TC(8) Linux TC(8)
drr - deficit round robin scheduler
tc qdisc ... add drr [ quantum bytes ]
The Deficit Round Robin Scheduler is a classful queuing discipline as a
more flexible replacement for Stochastic Fairness Queuing.
Unlike SFQ, there are no built-in queues -- you need to add classes and
then set up filters to classify packets accordingly. This can be use-
ful e.g. for using RED qdiscs with different settings for particular
traffic. There is no default class -- if a packet cannot be classified,
it is dropped.
Each class is assigned a deficit counter, initialized to quantum.
DRR maintains an (internal) ''active'' list of classes whose qdiscs are
non-empty. This list is used for dequeuing. A packet is dequeued from
the class at the head of the list if the packet size is smaller or
equal to the deficit counter. If the counter is too small, it is
increased by quantum and the scheduler moves on to the next class in
the active list.
Amount of bytes a flow is allowed to dequeue before the sched-
uler moves to the next class. Defaults to the MTU of the inter-
face. The minimum value is 1.
EXAMPLE & USAGE
To attach to device eth0, using the interface MTU as its quantum:
# tc qdisc add dev eth0 handle 1 root drr
Adding two classes:
# tc class add dev eth0 parent 1: classid 1:1 drr
# tc class add dev eth0 parent 1: classid 1:2 drr
You also need to add at least one filter to classify packets.
# tc filter add dev eth0 protocol .. classid 1:1
Like SFQ, DRR is only useful when it owns the queue -- it is a pure
scheduler and does not delay packets. Attaching non-work-conserving
qdiscs like tbf to it does not make sense -- other qdiscs in the active
list will also become inactive until the dequeue operation succeeds.
Embed DRR within another qdisc like HTB or HFSC to ensure it owns the
You can mimic SFQ behavior by assigning packets to the attached classes
using the flow filter:
tc qdisc add dev .. drr
for i in .. 1024;do
tc class add dev .. classid $handle:$(print %x $i)
tc qdisc add dev .. fifo limit 16
tc filter add .. protocol ip .. $handle flow hash keys
src,dst,proto,proto-src,proto-dst divisor 1024 perturb 10
o M. Shreedhar and George Varghese "Efficient Fair Queuing using
Deficit Round Robin", Proc. SIGCOMM 95.
This implementation does not drop packets from the longest queue on
overrun, as limits are handled by the individual child qdiscs.
tc(8), tc-htb(8), tc-sfq(8)
sched_drr was written by Patrick McHardy.
iproute2 January 2010 TC(8)
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