GIT-REPACK(1) Git Manual GIT-REPACK(1)
git-repack - Pack unpacked objects in a repository
git repack [-a] [-A] [-d] [-f] [-F] [-l] [-n] [-q] [-b] [--window=<n>] [--depth=<n>] [--threads=<n>]
This command is used to combine all objects that do not currently
reside in a "pack", into a pack. It can also be used to re-organize
existing packs into a single, more efficient pack.
A pack is a collection of objects, individually compressed, with delta
compression applied, stored in a single file, with an associated index
Packs are used to reduce the load on mirror systems, backup engines,
disk storage, etc.
Instead of incrementally packing the unpacked objects, pack
everything referenced into a single pack. Especially useful when
packing a repository that is used for private development. Use with
-d. This will clean up the objects that git prune leaves behind,
but git fsck --full --dangling shows as dangling.
Note that users fetching over dumb protocols will have to fetch the
whole new pack in order to get any contained object, no matter how
many other objects in that pack they already have locally.
Same as -a, unless -d is used. Then any unreachable objects in a
previous pack become loose, unpacked objects, instead of being left
in the old pack. Unreachable objects are never intentionally added
to a pack, even when repacking. This option prevents unreachable
objects from being immediately deleted by way of being left in the
old pack and then removed. Instead, the loose unreachable objects
will be pruned according to normal expiry rules with the next git
gc invocation. See git-gc(1).
After packing, if the newly created packs make some existing packs
redundant, remove the redundant packs. Also run git prune-packed to
remove redundant loose object files.
Pass the --local option to git pack-objects. See git-pack-
Pass the --no-reuse-delta option to git-pack-objects, see git-pack-
Pass the --no-reuse-object option to git-pack-objects, see git-
Pass the -q option to git pack-objects. See git-pack-objects(1).
Do not update the server information with git update-server-info.
This option skips updating local catalog files needed to publish
this repository (or a direct copy of it) over HTTP or FTP. See git-
These two options affect how the objects contained in the pack are
stored using delta compression. The objects are first internally
sorted by type, size and optionally names and compared against the
other objects within --window to see if using delta compression
saves space. --depth limits the maximum delta depth; making it too
deep affects the performance on the unpacker side, because delta
data needs to be applied that many times to get to the necessary
object. The default value for --window is 10 and --depth is 50.
This option is passed through to git pack-objects.
This option provides an additional limit on top of --window; the
window size will dynamically scale down so as to not take up more
than <n> bytes in memory. This is useful in repositories with a mix
of large and small objects to not run out of memory with a large
window, but still be able to take advantage of the large window for
the smaller objects. The size can be suffixed with "k", "m", or
"g". --window-memory=0 makes memory usage unlimited. The default
is taken from the pack.windowMemory configuration variable. Note
that the actual memory usage will be the limit multiplied by the
number of threads used by git-pack-objects(1).
Maximum size of each output pack file. The size can be suffixed
with "k", "m", or "g". The minimum size allowed is limited to 1
MiB. If specified, multiple packfiles may be created, which also
prevents the creation of a bitmap index. The default is unlimited,
unless the config variable pack.packSizeLimit is set.
Write a reachability bitmap index as part of the repack. This only
makes sense when used with -a or -A, as the bitmaps must be able to
refer to all reachable objects. This option overrides the setting
of repack.writeBitmaps. This option has no effect if multiple
packfiles are created.
Include objects in .keep files when repacking. Note that we still
do not delete .keep packs after pack-objects finishes. This means
that we may duplicate objects, but this makes the option safe to
use when there are concurrent pushes or fetches. This option is
generally only useful if you are writing bitmaps with -b or
repack.writeBitmaps, as it ensures that the bitmapped packfile has
the necessary objects.
When loosening unreachable objects, do not bother loosening any
objects older than <when>. This can be used to optimize out the
write of any objects that would be immediately pruned by a
follow-up git prune.
When used with -ad, any unreachable objects from existing packs
will be appended to the end of the packfile instead of being
removed. In addition, any unreachable loose objects will be packed
(and their loose counterparts removed).
By default, the command passes --delta-base-offset option to git
pack-objects; this typically results in slightly smaller packs, but the
generated packs are incompatible with versions of Git older than
version 1.4.4. If you need to share your repository with such ancient
Git versions, either directly or via the dumb http protocol, then you
need to set the configuration variable repack.UseDeltaBaseOffset to
"false" and repack. Access from old Git versions over the native
protocol is unaffected by this option as the conversion is performed on
the fly as needed in that case.
Part of the git(1) suite
Git 2.17.1 09/09/2021 GIT-REPACK(1)
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