GRPCK(8) System Management Commands GRPCK(8)
grpck - verify integrity of group files
grpck [options] [group [ shadow ]]
The grpck command verifies the integrity of the groups information. It
checks that all entries in /etc/group and /etc/gshadow have the proper
format and contain valid data. The user is prompted to delete entries
that are improperly formatted or which have other uncorrectable errors.
Checks are made to verify that each entry has:
o the correct number of fields
o a unique and valid group name
o a valid group identifier (/etc/group only)
o a valid list of members and administrators
o a corresponding entry in the /etc/gshadow file (respectively
/etc/group for the gshadow checks)
The checks for correct number of fields and unique group name are
fatal. If an entry has the wrong number of fields, the user will be
prompted to delete the entire line. If the user does not answer
affirmatively, all further checks are bypassed. An entry with a
duplicated group name is prompted for deletion, but the remaining
checks will still be made. All other errors are warnings and the user
is encouraged to run the groupmod command to correct the error.
The commands which operate on the /etc/group and /etc/gshadow files are
not able to alter corrupted or duplicated entries. grpck should be
used in those circumstances to remove the offending entries.
The -r and -s options cannot be combined.
The options which apply to the grpck command are:
Display help message and exit.
Execute the grpck command in read-only mode. This causes all
questions regarding changes to be answered no without user
-R, --root CHROOT_DIR
Apply changes in the CHROOT_DIR directory and use the configuration
files from the CHROOT_DIR directory.
Sort entries in /etc/group and /etc/gshadow by GID.
By default, grpck operates on /etc/group and /etc/gshadow. The user may
select alternate files with the group and shadow parameters.
The following configuration variables in /etc/login.defs change the
behavior of this tool:
Maximum members per group entry. When the maximum is reached, a new
group entry (line) is started in /etc/group (with the same name,
same password, and same GID).
The default value is 0, meaning that there are no limits in the
number of members in a group.
This feature (split group) permits to limit the length of lines in
the group file. This is useful to make sure that lines for NIS
groups are not larger than 1024 characters.
If you need to enforce such limit, you can use 25.
Note: split groups may not be supported by all tools (even in the
Shadow toolsuite). You should not use this variable unless you
really need it.
Group account information.
Secure group account information.
User account information.
The grpck command exits with the following values:
invalid command syntax
one or more bad group entries
can't open group files
can't lock group files
can't update group files
group(5), groupmod(8), gshadow(5), passwd(5), pwck(8), shadow(5).
shadow-utils 4.5 03/14/2022 GRPCK(8)
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