service

SERVICE(8)                  System Manager's Manual                 SERVICE(8)

NAME
       service - run a System V init script

SYNOPSIS
       service SCRIPT COMMAND [OPTIONS]

       service --status-all

       service --help | -h | --version

DESCRIPTION
       service  runs  a System V init script or systemd unit in as predictable
       an environment as possible, removing  most  environment  variables  and
       with the current working directory set to /.

       The  SCRIPT  parameter  specifies  a  System  V init script, located in
       /etc/init.d/SCRIPT, or the name of a systemd unit. The existence  of  a
       systemd unit of the same name as a script in /etc/init.d will cause the
       unit to take precedence over the init.d script.  The  supported  values
       of  COMMAND  depend  on the invoked script. service passes COMMAND  and
       OPTIONS to the init script unmodified. For systemd units, start,  stop,
       status, and reload are passed through to their systemctl/initctl equiv-
       alents.

       All scripts should support at least the start and stop commands.  As  a
       special  case,  if  COMMAND is --full-restart, the script is run twice,
       first with the stop command, then with the start command.

       service --status-all runs all init scripts, in alphabetical order, with
       the status command. The status is [ + ] for running services, [ - ] for
       stopped services and [ ? ] for services without a status command.  This
       option only calls status for sysvinit jobs.

EXIT CODES
       service calls the init script and returns the status returned by it.

FILES
       /etc/init.d
              The directory containing System V init scripts.

       /{lib,run,etc}/systemd/system
              The directories containing systemd units.

ENVIRONMENT
       LANG, LANGUAGE, LC_CTYPE, LC_NUMERIC, LC_TIME, LC_COLLATE, LC_MONETARY,
       LC_MESSAGES, LC_PAPER, LC_NAME, LC_ADDRESS,  LC_TELEPHONE,  LC_MEASURE-
       MENT, LC_IDENTIFICATION, LC_ALL, TERM, PATH
              The only environment variables passed to the init scripts.

SEE ALSO
       /etc/init.d/skeleton
       update-rc.d(8)
       init(8)
       invoke-rc.d(8)
       systemctl(1)

AUTHOR
       Miloslav Trmac <mitr@redhat.com>, Petter Reinholdtsen <pere@hungry.com>

       Licence: GNU Public Licence v2 (GPLv2)

COPYRIGHT
       2006 Red Hat, Inc.,  Petter Reinholdtsen <pere@hungry.com>

Jan 206                                                             SERVICE(8)
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