GVPACK(1) General Commands Manual GVPACK(1)
gvpack - merge and pack disjoint graphs
gvpack [ -nguv? ] [ -mmargin ] [ -array[_flags][n] ] [ -ooutfile ] [
-sgraph_name ] [ -Gname=value ] [ files ]
gvpack reads in a stream of graphs, combines the graphs into a single
layout, and produces a single graph serving as the union of the input
graphs. The input graphs must be in dot format, and must have all nec-
essary layout information. Acceptable input is produced by applying a
Graphviz layout program, such as dot or neato, with no -T flag.
By default, the packing is done at the cluster level. Thus, parts of
one graph will not intrude into any top-level clusters or overlap any
nodes or edges of another.
The output of gvpack can be used to produce concrete output by applying
neato -s -n2 with the desired -T flag.
The following options are supported:
-g Combines the graphs at the graph level. This uses more space,
but prevents parts of one graph from occurring between parts of
Combines the graphs at the graph level, placing them in an
array. By default, the layout is done in row-major order. The
number of columns used is roughly the square root of the number
of graphs. If the optional integer n is supplied, this indicates
the number of columns to use.
If optional flags are supplied, these consist of an underscore followed
by any of the letters "c", "t", "b", "l", "r", "u" or "i". If
"c" is supplied, the graphs are packed in column-major order, in
which case a final integer specifies the number of rows. The
flags "t", "b", "l", "r" indicate that components are aligned
along the top, bottom, left or right, respectively. By default,
the insertion order is determined by sorting the graphs by size,
largest to smallest. If the "u" flag is set, the graphs are
sorted based on the non-negative integer sortv attribute
attached to each graph. The "i" flag indicates that no sorting
is done, with the graphs inserted in input order.
Specifies attributes to be added to the resulting union graph.
For example, this can be used to specify a graph label.
Packs the graphs allowing a margin of output points around the
-n Combines the graphs at the node level. Clusters are ignored in
Prints output to the file output. If not given, gvpack uses std-
Use graph_name as the name of the root graph. By default, "root"
-u Don't pack the graphs. Just combine them into a single graph.
-v Verbose mode.
-? Prints usage information and exit.
The following operand is supported:
files Names of files containing 1 or more graphs in dot format. If
no files operand is specified, the standard input will be used.
gvpack returns 0 if there were no problems, and non-zero otherwise.
ccomps -x abc.gv | dot | gvpack | neato -s -n2 -Tps
This pipeline decomposes the graph in abc.gv into its connected compo-
nents, lays out each using dot, packs them all together again, and pro-
duces the final drawing in PostScript. Of course, there is nothing to
prevent one from using different layouts for each component.
All the input graphs must be directed or undirected.
An input graph should not have a label, since this will be used in its
layout. Since gvpack ignores root graph labels, resulting layout may
contain some extra space.
gvpack unsets the bounding box attribute of all non-cluster subgraphs.
Emden R. Gansner <email@example.com>
gvpr(1), dot(1), neato(1), twopi(1), ccomps(1), libpack(3)
27 May 2010 GVPACK(1)
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