mii-tool

MII-TOOL(8)           Linux System Administrator's Manual          MII-TOOL(8)

NAME
       mii-tool - view, manipulate media-independent interface status

SYNOPSIS
       mii-tool  [-v, --verbose] [-V, --version] [-R, --reset] [-r, --restart]
       [-w,   --watch]   [-l,   --log]   [-A,   --advertise=media,...]    [-F,
       --force=media] [-p, --phy=addr] interface ...

DESCRIPTION
       This  utility  checks or sets the status of a network interface's Media
       Independent Interface (MII) unit.  Most fast ethernet adapters  use  an
       MII to autonegotiate link speed and duplex setting.

       Most  intelligent  network  devices  use an autonegotiation protocol to
       communicate what media technologies they support, and then  select  the
       fastest  mutually  supported  media  technology.  The -A or --advertise
       options can be used to tell the MII to only advertise a subset  of  its
       capabilities.   Some  passive  devices,  such as single-speed hubs, are
       unable to autonegotiate.  To handle such devices, the MII protocol also
       allows  for establishing a link by simply detecting either a 10baseT or
       100baseT link beat.  The -F or --force options can be used to force the
       MII  to operate in one mode, instead of autonegotiating.  The -A and -F
       options are mutually exclusive.

       The default short output reports the negotiated  link  speed  and  link
       status for each interface.

OPTIONS
       -v, --verbose
              Display  more  detailed  MII status information.  If used twice,
              also display raw MII register contents.
              Alert: If used three times, will force reading  all  MII  regis-
              ters, including non standard ones. It's not guaranteed any valid
              answer from PHY while PHY communication  can  even  hang.   With
              driver e1000e will fail while reading register 0x07.

       -V, --version
              Display program version information.

       -R, --reset
              Reset the MII to its default configuration.

       -r, --restart
              Restart autonegotiation.

       -w, --watch
              Watch  interface(s)  and report changes in link status.  The MII
              interfaces are polled at one second intervals.

       -l, --log
              Used with -w, records link status  changes  in  the  system  log
              instead of printing on standard output.

       -F media, --force=media
              Disable  autonegotiation, and force the MII to either 100baseTx-
              FD, 100baseTx-HD, 10baseT-FD, or 10baseT-HD operation.

       -A media,..., --advertise=media,...
              Enable and restart autonegotiation, and advertise only the spec-
              ified media technologies.  Multiple technologies should be sepa-
              rated by  commas.   Valid  media  are  100baseT4,  100baseTx-FD,
              100baseTx-HD, 10baseT-FD, and 10baseT-HD.

       -p addr, --phy=addr
              Override the MII address provided by kernel with value addr.

DIAGNOSTICS
       SIOCGMIIPHY on 'eth?' failed: Invalid argument
              If  the  interface  is  not  running (up), kernel will refuse to
              report its link state.

       SIOCGMIIPHY on 'eth?' failed: Operation not permitted
              Most kernels restrict access to root.

       SIOCGMIIPHY on 'eth?' failed: No such device
              This error is shown, if the kernel does not know about the named
              device.

       SIOCGMIIPHY on 'eth?' failed: Operation not supported
              The  interface  in  question  does not support MII queries. Most
              likely, it does not have MII transceivers, at all.

AUTHORS
       David Hinds - dhinds@pcmcia.sourceforge.org
       Donald Becker - becker@scyld.com
       Bernd Eckenfels - net-tools@lina.inka.de

SEE ALSO
       http://net-tools.sourceforge.net - Homepage of the net-tools project

net-tools                         2013-02-15                       MII-TOOL(8)
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