LOSETUP(8)                   System Administration                  LOSETUP(8)

       losetup - set up and control loop devices

       Get info:

            losetup [loopdev]

            losetup -l [-a]

            losetup -j file [-o offset]

       Detach a loop device:

            losetup -d loopdev...

       Detach all associated loop devices:

            losetup -D

       Set up a loop device:

            losetup [-o offset] [--sizelimit size] [--sector-size size]
                    [-Pr] [--show] -f|loopdev file

       Resize a loop device:

            losetup -c loopdev

       losetup  is  used to associate loop devices with regular files or block
       devices, to detach loop devices, and to query the status of a loop  de-
       vice.   If only the loopdev argument is given, the status of the corre-
       sponding loop device is shown.  If no option is given, all loop devices
       are shown.

       Note that the old output format (i.e., losetup -a) with comma-delimited
       strings is deprecated in favour of the --list output format.

       It's possible to create more independent  loop  devices  for  the  same
       backing  file.   This setup may be dangerous, can cause data loss, cor-
       ruption and overwrites.  Use --nooverlap with --find  during  setup  to
       avoid this problem.

       The  size  and  offset  arguments may be followed by the multiplicative
       suffixes KiB (=1024), MiB (=1024*1024), and so on for  GiB,  TiB,  PiB,
       EiB,  ZiB and YiB (the "iB" is optional, e.g., "K" has the same meaning
       as "KiB") or the suffixes KB (=1000), MB (=1000*1000), and  so  on  for
       GB, TB, PB, EB, ZB and YB.

       -a, --all
              Show the status of all loop devices.  Note that not all informa-
              tion is accessible for non-root users.  See  also  --list.   The
              old output format (as printed without --list) is deprecated.

       -d, --detach loopdev...
              Detach the file or device associated with the specified loop de-
              vice(s). Note that since Linux v3.7 kernel uses "lazy device de-
              struction".   The  detach  operation does not return EBUSY error
              anymore if device is actively used by system, but it  is  marked
              by autoclear flag and destroyed later.

       -D, --detach-all
              Detach all associated loop devices.

       -f, --find [file]
              Find  the  first  unused  loop  device.   If  a file argument is
              present, use the found device as loop device.   Otherwise,  just
              print its name.

       --show Display  the  name  of the assigned loop device if the -f option
              and a file argument are present.

       -L, --nooverlap
              Check for conflicts between loop devices to avoid situation when
              the  same  backing  file is shared between more loop devices. If
              the file is already used by another device then re-use  the  de-
              vice  rather  than  a  new one. The option makes sense only with

       -j, --associated file [-o offset]
              Show the status of all loop devices associated  with  the  given

       -o, --offset offset
              The  data start is moved offset bytes into the specified file or
              device.  The offset may be followed by the  multiplicative  suf-
              fixes; see above.

       --sizelimit size
              The  data  end  is set to no more than size bytes after the data
              start.  The size may be followed by the multiplicative suffixes;
              see above.

       -b, --sector-size size
              Set  the  logical sector size of the loop device in bytes (since
              Linux 4.14). The option may be used when create a new  loop  de-
              vice as well as stand-alone command to modify sector size of the
              already existing loop device.

       -c, --set-capacity loopdev
              Force the loop driver to reread the size of the file  associated
              with the specified loop device.

       -P, --partscan
              Force  the kernel to scan the partition table on a newly created
              loop device.  Note that the partition table parsing  depends  on
              sector  sizes.   The default is sector size is 512 bytes, other-
              wise you need to use  the  option  --sector-size  together  with

       -r, --read-only
              Set up a read-only loop device.

              Enable or disable direct I/O for the backing file.  The optional
              argument can be either on or off.  If the argument  is  omitted,
              it defaults to on.

       -v, --verbose
              Verbose mode.

       -l, --list
              If  a  loop  device or the -a option is specified, print the de-
              fault columns for either the specified loop device or  all  loop
              devices;  the  default  is to print info about all devices.  See
              also --output, --noheadings, --raw, and --json.

       -O, --output column[,column]...
              Specify the columns that are to be printed for the  --list  out-
              put.  Use --help to get a list of all supported columns.

              Output all available columns.

       -n, --noheadings
              Don't print headings for --list output format.

       --raw  Use the raw --list output format.

       -J, --json
              Use JSON format for --list output.

       -V, --version
              Display version information and exit.

       -h, --help
              Display help text and exit.

       Cryptoloop  is  no longer supported in favor of dm-crypt.  For more de-
       tails see cryptsetup(8).

       losetup returns 0 on success, nonzero on failure.   When  losetup  dis-
       plays  the  status  of a loop device, it returns 1 if the device is not
       configured and 2 if an error occurred which prevented  determining  the
       status of the device.

              loop block devices

              loop control device

       The  following commands can be used as an example of using the loop de-

              # dd if=/dev/zero of=~/file.img bs=1024k count=10
              # losetup --find --show ~/file.img
              # mkfs -t ext2 /dev/loop0
              # mount /dev/loop0 /mnt
              # umount /dev/loop0
              # losetup --detach /dev/loop0

              enables debug output.

       Karel  Zak  <kzak@redhat.com>,  based  on  the  original  version  from
       Theodore Ts'o <tytso@athena.mit.edu>

       The  losetup command is part of the util-linux package and is available
       from https://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/util-linux/.

util-linux                       November 2015                      LOSETUP(8)
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