spamd [options]


        -l, --allow-tell                  Allow learning/reporting
        -c, --create-prefs                Create user preferences files
        -C path, --configpath=path        Path for default config files
        --siteconfigpath=path             Path for site configs
        --cf='config line'                Additional line of configuration
        -d, --daemonize                   Daemonize
        -h, --help                        Print usage message
        -i [ip_or_name[:port]], --listen=[ip_or_name[:port]] Listen on IP addr and port
        -p port, --port=port              Listen on specified port, may be overridden by -i
        -4, --ipv4-only, --ipv4           Use IPv4 where applicable, disables IPv6
        -6                                Use IPv6 where applicable, disables IPv4
        -A host,..., --allowed-ips=..,..  Restrict to IP addresses which can connect
        -m num, --max-children=num        Allow maximum num children
        --min-children=num                Allow minimum num children
        --min-spare=num                   Lower limit for number of spare children
        --max-spare=num                   Upper limit for number of spare children
        --max-conn-per-child=num          Maximum connections accepted by child
                                          before it is respawned
        --round-robin                     Use traditional prefork algorithm
        --timeout-tcp=secs                Connection timeout for client headers
        --timeout-child=secs              Connection timeout for message checks
        -q, --sql-config                  Enable SQL config (needs -x)
        -Q, --setuid-with-sql             Enable SQL config (needs -x,
                                          enables use of -H)
        --ldap-config                     Enable LDAP config (needs -x)
        --setuid-with-ldap                Enable LDAP config (needs -x,
                                          enables use of -H)
        --virtual-config-dir=dir          Enable pattern based Virtual configs
                                          (needs -x)
        -r pidfile, --pidfile             Write the process id to pidfile
        -s facility, --syslog=facility    Specify the syslog facility
        --syslog-socket=type              How to connect to syslogd
        --log-timestamp-fmt=fmt           strftime(3) format for timestamps, may be
                                          empty to disable timestamps, or 'default'
        -u username, --username=username  Run as username
        -g groupname, --groupname=groupname  Run as groupname
        -v, --vpopmail                    Enable vpopmail config
        -x, --nouser-config               Disable user config files
        --auth-ident                      Use ident to identify spamc user (deprecated)
        --ident-timeout=timeout           Timeout for ident connections
        -D, --debug[=areas]               Print debugging messages (for areas)
        -L, --local                       Use local tests only (no DNS)
        -P, --paranoid                    Die upon user errors
        -H [dir], --helper-home-dir[=dir] Specify a different HOME directory
        --ssl                             Enable SSL on TCP connections
        --ssl-port port                   Override --port setting for SSL connections
        --server-key keyfile              Specify an SSL keyfile
        --server-cert certfile            Specify an SSL certificate

       address may be but need not be enclosed in square brackets.  An
       asterisk '*' in place of a hostname implies an unspecified address,
       ('' or '::'), i.e. it binds to all interfaces. An empty option
       value implies '*'. A default is '--listen localhost', which binds to a
       loopback interface only.

       The purpose of this program is to provide a daemonized version of the
       spamassassin executable.  The goal is improving throughput performance
       for automated mail checking.

       This is intended to be used alongside "spamc", a fast, low-overhead C
       client program.

       See the README file in the "spamd" directory of the SpamAssassin
       distribution for more details.

       Note: Although "spamd" will check per-user config files for every
       message, any changes to the system-wide config files will require
       either restarting spamd or forcing it to reload itself via SIGHUP for
       the changes to take effect.

       Note: If "spamd" receives a SIGHUP, it internally reloads itself, which
       means that it will change its pid and might not restart at all if its
       environment changed  (ie. if it can't change back into its own
       directory).  If you plan to use SIGHUP, you should always start "spamd"
       with the -r switch to know its current pid.

       Options of the long form can be shortened as long as they remain
       unambiguous.  (i.e. --dae can be used instead of --daemonize) Also,
       boolean options (like --user-config) can be negated by adding no
       (--nouser-config), however, this is usually unnecessary.

       -l, --allow-tell
           Allow learning and forgetting (to a local Bayes database),
           reporting and revoking (to a remote database) by spamd. The client
           issues a TELL command to tell what type of message is being
           processed and whether local (learn/forget) or remote
           (report/revoke) databases should be updated.

           Note that spamd always trusts the username passed in (unless
           --auth-ident is used) so clients could maliciously learn messages
           for other users. (This is not ususally a concern with an SQL Bayes
           store as users will typically have read-write access directly to
           the database, and can also use "sa-learn" with the -u option to
           achieve the same result.)

       -c, --create-prefs
           Create user preferences files if they don't exist (default: don't).

       -C path, --configpath=path
           Use the specified path for locating the distributed configuration
           files.  Ignore the default directories (usually

       -d, --daemonize
           Detach from starting process and run in background (daemonize).

       -h, --help
           Print a brief help message, then exit without further action.

       -V, --version
           Print version information, then exit without further action.

       -i [ipaddress[:<port>]], --listen[=ipaddress[:<port>]]
           Additional alias names for this option are --listen-ip and
           --ip-address.  Tells spamd to listen on the specified IP address,
           defaults to a loopback interface, i.e. "--listen localhost").  If
           no value is specified after the switch, or if an asterisk '*'
           stands in place of an <ipaddress>, spamd will listen on all
           interfaces - this is equivalent to address '' for IPv4 and
           to '::' for IPv6. You can also use a valid hostname which will make
           spamd listen on all addresses that a name resolves to. The option
           may be specified multiple times. See also options -4 and -6 for
           restricting address family to IPv4 or to IPv6. If a port is
           specified it overrides for this socket the global --port (and
           --ssl-port) setting. An IPv6 addresses should be enclosed in square
           brackets, e.g. [::1]:783. For compatibility square brackets on an
           IPv6 address may be omitted if a port number specification is also

       -p port, --port=port
           Optionally specifies the port number for the server to listen on
           (default: 783).

           If the --ssl switch is used, and --ssl-port is not supplied, then
           this port will be used to accept SSL connections instead of
           unencrypted connections.  If the --ssl switch is used, and
           --ssl-port is set, then unencrypted connections will be accepted on
           the --port at the same time as encrypted connections are accepted
           at --ssl-port.

       -q, --sql-config
           Turn on SQL lookups even when per-user config files have been
           disabled with -x. this is useful for spamd hosts which don't have
           user's home directories but do want to load user preferences from
           an SQL database.

           If your spamc client does not support sending the "User:" header,
           like "exiscan", then the SQL username used will always be nobody.

           This inhibits the setuid() behavior, so the "-u" option is
           required. If you want the setuid() behaviour, use "-Q" or
           "--setuid-with-sql" instead.

           Turn on LDAP lookups. This is completely analog to "--sql-config",
           only it is using an LDAP server.
           Turn on LDAP lookups even when per-user config files have been
           disabled with -x and also setuid to the user.  This is again
           completely analog to "--setuid-with-sql", only it is using an LDAP

           This option specifies where per-user preferences can be found for
           virtual users, for the -x switch. The pattern is used as a base
           pattern for the directory name.  Any of the following escapes can
           be used:

           %u -- replaced with the full name of the current user, as sent by
           %l -- replaced with the 'local part' of the current username.  In
           other words, if the username is an email address, this is the part
           before the "@" sign.
           %d -- replaced with the 'domain' of the current username.  In other
           words, if the username is an email address, this is the part after
           the "@" sign.
           %x -- replaced with the full name of the current user, as sent by
           spamc. If the resulting config directory does not exist, replace
           with the domain part to use a domain-wide default.
           %% -- replaced with a single percent sign (%).

           So for example, if "/vhome/users/%u/spamassassin" is specified, and
           spamc sends a virtual username of "", the directory
           "/vhome/users/" will be used.

           The set of characters allowed in the virtual username for this path
           are restricted to:

                   A-Z a-z 0-9 - + _ . , @ =

           All others will be replaced by underscores ("_").

           This path must be a writable directory.  It will be created if it
           does not already exist.  If a file called user_prefs exists in this
           directory (note: not in a ".spamassassin" subdirectory!), it will
           be loaded as the user's preferences.  The Bayes databases for that
           user will be stored in this directory.

           Note that this requires that -x is used, and cannot be combined
           with SQL- or LDAP-based configuration.

           The pattern must expand to an absolute directory when spamd is
           running daemonized (-d).

           Currently, use of this without -u is not supported. This inhibits

       -r pidfile, --pidfile=pidfile
           Write the process ID of the spamd parent to the file specified by
           pidfile.  The file will be unlinked when the parent exits.  Note
           that when running with the -u option, the file must be writable by

       -s facility, --syslog=facility
           Specify the syslog facility to use (default: mail).  If "stderr" is
           specified, output will be written to stderr. (This is useful if
           you're running "spamd" under the "daemontools" package.) With a
           facility of "file", all output goes to spamd.log. facility is
           interpreted as a file name to log to if it contains any characters
           except a-z and 0-9. "null" disables logging completely (used

           Examples:      spamd -s mail                 # use syslog, facility
           mail (default)      spamd -s ./mail               # log to file
           ./mail      spamd -s stderr 2>/dev/null   # log to stderr, throw
           messages away      spamd -s null                 # the same as
           above      spamd -s file                 # log to file ./spamd.log
                spamd -s /var/log/spamd.log   # log to file /var/log/spamd.log

           If logging to a file is enabled and that log file is rotated, the
           spamd server must be restarted with a SIGHUP. (If the log file is
           just truncated, this is not needed but still recommended.)

           Note that logging to a file does not use locking, so you cannot
           intermix logging from spamd and other processes into the same file.
           If you want to mix logging like this, use syslog instead.

           If you use syslog logging, it is essential to send a SIGHUP to the
           spamd daemon when you restart the syslogd daemon.  (This is due to
           a shortcoming in Perl's syslog handling, where the disappearance of
           the connection to the syslogd is considered a fatal error.)

           Specify how spamd should send messages to syslogd. The type can be
           any of the socket types or logging mechanisms as accepted by the
           subroutine Sys::Syslog::setlogsock(). Depending on a version of
           Sys::Syslog and on the underlying operating system, one of the
           following values (or their subset) can be used: "native",
           "eventlog", "tcp", "udp", "inet", "unix", "stream", "pipe", or
           "console".  The value "eventlog" is specific to Win32 events logger
           and requires a perl module Win32::EventLog to be installed.  For
           more information please consult the Sys::Syslog documentation.

           A historical setting --syslog-socket=none is mapped to

           A default for Windows platforms is "none", otherwise the default is
           to try "unix" first, falling back to "inet" if perl detects errors
           in its "unix" support.

           Some platforms, or versions of perl, are shipped with old or
           dysfunctional versions of the Sys::Syslog module which do not
           support some socket types, so you may need to set this option
           explicitly.  If you get error messages regarding __PATH_LOG or
           similar spamd, try changing this setting.

           The socket types "file" is used internally and should not be
           %H:%M:%S %z (%Z)' for a RFC 2822 format, or maybe '%Y-%m-%d
           %H:%M:%S%z' for an ISO 8601 (EN 28601) format, or just
           '%Y%m%dT%H%M%S' .

       -u username, --username=username
           Run as the named user.  If this option is not set, the default
           behaviour is to setuid() to the user running "spamc", if "spamd" is
           running as root.

           Note: "--username=root" is not a valid option.  If specified,
           "spamd" will exit with a fatal error on startup.

       -g groupname, --groupname=groupname
           Run as the named group if --username is being used. If this option
           is not set when --username is used then the primary group for the
           user given to --username is used.

       -x, --nouser-config, --user-config
           Turn off (on) reading of per-user configuration files (user_prefs)
           from the user's home directory.  The default behaviour is to read
           per-user configuration from the user's home directory

           This option does not disable or otherwise influence the SQL, LDAP
           or Virtual Config Dir settings.

           Verify the username provided by spamc using ident.  This is only
           useful if connections are only allowed from trusted hosts (because
           an identd that lies is trivial to create) and if spamc REALLY
           SHOULD be running as the user it represents.  Connections are
           terminated immediately if authentication fails.  In this case,
           spamc will pass the mail through unchecked.  Failure to connect to
           an ident server, and response timeouts are considered
           authentication failures.  This requires that Net::Ident be
           installed. Deprecated.

           Wait at most timeout seconds for a response to ident queries.
           Ident query that takes longer that timeout seconds will fail, and
           mail will not be processed.  Setting this to 0.0 or less results in
           no timeout, which is STRONGLY discouraged.  The default is 5

       -A host,..., --allowed-ips=host,...
           Specify a comma-separated list of authorized hosts or networks
           which can connect to this spamd instance. Each element of the list
           is either a single IP addresses, or a range of IP addresses in
           address/masklength CIDR notation, or ranges of IPv4 addresses by
           specifying 3 or less octets with a trailing dot.  Hostnames are not
           supported, only IPv4 or IPv6 addresses.  This option can be
           specified multiple times, or can take a list of addresses separated
           by commas.  IPv6 addresses may be (but need not be) enclosed in
           square brackets for consistency with option --listen.  Examples:
           -A [2001:db8::]/32,,::1, -- only accept
           connections from specified test networks and from localhost.

           In absence of the -A option, connections are only accepted from IP
           address or ::1, i.e. from localhost on a loopback

       -D [area,...], --debug [area,...]
           Produce debugging output. If no areas are listed, all debugging
           information is printed. Diagnostic output can also be enabled for
           each area individually; area is the area of the code to instrument.
           For example, to produce diagnostic output on bayes, learn, and dns,

                   spamassassin -D bayes,learn,dns

           Higher priority informational messages that are suitable for
           logging in normal circumstances are available with an area of

           For more information about which areas (also known as channels) are
           available, please see the documentation at:


       -4, --ipv4only, --ipv4-only, --ipv4
           Use IPv4 where applicable, do not use IPv6.  The option affects a
           set of listen sockets (see option "--listen") and disables IPv6 for
           DNS tests.

       -6  Use IPv6 where applicable, do not use IPv4.  The option affects a
           set of listen sockets (see option "--listen") and disables IPv4 for
           DNS tests. Installing a module IO::Socket::IP is recommended if
           spamd is expected to receive requests over IPv6.

       -L, --local
           Perform only local tests on all mail.  In other words, skip DNS and
           other network tests.  Works the same as the "-L" flag to

       -P, --paranoid
           Die on user errors (for the user passed from spamc) instead of
           falling back to user nobody and using the default configuration.

       -m number , --max-children=number
           This option specifies the maximum number of children to spawn.
           Spamd will spawn that number of children, then sleep in the
           background until a child dies, wherein it will go and spawn a new

           Incoming connections can still occur if all of the children are
           busy, however those connections will be queued waiting for a free
           child.  The minimum value is 1, the default value is 5.

           free RAM, you may want to increase this.

           The lower limit for the number of spare children allowed to run.  A
           spare, or idle, child is one that is not handling a scan request.
           If there are too few spare children available, a new server will be
           started every second or so.  The default value is 1.

           The upper limit for the number of spare children allowed to run.
           If there are too many spare children, one will be killed every
           second or so until the number of idle children is in the desired
           range.  The default value is 2.

           This option specifies the maximum number of connections each child
           should process before dying and letting the master spamd process
           spawn a new child.  The minimum value is 1, the default value is

           By default, "spamd" will attempt to keep a small number of "hot"
           child processes as busy as possible, and keep any others as idle as
           possible, using something similar to the Apache httpd server
           scaling algorithm.  This is accomplished by the master process
           coordinating the activities of the children.  This switch will
           disable this scaling algorithm, and the behaviour seen in the 3.0.x
           versions will be used instead, where all processes receive an equal
           load and no scaling takes place.

           This option specifies the number of seconds to wait for headers
           from a client (spamc) before closing the connection.  The minimum
           value is 1, the default value is 30, and a value of 0 will disable
           socket timeouts completely.

           This option specifies the number of seconds to wait for a spamd
           child to process or check a message.  The minimum value is 1, the
           default value is 300, and a value of 0 will disable child timeouts

       -H directory, --helper-home-dir=directory
           Specify that external programs such as Razor, DCC, and Pyzor should
           have a HOME environment variable set to a specific directory.  The
           default is to use the HOME environment variable setting from the
           shell running spamd.  By specifying no argument, spamd will use the
           spamc caller's home directory instead.

           Accept only SSL connections on the associated port.  The
           IO::Socket::SSL perl module must be installed.

           If the --ssl switch is used, and --ssl-port is not supplied, then
           Specify the SSL key file to use for SSL connections.

       --server-cert certfile
           Specify the SSL certificate file to use for SSL connections.

       --socketpath pathname
           Listen on a UNIX domain socket at path pathname, in addition to
           sockets specified with a "--listen" option. This option is provided
           for compatibility with older versions of spamd. Starting with
           version 3.4.0 the "--listen" option can also take a UNIX domain
           socket as its value (an absolute path name). Unlike "--socketpath",
           the "--listen" option may be specified multiple times if spamd
           needs to listen on multiple UNIX or INET or INET6 sockets.

           Warning: the Perl support on BSD platforms for UNIX domain sockets
           seems to have a bug regarding paths of over 100 bytes or so
           (SpamAssassin bug 4380).  If you see a 'could not find newly-
           created UNIX socket' error message, and the path appears truncated,
           this may be the cause.  Try using a shorter path to the socket.

           By default, use of --socketpath without --listen will inhibit SSL
           connections and unencrypted TCP connections.  To add other sockets,
           specify them with --listen, e.g. '--listen=:' or '--listen=*:'

       --socketowner name
           Set UNIX domain socket to be owned by the user named name.  Note
           that this requires that spamd be started as "root", and if "-u" is
           used, that user should have write permissions to unlink the file
           later, for when the "spamd" server is killed.

       --socketgroup name
           Set UNIX domain socket to be owned by the group named name.  See
           "--socketowner" for notes on ownership and permissions.

       --socketmode mode
           Set UNIX domain socket to use the octal mode mode.  Note that if
           "-u" is used, that user should have write permissions to unlink the
           file later, for when the "spamd" server is killed.

             Enable timing measurements and output the information for logging.  This
             is the same information as provided by the TIMING tag.

       spamc(1) spamassassin(1) Mail::SpamAssassin::Conf(3)


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