GIT-APPLY(1) Git Manual GIT-APPLY(1)
git-apply - Apply a patch to files and/or to the index
git apply [--stat] [--numstat] [--summary] [--check] [--index] [--3way]
[--apply] [--no-add] [--build-fake-ancestor=<file>] [-R | --reverse]
[--allow-binary-replacement | --binary] [--reject] [-z]
[-p<n>] [-C<n>] [--inaccurate-eof] [--recount] [--cached]
[--ignore-space-change | --ignore-whitespace]
[--exclude=<path>] [--include=<path>] [--directory=<root>]
[--verbose] [--unsafe-paths] [<patch>...]
Reads the supplied diff output (i.e. "a patch") and applies it to
files. When running from a subdirectory in a repository, patched paths
outside the directory are ignored. With the --index option the patch is
also applied to the index, and with the --cached option the patch is
only applied to the index. Without these options, the command applies
the patch only to files, and does not require them to be in a Git
This command applies the patch but does not create a commit. Use git-
am(1) to create commits from patches generated by git-format-patch(1)
and/or received by email.
The files to read the patch from. - can be used to read from the
Instead of applying the patch, output diffstat for the input. Turns
Similar to --stat, but shows the number of added and deleted lines
in decimal notation and the pathname without abbreviation, to make
it more machine friendly. For binary files, outputs two - instead
of saying 0 0. Turns off "apply".
Instead of applying the patch, output a condensed summary of
information obtained from git diff extended headers, such as
creations, renames and mode changes. Turns off "apply".
Instead of applying the patch, see if the patch is applicable to
the current working tree and/or the index file and detects errors.
Turns off "apply".
When --check is in effect, or when applying the patch (which is the
default when none of the options that disables it is in effect),
make sure the patch is applicable to what the current index file
records. If the file to be patched in the working tree is not up to
date, it is flagged as an error. This flag also causes the index
file to be updated.
Apply a patch without touching the working tree. Instead take the
cached data, apply the patch, and store the result in the index
without using the working tree. This implies --index.
When the patch does not apply cleanly, fall back on 3-way merge if
the patch records the identity of blobs it is supposed to apply to,
and we have those blobs available locally, possibly leaving the
conflict markers in the files in the working tree for the user to
resolve. This option implies the --index option, and is
incompatible with the --reject and the --cached options.
Newer git diff output has embedded index information for each blob
to help identify the original version that the patch applies to.
When this flag is given, and if the original versions of the blobs
are available locally, builds a temporary index containing those
When a pure mode change is encountered (which has no index
information), the information is read from the current index
Apply the patch in reverse.
For atomicity, git apply by default fails the whole patch and does
not touch the working tree when some of the hunks do not apply.
This option makes it apply the parts of the patch that are
applicable, and leave the rejected hunks in corresponding *.rej
When --numstat has been given, do not munge pathnames, but use a
NUL-terminated machine-readable format.
Without this option, pathnames with "unusual" characters are quoted
as explained for the configuration variable core.quotePath (see
Remove <n> leading slashes from traditional diff paths. The default
Ensure at least <n> lines of surrounding context match before and
after each change. When fewer lines of surrounding context exist
they all must match. By default no context is ever ignored.
By default, git apply expects that the patch being applied is a
unified diff with at least one line of context. This provides good
safety measures, but breaks down when applying a diff generated
with --unified=0. To bypass these checks use --unidiff-zero.
Note, for the reasons stated above usage of context-free patches is
If you use any of the options marked "Turns off apply" above, git
apply reads and outputs the requested information without actually
applying the patch. Give this flag after those flags to also apply
When applying a patch, ignore additions made by the patch. This can
be used to extract the common part between two files by first
running diff on them and applying the result with this option,
which would apply the deletion part but not the addition part.
Historically we did not allow binary patch applied without an
explicit permission from the user, and this flag was the way to do
so. Currently we always allow binary patch application, so this is
Don't apply changes to files matching the given path pattern. This
can be useful when importing patchsets, where you want to exclude
certain files or directories.
Apply changes to files matching the given path pattern. This can be
useful when importing patchsets, where you want to include certain
files or directories.
When --exclude and --include patterns are used, they are examined
in the order they appear on the command line, and the first match
determines if a patch to each path is used. A patch to a path that
does not match any include/exclude pattern is used by default if
there is no include pattern on the command line, and ignored if
there is any include pattern.
When applying a patch, ignore changes in whitespace in context
lines if necessary. Context lines will preserve their whitespace,
and they will not undergo whitespace fixing regardless of the value
of the --whitespace option. New lines will still be fixed, though.
When applying a patch, detect a new or modified line that has
whitespace errors. What are considered whitespace errors is
controlled by core.whitespace configuration. By default, trailing
whitespaces (including lines that solely consist of whitespaces)
and a space character that is immediately followed by a tab
character inside the initial indent of the line are considered
By default, the command outputs warning messages but applies the
patch. When git-apply is used for statistics and not applying a
patch, it defaults to nowarn.
You can use different <action> values to control this behavior:
o nowarn turns off the trailing whitespace warning.
o warn outputs warnings for a few such errors, but applies the
patch as-is (default).
o fix outputs warnings for a few such errors, and applies the
patch after fixing them (strip is a synonym --- the tool used
to consider only trailing whitespace characters as errors, and
the fix involved stripping them, but modern Gits do more).
o error outputs warnings for a few such errors, and refuses to
apply the patch.
o error-all is similar to error but shows all errors.
Under certain circumstances, some versions of diff do not correctly
detect a missing new-line at the end of the file. As a result,
patches created by such diff programs do not record incomplete
lines correctly. This option adds support for applying such patches
by working around this bug.
Report progress to stderr. By default, only a message about the
current patch being applied will be printed. This option will cause
additional information to be reported.
Do not trust the line counts in the hunk headers, but infer them by
inspecting the patch (e.g. after editing the patch without
adjusting the hunk headers appropriately).
Prepend <root> to all filenames. If a "-p" argument was also
passed, it is applied before prepending the new root.
For example, a patch that talks about updating a/git-gui.sh to
b/git-gui.sh can be applied to the file in the working tree
modules/git-gui/git-gui.sh by running git apply
By default, a patch that affects outside the working area (either a
Git controlled working tree, or the current working directory when
"git apply" is used as a replacement of GNU patch) is rejected as a
mistake (or a mischief).
When git apply is used as a "better GNU patch", the user can pass
the --unsafe-paths option to override this safety check. This
option has no effect when --index or --cached is in use.
Set to change if you want changes in whitespace to be ignored by
default. Set to one of: no, none, never, false if you want changes
in whitespace to be significant.
When no --whitespace flag is given from the command line, this
configuration item is used as the default.
If the patch contains any changes to submodules then git apply treats
these changes as follows.
If --index is specified (explicitly or implicitly), then the submodule
commits must match the index exactly for the patch to apply. If any of
the submodules are checked-out, then these check-outs are completely
ignored, i.e., they are not required to be up to date or clean and they
are not updated.
If --index is not specified, then the submodule commits in the patch
are ignored and only the absence or presence of the corresponding
subdirectory is checked and (if possible) updated.
Part of the git(1) suite
Git 2.17.1 09/09/2021 GIT-APPLY(1)
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