APACHE2(8)                          apache2                         APACHE2(8)

       apache2 - Apache Hypertext Transfer Protocol Server

       apache2 [ -d serverroot ] [ -f config ] [ -C directive ] [ -c directive
       ] [ -D parameter ] [ -e level ] [ -E file ] [  -k  start|restart|grace-
       ful|stop|graceful-stop ] [ -R directory ] [ -h ] [ -l ] [ -L ] [ -S ] [
       -t ] [ -v ] [ -V ] [ -X ] [ -M ]

       apache2 is the Apache HyperText Transfer Protocol  (HTTP)  server  pro-
       gram.  It  is  designed  to be run as a standalone daemon process. When
       used like this it will create a pool of child processes or  threads  to
       handle requests.

       In  general,  apache2 should not be invoked directly, but rather should
       be invoked via /etc/init.d/apache2 or apache2ctl.  The  default  Debian
       configuration  requires  environment  variables  that  are  defined  in
       /etc/apache2/envvars and  are  not  available  if  apache2  is  started
       directly.   However, apache2ctl can be used to pass arbitrary arguments
       to apache2.

       The full documentation is available in the apache2-doc  package  or  at
       http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/  .  Information about Debian specific
       changes      and      configuration      can      be      found      in
       /usr/share/doc/apache2/README.Debian.gz .

       -d serverroot
              Set  the  initial  value for the ServerRoot directive to server-
              root. This can be overridden by the ServerRoot directive in  the
              configuration file.

       -f config
              Uses  the  directives  in  the file config on startup. If config
              does not begin with a /, then it is taken to be a path  relative
              to the ServerRoot. The default is /etc/apache2/apache2.conf.

       -k start|restart|graceful|stop|graceful-stop
              Signals  apache2 to start, restart, or stop. See Stopping Apache
              for more information.

       -C directive
              Process the configuration directive before reading config files.

       -c directive
              Process the configuration directive after reading config files.

       -D parameter
              Sets a configuration parameter which can be used with <IfDefine>
              sections  in  the  configuration  files to conditionally skip or
              process commands at server startup and restart.

       -e level
              Sets the LogLevel to level during server startup. This is useful
              for  temporarily  increasing the verbosity of the error messages
              to find problems during startup.

       -E file
              Send error messages during server startup to file.

       -R directory
              When the server is compiled using  the  SHARED_CORE  rule,  this
              specifies the directory for the shared object files.

       -h     Output a short summary of available command line options.

       -l     Output a list of modules compiled into the server. This will not
              list dynamically loaded modules included  using  the  LoadModule

       -L     Output a list of directives together with expected arguments and
              places where the directive is valid.

       -M     Dump a list of loaded Static and Shared Modules.

       -S     Show the settings as parsed from the config file (currently only
              shows the virtualhost settings).

       -t     Run syntax tests for configuration files only. The program imme-
              diately exits after these syntax parsing  tests  with  either  a
              return code of 0 (Syntax OK) or return code not equal to 0 (Syn-
              tax Error). If -D DUMP_VHOSTS is also set, details of  the  vir-
              tual  host configuration will be printed. If -D DUMP_MODULES  is
              set, all loaded modules will be printed.

       -v     Print the version of apache2, and then exit.

       -V     Print the version and build  parameters  of  apache2,  and  then

       -X     Run  apache2  in debug mode. Only one worker will be started and
              the server will not detach from the console.

       apache2ctl(8), /usr/share/doc/apache2/README.Debian.gz

Apache HTTP Server                2008-04-05                        APACHE2(8)
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