, distsign, disttest, docs,
           fakeinstall, help, html, install, installdeps, manifest,
           manifest_skip, manpages, pardist, ppd, ppmdist, prereq_data,
           prereq_report, pure_install, realclean, retest, skipcheck, test,
           testall, testcover, testdb, testpod, testpodcoverage,
           versioninstall

       OPTIONS
           Command Line Options
               quiet, verbose, cpan_client, use_rcfile, allow_mb_mismatch,
               debug

           Default Options File (.modulebuildrc)
           Environment variables
               MODULEBUILDRC, PERL_MB_OPT

       INSTALL PATHS
           lib, arch, script, bin, bindoc, libdoc, binhtml, libhtml,
           installdirs, install_path, install_base, destdir, prefix

       MOTIVATIONS
           +, +

       TO DO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   Module::Build::API - API Reference for Module Authors
       DESCRIPTION
           CONSTRUCTORS
               current(), new(), add_to_cleanup, auto_configure_requires,
               auto_features, autosplit, build_class, build_requires,
               create_packlist, c_source, conflicts, create_license,
               create_makefile_pl, create_readme, dist_abstract, dist_author,
               dist_name, dist_suffix, dist_version, dist_version_from,
               dynamic_config, extra_compiler_flags, extra_linker_flags,
               get_options, type, store, default, include_dirs, install_path,
               installdirs, license, apache, apache_1_1, artistic, artistic_2,
               bsd, gpl, lgpl, mit, mozilla, open_source, perl, restrictive,
               unrestricted, meta_add, meta_merge, module_name,
               compare_versions($v1, $op, $v2), config($key), config($key,
               $value), config() [deprecated], config_data($name),
               config_data($name => $value), conflicts(), contains_pod($file)
               [deprecated], copy_if_modified(%parameters),
               create_build_script(), current_action(), depends_on(@actions),
               dir_contains($first_dir, $second_dir), dispatch($action,
               %args), dist_dir(), dist_name(), dist_version(),
               do_system($cmd, @args), feature($name), feature($name =>
               $value), fix_shebang_line(@files), have_c_compiler(),
               install_base_relpaths(), install_base_relpaths($type),
               install_base_relpaths($type => $path),
               install_destination($type), install_path(),
               install_path($type), install_path($type => $path),
               install_types(), invoked_action(), notes(), notes($key),
               notes($key => $value), orig_dir(), os_type(), is_vmsish(),
               is_windowsish(), is_unixish(), prefix_relpaths(),
               prefix_relpaths($installdirs), prefix_relpaths($installdirs,
               $type), prefix_relpaths($installdirs, $type => $path),
               get_metadata(), prepare_metadata() [deprecated],
               prereq_failures(), prereq_data(), prereq_report(),
               prompt($message, $default), recommends(), requires(),
               rscan_dir($dir, $pattern), runtime_params(),
               runtime_params($key), script_files(), up_to_date($source_file,
               $derived_file), up_to_date(\@source_files, \@derived_files),
               y_n($message, $default)

           Autogenerated Accessors
               PL_files(), allow_mb_mismatch(), auto_configure_requires(),
               autosplit(), base_dir(), bindoc_dirs(), blib(), build_bat(),
               build_class(), build_elements(), build_requires(),
               build_script(), bundle_inc(), bundle_inc_preload(), c_source(),
               config_dir(), configure_requires(), conflicts(), cpan_client(),
               create_license(), create_makefile_pl(), create_packlist(),
               create_readme(), debug(), debugger(), destdir(),
               dynamic_config(), get_options(), html_css(), include_dirs(),
               install_base(), installdirs(), libdoc_dirs(), license(),
               magic_number(), mb_version(), meta_add(), meta_merge(),
               metafile(), metafile2(), module_name(), mymetafile(),
               mymetafile2(), needs_compiler(), orig_dir(), perl(),
               pm_files(), pod_files(), pollute(), prefix(),
               prereq_action_types(), program_name(), quiet(), recommends(),
               recurse_into(), recursive_test_files(), requires(), scripts(),
               sign(), tap_harness_args(), test_file_exts(), use_rcfile(),
               use_tap_harness(), verbose(), xs_files()

       MODULE METADATA
           keywords, resources

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   Module::Build::Authoring - Authoring Module::Build modules
       DESCRIPTION
       MIGRATION
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   Module::Build::Base - Default methods for Module::Build
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   Module::Build::Bundling - How to bundle Module::Build with a distribution
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       BUNDLING OTHER CONFIGURATION DEPENDENCIES
           WARNING -- How to Manage Dependency Chains
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   Module::Build::Compat - Compatibility with ExtUtils::MakeMaker
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           create_makefile_pl($style, $build), traditional, small, passthrough
           (DEPRECATED), run_build_pl(args => \@ARGV), args, script,
           write_makefile(), makefile

       SCENARIOS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   Module::Build::ConfigData - Configuration for Module::Build
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           config($name), feature($name), set_config($name, $value),
           set_feature($name, $value), config_names(), feature_names(),
           auto_feature_names(), write()

       AUTHOR

   Module::Build::Cookbook - Examples of Module::Build Usage
       DESCRIPTION
       BASIC RECIPES
           Installing modules that use Module::Build
           Modifying Config.pm values
           Installing modules using the programmatic interface
           Installing to a temporary directory
           Installing to a non-standard directory
           Installing in the same location as ExtUtils::MakeMaker
           Running a single test file
       ADVANCED RECIPES
           Making a CPAN.pm-compatible distribution
               answers yes to the testing, do I generate a test file

           Modifying an action
           Adding an action
           Bundling Module::Build
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   Module::Build::ModuleInfo - DEPRECATED
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO

   Module::Build::Notes - Create persistent distribution configuration modules
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   Module::Build::Notes, NOTES_NAME - Configuration for MODULE_NAME
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           config($name), feature($name), set_config($name, $value),
           set_feature($name, $value), config_names(), feature_names(),
           auto_feature_names(), write()

       AUTHOR

   Module::Build::PPMMaker - Perl Package Manager file creation
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   Module::Build::Platform::Amiga - Builder class for Amiga platforms
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   Module::Build::Platform::Default - Stub class for unknown platforms
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   Module::Build::Platform::EBCDIC - Builder class for EBCDIC platforms
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   Module::Build::Platform::MPEiX - Builder class for MPEiX platforms
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   Module::Build::Platform::Unix - Builder class for Unix platforms
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   Module::Build::Platform::VMS - Builder class for VMS platforms
       DESCRIPTION
           Overridden Methods
               _set_defaults

       cull_args

       manpage_separator

       prefixify

       _quote_args

       have_forkpipe

       _backticks

       find_command

       _maybe_command (override)

       do_system

       oneliner

       _infer_xs_spec

       rscan_dir

       dist_dir

       man3page_name

       expand_test_dir

       _detildefy

       find_perl_interpreter

       localize_file_path

       localize_dir_path

       ACTION_clean

       AUTHOR

   Module::Build::Platform::aix - Builder class for AIX platform
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   Module::Build::Platform::cygwin - Builder class for Cygwin platform
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   Module::Build::Platform::darwin - Builder class for Mac OS X platform
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   Module::Build::Platform::os2 - Builder class for OS/2 platform
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   Module::Build::Version - DEPRECATED
       DESCRIPTION

   Module::Build::YAML - DEPRECATED
       DESCRIPTION

   Module::CoreList - what modules shipped with versions of perl
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       FUNCTIONS API
           "first_release( MODULE )", "first_release_by_date( MODULE )",
           "find_modules( REGEX, [ LIST OF PERLS ] )", "find_version(
           PERL_VERSION )", "is_deprecated( MODULE, PERL_VERSION )",
           "removed_from( MODULE )", "removed_from_by_date( MODULE )"

       DATA STRUCTURES
           %Module::CoreList::version, %Module::CoreList::released,
           %Module::CoreList::families, %Module::CoreList::deprecated,
           %Module::CoreList::upstream, %Module::CoreList::bug_tracker

       CAVEATS
       HISTORY
       AUTHOR
       LICENSE
       SEE ALSO

   Module::Load - runtime require of both modules and files
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Rules
       Caveats
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       BUG REPORTS
       AUTHOR
       [verbose => BOOL, nocache => BOOL] )
           modules, verbose, nocache

       @list = requires( MODULE );
       Global Variables
           $Module::Load::Conditional::VERBOSE
           $Module::Load::Conditional::FIND_VERSION
           $Module::Load::Conditional::CHECK_INC_HASH
           $Module::Load::Conditional::CACHE
           $Module::Load::Conditional::ERROR
           $Module::Load::Conditional::DEPRECATED
       See Also
       BUG REPORTS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Module::Loaded - mark modules as loaded or unloaded
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       FUNCTIONS
           $bool = mark_as_loaded( PACKAGE );
       $bool = mark_as_unloaded( PACKAGE );
       $loc = is_loaded( PACKAGE );
       BUG REPORTS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Module::Metadata - Gather package and POD information from perl module
       files
       DESCRIPTION
           new_from_file($filename, collect_pod => 1),
           new_from_module($module, collect_pod => 1, inc => \@dirs), name(),
           version($package), filename(), packages_inside(), pod_inside(),
           contains_pod(), pod($section), find_module_by_name($module,
           \@dirs), find_module_dir_by_name($module, \@dirs),
           package_versions_from_directory($dir, \@files?), log_info
           (internal)

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Module::Pluggable - automatically give your module the ability to have
       plugins
       SYNOPSIS
       EXAMPLE
       DESCRIPTION
       ADVANCED USAGE
       INNER PACKAGES
       OPTIONS
           sub_name
           search_path
           search_dirs
           instantiate
           require

       SEE ALSO

   Module::Pluggable::Object - automatically give your module the ability to
       have plugins
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OPTIONS
       AUTHOR
       COPYING
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

   NDBM_File - Tied access to ndbm files
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           "O_RDONLY", "O_WRONLY", "O_RDWR"

       DIAGNOSTICS
           "ndbm store returned -1, errno 22, key "..." at ..."
       BUGS AND WARNINGS

   NEXT - Provide a pseudo-class NEXT (et al) that allows method redispatch
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Enforcing redispatch
           Avoiding repetitions
           Invoking all versions of a method with a single call
           Using "EVERY" methods
       AUTHOR
       BUGS AND IRRITATIONS
       COPYRIGHT

   Net::Cmd - Network Command class (as used by FTP, SMTP etc)
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       USER METHODS
           debug ( VALUE ), message (), code (), ok (), status (), datasend (
           DATA ), dataend ()

       CLASS METHODS
           debug_print ( DIR, TEXT ), debug_text ( TEXT ), command ( CMD [,
           ARGS, ...  ]), unsupported (), response (), parse_response ( TEXT
           ), getline (), ungetline ( TEXT ), rawdatasend ( DATA ),
           read_until_dot (), tied_fh ()

       EXPORTS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Net::Config - Local configuration data for libnet
       SYNOPSYS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           requires_firewall HOST

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Net::FTP - FTP Client class
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OVERVIEW
       CONSTRUCTOR
           new ([ HOST ] [, OPTIONS ])

       METHODS
           login ([LOGIN [,PASSWORD [, ACCOUNT] ] ]), authorize ( [AUTH [,
           RESP]]), site (ARGS), ascii, binary, rename ( OLDNAME, NEWNAME ),
           delete ( FILENAME ), cwd ( [ DIR ] ), cdup (), pwd (), restart (
           WHERE ), rmdir ( DIR [, RECURSE ]), mkdir ( DIR [, RECURSE ]),
           alloc ( SIZE [, RECORD_SIZE] ), ls ( [ DIR ] ), dir ( [ DIR ] ),
           get ( REMOTE_FILE [, LOCAL_FILE [, WHERE]] ), put ( LOCAL_FILE [,
           REMOTE_FILE ] ), put_unique ( LOCAL_FILE [, REMOTE_FILE ] ), append
           ( LOCAL_FILE [, REMOTE_FILE ] ), unique_name (), mdtm ( FILE ),
           size ( FILE ), supported ( CMD ), hash ( [FILEHANDLE_GLOB_REF],[
           BYTES_PER_HASH_MARK] ), feature ( NAME ), nlst ( [ DIR ] ), list (
           [ DIR ] ), retr ( FILE ), stor ( FILE ), stou ( FILE ), appe ( FILE
           ), port ( [ PORT ] ), pasv (), pasv_xfer ( SRC_FILE, DEST_SERVER [,
           DEST_FILE ] ), pasv_xfer_unique ( SRC_FILE, DEST_SERVER [,
           DEST_FILE ] ), pasv_wait ( NON_PASV_SERVER ), abort (), quit ()

           Methods for the adventurous
               quot (CMD [,ARGS])

       THE dataconn CLASS
           read ( BUFFER, SIZE [, TIMEOUT ] ), write ( BUFFER, SIZE [, TIMEOUT
           ] ), bytes_read (), abort (), close ()

       UNIMPLEMENTED
           SMNT, HELP, MODE, SYST, STAT, STRU, REIN

       REPORTING BUGS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO
       USE EXAMPLES
           http://www.csh.rit.edu/~adam/Progs/

       CREDITS
       COPYRIGHT

   Net::NNTP - NNTP Client class
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
           new ( [ HOST ] [, OPTIONS ])

       METHODS
           article ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ], [FH] ), body ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ], [FH]
               MESSAGE-SPEC ), xpath ( MESSAGE-ID ), xpat ( HEADER, PATTERN,
               MESSAGE-SPEC), xrover, listgroup ( [ GROUP ] ), reader

       UNSUPPORTED
       DEFINITIONS
           MESSAGE-SPEC, PATTERN, Examples, "[^]-]", *bdc, "[0-9a-zA-Z]",
           "a??d"

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Net::Netrc - OO interface to users netrc file
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       THE .netrc FILE
           machine name, default, login name, password string, account string,
           macdef name

       CONSTRUCTOR
           lookup ( MACHINE [, LOGIN ])

       METHODS
           login (), password (), account (), lpa ()

       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT

   Net::POP3 - Post Office Protocol 3 Client class (RFC1939)
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
           new ( [ HOST ] [, OPTIONS ] 0

       METHODS
           auth ( USERNAME, PASSWORD ), user ( USER ), pass ( PASS ), login (
           [ USER [, PASS ]] ), apop ( [ USER [, PASS ]] ), banner (), capa
           (),  capabilities (), top ( MSGNUM [, NUMLINES ] ), list ( [ MSGNUM
           ] ), get ( MSGNUM [, FH ] ), getfh ( MSGNUM ), last (), popstat (),
           ping ( USER ), uidl ( [ MSGNUM ] ), delete ( MSGNUM ), reset (),
           quit ()

       NOTES
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Net::Ping - check a remote host for reachability
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Functions
               Net::Ping->new([$proto [, $def_timeout [, $bytes [, $device [,
               $tos ]]]]]);, $p->ping($host [, $timeout]);, $p->source_verify(

   Net::SMTP - Simple Mail Transfer Protocol Client
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLES
       CONSTRUCTOR
           new ( [ HOST ] [, OPTIONS ] )

       METHODS
           banner (), domain (), hello ( DOMAIN ), host (), etrn ( DOMAIN ),
           auth ( USERNAME, PASSWORD ), mail ( ADDRESS [, OPTIONS] ), send (
           ADDRESS ), send_or_mail ( ADDRESS ), send_and_mail ( ADDRESS ),
           reset (), recipient ( ADDRESS [, ADDRESS, [...]] [, OPTIONS ] ), to
           ( ADDRESS [, ADDRESS [...]]  ), cc ( ADDRESS [, ADDRESS [...]] ),
           bcc ( ADDRESS [, ADDRESS [...]] ), data ( [ DATA ] ), expand (
           ADDRESS ), verify ( ADDRESS ), help ( [ $subject ] ), quit ()

       ADDRESSES
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Net::Time - time and daytime network client interface
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           inet_time ( [HOST [, PROTOCOL [, TIMEOUT]]]), inet_daytime ( [HOST
           [, PROTOCOL [, TIMEOUT]]])

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Net::hostent - by-name interface to Perl's built-in gethost*() functions
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLES
       NOTE
       AUTHOR

   Net::libnetFAQ, libnetFAQ - libnet Frequently Asked Questions
       DESCRIPTION
           Where to get this document
           How to contribute to this document
       Author and Copyright Information
           Disclaimer
       Obtaining and installing libnet
           What is libnet ?
           Which version of perl do I need ?
           What other modules do I need ?
           What machines support libnet ?
           Where can I get the latest libnet release
       Using Net::FTP
           How do I download files from an FTP server ?
           How do I transfer files in binary mode ?
           How can I get the size of a file on a remote FTP server ?
           How can I get the modification time of a file on a remote FTP
           I have seen scripts call a method message, but cannot find it
           documented ?
           Why does Net::FTP not implement mput and mget methods
       Using Net::SMTP
           Why can't the part of an Email address after the @ be used as the
           hostname ?
           Why does Net::SMTP not do DNS MX lookups ?
           The verify method always returns true ?
       Debugging scripts
           How can I debug my scripts that use Net::* modules ?
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

   Net::netent - by-name interface to Perl's built-in getnet*() functions
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLES
       NOTE
       AUTHOR

   Net::protoent - by-name interface to Perl's built-in getproto*() functions
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTE
       AUTHOR

   Net::servent - by-name interface to Perl's built-in getserv*() functions
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLES
       NOTE
       AUTHOR

   O - Generic interface to Perl Compiler backends
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONVENTIONS
       IMPLEMENTATION
       BUGS
       AUTHOR

   ODBM_File - Tied access to odbm files
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           "O_RDONLY", "O_WRONLY", "O_RDWR"

       DIAGNOSTICS
           "odbm store returned -1, errno 22, key "..." at ..."
       BUGS AND WARNINGS

   Object::Accessor - interface to create per object accessors
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           $object = Object::Accessor->new( [ARGS] );

       LVALUE ACCESSORS
           CAVEATS
               Allow handlers, Callbacks

       GLOBAL VARIABLES
           $Object::Accessor::FATAL
           $Object::Accessor::DEBUG
       TODO
           Create read-only accessors
       CAVEATS
       BUG REPORTS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Opcode - Disable named opcodes when compiling perl code
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTE
       WARNING
       Operator Names and Operator Lists
           an operator name (opname), an operator tag name (optag), a negated
           opname or optag, an operator set (opset)

       Opcode Functions
           opcodes, opset (OP, ...), opset_to_ops (OPSET), opset_to_hex
           (OPSET), full_opset, empty_opset, invert_opset (OPSET),
           verify_opset (OPSET, ...), define_optag (OPTAG, OPSET), opmask_add
           (OPSET), opmask, opdesc (OP, ...), opdump (PAT)

       Manipulating Opsets
       TO DO (maybe)
       Predefined Opcode Tags
           :base_core, :base_mem, :base_loop, :base_io, :base_orig,
           :base_math, :base_thread, :default, :filesys_read, :sys_db,
           :browse, :filesys_open, :filesys_write, :subprocess, :ownprocess,
           :others, :load, :still_to_be_decided, :dangerous

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS

   POSIX - Perl interface to IEEE Std 1003.1
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTE
       CAVEATS
       FUNCTIONS
           _exit, abort, abs, access, acos, alarm, asctime, asin, assert,
           atan, atan2, atexit, atof, atoi, atol, bsearch, calloc, ceil,
           chdir, chmod, chown, clearerr, clock, close, closedir, cos, cosh,
           creat, ctermid, ctime, cuserid, difftime, div, dup, dup2, errno,
           execl, execle, execlp, execv, execve, execvp, exit, exp, fabs,
           fclose, fcntl, fdopen, feof, ferror, fflush, fgetc, fgetpos, fgets,
           fileno, floor, fmod, fopen, fork, fpathconf, fprintf, fputc, fputs,
           fread, free, freopen, frexp, fscanf, fseek, fsetpos, fstat, fsync,
           sigsetjmp, sigsuspend, sin, sinh, sleep, sprintf, sqrt, srand,
           sscanf, stat, strcat, strchr, strcmp, strcoll, strcpy, strcspn,
           strerror, strftime, strlen, strncat, strncmp, strncpy, strpbrk,
           strrchr, strspn, strstr, strtod, strtok, strtol, strtoul, strxfrm,
           sysconf, system, tan, tanh, tcdrain, tcflow, tcflush, tcgetpgrp,
           tcsendbreak, tcsetpgrp, time, times, tmpfile, tmpnam, tolower,
           toupper, ttyname, tzname, tzset, umask, uname, ungetc, unlink,
           utime, vfprintf, vprintf, vsprintf, wait, waitpid, wcstombs,
           wctomb, write

       CLASSES
           POSIX::SigAction
               new, handler, mask, flags, safe

           POSIX::SigRt
               %SIGRT, SIGRTMIN, SIGRTMAX

           POSIX::SigSet
               new, addset, delset, emptyset, fillset, ismember

           POSIX::Termios
               new, getattr, getcc, getcflag, getiflag, getispeed, getlflag,
               getoflag, getospeed, setattr, setcc, setcflag, setiflag,
               setispeed, setlflag, setoflag, setospeed, Baud rate values,
               Terminal interface values, c_cc field values, c_cflag field
               values, c_iflag field values, c_lflag field values, c_oflag
               field values

       PATHNAME CONSTANTS
           Constants

       POSIX CONSTANTS
           Constants

       SYSTEM CONFIGURATION
           Constants

       ERRNO
           Constants

       FCNTL
           Constants

       FLOAT
           Constants

       LIMITS
           Constants

       LOCALE
           Constants

       MATH
           Constants

       TIME
           Constants

       UNISTD
           Constants

       WAIT
           Constants, WNOHANG, WUNTRACED, Macros, WIFEXITED, WEXITSTATUS,
           WIFSIGNALED, WTERMSIG, WIFSTOPPED, WSTOPSIG

   Package::Constants - List all constants declared in a package
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CLASS METHODS
           @const = Package::Constants->list( PACKAGE_NAME );
       GLOBAL VARIABLES
           $Package::Constants::DEBUG
       BUG REPORTS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Params::Check - A generic input parsing/checking mechanism.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Template
           default, required, strict_type, defined, no_override, store, allow

       Functions
           check( \%tmpl, \%args, [$verbose] );
               Template, Arguments, Verbose

       allow( $test_me, \@criteria );
           string, regexp, subroutine, array ref

       last_error()
       Global Variables
           $Params::Check::VERBOSE
           $Params::Check::STRICT_TYPE
           $Params::Check::ALLOW_UNKNOWN
           $Params::Check::STRIP_LEADING_DASHES
           $Params::Check::NO_DUPLICATES
           $Params::Check::PRESERVE_CASE
           $Params::Check::ONLY_ALLOW_DEFINED
           $Params::Check::SANITY_CHECK_TEMPLATE
           $Params::Check::WARNINGS_FATAL
           $Params::Check::CALLER_DEPTH
       Acknowledgements
       BUG REPORTS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Parse::CPAN::Meta - Parse META.yml and META.json CPAN metadata files
       SYNOPSIS
           PERL_YAML_BACKEND
       SUPPORT
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Perl::OSType - Map Perl operating system names to generic types
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       USAGE
           os_type()
           is_os_type()
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   PerlIO - On demand loader for PerlIO layers and root of PerlIO::* name
       space
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           :unix, :stdio, :perlio, :crlf, :mmap, :utf8, :bytes, :raw, :pop,
           :win32

           Custom Layers
               :encoding, :via

           Alternatives to raw
           Defaults and how to override them
           Querying the layers of filehandles
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   PerlIO::encoding - encoding layer
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO

   PerlIO::scalar - in-memory IO, scalar IO
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       IMPLEMENTATION NOTE

   PerlIO::via - Helper class for PerlIO layers implemented in perl
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXPECTED METHODS
           $class->PUSHED([$mode,[$fh]]), $obj->POPPED([$fh]),
           $obj->UTF8($bellowFlag,[$fh]), $obj->OPEN($path,$mode,[$fh]),
           $obj->BINMODE([$fh]), $obj->FDOPEN($fd,[$fh]),
           $obj->SYSOPEN($path,$imode,$perm,[$fh]), $obj->FILENO($fh),
           $obj->READ($buffer,$len,$fh), $obj->WRITE($buffer,$fh),
           $obj->FILL($fh), $obj->CLOSE($fh), $obj->SEEK($posn,$whence,$fh),
           $obj->TELL($fh), $obj->UNREAD($buffer,$fh), $obj->FLUSH($fh),
           $obj->SETLINEBUF($fh), $obj->CLEARERR($fh), $obj->ERROR($fh),

   Pod::Checker, podchecker() - check pod documents for syntax errors
       SYNOPSIS
       OPTIONS/ARGUMENTS
           podchecker()
               -warnings => val

       DESCRIPTION
       DIAGNOSTICS
           Errors
               empty =headn, =over on line N without closing =back, =item
               without previous =over, =back without previous =over, No
               argument for =begin, =end without =begin, Nested =begin's, =for
               without formatter specification, unresolved internal link NAME,
               Unknown command "CMD", Unknown interior-sequence "SEQ", nested
               commands CMD<...CMD<...>...>, garbled entity STRING, Entity
               number out of range, malformed link L<>, nonempty Z<>, empty
               X<>, Spurious text after =pod / =cut, Spurious character(s)
               after =back

           Warnings
               multiple occurrence of link target name, line containing
               nothing but whitespace in paragraph, file does not start with
               =head, previous =item has no contents, preceding non-item
               paragraph(s), =item type mismatch (one vs. two), N unescaped
               "<>" in paragraph, Unknown entity, No items in =over, No
               argument for =item, empty section in previous paragraph,
               Verbatim paragraph in NAME section, =headn without preceding
               higher level

           Hyperlinks
               ignoring leading/trailing whitespace in link, (section) in
               '$page' deprecated, alternative text/node '%s' contains non-
               escaped | or /

       RETURN VALUE
       EXAMPLES
       INTERFACE

       "Pod::Checker->new( %options )"

       "$checker->poderror( @args )", "$checker->poderror( {%opts}, @args )"

       "$checker->num_errors()"

       "$checker->num_warnings()"

       "$checker->name()"

       "$checker->node()"

       "$checker->idx()"

       "$checker->hyperlink()"
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR

   Pod::Find - find POD documents in directory trees
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       "pod_find( { %opts } , @directories )"
           "-verbose => 1", "-perl => 1", "-script => 1", "-inc => 1"

       "simplify_name( $str )"
       "pod_where( { %opts }, $pod )"
           "-inc => 1", "-dirs => [ $dir1, $dir2, ... ]", "-verbose => 1"

       "contains_pod( $file , $verbose )"
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   Pod::Html - module to convert pod files to HTML
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       FUNCTIONS
           pod2html
               backlink, cachedir, css, flush, header, help, hiddendirs,
               htmldir, htmlroot, index, infile, libpods, netscape, outfile,
               podpath, podroot, quiet, recurse, title, verbose

           htmlify
           anchorify
       ENVIRONMENT
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT

   Pod::InputObjects - objects representing POD input paragraphs, commands,
       etc.
       SYNOPSIS
       REQUIRES
       EXPORTS
       DESCRIPTION
           package Pod::InputSource, package Pod::Paragraph, package
           Pod::InteriorSequence, package Pod::ParseTree

       Pod::InputSource
       new()
       name()
       handle()
       was_cutting()
       Pod::Paragraph
       Pod::Paragraph->new()
       $pod_para->cmd_name()
       $pod_para->text()
       $pod_para->raw_text()
       $pod_para->cmd_prefix()
       $pod_seq->parse_tree()
       $pod_seq->file_line()
       Pod::InteriorSequence::DESTROY()
       Pod::ParseTree
       Pod::ParseTree->new()
       $ptree->top()
       $ptree->children()
       $ptree->prepend()
       $ptree->append()
       $ptree->raw_text()
       Pod::ParseTree::DESTROY()
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   Pod::LaTeX - Convert Pod data to formatted Latex
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OBJECT METHODS
           "initialize"

       Data Accessors
           AddPreamble

       AddPostamble

       Head1Level

       Label

       LevelNoNum

       MakeIndex

       ReplaceNAMEwithSection

       StartWithNewPage

       TableOfContents

       UniqueLabels

       UserPreamble

       UserPostamble

       Lists

       Subclassed methods

       begin_pod

       end_pod

       command
       add_item

       Methods for headings
           head

       Internal methods
           _output

       _replace_special_chars

       _replace_special_chars_late

       _create_label

       _create_index

       _clean_latex_commands

       _split_delimited

       NOTES
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT
       REVISION

   Pod::Man - Convert POD data to formatted *roff input
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           center, date, fixed, fixedbold, fixeditalic, fixedbolditalic, name,
           quotes, release, section, stderr, utf8

       DIAGNOSTICS
           roff font should be 1 or 2 chars, not "%s", Invalid quote
           specification "%s"

       BUGS
       CAVEATS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
       SEE ALSO

   Pod::ParseLink - Parse an L<> formatting code in POD text
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   Pod::ParseUtils - helpers for POD parsing and conversion
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Pod::List
           Pod::List->new()

       $list->parent()

       $list->tag()

       Pod::Hyperlink
           Pod::Hyperlink->new()

       $link->parse($string)

       $link->markup($string)

       $link->text()

       $link->warning()

       $link->file(), $link->line()

       $link->page()

       $link->node()

       $link->alttext()

       $link->type()

       $link->link()

       Pod::Cache
           Pod::Cache->new()

       $cache->item()

       $cache->find_page($name)

       Pod::Cache::Item
           Pod::Cache::Item->new()

       $cacheitem->page()

       $cacheitem->description()

       $cacheitem->path()

       $cacheitem->file()

       $cacheitem->nodes()

       $cacheitem->find_node($name)

       $cacheitem->idx()

       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO
       command()
           $cmd, $text, $line_num, $pod_para

       verbatim()
           $text, $line_num, $pod_para

       textblock()
           $text, $line_num, $pod_para

       interior_sequence()
       OPTIONAL SUBROUTINE/METHOD OVERRIDES
       new()
       initialize()
       begin_pod()
       begin_input()
       end_input()
       end_pod()
       preprocess_line()
       preprocess_paragraph()
       METHODS FOR PARSING AND PROCESSING
       parse_text()
           -expand_seq => code-ref|method-name, -expand_text => code-
           ref|method-name, -expand_ptree => code-ref|method-name

       interpolate()
       parse_paragraph()
       parse_from_filehandle()
       parse_from_file()
       ACCESSOR METHODS
       errorsub()
       cutting()
       parseopts()
       output_file()
       output_handle()
       input_file()
       input_handle()
       input_streams()
       top_stream()
       PRIVATE METHODS AND DATA
       _push_input_stream()
       _pop_input_stream()
       TREE-BASED PARSING
       CAVEATS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       LICENSE

   Pod::Perldoc - Look up Perl documentation in Pod format.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR

       AUTHOR

   Pod::Perldoc::ToChecker - let Perldoc check Pod for errors
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR

   Pod::Perldoc::ToMan - let Perldoc render Pod as man pages
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CAVEAT
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR

   Pod::Perldoc::ToNroff - let Perldoc convert Pod to nroff
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CAVEAT
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR

   Pod::Perldoc::ToPod - let Perldoc render Pod as ... Pod!
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR

   Pod::Perldoc::ToRtf - let Perldoc render Pod as RTF
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR

   Pod::Perldoc::ToText - let Perldoc render Pod as plaintext
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CAVEAT
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR

   Pod::Perldoc::ToTk - let Perldoc use Tk::Pod to render Pod
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   Pod::Perldoc::ToXml - let Perldoc render Pod as XML
           Bizarre space in item, Can't open %s for reading: %s, Unknown
           escape: %s, Unknown sequence: %s, Unmatched =back

       RESTRICTIONS
       NOTES
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   Pod::Select, podselect() - extract selected sections of POD from input
       SYNOPSIS
       REQUIRES
       EXPORTS
       DESCRIPTION
       SECTION SPECIFICATIONS
       RANGE SPECIFICATIONS
       OBJECT METHODS
       curr_headings()
       select()
       add_selection()
       clear_selections()
       match_section()
       is_selected()
       EXPORTED FUNCTIONS
       podselect()
           -output, -sections, -ranges

       PRIVATE METHODS AND DATA
       _compile_section_spec()
       $self->{_SECTION_HEADINGS}
       $self->{_SELECTED_SECTIONS}
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   Pod::Simple - framework for parsing Pod
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       MAIN METHODS
           "$parser = SomeClass->new();", "$parser->output_fh( *OUT );",
           "$parser->output_string( \$somestring );", "$parser->parse_file(
           $some_filename );", "$parser->parse_file( *INPUT_FH );",
           "$parser->parse_string_document( $all_content );",
           "$parser->parse_lines( ...@lines..., undef );",
           "$parser->content_seen", "SomeClass->filter( $filename );",
           "SomeClass->filter( *INPUT_FH );", "SomeClass->filter(
           \$document_content );"

       SECONDARY METHODS
           "$parser->no_whining( SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->no_errata_section(
           SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->complain_stderr( SOMEVALUE )",
           "$parser->source_filename", "$parser->doc_has_started",
           "$parser->source_dead", "$parser->strip_verbatim_indent( SOMEVALUE
           )"

       CAVEATS
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::Debug -- put Pod::Simple into trace/debug mode
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CAVEATS
       GUTS
       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::DumpAsText -- dump Pod-parsing events as text
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::DumpAsXML -- turn Pod into XML
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::HTML - convert Pod to HTML
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CALLING FROM THE COMMAND LINE
       CALLING FROM PERL
           Minimal code
           More detailed example
       METHODS
           html_css
           html_javascript
           title_prefix
           title_postfix
           html_header_before_title
           html_h_level
           index
           html_header_after_title
           html_footer
           FROM THE COMMAND LINE
       MAIN METHODS
           $batchconv = Pod::Simple::HTMLBatch->new;,
           $batchconv->batch_convert( indirs, outdir );,
           $batchconv->batch_convert( undef    , ...);,
           $batchconv->batch_convert( q{@INC}, ...);,
           $batchconv->batch_convert( \@dirs , ...);,
           $batchconv->batch_convert( "somedir" , ...);,
           $batchconv->batch_convert( 'somedir:someother:also' , ...);,
           $batchconv->batch_convert( ... , undef );,
           $batchconv->batch_convert( ... , 'somedir' );

           ACCESSOR METHODS
               $batchconv->verbose( nonnegative_integer );, $batchconv->index(
               true-or-false );, $batchconv->contents_file( filename );,
               $batchconv->contents_page_start( HTML_string );,
               $batchconv->contents_page_end( HTML_string );,
               $batchconv->add_css( $url );, $batchconv->add_javascript( $url
               );, $batchconv->css_flurry( true-or-false );,
               $batchconv->javascript_flurry( true-or-false );,
               $batchconv->no_contents_links( true-or-false );,
               $batchconv->html_render_class( classname );,
               $batchconv->search_class( classname );

       NOTES ON CUSTOMIZATION
       ASK ME!
       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::LinkSection -- represent "section" attributes of L codes
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::Methody -- turn Pod::Simple events into method calls
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHOD CALLING
       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

           $author_name  = $parser->get_author, $description_name =
           $parser->get_description, $version_block = $parser->get_version

       NOTE
       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::PullParserEndToken -- end-tokens from Pod::Simple::PullParser
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           $token->tagname, $token->tagname(somestring), $token->tag(...),
           $token->is_tag(somestring) or $token->is_tagname(somestring)

       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::PullParserStartToken -- start-tokens from
       Pod::Simple::PullParser
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           $token->tagname, $token->tagname(somestring), $token->tag(...),
           $token->is_tag(somestring) or $token->is_tagname(somestring),
           $token->attr(attrname), $token->attr(attrname, newvalue),
           $token->attr_hash

       SEE ALSO
       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::PullParserTextToken -- text-tokens from
       Pod::Simple::PullParser
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           $token->text, $token->text(somestring), $token->text_r()

       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"


   Pod::Simple::RTF -- format Pod as RTF
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       FORMAT CONTROL ATTRIBUTES
           $parser->head1_halfpoint_size( halfpoint_integer );,
           $parser->head2_halfpoint_size( halfpoint_integer );,
           $parser->head3_halfpoint_size( halfpoint_integer );,
           $parser->head4_halfpoint_size( halfpoint_integer );,
           $parser->codeblock_halfpoint_size( halfpoint_integer );,
           $parser->header_halfpoint_size( halfpoint_integer );,
           $parser->normal_halfpoint_size( halfpoint_integer );,
           $parser->no_proofing_exemptions( true_or_false );,
           $parser->doc_lang( microsoft_decimal_language_code )

       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::Search - find POD documents in directory trees
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
       ACCESSORS
           $search->inc( true-or-false );, $search->verbose( nonnegative-
           number );, $search->limit_glob( some-glob-string );,
           $search->callback( \&some_routine );, $search->laborious( true-or-
           false );, $search->shadows( true-or-false );, $search->limit_re(
           some-regxp );, $search->dir_prefix( some-string-value );,
           $search->progress( some-progress-object );, $name2path =
           $self->name2path;, $path2name = $self->path2name;

       MAIN SEARCH METHODS
           "$search->survey( @directories )"
               "name2path", "path2name"

           "$search->simplify_name( $str )"
           "$search->find( $pod )"
           "$search->find( $pod, @search_dirs )"
           "$self->contains_pod( $file )"
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::SimpleTree -- parse Pod into a simple parse tree
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
       Tree Contents
       SEE ALSO
           "$parser->_handle_text(    text_string    )", events with an
           element_name of Document, events with an element_name of Para,
           events with an element_name of B, C, F, or I, events with an
           element_name of S, events with an element_name of X, events with an
           element_name of L, events with an element_name of E or Z, events
           with an element_name of Verbatim, events with an element_name of
           head1 .. head4, events with an element_name of over-bullet, events
           with an element_name of over-number, events with an element_name of
           over-text, events with an element_name of over-block, events with
           an element_name of item-bullet, events with an element_name of
           item-number, events with an element_name of item-text, events with
           an element_name of for, events with an element_name of Data

       More Pod::Simple Methods
           "$parser->accept_targets( SOMEVALUE )",
           "$parser->accept_targets_as_text(  SOMEVALUE  )",
           "$parser->accept_codes( Codename, Codename...  )",
           "$parser->accept_directive_as_data( directive_name )",
           "$parser->accept_directive_as_verbatim( directive_name )",
           "$parser->accept_directive_as_processed( directive_name )",
           "$parser->nbsp_for_S( BOOLEAN );", "$parser->version_report()",
           "$parser->pod_para_count()", "$parser->line_count()",
           "$parser->nix_X_codes(  SOMEVALUE  )", "$parser->merge_text(
           SOMEVALUE  )", "$parser->code_handler(   CODE_REF  )",
           "$parser->cut_handler(  CODE_REF  )", "$parser->whine( linenumber,
           complaint string )", "$parser->scream( linenumber, complaint string
           )", "$parser->source_dead(1)", "$parser->hide_line_numbers(
           SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->no_whining( SOMEVALUE )",
           "$parser->no_errata_section( SOMEVALUE )",
           "$parser->complain_stderr( SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->bare_output(
           SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->preserve_whitespace( SOMEVALUE )"

       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::Text -- format Pod as plaintext
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::TextContent -- get the text content of Pod
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
           man_url_prefix
           man_url_postfix
           title_prefix, title_postfix
           html_css
           html_javascript
           html_doctype
           html_charset
           html_header_tags
           html_h_level
           default_title
           force_title
           html_header, html_footer
           index
       SUBCLASSING
       handle_text
       accept_targets_as_html
       resolve_pod_page_link
       resolve_man_page_link
       idify
       batch_mode_page_object_init
       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::XMLOutStream -- turn Pod into XML
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       ABOUT EXTENDING POD
       ASK ME!
       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Text - Convert POD data to formatted ASCII text
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           alt, code, indent, loose, margin, quotes, sentence, stderr, utf8,
           width

       DIAGNOSTICS
           Bizarre space in item, Item called without tag, Can't open %s for
           reading: %s, Invalid quote specification "%s"

       BUGS
       CAVEATS
       NOTES

   Pod::Text::Overstrike, =for stopwords overstrike
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   Pod::Text::Termcap - Convert POD data to ASCII text with format escapes
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTES
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   Pod::Usage, pod2usage() - print a usage message from embedded pod
       documentation
       SYNOPSIS
       ARGUMENTS
           "-message", "-msg", "-exitval", "-verbose", "-sections", "-output",
           "-input", "-pathlist", "-noperldoc"

       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLES
           Recommended Use
       CAVEATS
       AUTHOR
       ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
       SEE ALSO

   SDBM_File - Tied access to sdbm files
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           "O_RDONLY", "O_WRONLY", "O_RDWR"

       DIAGNOSTICS
           "sdbm store returned -1, errno 22, key "..." at ..."
       BUGS AND WARNINGS

   Safe - Compile and execute code in restricted compartments
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           a new namespace, an operator mask

       WARNING
       METHODS
           permit (OP, ...)
           permit_only (OP, ...)
           deny (OP, ...)
           deny_only (OP, ...)
           trap (OP, ...)
           untrap (OP, ...)
           share (NAME, ...)

   Scalar::Util - A selection of general-utility scalar subroutines
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           blessed EXPR, dualvar NUM, STRING, isvstring EXPR, isweak EXPR,
           looks_like_number EXPR, openhandle FH, refaddr EXPR, reftype EXPR,
           set_prototype CODEREF, PROTOTYPE, tainted EXPR, weaken REF

       DIAGNOSTICS
           Weak references are not implemented in the version of perl,
           Vstrings are not implemented in the version of perl, "NAME" is only
           available with the XS version of Scalar::Util

       KNOWN BUGS
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT

   Search::Dict, look - search for key in dictionary file
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   SelectSaver - save and restore selected file handle
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   SelfLoader - load functions only on demand
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           The __DATA__ token
           SelfLoader autoloading
           Autoloading and package lexicals
           SelfLoader and AutoLoader
           __DATA__, __END__, and the FOOBAR::DATA filehandle.
           Classes and inherited methods.
       Multiple packages and fully qualified subroutine names
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

       _make_cmd

   Shell - run shell commands transparently within perl
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Caveats
           Escaping Magic Characters
           Configuration
       BUGS
       AUTHOR

   Socket, sockaddr_in, sockaddr_un, inet_aton, inet_ntoa, inet_pton,
       inet_ntop - load the C socket.h defines and structure manipulators
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           inet_aton HOSTNAME, inet_ntoa IP_ADDRESS, INADDR_ANY,
           STRING, getnameinfo ADDR, FLAGS

   Storable - persistence for Perl data structures
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       MEMORY STORE
       ADVISORY LOCKING
       SPEED
       CANONICAL REPRESENTATION
       CODE REFERENCES
       FORWARD COMPATIBILITY
           utf8 data, restricted hashes, files from future versions of
           Storable

       ERROR REPORTING
       WIZARDS ONLY
           Hooks
               "STORABLE_freeze" obj, cloning, "STORABLE_thaw" obj, cloning,
               serialized, .., "STORABLE_attach" class, cloning, serialized

           Predicates
               "Storable::last_op_in_netorder", "Storable::is_storing",
               "Storable::is_retrieving"

           Recursion
           Deep Cloning
       Storable magic
           $info = Storable::file_magic( $filename ), "version", "version_nv",
           "major", "minor", "hdrsize", "netorder", "byteorder", "intsize",
           "longsize", "ptrsize", "nvsize", "file", $info =
           Storable::read_magic( $buffer ), $info = Storable::read_magic(
           $buffer, $must_be_file )

       EXAMPLES
       WARNING
       BUGS
           64 bit data in perl 5.6.0 and 5.6.1
       CREDITS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   Symbol - manipulate Perl symbols and their names
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       BUGS

   Sys::Hostname - Try every conceivable way to get hostname
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR

   Sys::Syslog - Perl interface to the UNIX syslog(3) calls
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       CONSTANTS
           Facilities
           Levels
       DIAGNOSTICS
           "Invalid argument passed to setlogsock", "eventlog passed to
           setlogsock, but no Win32 API available", "no connection to syslog
           available", "stream passed to setlogsock, but %s is not writable",
           "stream passed to setlogsock, but could not find any device", "tcp
           passed to setlogsock, but tcp service unavailable", "syslog:
           expecting argument %s", "syslog: invalid level/facility: %s",
           "syslog: too many levels given: %s", "syslog: too many facilities
           given: %s", "syslog: level must be given", "udp passed to
           setlogsock, but udp service unavailable", "unix passed to
           setlogsock, but path not available"

       SEE ALSO
           Manual Pages
           RFCs
           Articles
           Event Log
       AUTHORS & ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       BUGS
       SUPPORT
           AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation, CPAN Ratings, RT: CPAN's
           request tracker, Search CPAN, Kobes' CPAN Search, Perl
           Documentation

       COPYRIGHT
       LICENSE

   TAP::Base - Base class that provides common functionality to TAP::Parser
       and TAP::Harness
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods

   TAP::Formatter::Base - Base class for harness output delegates
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       METHODS
           Class Methods
               "verbosity", "verbose", "timer", "failures", "comments",
               "quiet", "really_quiet", "silent", "errors", "directives",
               "stdout", "color", "jobs", "show_count"

   TAP::Formatter::Color - Run Perl test scripts with color
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       METHODS
           Class Methods

       SYNOPSIS
       METHODS
           Class Methods

   TAP::Formatter::Console::Session - Harness output delegate for default
       console output
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       "clear_for_close"
       "close_test"
       "header"
       "result"

   TAP::Formatter::File - Harness output delegate for file output
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
           "open_test"

   TAP::Formatter::File::Session - Harness output delegate for file output
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           result
       close_test

   TAP::Formatter::Session - Abstract base class for harness output delegate
       VERSION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
               "formatter", "parser", "name", "show_count"

   TAP::Harness - Run test scripts with statistics
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       METHODS
           Class Methods
               "verbosity", "timer", "failures", "comments", "show_count",
               "normalize", "lib", "switches", "test_args", "color", "exec",
               "merge", "sources", "aggregator_class", "version",
               "formatter_class", "multiplexer_class", "parser_class",
               "scheduler_class", "formatter", "errors", "directives",
               "ignore_exit", "jobs", "rules", "stdout", "trap"

       Instance Methods

       the source name of a test to run, a reference to a [ source name,
       display name ] array

       CONFIGURING
           Plugins
           "Module::Build"
           "ExtUtils::MakeMaker"

   TAP::Object - Base class that provides common functionality to all "TAP::*"
       modules
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
       Instance Methods

   TAP::Parser - Parse TAP output
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
               "source", "tap", "exec", "sources", "callback", "switches",
               "test_args", "spool", "merge", "grammar_class",
               "result_factory_class", "iterator_factory_class"

       Instance Methods
       INDIVIDUAL RESULTS
           Result types
               Version, Plan, Pragma, Test, Comment, Bailout, Unknown

           Common type methods
           "plan" methods
           "pragma" methods
           "bailout" methods
           "unknown" methods
           "test" methods
       TOTAL RESULTS
           Individual Results
       Pragmas
       Summary Results
       "ignore_exit"

       Misplaced plan, No plan, More than one plan, Test numbers out of
       sequence

       CALLBACKS
           "test", "version", "plan", "comment", "bailout", "yaml", "unknown",
           "ELSE", "ALL", "EOF"

       TAP GRAMMAR
       BACKWARDS COMPATIBILITY
           Differences
               TODO plans, 'Missing' tests

       SUBCLASSING
           Parser Components
               option 1, option 2

       ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
           Michael Schwern, Andy Lester, chromatic, GEOFFR, Shlomi Fish,

       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
       Instance Methods
       Summary methods
           failed, parse_errors, passed, planned, skipped, todo, todo_passed,
           wait, exit

       Failed tests, Parse errors, Bad exit or wait status

       See Also

   TAP::Parser::Grammar - A grammar for the Test Anything Protocol.
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
       Instance Methods
       TAP GRAMMAR
       SUBCLASSING
       SEE ALSO

   TAP::Parser::Iterator - Base class for TAP source iterators
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
           Instance Methods
       SUBCLASSING
           Example
       SEE ALSO

   TAP::Parser::Iterator::Array - Iterator for array-based TAP sources
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
           Instance Methods
       ATTRIBUTION
       SEE ALSO

   TAP::Parser::Iterator::Process - Iterator for process-based TAP sources
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
           Instance Methods
       ATTRIBUTION
       SEE ALSO

       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
       Instance Methods
       SUBCLASSING
           Example
       AUTHORS
       ATTRIBUTION
       SEE ALSO

   TAP::Parser::Multiplexer - Multiplex multiple TAP::Parsers
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
       Instance Methods
       See Also

   TAP::Parser::Result - Base class for TAP::Parser output objects
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
           DESCRIPTION
           METHODS
       Boolean methods
           "is_plan", "is_pragma", "is_test", "is_comment", "is_bailout",
           "is_version", "is_unknown", "is_yaml"

       SUBCLASSING
           Example
       SEE ALSO

   TAP::Parser::Result::Bailout - Bailout result token.
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       OVERRIDDEN METHODS
           "as_string"

       Instance Methods

   TAP::Parser::Result::Comment - Comment result token.
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       OVERRIDDEN METHODS
           "as_string"

       Instance Methods

   TAP::Parser::Result::Plan - Plan result token.
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       OVERRIDDEN METHODS

   TAP::Parser::Result::Test - Test result token.
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       OVERRIDDEN METHODS
           Instance Methods

   TAP::Parser::Result::Unknown - Unknown result token.
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       OVERRIDDEN METHODS
           "as_string", "raw"

   TAP::Parser::Result::Version - TAP syntax version token.
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       OVERRIDDEN METHODS
           "as_string", "raw"

       Instance Methods

   TAP::Parser::Result::YAML - YAML result token.
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       OVERRIDDEN METHODS
           "as_string", "raw"

       Instance Methods

   TAP::Parser::ResultFactory - Factory for creating TAP::Parser output
       objects
       SYNOPSIS
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
       Class Methods
       SUBCLASSING
           Example
       SEE ALSO

   TAP::Parser::Scheduler - Schedule tests during parallel testing
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods

   TAP::Parser::Scheduler::Job - A single testing job.
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods

   TAP::Parser::Scheduler::Spinner - A no-op job.
       Instance Methods
       AUTHORS
       SEE ALSO

   TAP::Parser::SourceHandler - Base class for different TAP source handlers
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
       SUBCLASSING
           Example
       AUTHORS
       SEE ALSO

   TAP::Parser::SourceHandler::Executable - Stream output from an executable
       TAP source
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
       SUBCLASSING
           Example
       SEE ALSO

   TAP::Parser::SourceHandler::File - Stream TAP from a text file.
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
       CONFIGURATION
       SUBCLASSING
       SEE ALSO

   TAP::Parser::SourceHandler::Handle - Stream TAP from an IO::Handle or a
       GLOB.
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
       SUBCLASSING
       SEE ALSO

   TAP::Parser::SourceHandler::Perl - Stream TAP from a Perl executable
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
       SUBCLASSING
           Example

   TAP::Parser::Utils - Internal TAP::Parser utilities
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           INTERFACE

   TAP::Parser::YAMLish::Reader - Read YAMLish data from iterator
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
           Instance Methods
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT

   TAP::Parser::YAMLish::Writer - Write YAMLish data
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
           Instance Methods
               a reference to a scalar to append YAML to, the handle of an
               open file, a reference to an array into which YAML will be
               pushed, a code reference

       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT

   Term::ANSIColor - Color screen output using ANSI escape sequences
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Supported Colors
           Function Interface
               color(ATTR[, ATTR ...]), colored(STRING, ATTRIBUTES),
               colored(ATTR-REF, STRING[, STRING...]), uncolor(ESCAPE),
               colorstrip(STRING[, STRING ...]), colorvalid(ATTR[, ATTR ...])

           Constant Interface
           The Color Stack
       DIAGNOSTICS
           Bad escape sequence %s, Bareword "%s" not allowed while "strict
           subs" in use, Invalid attribute name %s, Name "%s" used only once:
           possible typo, No comma allowed after filehandle, No name for
           escape sequence %s

       ENVIRONMENT
           ANSI_COLORS_DISABLED

       RESTRICTIONS
       NOTES

       Tputs, $cap, $cnt, $FH

       Tgoto, $cap, $col, $row, $FH

       Trequire

       EXAMPLES
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   Term::Complete - Perl word completion module
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           <tab>, ^D, ^U, <del>, <bs>

       DIAGNOSTICS
       BUGS
       AUTHOR

   Term::ReadLine - Perl interface to various "readline" packages. If no real
       package is found, substitutes stubs instead of basic functions.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Minimal set of supported functions
           "ReadLine", "new", "readline", "addhistory", "IN", "OUT",
           "MinLine", "findConsole", Attribs, "Features"

       Additional supported functions
           "tkRunning", "ornaments", "newTTY"

       EXPORTS
       ENVIRONMENT

   Term::UI - Term::ReadLine UI made easy
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       HOW IT WORKS
       METHODS
           $reply = $term->get_reply( prompt => 'question?', [choices =>
           \@list, default => $list[0], multi => BOOL, print_me => "extra text
           to print & record", allow => $ref] );
       $bool = $term->ask_yn( prompt => "your question", [default =>
       (y|1,n|0), print_me => "extra text to print & record"] )
       ($opts, $munged) = $term->parse_options( STRING );
       $str = $term->history_as_string
       GLOBAL VARIABLES
           $Term::UI::VERBOSE
           $Term::UI::AUTOREPLY
           $Term::UI::INVALID
           $Term::UI::History::HISTORY_FH
       EXAMPLES
           Basic get_reply sample

       DESCRIPTION
       FUNCTIONS
           history("message string" [,VERBOSE])
       GLOBAL VARIABLES
           $HISTORY_FH

       See Also
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Test - provides a simple framework for writing test scripts
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       QUICK START GUIDE
           Functions
               "plan(...)", "tests => number", "todo => [1,5,14]", "onfail =>
               sub { ... }", "onfail => \&some_sub"

       _to_value

       "ok(...)"

       "skip(skip_if_true, args...)"

       TEST TYPES
           NORMAL TESTS, SKIPPED TESTS, TODO TESTS

       ONFAIL
       BUGS and CAVEATS
       ENVIRONMENT
       NOTE
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   Test::Builder - Backend for building test libraries
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Construction
               new

       create

       child

       subtest

       _plan_handled, Explicitly setting the number of tests, Setting
       'no_plan', Set 'skip_all'

       finalize

       parent

       name
       done_testing

       has_plan

       skip_all

       exported_to

       Running tests
           ok

       is_eq, is_num

       isnt_eq, isnt_num

       like, unlike

       cmp_ok

       Other Testing Methods
           BAIL_OUT

       skip

       todo_skip

       skip_rest

       Test building utility methods
           maybe_regex

       _try

       is_fh

       Test style
           level

       use_numbers

       no_diag, no_ending, no_header

       Output
           diag

       note

       explain

       _print

       output, failure_output, todo_output

       reset_outputs
       todo

       find_TODO

       in_todo

       todo_start

       "todo_end"

       caller

       _sanity_check

       _whoa

       _my_exit

       EXIT CODES
       THREADS
       MEMORY
       EXAMPLES
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT

   Test::Builder::Module - Base class for test modules
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Importing
       Builder

   Test::Builder::Tester - test testsuites that have been built with
       Test::Builder
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Functions
           test_out, test_err

       test_fail

       test_diag

       test_test, title (synonym 'name', 'label'), skip_out, skip_err

       line_num

       color

       BUGS
       AUTHOR
       NOTES
       SEE ALSO

           runtests( @test_files )
       execute_tests( tests => \@test_files, out => \*FH )
       EXPORT
       ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES THAT TAP::HARNESS::COMPATIBLE SETS
           "HARNESS_ACTIVE", "HARNESS_VERSION"

       ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES THAT AFFECT TEST::HARNESS
           "HARNESS_TIMER", "HARNESS_VERBOSE", "HARNESS_OPTIONS", "j<n>", "c",
           "HARNESS_SUBCLASS"

       Taint Mode
       SEE ALSO
       BUGS
       AUTHORS
       LICENCE AND COPYRIGHT

   Test::More - yet another framework for writing test scripts
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           I love it when a plan comes together

       done_testing

       Test names
       I'm ok, you're not ok.
           ok

       is, isnt

       like

       unlike

       cmp_ok

       can_ok

       isa_ok

       new_ok

       subtest

       pass, fail

       Module tests
           use_ok

       require_ok

       Complex data structures
           is_deeply

       Diagnostics
           BAIL_OUT

       Discouraged comparison functions
           eq_array

       eq_hash

       eq_set

       Extending and Embedding Test::More
           builder

       EXIT CODES
       CAVEATS and NOTES
           Backwards compatibility, utf8 / "Wide character in print",
           Overloaded objects, Threads

       HISTORY
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       BUGS
       SOURCE
       COPYRIGHT

   Test::Simple - Basic utilities for writing tests.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           ok

       EXAMPLE
       CAVEATS
       NOTES
       HISTORY
       SEE ALSO
           Test::More

       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT

   Test::Tutorial - A tutorial about writing really basic tests
       DESCRIPTION
           Nuts and bolts of testing.
           Where to start?
           Names
           Test the manual
           Sometimes the tests are wrong
           Testing lots of values
           Informative names
           Skipping tests
           Todo tests
           Testing with taint mode.
       FOOTNOTES
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT
           General behaviour in scalar and void contexts
           A note about prefixes
           "extract_delimited"
           "extract_bracketed"
           "extract_variable"
               [0], [1], [2]

           "extract_tagged"
               "reject => $listref", "ignore => $listref", "fail => $str",
               [0], [1], [2], [3], [4], [5]

           "gen_extract_tagged"
           "extract_quotelike"
               [0], [1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7], [8], [9], [10]

           "extract_quotelike" and "here documents"
               [0], [1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7..10]

           "extract_codeblock"
           "extract_multiple"
           "gen_delimited_pat"
           "delimited_pat"
       DIAGNOSTICS
            C<Did not find a suitable bracket: "%s">,  C<Did not find prefix: /%s/>,
           C<Did not find opening bracket after prefix: "%s">,  C<No quotelike
           operator found after prefix: "%s">,  C<Unmatched closing bracket: "%c">,
           C<Unmatched opening bracket(s): "%s">, C<Unmatched embedded quote (%s)>,
           C<Did not find closing delimiter to match '%s'>,  C<Mismatched closing
           bracket: expected "%c" but found "%s">,  C<No block delimiter found after
           quotelike "%s">, C<Did not find leading dereferencer>, C<Bad identifier
           after dereferencer>, C<Did not find expected opening bracket at %s>,
           C<Improperly nested codeblock at %s>,  C<Missing second block for quotelike
           "%s">, C<No match found for opening bracket>, C<Did not find opening tag:
           /%s/>, C<Unable to construct closing tag to match: /%s/>, C<Found invalid
           nested tag: %s>, C<Found unbalanced nested tag: %s>, C<Did not find closing
           tag>

       AUTHOR
       BUGS AND IRRITATIONS
       COPYRIGHT

   Text::ParseWords - parse text into an array of tokens or array of arrays
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLES
       AUTHORS

   Text::Soundex - Implementation of the soundex algorithm.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLES
       LIMITATIONS
       MAINTAINER
       HISTORY
       EXAMPLES
       SEE ALSO
       LICENSE

   Thread - Manipulate threads in Perl (for old code only)
       DEPRECATED
       HISTORY
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       FUNCTIONS
           $thread = Thread->new(\&start_sub), $thread =
           Thread->new(\&start_sub, LIST), lock VARIABLE, async BLOCK;,
           Thread->self, Thread->list, cond_wait VARIABLE, cond_signal
           VARIABLE, cond_broadcast VARIABLE, yield

       METHODS
           join, detach, equal, tid, done

       DEFUNCT
           lock(\&sub), eval, flags

       SEE ALSO

   Thread::Queue - Thread-safe queues
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Ordinary scalars, Array refs, Hash refs, Scalar refs, Objects based
           on the above

       QUEUE CREATION
           ->new(), ->new(LIST)

       BASIC METHODS
           ->enqueue(LIST), ->dequeue(), ->dequeue(COUNT), ->dequeue_nb(),
           ->dequeue_nb(COUNT), ->pending()

       ADVANCED METHODS
           ->peek(), ->peek(INDEX), ->insert(INDEX, LIST), ->extract(),
           ->extract(INDEX), ->extract(INDEX, COUNT)

       NOTES
       LIMITATIONS
       SEE ALSO
       MAINTAINER
       LICENSE

   Thread::Semaphore - Thread-safe semaphores
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           ->new(), ->new(NUMBER), ->down(), ->down(NUMBER), ->down_nb(),
           ->down_nb(NUMBER), ->down_force(), ->down_force(NUMBER), ->up(),
           EXISTS this, key, DELETE this, key, CLEAR this, DESTROY this, PUSH
           this, LIST, POP this, SHIFT this, UNSHIFT this, LIST, SPLICE this,
           offset, length, LIST

       CAVEATS
       AUTHOR

   Tie::File - Access the lines of a disk file via a Perl array
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           "recsep"
           "autochomp"
           "mode"
           "memory"
           "dw_size"
           Option Format
       Public Methods
           "flock"
           "autochomp"
           "defer", "flush", "discard", and "autodefer"
           "offset"
       Tying to an already-opened filehandle
       Deferred Writing
           Autodeferring
       CONCURRENT ACCESS TO FILES
       CAVEATS
       SUBCLASSING
       WHAT ABOUT "DB_File"?
       AUTHOR
       LICENSE
       WARRANTY
       THANKS
       TODO

   Tie::Handle - base class definitions for tied handles
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           TIEHANDLE classname, LIST, WRITE this, scalar, length, offset,
           PRINT this, LIST, PRINTF this, format, LIST, READ this, scalar,
           length, offset, READLINE this, GETC this, CLOSE this, OPEN this,
           filename, BINMODE this, EOF this, TELL this, SEEK this, offset,
           whence, DESTROY this

       MORE INFORMATION
       COMPATIBILITY

   Tie::Hash, Tie::StdHash, Tie::ExtraHash - base class definitions for tied
       hashes
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           TIEHASH classname, LIST, STORE this, key, value, FETCH this, key,
           FIRSTKEY this, NEXTKEY this, lastkey, EXISTS this, key, DELETE
           this, key, CLEAR this, SCALAR this

       DESCRIPTION
       Inheriting from Tie::Memoize
       EXAMPLE
       BUGS
       AUTHOR

   Tie::RefHash - use references as hash keys
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLE
       THREAD SUPPORT
       STORABLE SUPPORT
       RELIC SUPPORT
       LICENSE
       MAINTAINER
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   Tie::Scalar, Tie::StdScalar - base class definitions for tied scalars
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           TIESCALAR classname, LIST, FETCH this, STORE this, value, DESTROY
           this

           Tie::Scalar vs Tie::StdScalar
       MORE INFORMATION

   Tie::StdHandle - base class definitions for tied handles
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   Tie::SubstrHash - Fixed-table-size, fixed-key-length hashing
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CAVEATS

   Time::HiRes - High resolution alarm, sleep, gettimeofday, interval timers
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           gettimeofday (), usleep ( $useconds ), nanosleep ( $nanoseconds ),
           ualarm ( $useconds [, $interval_useconds ] ), tv_interval, time (),
           sleep ( $floating_seconds ), alarm ( $floating_seconds [,
           $interval_floating_seconds ] ), setitimer ( $which,
           $floating_seconds [, $interval_floating_seconds ] ), getitimer (
           $which ), clock_gettime ( $which ), clock_getres ( $which ),
           clock_nanosleep ( $which, $nanoseconds, $flags = 0), clock(), stat,
           stat FH, stat EXPR

       EXAMPLES
       C API
       DIAGNOSTICS
           useconds or interval more than ...
           negative time not invented yet
           internal error: useconds < 0 (unsigned ... signed ...)
           "timelocal_nocheck()" and "timegm_nocheck()"
           Year Value Interpretation
           Limits of time_t
           Ambiguous Local Times (DST)
           Non-Existent Local Times (DST)
           Negative Epoch Values
       IMPLEMENTATION
       BUGS
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT
       AUTHOR

   Time::Piece - Object Oriented time objects
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       USAGE
           Local Locales
           Date Calculations
           Date Comparisons
           Date Parsing
           YYYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ss
           Week Number
           Global Overriding
       CAVEATS
           Setting $ENV{TZ} in Threads on Win32
           Use of epoch seconds
       AUTHOR
       License
       SEE ALSO
       BUGS

   Time::Seconds - a simple API to convert seconds to other date values
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
       AUTHOR
       LICENSE
       Bugs

   Time::gmtime - by-name interface to Perl's built-in gmtime() function
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTE
       AUTHOR

   Time::localtime - by-name interface to Perl's built-in localtime() function
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTE
       AUTHOR

   Time::tm - internal object used by Time::gmtime and Time::localtime
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   Unicode::Collate - Unicode Collation Algorithm
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Constructor and Tailoring
               UCA_Version, alternate, backwards, entry, hangul_terminator,
               ignoreChar, ignoreName, katakana_before_hiragana, level,
               normalization, overrideCJK, overrideHangul, preprocess,
               rearrange, suppress, table, undefChar, undefName,
               upper_before_lower, variable

           Methods for Collation
               "@sorted = $Collator->sort(@not_sorted)", "$result =
               $Collator->cmp($a, $b)", "$result = $Collator->eq($a, $b)",
               "$result = $Collator->ne($a, $b)", "$result = $Collator->lt($a,
               $b)", "$result = $Collator->le($a, $b)", "$result =
               $Collator->gt($a, $b)", "$result = $Collator->ge($a, $b)",
               "$sortKey = $Collator->getSortKey($string)", "$sortKeyForm =
               $Collator->viewSortKey($string)"

           Methods for Searching
               "$position = $Collator->index($string, $substring[,
               $position])", "($position, $length) = $Collator->index($string,
               $substring[, $position])", "$match_ref =
               $Collator->match($string, $substring)", "($match)   =
               $Collator->match($string, $substring)", "@match =
               $Collator->gmatch($string, $substring)", "$count =
               $Collator->subst($string, $substring, $replacement)", "$count =
               $Collator->gsubst($string, $substring, $replacement)"

           Other Methods
               "%old_tailoring = $Collator->change(%new_tailoring)",
               "$modified_collator = $Collator->change(%new_tailoring)",
               "$version = $Collator->version()", "UCA_Version()",
               "Base_Unicode_Version()"

       EXPORT
       INSTALL
       CAVEATS
           Normalization, Conformance Test

       AUTHOR, COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
       SEE ALSO
           Unicode Collation Algorithm - UTS #10, The Default Unicode
           Collation Element Table (DUCET), The conformance test for the UCA,
           Hangul Syllable Type, Unicode Normalization Forms - UAX #15,
           Unicode Locale Data Markup Language (LDML) - UTS #35

   Unicode::Collate::CJK::Big5 - weighting CJK Unified Ideographs for
       Unicode::Collate
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
           CLDR - Unicode Common Locale Data Repository, Unicode Locale Data

   Unicode::Collate::CJK::JISX0208 - weighting JIS KANJI for Unicode::Collate
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
           Unicode::Collate, Unicode::Collate::Locale

   Unicode::Collate::CJK::Korean - weighting CJK Unified Ideographs for
       Unicode::Collate
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
           CLDR - Unicode Common Locale Data Repository, Unicode Locale Data
           Markup Language (LDML) - UTS #35, Unicode::Collate,
           Unicode::Collate::Locale

   Unicode::Collate::CJK::Pinyin - weighting CJK Unified Ideographs for
       Unicode::Collate
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CAVEAT
       SEE ALSO
           CLDR - Unicode Common Locale Data Repository, Unicode Locale Data
           Markup Language (LDML) - UTS #35, Unicode::Collate,
           Unicode::Collate::Locale

   Unicode::Collate::CJK::Stroke - weighting CJK Unified Ideographs for
       Unicode::Collate
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
           CLDR - Unicode Common Locale Data Repository, Unicode Locale Data
           Markup Language (LDML) - UTS #35, Unicode::Collate,
           Unicode::Collate::Locale

   Unicode::Collate::Locale - Linguistic tailoring for DUCET via
       Unicode::Collate
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Constructor
           Methods
               "$Collator->getlocale"

           A list of tailorable locales
       INSTALL
       CAVEAT
           tailoring is not maximum

       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO
           Unicode Collation Algorithm - UTS #10, The Default Unicode
           Collation Element Table (DUCET), Unicode Locale Data Markup
           Language (LDML) - UTS #35, CLDR - Unicode Common Locale Data
           Repository, Unicode::Collate, Unicode::Normalize
               $useCompatMapping])", "$reordered_string = reorder($string)",
               "$composed_string = compose($string)", "($processed,
               $unprocessed) = splitOnLastStarter($normalized)", "$processed =
               normalize_partial($form, $unprocessed)", "$processed =
               NFD_partial($unprocessed)", "$processed =
               NFC_partial($unprocessed)", "$processed =
               NFKD_partial($unprocessed)", "$processed =
               NFKC_partial($unprocessed)"

           Quick Check
               "$result = checkNFD($string)", "$result = checkNFC($string)",
               "$result = checkNFKD($string)", "$result = checkNFKC($string)",
               "$result = checkFCD($string)", "$result = checkFCC($string)",
               "$result = check($form_name, $string)"

           Character Data
               "$canonical_decomposition = getCanon($code_point)",
               "$compatibility_decomposition = getCompat($code_point)",
               "$code_point_composite = getComposite($code_point_here,
               $code_point_next)", "$combining_class =
               getCombinClass($code_point)", "$may_be_composed_with_prev_char
               = isComp2nd($code_point)", "$is_exclusion =
               isExclusion($code_point)", "$is_singleton =
               isSingleton($code_point)", "$is_non_starter_decomposition =
               isNonStDecomp($code_point)", "$is_Full_Composition_Exclusion =
               isComp_Ex($code_point)", "$NFD_is_NO = isNFD_NO($code_point)",
               "$NFC_is_NO = isNFC_NO($code_point)", "$NFC_is_MAYBE =
               isNFC_MAYBE($code_point)", "$NFKD_is_NO =
               isNFKD_NO($code_point)", "$NFKC_is_NO =
               isNFKC_NO($code_point)", "$NFKC_is_MAYBE =
               isNFKC_MAYBE($code_point)"

       EXPORT
       CAVEATS
           Perl's version vs. Unicode version, Correction of decomposition
           mapping, Revised definition of canonical composition

       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO
           http://www.unicode.org/reports/tr15/,
           http://www.unicode.org/Public/UNIDATA/CompositionExclusions.txt,
           http://www.unicode.org/Public/UNIDATA/DerivedNormalizationProps.txt,
           http://www.unicode.org/Public/UNIDATA/NormalizationCorrections.txt,
           http://www.unicode.org/review/pr-29.html,
           http://www.unicode.org/notes/tn5/

   Unicode::UCD - Unicode character database
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           code point argument
           charinfo()
               code, name, category, combining, bidi, decomposition, decimal,
               digit, numeric, mirrored, unicode10, comment, upper, lower,
               title, block, script

       casespec()
           code, lower, title, upper, condition

       namedseq()
       num
       Unicode::UCD::UnicodeVersion
       Blocks versus Scripts
       Matching Scripts and Blocks
       Implementation Note
       BUGS
       AUTHOR

   User::grent - by-name interface to Perl's built-in getgr*() functions
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTE
       AUTHOR

   User::pwent - by-name interface to Perl's built-in getpw*() functions
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           System Specifics
       NOTE
       AUTHOR
       HISTORY
           March 18th, 2000

   Version::Requirements - a set of version requirements for a CPAN dist
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           new
           add_minimum
           add_maximum
           add_exclusion
           exact_version
           add_requirements
           accepts_module
           clear_requirement
           required_modules
           clone
           is_simple
           is_finalized
           finalize
           as_string_hash
           from_string_hash
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   XSLoader - Dynamically load C libraries into Perl code
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       COPYRIGHT & LICENSE

AUXILIARY DOCUMENTATION
       Here should be listed all the extra programs' documentation, but they
       don't all have manual pages yet:

       a2p
       c2ph
       dprofpp
       h2ph
       h2xs
       perlbug
       perldoc
       pl2pm
       pod2html
       pod2man
       s2p
       splain
       xsubpp

AUTHOR
       Larry Wall <larry@wall.org>, with the help of oodles of other folks.



perl v5.14.2                      2016-03-01                        PERLTOC(1)
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