service - run a System V init script
service SCRIPT COMMAND [OPTIONS]
service --help | -h | --version
service runs a System V init script or upstart job in as predictable an
environment as possible, removing most environment variables and with
the current working directory set to /.
The SCRIPT parameter specifies a System V init script, located in
/etc/init.d/SCRIPT, or the name of an upstart job in /etc/init. The
existence of an upstart job of the same name as a script in /etc/init.d
will cause the upstart job to take precedence over the init.d script.
The supported values of COMMAND depend on the invoked script. service
passes COMMAND and OPTIONS to the init script unmodified. For upstart
jobs, start, stop, status, are passed through to their upstart equiva-
lents. Restart will call the upstart 'stop' for the job, followed imme-
diately by the 'start', and will exit with the return code of the start
command. All scripts should support at least the start and stop com-
mands. As a special case, if COMMAND is --full-restart, the script is
run twice, first with the stop command, then with the start command.
This option has no effect on upstart jobs.
service --status-all runs all init scripts, in alphabetical order, with
the status command. This option only calls status for sysvinit jobs,
upstart jobs can be queried in a similar manner with initctl list'.
service calls the init script and returns the status returned by it.
The directory containing System V init scripts.
The directory containing upstart jobs.
The only environment variables passed to the init scripts.
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