LSBLK(8)                     System Administration                    LSBLK(8)

       lsblk - list block devices

       lsblk [options] [device...]

       lsblk  lists  information  about  all  available or the specified block
       devices.  The lsblk command reads the sysfs filesystem and udev  db  to
       gather information.

       The  command prints all block devices (except RAM disks) in a tree-like
       format by default.  Use lsblk --help to get a  list  of  all  available

       The  default  output,  as  well as the default output from options like
       --fs and --topology, is subject to change.  So whenever  possible,  you
       should  avoid using default outputs in your scripts.  Always explicitly
       define expected columns by using --output columns-list in  environments
       where a stable output is required.

       Note  that  lsblk might be executed in time when udev does not have all
       information about recently added or modified devices yet. In this  case
       it  is  recommended  to  use udevadm settle before lsblk to synchronize
       with udev.

       -a, --all
              Also list empty devices.  (By default they are skipped.)

       -b, --bytes
              Print the SIZE column in bytes rather than in  a  human-readable

       -D, --discard
              Print  information  about  the  discarding  capabilities  (TRIM,
              UNMAP) for each device.

       -d, --nodeps
              Do not print holder  devices  or  slaves.   For  example,  lsblk
              --nodeps /dev/sda prints information about the sda device only.

       -e, --exclude list
              Exclude  the  devices  specified  by the comma-separated list of
              major  device  numbers.   Note  that  RAM  disks  (major=1)  are
              excluded  by  default.   The  filter is applied to the top-level
              devices only.

       -f, --fs
              Output info about filesystems.  This  option  is  equivalent  to
              -o NAME,FSTYPE,LABEL,UUID,MOUNTPOINT.   The authoritative infor-
              mation about filesystems and raids is provided by  the  blkid(8)

       -h, --help
              Display help text and exit.

       -I, --include list
              Include  devices  specified by the comma-separated list of major
              device numbers.  The filter is applied to the top-level  devices

       -i, --ascii
              Use ASCII characters for tree formatting.

       -J, --json
              Use JSON output format.

       -l, --list
              Produce output in the form of a list.

       -m, --perms
              Output  info about device owner, group and mode.  This option is
              equivalent to -o NAME,SIZE,OWNER,GROUP,MODE.

       -n, --noheadings
              Do not print a header line.

       -o, --output list
              Specify which output columns to print.  Use --help to get a list
              of all supported columns.

              The default list of columns may be extended if list is specified
              in the format +list (e.g. lsblk -o +UUID).

       -O, --output-all
              Output all available columns.

       -P, --pairs
              Produce output in the form of  key="value"  pairs.   All  poten-
              tially unsafe characters are hex-escaped (\x<code>).

       -p, --paths
              Print full device paths.

       -r, --raw
              Produce output in raw format.  All potentially unsafe characters
              are hex-escaped (\x<code>) in the NAME, KNAME, LABEL,  PARTLABEL
              and MOUNTPOINT columns.

       -S, --scsi
              Output info about SCSI devices only.  All partitions, slaves and
              holder devices are ignored.

       -s, --inverse
              Print dependencies in inverse order.

       -t, --topology
              Output info about block-device topology.  This option is equiva-
              lent       to       -o NAME,ALIGNMENT,MIN-IO,OPT-IO,PHY-SEC,LOG-

       -V, --version
              Display version information and exit.

       -x, --sort column
              Sort output lines by output column.

       For partitions, some information (e.g. queue attributes)  is  inherited
       from the parent device.

       The  lsblk  command  needs  to  be able to look up each block device by
       major:minor numbers, which is done by using /sys/dev/block.  This sysfs
       block  directory  appeared in kernel 2.6.27 (October 2008).  In case of
       problems with a new enough kernel, check that CONFIG_SYSFS was  enabled
       at the time of the kernel build.

       0      success

       1      failure

       32     not found all specified devices

       64     some specified devices found, some not found

       Milan Broz <>
       Karel Zak <>

              enables libblkid debug output.

              enables libmount debug output.

              enables libsmartcols debug output.

       findmnt(8), blkid(8), ls(1)

       The  lsblk  command  is part of the util-linux package and is available

util-linux                       February 2013                        LSBLK(8)
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