cms


SYNOPSIS
       openssl cms [-encrypt] [-decrypt] [-sign] [-verify] [-cmsout] [-resign]
       [-data_create] [-data_out] [-digest_create] [-digest_verify]
       [-compress] [-uncompress] [-EncryptedData_encrypt] [-sign_receipt]
       [-verify_receipt receipt] [-in filename] [-inform SMIME|PEM|DER]
       [-rctform SMIME|PEM|DER] [-out filename] [-outform SMIME|PEM|DER]
       [-stream -indef -noindef] [-noindef] [-content filename] [-text]
       [-noout] [-print] [-CAfile file] [-CApath dir] [-no_alt_chains] [-md
       digest] [-[cipher]] [-nointern] [-no_signer_cert_verify] [-nocerts]
       [-noattr] [-nosmimecap] [-binary] [-nodetach] [-certfile file]
       [-certsout file] [-signer file] [-recip file] [-keyid]
       [-receipt_request_all -receipt_request_first] [-receipt_request_from
       emailaddress] [-receipt_request_to emailaddress]
       [-receipt_request_print] [-secretkey key] [-secretkeyid id]
       [-econtent_type type] [-inkey file] [-passin arg] [-rand file(s)]
       [cert.pem...]  [-to addr] [-from addr] [-subject subj] [cert.pem]...

DESCRIPTION
       The cms command handles S/MIME v3.1 mail. It can encrypt, decrypt, sign
       and verify, compress and uncompress S/MIME messages.

COMMAND OPTIONS
       There are fourteen operation options that set the type of operation to
       be performed. The meaning of the other options varies according to the
       operation type.

       -encrypt
           encrypt mail for the given recipient certificates. Input file is
           the message to be encrypted. The output file is the encrypted mail
           in MIME format. The actual CMS type is <B>EnvelopedData<B>.

       -decrypt
           decrypt mail using the supplied certificate and private key.
           Expects an encrypted mail message in MIME format for the input
           file. The decrypted mail is written to the output file.

       -sign
           sign mail using the supplied certificate and private key. Input
           file is the message to be signed. The signed message in MIME format
           is written to the output file.

       -verify
           verify signed mail. Expects a signed mail message on input and
           outputs the signed data. Both clear text and opaque signing is
           supported.

       -cmsout
           takes an input message and writes out a PEM encoded CMS structure.

       -resign
           resign a message: take an existing message and one or more new
           signers.

       -compress
           Create a CMS CompressedData type. OpenSSL must be compiled with
           zlib support for this option to work, otherwise it will output an
           error.

       -uncompress
           Uncompress a CMS CompressedData type and output the content.
           OpenSSL must be compiled with zlib support for this option to work,
           otherwise it will output an error.

       -EncryptedData_encrypt
           Encrypt suppled content using supplied symmetric key and algorithm
           using a CMS EncrytedData type and output the content.

       -sign_receipt
           Generate and output a signed receipt for the supplied message. The
           input message must contain a signed receipt request. Functionality
           is otherwise similar to the -sign operation.

       -verify_receipt receipt
           Verify a signed receipt in filename receipt. The input message must
           contain the original receipt request. Functionality is otherwise
           similar to the -verify operation.

       -in filename
           the input message to be encrypted or signed or the message to be
           decrypted or verified.

       -inform SMIME|PEM|DER
           this specifies the input format for the CMS structure. The default
           is SMIME which reads an S/MIME format message. PEM and DER format
           change this to expect PEM and DER format CMS structures instead.
           This currently only affects the input format of the CMS structure,
           if no CMS structure is being input (for example with -encrypt or
           -sign) this option has no effect.

       -rctform SMIME|PEM|DER
           specify the format for a signed receipt for use with the
           -receipt_verify operation.

       -out filename
           the message text that has been decrypted or verified or the output
           MIME format message that has been signed or verified.

       -outform SMIME|PEM|DER
           this specifies the output format for the CMS structure. The default
           is SMIME which writes an S/MIME format message. PEM and DER format
           change this to write PEM and DER format CMS structures instead.
           This currently only affects the output format of the CMS structure,
           if no CMS structure is being output (for example with -verify or
           -decrypt) this option has no effect.

       -stream -indef -noindef
           the -stream and -indef options are equivalent and enable streaming

       -content filename
           This specifies a file containing the detached content, this is only
           useful with the -verify command. This is only usable if the CMS
           structure is using the detached signature form where the content is
           not included. This option will override any content if the input
           format is S/MIME and it uses the multipart/signed MIME content
           type.

       -text
           this option adds plain text (text/plain) MIME headers to the
           supplied message if encrypting or signing. If decrypting or
           verifying it strips off text headers: if the decrypted or verified
           message is not of MIME type text/plain then an error occurs.

       -noout
           for the -cmsout operation do not output the parsed CMS structure.
           This is useful when combined with the -print option or if the
           syntax of the CMS structure is being checked.

       -print
           for the -cmsout operation print out all fields of the CMS
           structure. This is mainly useful for testing purposes.

       -CAfile file
           a file containing trusted CA certificates, only used with -verify.

       -CApath dir
           a directory containing trusted CA certificates, only used with
           -verify. This directory must be a standard certificate directory:
           that is a hash of each subject name (using x509 -hash) should be
           linked to each certificate.

       -md digest
           digest algorithm to use when signing or resigning. If not present
           then the default digest algorithm for the signing key will be used
           (usually SHA1).

       -[cipher]
           the encryption algorithm to use. For example triple DES (168 bits)
           - -des3 or 256 bit AES - -aes256. Any standard algorithm name (as
           used by the EVP_get_cipherbyname() function) can also be used
           preceded by a dash, for example -aes_128_cbc. See enc for a list of
           ciphers supported by your version of OpenSSL.

           If not specified triple DES is used. Only used with -encrypt and
           -EncryptedData_create commands.

       -nointern
           when verifying a message normally certificates (if any) included in
           the message are searched for the signing certificate. With this
           option only the certificates specified in the -certfile option are
           used.  The supplied certificates can still be used as untrusted CAs
           however.

           which include the signing time and supported symmetric algorithms.
           With this option they are not included.

       -nosmimecap
           exclude the list of supported algorithms from signed attributes,
           other options such as signing time and content type are still
           included.

       -binary
           normally the input message is converted to "canonical" format which
           is effectively using CR and LF as end of line: as required by the
           S/MIME specification. When this option is present no translation
           occurs. This is useful when handling binary data which may not be
           in MIME format.

       -nodetach
           when signing a message use opaque signing: this form is more
           resistant to translation by mail relays but it cannot be read by
           mail agents that do not support S/MIME.  Without this option
           cleartext signing with the MIME type multipart/signed is used.

       -certfile file
           allows additional certificates to be specified. When signing these
           will be included with the message. When verifying these will be
           searched for the signers certificates. The certificates should be
           in PEM format.

       -certsout file
           any certificates contained in the message are written to file.

       -signer file
           a signing certificate when signing or resigning a message, this
           option can be used multiple times if more than one signer is
           required. If a message is being verified then the signers
           certificates will be written to this file if the verification was
           successful.

       -recip file
           the recipients certificate when decrypting a message. This
           certificate must match one of the recipients of the message or an
           error occurs.

       -keyid
           use subject key identifier to identify certificates instead of
           issuer name and serial number. The supplied certificate must
           include a subject key identifier extension. Supported by -sign and
           -encrypt options.

       -receipt_request_all -receipt_request_first
           for -sign option include a signed receipt request. Indicate
           requests should be provided by all receipient or first tier
           recipients (those mailed directly and not from a mailing list).
           Ignored it -receipt_request_from is included.

       -secretkey key
           specify symmetric key to use. The key must be supplied in hex
           format and be consistent with the algorithm used. Supported by the
           -EncryptedData_encrypt -EncrryptedData_decrypt, -encrypt and
           -decrypt options. When used with -encrypt or -decrypt the supplied
           key is used to wrap or unwrap the content encryption key using an
           AES key in the KEKRecipientInfo type.

       -secretkeyid id
           the key identifier for the supplied symmetric key for
           KEKRecipientInfo type.  This option must be present if the
           -secretkey option is used with -encrypt. With -decrypt operations
           the id is used to locate the relevant key if it is not supplied
           then an attempt is used to decrypt any KEKRecipientInfo structures.

       -econtent_type type
           set the encapsulated content type to type if not supplied the Data
           type is used. The type argument can be any valid OID name in either
           text or numerical format.

       -inkey file
           the private key to use when signing or decrypting. This must match
           the corresponding certificate. If this option is not specified then
           the private key must be included in the certificate file specified
           with the -recip or -signer file. When signing this option can be
           used multiple times to specify successive keys.

       -passin arg
           the private key password source. For more information about the
           format of arg see the PASS PHRASE ARGUMENTS section in openssl(1).

       -rand file(s)
           a file or files containing random data used to seed the random
           number generator, or an EGD socket (see RAND_egd(3)).  Multiple
           files can be specified separated by a OS-dependent character.  The
           separator is ; for MS-Windows, , for OpenVMS, and : for all others.

       cert.pem...
           one or more certificates of message recipients: used when
           encrypting a message.

       -to, -from, -subject
           the relevant mail headers. These are included outside the signed
           portion of a message so they may be included manually. If signing
           then many S/MIME mail clients check the signers certificate's email
           address matches that specified in the From: address.

       -purpose, -ignore_critical, -issuer_checks, -crl_check, -crl_check_all,
       -policy_check, -extended_crl, -x509_strict, -policy -check_ss_sig
       -no_alt_chains
           Set various certificate chain valiadition option. See the verify
           manual page for details.

NOTES
       message: see the examples section.

       This version of the program only allows one signer per message but it
       will verify multiple signers on received messages. Some S/MIME clients
       choke if a message contains multiple signers. It is possible to sign
       messages "in parallel" by signing an already signed message.

       The options -encrypt and -decrypt reflect common usage in S/MIME
       clients. Strictly speaking these process CMS enveloped data: CMS
       encrypted data is used for other purposes.

       The -resign option uses an existing message digest when adding a new
       signer. This means that attributes must be present in at least one
       existing signer using the same message digest or this operation will
       fail.

       The -stream and -indef options enable experimental streaming I/O
       support.  As a result the encoding is BER using indefinite length
       constructed encoding and no longer DER. Streaming is supported for the
       -encrypt operation and the -sign operation if the content is not
       detached.

       Streaming is always used for the -sign operation with detached data but
       since the content is no longer part of the CMS structure the encoding
       remains DER.

EXIT CODES
       0   the operation was completely successfully.

       1   an error occurred parsing the command options.

       2   one of the input files could not be read.

       3   an error occurred creating the CMS file or when reading the MIME
           message.

       4   an error occurred decrypting or verifying the message.

       5   the message was verified correctly but an error occurred writing
           out the signers certificates.

COMPATIBILITY WITH PKCS#7 format.
       The smime utility can only process the older PKCS#7 format. The cms
       utility supports Cryptographic Message Syntax format. Use of some
       features will result in messages which cannot be processed by
       applications which only support the older format. These are detailed
       below.

       The use of the -keyid option with -sign or -encrypt.

       The -outform PEM option uses different headers.

       The -compress option.


        openssl cms -sign -in message.txt -text -out mail.msg -nodetach \
               -signer mycert.pem

       Create a signed message, include some additional certificates and read
       the private key from another file:

        openssl cms -sign -in in.txt -text -out mail.msg \
               -signer mycert.pem -inkey mykey.pem -certfile mycerts.pem

       Create a signed message with two signers, use key identifier:

        openssl cms -sign -in message.txt -text -out mail.msg \
               -signer mycert.pem -signer othercert.pem -keyid

       Send a signed message under Unix directly to sendmail, including
       headers:

        openssl cms -sign -in in.txt -text -signer mycert.pem \
               -from steve@openssl.org -to someone@somewhere \
               -subject "Signed message" | sendmail someone@somewhere

       Verify a message and extract the signer's certificate if successful:

        openssl cms -verify -in mail.msg -signer user.pem -out signedtext.txt

       Send encrypted mail using triple DES:

        openssl cms -encrypt -in in.txt -from steve@openssl.org \
               -to someone@somewhere -subject "Encrypted message" \
               -des3 user.pem -out mail.msg

       Sign and encrypt mail:

        openssl cms -sign -in ml.txt -signer my.pem -text \
               | openssl cms -encrypt -out mail.msg \
               -from steve@openssl.org -to someone@somewhere \
               -subject "Signed and Encrypted message" -des3 user.pem

       Note: the encryption command does not include the -text option because
       the message being encrypted already has MIME headers.

       Decrypt mail:

        openssl cms -decrypt -in mail.msg -recip mycert.pem -inkey key.pem

       The output from Netscape form signing is a PKCS#7 structure with the
       detached signature format. You can use this program to verify the
       signature by line wrapping the base64 encoded structure and surrounding
       it with:

        -----BEGIN PKCS7-----
        -----END PKCS7-----

       Add a signer to an existing message:

        openssl cms -resign -in mail.msg -signer newsign.pem -out mail2.msg

BUGS
       The MIME parser isn't very clever: it seems to handle most messages
       that I've thrown at it but it may choke on others.

       The code currently will only write out the signer's certificate to a
       file: if the signer has a separate encryption certificate this must be
       manually extracted. There should be some heuristic that determines the
       correct encryption certificate.

       Ideally a database should be maintained of a certificates for each
       email address.

       The code doesn't currently take note of the permitted symmetric
       encryption algorithms as supplied in the SMIMECapabilities signed
       attribute. this means the user has to manually include the correct
       encryption algorithm. It should store the list of permitted ciphers in
       a database and only use those.

       No revocation checking is done on the signer's certificate.

HISTORY
       The use of multiple -signer options and the -resign command were first
       added in OpenSSL 1.0.0

       The -no_alt_chains options was first added to OpenSSL 1.0.1n and
       1.0.2b.



1.0.1                             2017-01-30                         CMS(1SSL)
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