lnstat

       lnstat [options]

DESCRIPTION
       This manual page documents briefly the lnstat command.

       lnstat  is  a generalized and more feature-complete replacement for the
       old rtstat program. It is commonly used to periodically print a  selec-
       tion  of  statistical  values  exported  by the kernel.  In addition to
       routing cache statistics, it supports any kind of statistics the  linux
       kernel exports via a file in /proc/net/stat/.

       Each  file in /proc/net/stat/ contains a header line listing the column
       names.  These names are used by lnstat as keys for selecting which sta-
       tistics  to  print. For every CPU present in the system, a line follows
       which lists the actual values for each column of the file. lnstat  sums
       these  values  up  (which  in  fact are counters) before printing them.
       After each interval, only the difference to the last value is printed.

       Files and columns may be selected by using the -f and -k parameters. By
       default, all columns of all files are printed.

OPTIONS
       lnstat supports the following options.

       -h, --help
              Show summary of options.

       -V, --version
              Show version of program.

       -c, --count <count>
              Print <count> number of intervals.

       -d, --dump
              Dump list of available files/keys.

       -f, --file <file>
              Statistics  file  to  use,  may  be specified multiple times. By
              default all files in /proc/net/stat are scanned.

       -i, --interval <intv>
              Set interval to 'intv' seconds.

       -j, --json
              Display results in JSON format

       -k, --keys k,k,k,...
              Display  only  keys  specified.  Each  key  k  is  of  the  form
              [file:]key.  If <file> is given, the search for the given key is
              limited to that file. Otherwise the first  file  containing  the
              searched key is being used.

       -s, --subject [0-2]
              Specify  display  of subject/header. '0' means no header at all,

       # lnstat -i 10
              Use an interval of 10 seconds.

       # lnstat -f ip_conntrack
              Use only the specified file for statistics.

       # lnstat -s 0
              Do not print a header at all.

       # lnstat -s 20
              Print a header at start and every 20 lines.

       # lnstat -c -1 -i 1 -f rt_cache -k entries,in_hit,in_slow_tot
              Display  statistics  for keys entries, in_hit and in_slow_tot of
              field rt_cache every second.

FILES
       /proc/net/stat/arp_cache, /proc/net/stat/ndisc_cache
              Statistics around neighbor cache and ARP. arp_cache is for IPv4,
              ndisc_cache is the same for IPv6.

              entries Number of entries in the neighbor table.

              allocs How many neighbor entries have been allocated.

              destroys How many neighbor entries have been removed.

              hash_grows How often the neighbor (hash) table was increased.

              lookups How many lookups were performed.

              hits How many lookups were successful.

              res_failed How many neighbor lookups failed.

              rcv_probes_mcast  How many multicast neighbor solicitations were
              received. (IPv6 only.)

              rcv_probes_ucast How many unicast  neighbor  solicitations  were
              received. (IPv6 only.)

              periodic_gc_runs How many garbage collection runs were executed.

              forced_gc_runs How many forced garbage collection runs were exe-
              cuted. Happens when adding an entry and the table is too full.

              unresolved_discards How many neighbor table  entries  were  dis-
              carded due to lookup failure.

              table_fulls  Number of table overflows. Happens if table is full
              and forced GC run (see forced_gc_runs) has failed.

       /proc/net/stat/ip_conntrack, /proc/net/stat/nf_conntrack

              invalid Number of packets seen which can not be tracked.

              ignore  Number  of packets seen which are already connected to a
              conntrack entry.

              delete Number of conntrack entries which were removed.

              delete_list Number of conntrack entries which were put to  dying
              list.

              insert Number of entries inserted into the list.

              insert_failed  Number  of  entries  for which list insertion was
              attempted but failed (happens  if  the  same  entry  is  already
              present).

              drop  Number of packets dropped due to conntrack failure. Either
              new  conntrack  entry  allocation  failed,  or  protocol  helper
              dropped the packet.

              early_drop  Number of dropped conntrack entries to make room for
              new ones, if maximum table size was reached.

              icmp_error Number of packets wich could not be  tracked  due  to
              error situation. This is a subset of invalid.

              expect_new  Number  of conntrack entries added after an expecta-
              tion for them was already present.

              expect_create Number of expectations added.

              expect_delete Number of expectations deleted.

              search_restart Number of conntrack table lookups which had to be
              restarted due to hashtable resizes.

       /proc/net/stat/rt_cache
              Routing cache statistics.

              entries Number of entries in routing cache.

              in_hit  Number  of route cache hits for incoming packets. Depre-
              cated since IP route cache removal, therefore always zero.

              in_slow_tot Number of routing  cache  entries  added  for  input
              traffic.

              in_slow_mc  Number  of multicast routing cache entries added for
              input traffic.

              in_no_route Number of input packets for which no  routing  table
              entry was found.

              out_slow_mc  Number of multicast routing cache entries added for
              output traffic.

              gc_total Total number of  garbage  collection  runs.  Deprecated
              since IP route cache removal, therefore always zero.

              gc_ignored Number of ignored garbage collection runs due to min-
              imum GC interval not reached and routing cache not full.  Depre-
              cated since IP route cache removal, therefore always zero.

              gc_goal_miss Number of garbage collector goal misses. Deprecated
              since IP route cache removal, therefore always zero.

              gc_dst_overflow Number of destination  cache  overflows.  Depre-
              cated since IP route cache removal, therefore always zero.

              in_hlist_search  Number  of hash table list traversals for input
              traffic. Deprecated since  IP  route  cache  removal,  therefore
              always zero.

              out_hlist_search Number of hash table list traversals for output
              traffic. Deprecated since  IP  route  cache  removal,  therefore
              always zero.

SEE ALSO
       ip(8),  and  /usr/share/doc/iproute-doc/README.lnstat (package iproute-
       doc on Debian)

AUTHOR
       lnstat was written by Harald Welte <laforge@gnumonks.org>.

       This manual page was written by Michael Prokop <mika@grml.org> for  the
       Debian project (but may be used by others).

                                                                     LNSTAT(8)
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