alpine(1)                   General Commands Manual                  alpine(1)

       alpine - an Alternatively Licensed Program for Internet News and Email

       alpine [ options ] [ address , address ]

       alpinef [ options ] [ address , address ]

       Alpine is a screen-oriented message-handling tool.  In its default con-
       figuration, Alpine offers an intentionally  limited  set  of  functions
       geared toward the novice user, but it also has a large list of optional
       "power-user" and personal-preference features.  alpinef is a variant of
       Alpine  that uses function keys rather than mnemonic single-letter com-
       mands.  Alpine's basic feature set includes:

              View, Save, Export, Delete, Print, Reply and Forward messages.

              Compose messages in a simple editor (Pico) with word-wrap and  a
              spelling  checker.   Messages may be postponed for later comple-

              Full-screen selection and management of message folders.

              Address  book  to  keep  a  list  of  long  or   frequently-used
              addresses.    Personal   distribution   lists  may  be  defined.
              Addresses may be taken into the address book from incoming  mail
              without retyping them.

              New  mail  checking  and notification occurs automatically every
              2.5 minutes and  after  certain  commands,  e.g.  refresh-screen

              On-line, context-sensitive help screens.

       Alpine supports MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions), an Inter-
       net Standard for representing multipart and multimedia data  in  email.
       Alpine allows you to save MIME objects to files, and in some cases, can
       also initiate the correct program for viewing the object.  It uses  the
       system's  mailcap  configuration  file  to  determine  what program can
       process a particular MIME object type.  Alpine's message composer  does
       not  have  integral  multimedia  capability,  but any type of data file
       --including multimedia-- can be attached to a  text  message  and  sent
       using MIME's encoding rules.  This allows any group of individuals with
       MIME-capable mail software (e.g. Alpine, PC-Alpine, or many other  pro-
       grams)  to  exchange  formatted  documents, spread-sheets, image files,
       etc, via Internet email.

       Alpine uses the c-client messaging API to access local and remote  mail
       folders.  This library provides a variety of low-level message-handling
       functions, including drivers for a variety of different mail file  for-
       mats, as well as routines to access remote mail and news servers, using
       IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol) and NNTP (Network  News  Trans-
       port  Protocol).   Outgoing  mail  is  usually posted directly via SMTP
       (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol).

       The command line options/arguments are:

       address             Send mail to address.  This will cause Alpine to go
                           directly into the message composer.

       -attach file        Send mail with the listed file as an attachment.

       -attachlist file-list
                           Send  mail  with the listed file-list as an attach-

       -attach_and_delete file
                           Send mail with the listed file  as  an  attachment,
                           and remove the file after the message is sent.

       -aux local_directory
                           PC-Alpine  only.  When using a remote configuration
                           (-p <remote_config>) this tells PC-Alpine the local
                           directory  to use for storing auxiliary files, like
                           debug files, address books, and signature files.

       -bail               Exit if the pinerc file does not exist. This  might
                           be useful if the config file is accessed using some
                           remote filesystem protocol. If the remote mount  is
                           missing  this  will cause Alpine to quit instead of
                           creating a new pinerc.

       -c context-number   context-number is the number corresponding  to  the
                           folder-collection  to  which  the  -f  command line
                           argument should be  applied.   By  default  the  -f
                           argument  is  applied  to the first defined folder-

       -conf               Produce a sample/fresh copy of the system-wide con-
                           figuration file, pine.conf, on the standard output.
                           This is distinct from the per-user .pinerc file.

       -convert_sigs -p pinerc
                           Convert signature files into literal signatures.

       -copy_abook <local_abook> <remote_abook>
                           Copy the  local  address  book  file  to  a  remote
                           address book folder.

       -copy_pinerc <local_pinerc> <remote_pinerc>
                           Copy  the  local  pinerc  file  to  a remote pinerc

       -d debug-level      Output diagnostic info at debug-level (0-9) to  the
                           current  .pine-debug[1-4] file.  A value of 0 turns
                           debugging off and suppresses the .pine-debug file.

       -d key[=val]        Fine tuned  output  of  diagnostic  messages  where
                           "flush"  causes  debug file writing without buffer-
                           ing, "timestamp" appends each message with a  time-
                           stamp,  "imap=n"  where n is between 0 and 4 repre-
                           senting none to verbose IMAP  telemetry  reporting,
                           "numfiles=n"  where  n  is  between 0 and 31 corre-
                           sponding to the number of debug files to  maintain,
                           and "verbose=n" where n is between 0 and 9 indicat-
                           ing an inverse threshold for message output.

       -f folder           Open folder (in first  defined  folder  collection,
                           use  -c n to specify another collection) instead of

       -F file             Open  named  text  file  and  view  with   Alpine's

       -h                  Help: list valid command-line options.

       -i                  Start up in the FOLDER INDEX screen.

       -I keystrokes       Initial  (comma separated list of) keystrokes which
                           Alpine should execute on startup.

       -install            For PC-Alpine only, this option causes PC-Alpine to
                           prompt  for  some  basic  setup  information,  then

       -k                  Use function keys for commands. This is the same as
                           running the command alpinef.

       -n number           Start up with current message-number set to number.

                           Read  from  a  password  cache if there is one, but
                           never offer to write a password to the cache

       -o                  Open first folder read-only.

       -p config-file      Use config-file as the personal configuration  file
                           instead of the default .pinerc.

       -P config-file      Use  config-file  as the configuration file instead
                           of   default   system-wide    configuration    file

       -passfile <fully-qualified-path>
                           When  password file support is compiled in, use the
                           file specified in <fully-qualified-path> instead of
                           the default.

       -pinerc file        Output fresh pinerc configuration to file, preserv-
                           ing the settings of variables  that  the  user  has
                           made.   Use  file set to ``-'' to make output go to
                           standard out.

       -pwdcertdir <fully-qualified-path>
                           When SMIME and password file support  are  compiled
                           in,  this variable sets the directory to store your
                           personal key and certificate to encrypt and decrypt
                           your password file.

       -r                  Use  restricted/demo  mode.   Alpine will only send
                           mail to itself and functions like save  and  export
                           are restricted.

       -registry cmd       For  PC-Alpine only, this option affects the values
                           of Alpine's registry entries.  Possible values  for
                           cmd  are  set,  clear,  and  dump.  Set will always
                           reset Alpine's registry entries  according  to  its
                           current  settings.   Clear  will clear the registry
                           values.  Clearsilent will silently clear  the  reg-
                           istry values.  Dump will display the values of cur-
                           rent registry settings.  Note that the dump command
                           is   currently  disabled.   Without  the  -registry
                           option, PC-Alpine will write values into  the  reg-
                           istry  only  if  there  currently aren't any values

       -smimedir <fully-qualified-path>
                           If SMIME is compiled in,  this  argument  sets  the
                           directory  where  the public, private, and certifi-
                           cate authorities certificates and keys are  stored.
                           If  not  set  by  the  command  line the default is

       -sort order         Sort the FOLDER INDEX display in one of the follow-
                           ing  orders:  arrival,  date, subject, orderedsubj,
                           thread, from, size,  score,  to,  cc,  or  reverse.
                           Arrival  order  is  the  default.   The OrderedSubj
                           choice simulates a threaded sort.  Any sort may  be
                           reversed  by  adding  /reverse  to  it.  Reverse by
                           itself is the same as arrival/reverse.

       -supported          Some options may or may not be supported  depending
                           on  how  Alpine  was  compiled.   This  is a way to
                           determine which options are supported in  the  par-
                           ticular copy of Alpine you are using.

       -uninstall          For PC-Alpine only, this option causes PC-Alpine to
                           remove references to Alpine in Windows settings.

       -url url            Open the given url.  Cannot be used with -f  or  -F

       -v                  Version: Print version information.

       -version            Version: Print version information.

       -x config           Use configuration exceptions in config.  Exceptions
                           are used to override your default  pinerc  settings
                           for a particular platform, can be a local file or a
                           remote folder.

       -z                  Enable ^Z and SIGTSTP so alpine may be suspended.

       -option=value       Assign value to the config option option e.g. -sig-
                           nature-file=sig1 or -feature-list=signature-at-bot-
                           tom (Note: feature-list values are additive)

       There are several levels of Alpine configuration.  Configuration values
       at  a  given  level over-ride corresponding values at lower levels.  In
       order of increasing precedence:

        o built-in defaults.
        o system-wide pine.conf file.
        o personal .pinerc file (may be set via built-in Setup/Config menu.)
        o command-line options.
        o system-wide pine.conf.fixed file.

       There is one exception  to  the  rule  that  configuration  values  are
       replaced  by  the value of the same option in a higher-precedence file:
       the feature-list variable has values that  are  additive,  but  can  be
       negated  by  prepending  "no-"  in front of an individual feature name.
       Unix Alpine also uses the following environment variables:

         DISPLAY     (determines if Alpine can display IMAGE attachments.)
         SHELL       (if not set, default is /bin/sh )
         MAILCAPS    (semicolon delimited list of path names to mailcap files)

       /var/spool/mail/xxxx        Default folder for incoming mail.
       ~/mail                      Default directory for mail folders.
       ~/.addressbook              Default address book file.
       ~/.signature                File used for signature, appended to  every
       ~/.pine-debug[1-4]          Diagnostic log for debugging.
       ~/.pinerc                   Personal alpine config file.
       ~/.pine-crash               Debug information useful to debug a crash.
       ~/.newsrc                   News subscription/state file.
       ~/.mailcap                  Personal mail capabilities file.
       ~/.mime.types               Personal  file  extension to MIME type map-
       /etc/mailcap                System-wide mail capabilities file.
       /etc/mime.types             System-wide file ext. to MIME type mapping
       /etc/              Local pointer to system administrator.
       /etc/pine.conf              System-wide configuration file.
       /etc/pine.conf.fixed         Non-overridable configuration file.
       ~/.alpine-smime/ca          Directory that contains Certificate Author-
       ity files.
       ~/.alpine-smime/private     Directory that contains private key(s).
       ~/.alpine-smime/public      Directory that contains public key(s).
       /tmp/.\usr\spool\mail\xxxx  Per-folder mailbox lock files.
       ~/.pine-interrupted-mail    Message which was interrupted.
       ~/mail/postponed-msgs       For postponed messages (drafts)
       ~/mail/sent-mail            Outgoing message archive (FCC).
       ~/mail/saved-messages       Default destination for Saving messages.

       pico(1),  binmail(1),  aliases(5),  mailaddr(7), sendmail(8), spell(1),

       Newsgroup:  comp.mail.pine

       Mailing List:
       Alpine-info, at

       Main Alpine distribution site:

       Alpine Technical Notes, included in the source distribution.

       C-Client messaging API library, included in the source distribution.

       This software is the result of the contribution of many individuals
       who have dedicated their time to support, improve and suggest ways
       to improve Alpine through the years. This software would not be
       possible without the support of the University of Washington in
       Seattle, Washington. The Alpine community extends its most sincere
       thanks to all contributors and invites everyone to join in and
       contribute to this project.

                                 Version 2.21                        alpine(1)
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