service


service(8)                  System Manager's Manual                 service(8)

NAME
       service - run a System V init script

SYNOPSIS
       service SCRIPT COMMAND [OPTIONS]

       service --status-all

       service --help | -h | --version

DESCRIPTION
       service runs a System V init script or upstart job in as predictable an
       environment as possible, removing most environment variables  and  with
       the current working directory set to /.

       The  SCRIPT  parameter  specifies  a  System  V init script, located in
       /etc/init.d/SCRIPT, or the name of an upstart  job  in  /etc/init.  The
       existence of an upstart job of the same name as a script in /etc/init.d
       will cause the upstart job to take precedence over the  init.d  script.
       The  supported values of COMMAND depend on the invoked script.  service
       passes COMMAND and OPTIONS to the init script unmodified.  For  upstart
       jobs,  start,  stop,  status,  and  reload  are passed through to their
       upstart equivalents. Restart will call the upstart 'stop' for the  job,
       followed immediately by the 'start', and will exit with the return code
       of the start command.

       All scripts should support at least the start and stop commands.  As  a
       special  case,  if  COMMAND is --full-restart, the script is run twice,
       first with the stop command, then with the start command.  This  option
       has no effect on upstart jobs.

       service --status-all runs all init scripts, in alphabetical order, with
       the status command.  The status is [ + ] for running services,  [  -  ]
       for stopped services and [ ? ] for services without a 'status' command.
       This option only calls status for sysvinit jobs; upstart  jobs  can  be
       queried in a similar manner with initctl list.

EXIT CODES
       service calls the init script and returns the status returned by it.

FILES
       /etc/init.d
              The directory containing System V init scripts.

       /etc/init
              The directory containing upstart jobs.

ENVIRONMENT
       LANG, LANGUAGE, LC_CTYPE, LC_NUMERIC, LC_TIME, LC_COLLATE, LC_MONETARY,
       LC_MESSAGES, LC_PAPER, LC_NAME, LC_ADDRESS,  LC_TELEPHONE,  LC_MEASURE-
       MENT, LC_IDENTIFICATION, LC_ALL, TERM
              The only environment variables passed to the init scripts.

SEE ALSO
       /etc/init.d/skeleton,
       update-rc.d(8),
       init(8),
       invoke-rc.d(8).
       initctl(8).

                                   Jan 2006                         service(8)
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