spamd


SYNOPSIS
       spamd [options]

       Options:

        -l, --allow-tell                  Allow learning/reporting
        -c, --create-prefs                Create user preferences files
        -C path, --configpath=path        Path for default config files
        --siteconfigpath=path             Path for site configs
        --cf='config line'                Additional line of configuration
        -d, --daemonize                   Daemonize
        -h, --help                        Print usage message
        -i [ipaddr], --listen-ip=ipaddr   Listen on the IP ipaddr
        --ipv4only, --ipv4-only, --ipv4   Disable attempted use of ipv6 for DNS
        -p port, --port=port              Listen on specified port
        -m num, --max-children=num        Allow maximum num children
        --min-children=num                Allow minimum num children
        --min-spare=num                Lower limit for number of spare children
        --max-spare=num                Upper limit for number of spare children
        --max-conn-per-child=num          Maximum connections accepted by child
                                          before it is respawned
        --round-robin                     Use traditional prefork algorithm
        --timeout-tcp=secs                Connection timeout for client headers
        --timeout-child=secs              Connection timeout for message checks
        -q, --sql-config                  Enable SQL config (needs -x)
        -Q, --setuid-with-sql             Enable SQL config (needs -x,
                                          enables use of -H)
        --ldap-config                     Enable LDAP config (needs -x)
        --setuid-with-ldap                Enable LDAP config (needs -x,
                                          enables use of -H)
        --virtual-config-dir=dir          Enable pattern based Virtual configs
                                          (needs -x)
        -r pidfile, --pidfile             Write the process id to pidfile
        -s facility, --syslog=facility    Specify the syslog facility
        --syslog-socket=type              How to connect to syslogd
        --log-timestamp-fmt=fmt           strftime(3) format for timestamps, may be
                                          empty to disable timestamps, or 'default'
        -u username, --username=username  Run as username
        -g groupname, --groupname=groupname  Run as groupname
        -v, --vpopmail                    Enable vpopmail config
        -x, --nouser-config               Disable user config files
        --auth-ident                      Use ident to authenticate spamc user
        --ident-timeout=timeout           Timeout for ident connections
        -A host,..., --allowed-ips=..,..  Limit ip addresses which can connect
        -D, --debug[=areas]               Print debugging messages (for areas)
        -L, --local                       Use local tests only (no DNS)
        -P, --paranoid                    Die upon user errors
        -H [dir], --helper-home-dir[=dir]  Specify a different HOME directory
        --ssl                             Run an SSL server
        --ssl-port port                   Listen on port for SSL connections
        --ssl-version sslversion          Specify SSL protocol version to use
        --server-key keyfile              Specify an SSL keyfile
        --server-cert certfile            Specify an SSL certificate

       client program.

       See the README file in the "spamd" directory of the SpamAssassin
       distribution for more details.

       Note: Although "spamd" will check per-user config files for every
       message, any changes to the system-wide config files will require
       either restarting spamd or forcing it to reload itself via SIGHUP for
       the changes to take effect.

       Note: If "spamd" receives a SIGHUP, it internally reloads itself, which
       means that it will change its pid and might not restart at all if its
       environment changed  (ie. if it can't change back into its own
       directory).  If you plan to use SIGHUP, you should always start "spamd"
       with the -r switch to know its current pid.

OPTIONS
       Options of the long form can be shortened as long as they remain
       unambiguous.  (i.e. --dae can be used instead of --daemonize) Also,
       boolean options (like --user-config) can be negated by adding no
       (--nouser-config), however, this is usually unnecessary.

       -l, --allow-tell
           Allow learning and forgetting (to a local Bayes database),
           reporting and revoking (to a remote database) by spamd. The client
           issues a TELL command to tell what type of message is being
           processed and whether local (learn/forget) or remote
           (report/revoke) databases should be updated.

           Note that spamd always trusts the username passed in (unless
           --auth-ident is used) so clients could maliciously learn messages
           for other users. (This is not ususally a concern with an SQL Bayes
           store as users will typically have read-write access directly to
           the database, and can also use "sa-learn" with the -u option to
           achieve the same result.)

       -c, --create-prefs
           Create user preferences files if they don't exist (default: don't).

       -C path, --configpath=path
           Use the specified path for locating the distributed configuration
           files.  Ignore the default directories (usually
           "/usr/share/spamassassin" or similar).

       --siteconfigpath=path
           Use the specified path for locating site-specific configuration
           files.  Ignore the default directories (usually "/etc/spamassassin"
           or similar).

       --cf='config line'
           Add additional lines of configuration directly from the command-
           line, parsed after the configuration files are read.   Multiple
           --cf arguments can be used, and each will be considered a separate
           line of configuration.
           127.0.0.1).  If you specify no IP address after the switch, spamd
           will listen on all interfaces.  (This is equal to the address
           0.0.0.0).  You can also use a valid hostname which will make spamd
           listen on the first address that name resolves to.

       -p port, --port=port
           Optionally specifies the port number for the server to listen on
           (default: 783).

           If the --ssl switch is used, and --ssl-port is not supplied, then
           this port will be used to accept SSL connections instead of
           unencrypted connections.  If the --ssl switch is used, and
           --ssl-port is set, then unencrypted connections will be accepted on
           the --port at the same time as encrypted connections are accepted
           at --ssl-port.

       -q, --sql-config
           Turn on SQL lookups even when per-user config files have been
           disabled with -x. this is useful for spamd hosts which don't have
           user's home directories but do want to load user preferences from
           an SQL database.

           If your spamc client does not support sending the "User:" header,
           like "exiscan", then the SQL username used will always be nobody.

           This inhibits the setuid() behavior, so the "-u" option is
           required. If you want the setuid() behaviour, use "-Q" or
           "--setuid-with-sql" instead.

       --ldap-config
           Turn on LDAP lookups. This is completely analog to "--sql-config",
           only it is using an LDAP server.

           Like "--sql-config", this disables the setuid behavior, and
           requires "-u". If you want it, use "--setuid-with-ldap" instead.

       -Q, --setuid-with-sql
           Turn on SQL lookups even when per-user config files have been
           disabled with -x and also setuid to the user.  This is useful for
           spamd hosts which want to load user preferences from an SQL
           database but also wish to support the use of -H (Helper home
           directories.)

       --setuid-with-ldap
           Turn on LDAP lookups even when per-user config files have been
           disabled with -x and also setuid to the user.  This is again
           completely analog to "--setuid-with-sql", only it is using an LDAP
           server.

       --virtual-config-dir=pattern
           This option specifies where per-user preferences can be found for
           virtual users, for the -x switch. The pattern is used as a base
           pattern for the directory name.  Any of the following escapes can
           be used:
           spamc sends a virtual username of "jm@example.com", the directory
           "/vhome/users/jm@example.com/spamassassin" will be used.

           The set of characters allowed in the virtual username for this path
           are restricted to:

                   A-Z a-z 0-9 - + _ . , @ =

           All others will be replaced by underscores ("_").

           This path must be a writable directory.  It will be created if it
           does not already exist.  If a file called user_prefs exists in this
           directory (note: not in a ".spamassassin" subdirectory!), it will
           be loaded as the user's preferences.  The Bayes databases for that
           user will be stored in this directory.

           Note that this requires that -x is used, and cannot be combined
           with SQL- or LDAP-based configuration.

           The pattern must expand to an absolute directory when spamd is
           running daemonized (-d).

           Currently, use of this without -u is not supported. This inhibits
           setuid.

       -r pidfile, --pidfile=pidfile
           Write the process ID of the spamd parent to the file specified by
           pidfile.  The file will be unlinked when the parent exits.  Note
           that when running with the -u option, the file must be writable by
           that user.

       -v, --vpopmail
           Enable vpopmail config.  If specified with with -u set to the
           vpopmail user, this allows spamd to lookup/create user_prefs in the
           vpopmail user's own maildir.  This option is useful for vpopmail
           virtual users who do not have an entry in the system /etc/passwd
           file.

           Currently, use of this without -u is not supported. This inhibits
           setuid.

       -s facility, --syslog=facility
           Specify the syslog facility to use (default: mail).  If "stderr" is
           specified, output will be written to stderr. (This is useful if
           you're running "spamd" under the "daemontools" package.) With a
           facility of "file", all output goes to spamd.log. facility is
           interpreted as a file name to log to if it contains any characters
           except a-z and 0-9. "null" disables logging completely (used
           internally).

           Examples:      spamd -s mail                 # use syslog, facility
           mail (default)      spamd -s ./mail               # log to file
           ./mail      spamd -s stderr 2>/dev/null   # log to stderr, throw
           messages away      spamd -s null                 # the same as
           spamd daemon when you restart the syslogd daemon.  (This is due to
           a shortcoming in Perl's syslog handling, where the disappearance of
           the connection to the syslogd is considered a fatal error.)

       --syslog-socket=type
           Specify how spamd should send messages to syslogd. The type can be
           any of the socket types or logging mechanisms as accepted by the
           subroutine Sys::Syslog::setlogsock(). Depending on a version of
           Sys::Syslog and on the underlying operating system, one of the
           following values (or their subset) can be used: "native",
           "eventlog", "tcp", "udp", "inet", "unix", "stream", "pipe", or
           "console".  The value "eventlog" is specific to Win32 events logger
           and requires a perl module Win32::EventLog to be installed.  For
           more information please consult the Sys::Syslog documentation.

           A historical setting --syslog-socket=none is mapped to
           --syslog=stderr.

           A default for Windows platforms is "none", otherwise the default is
           to try "unix" first, falling back to "inet" if perl detects errors
           in its "unix" support.

           Some platforms, or versions of perl, are shipped with old or
           dysfunctional versions of the Sys::Syslog module which do not
           support some socket types, so you may need to set this option
           explicitly.  If you get error messages regarding __PATH_LOG or
           similar spamd, try changing this setting.

           The socket types "file" is used internally and should not be
           specified.  Use the "-s" switch instead.

       --log-timestamp-fmt=format
           The --log-timestamp-fmt option can provide a POSIX strftime(3)
           format for timestamps included in each logged message. Each logger
           (stderr, file, syslog) has its own default value for a timestamp
           format, which applies when --log-timestamp-fmt option is not given,
           or with --log-timestamp-fmt=default .  Timestamps can be turned off
           by specifying an empty string with this option, e.g.
           --log-timestamp-fmt='' or just --log-timestamp-fmt= .  Typical use:
           --log-timestamp-fmt='%a %b %e %H:%M:%S %Y' (provides localized
           weekday and month names in the ctime(3) style), or '%a, %e %b %Y
           %H:%M:%S %z (%Z)' for a RFC 2822 format, or maybe '%Y-%m-%d
           %H:%M:%S%z' for an ISO 8601 (EN 28601) format, or just
           '%Y%m%dT%H%M%S' .

       -u username, --username=username
           Run as the named user.  If this option is not set, the default
           behaviour is to setuid() to the user running "spamc", if "spamd" is
           running as root.

           Note: "--username=root" is not a valid option.  If specified,
           "spamd" will exit with a fatal error on startup.

       -g groupname, --groupname=groupname

       --auth-ident
           Verify the username provided by spamc using ident.  This is only
           useful if connections are only allowed from trusted hosts (because
           an identd that lies is trivial to create) and if spamc REALLY
           SHOULD be running as the user it represents.  Connections are
           terminated immediately if authentication fails.  In this case,
           spamc will pass the mail through unchecked.  Failure to connect to
           an ident server, and response timeouts are considered
           authentication failures.  This requires that Net::Ident be
           installed.

       --ident-timeout=timeout
           Wait at most timeout seconds for a response to ident queries.
           Authentication that takes long that timeout seconds will fail, and
           mail will not be processed.  Setting this to 0.0 or less results in
           no timeout, which is STRONGLY discouraged.  The default is 5
           seconds.

       -A host,..., --allowed-ips=host,...
           Specify a list of authorized hosts or networks which can connect to
           this spamd instance. Single IP addresses can be given, ranges of IP
           addresses in address/masklength CIDR format, or ranges of IP
           addresses by listing 3 or less octets with a trailing dot.
           Hostnames are not supported, only IP addresses.  This option can be
           specified multiple times, or can take a list of addresses separated
           by commas.  Examples:

           -A 10.11.12.13 -- only allow connections from 10.11.12.13.

           -A 10.11.12.13,10.11.12.14 -- only allow connections from
           10.11.12.13 and 10.11.12.14.

           -A 10.200.300.0/24 -- allow connections from any machine in the
           range "10.200.300.*".

           -A 10. -- allow connections from any machine in the range
           "10.*.*.*".

           By default, connections are only accepted from localhost
           [127.0.0.1].

       -D [area,...], --debug [area,...]
           Produce debugging output. If no areas are listed, all debugging
           information is printed. Diagnostic output can also be enabled for
           each area individually; area is the area of the code to instrument.
           For example, to produce diagnostic output on bayes, learn, and dns,
           use:

                   spamassassin -D bayes,learn,dns

           Higher priority informational messages that are suitable for
           logging in normal circumstances are available with an area of
           "info".
           other network tests.  Works the same as the "-L" flag to
           spamassassin(1).

       -P, --paranoid
           Die on user errors (for the user passed from spamc) instead of
           falling back to user nobody and using the default configuration.

       -m number , --max-children=number
           This option specifies the maximum number of children to spawn.
           Spamd will spawn that number of children, then sleep in the
           background until a child dies, wherein it will go and spawn a new
           child.

           Incoming connections can still occur if all of the children are
           busy, however those connections will be queued waiting for a free
           child.  The minimum value is 1, the default value is 5.

           Please note that there is a OS specific maximum of connections that
           can be queued (Try "perl -MSocket -e'print SOMAXCONN'" to find this
           maximum).

           Note that if you run too many servers for the amount of free RAM
           available, you run the danger of hurting performance by causing a
           high swap load as server processes are swapped in and out
           continually.

       --min-children=number
           The minimum number of children that will be kept running.  The
           minimum value is 1, the default value is 1.  If you have lots of
           free RAM, you may want to increase this.

       --min-spare=number
           The lower limit for the number of spare children allowed to run.  A
           spare, or idle, child is one that is not handling a scan request.
           If there are too few spare children available, a new server will be
           started every second or so.  The default value is 1.

       --max-spare=number
           The upper limit for the number of spare children allowed to run.
           If there are too many spare children, one will be killed every
           second or so until the number of idle children is in the desired
           range.  The default value is 2.

       --max-conn-per-child=number
           This option specifies the maximum number of connections each child
           should process before dying and letting the master spamd process
           spawn a new child.  The minimum value is 1, the default value is
           200.

       --round-robin
           By default, "spamd" will attempt to keep a small number of "hot"
           child processes as busy as possible, and keep any others as idle as
           possible, using something similar to the Apache httpd server
           scaling algorithm.  This is accomplished by the master process
           This option specifies the number of seconds to wait for a spamd
           child to process or check a message.  The minimum value is 1, the
           default value is 300, and a value of 0 will disable child timeouts
           completely.

       -H directory, --helper-home-dir=directory
           Specify that external programs such as Razor, DCC, and Pyzor should
           have a HOME environment variable set to a specific directory.  The
           default is to use the HOME environment variable setting from the
           shell running spamd.  By specifying no argument, spamd will use the
           spamc caller's home directory instead.

       --ssl
           Accept only SSL connections on the associated port.  The
           IO::Socket::SSL perl module must be installed.

           If the --ssl switch is used, and --ssl-port is not supplied, then
           --port port will be used to accept SSL connections instead of
           unencrypted connections.  If the --ssl switch is used, and
           --ssl-port is set, then unencrypted connections will be accepted on
           the --port, at the same time as encrypted connections are accepted
           at --ssl-port.

       --ssl-port=port
           Optionally specifies the port number for the server to listen on
           for SSL connections (default: whatever --port uses).  See --ssl for
           more details.

       --ssl-version=sslversion
           Specify the SSL protocol version to use, one of sslv3 or tlsv1.
           The default, sslv3, is the most flexible, accepting a SSLv3 or
           higher hello handshake, then negotiating use of SSLv3 or TLSv1
           protocol if the client can accept it.  Specifying --ssl-version
           implies --ssl.

       --server-key keyfile
           Specify the SSL key file to use for SSL connections.

       --server-cert certfile
           Specify the SSL certificate file to use for SSL connections.

       --socketpath pathname
           Listen on UNIX domain path pathname instead of a TCP socket.

           Warning: the Perl support on BSD platforms for UNIX domain sockets
           seems to have a bug regarding paths of over 100 bytes or so
           (SpamAssassin bug 4380).  If you see a 'could not find newly-
           created UNIX socket' error message, and the path appears truncated,
           this may be the cause.  Try using a shorter path to the socket.

           By default, use of --socketpath will inhibit SSL connections and
           unencrypted TCP connections.  To enable them, specify --port and/or
           --ssl-port explicitly.

           "-u" is used, that user should have write permissions to unlink the
           file later, for when the "spamd" server is killed.

SEE ALSO
       spamc(1) spamassassin(1) Mail::SpamAssassin::Conf(3)
       Mail::SpamAssassin(3)

PREREQUISITES
       "Mail::SpamAssassin"

AUTHORS
       The SpamAssassin(tm) Project (http://spamassassin.apache.org/)

LICENSE
       SpamAssassin is distributed under the Apache License, Version 2.0, as
       described in the file "LICENSE" included with the distribution.



perl v5.14.2                      2015-01-28                         SPAMD(8p)
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