service

       service - run a System V init script


SYNOPSIS
       service SCRIPT COMMAND [OPTIONS]

       service --status-all

       service --help | -h | --version


DESCRIPTION
       service  runs  a  System V init script or upstart job in as predictable
       environment as possible, removing most environment variables  and  with
       current working directory set to /.

       The  SCRIPT  parameter  specifies  a  System  V init script, located in
       /etc/init.d/SCRIPT, or the name of an upstart  job  in  /etc/init.  The
       existence of an upstart job of the same name as a script in /etc/init.d
       will cause the upstart job to take precedence over the  init.d  script.
       The  supported  values of COMMAND depend on the invoked script, service
       passes COMMAND and OPTIONS to the init script unmodified.  For  upstart
       jobs,  start, stop, status, are passed through to their upstart equivi-
       lents. Restart will call the upstart 'stop' for the job, followed imme-
       diately by the 'start', and will exit with the return code of the start
       command.  All scripts should support at least the start and  stop  com-
       mands.   As a special case, if COMMAND is --full-restart, the script is
       run twice, first with the stop command, then with  the  start  command.
       This option has no effect on upstart jobs.

       service --status-all runs all init scripts, in alphabetical order, with
       the status command. This option only calls status  for  sysvinit  jobs,
       upstart jobs can be queried in a similar manner with initctl list'.


EXIT CODES
       service calls the init script and returns the status returned by it.


FILES
       /etc/init.d
              The directory containing System V init scripts.

       /etc/init
              The directory containing upstart jobs.


ENVIRONMENT
       LANG, TERM
              The only environment variables passed to the init scripts.


SEE ALSO
       /etc/init.d/skeleton,
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