During WordNet development synsets are organized into forty-five lexi-
cographer files based on syntactic category and logical groupings.
grind(1WN) processes these files and produces a database suitable for
use with the WordNet library, interface code, and other applications.
The format of the lexicographer files is described in wninput(5WN).
A file number corresponds to each lexicographer file. File numbers are
encoded in several parts of the WordNet system as an efficient way to
indicate a lexicographer file name. The file lexnames lists the map-
ping between file names and numbers, and can be used by programs or end
users to correlate the two.
Each line in lexnames contains 3 tab separated fields, and is termi-
nated with a newline character. The first field is the two digit deci-
mal integer file number. (The first file in the list is numbered 00.)
The second field is the name of the lexicographer file that is repre-
sented by that number, and the third field is an integer that indicates
the syntactic category of the synsets contained in the file. This is
simply a shortcut for programs and scripts, since the syntactic cate-
gory is also part of the lexicographer file's name.
The syntactic category field is encoded as follows:
The names of the lexicographer files and their corresponding file num-
bers are listed below along with a brief description each file's con-
File Number Name Contents
00 adj.all all adjective clusters
01 adj.pert relational adjectives (pertainyms)
02 adv.all all adverbs
03 noun.Tops unique beginner for nouns
04 noun.act nouns denoting acts or actions
05 noun.animal nouns denoting animals
06 noun.artifact nouns denoting man-made objects
07 noun.attribute nouns denoting attributes of people and objects
08 noun.body nouns denoting body parts
09 noun.cognition nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents
10 noun.communication nouns denoting communicative processes and contents
11 noun.event nouns denoting natural events
12 noun.feeling nouns denoting feelings and emotions
13 noun.food nouns denoting foods and drinks
25 noun.shape nouns denoting two and three dimensional shapes
26 noun.state nouns denoting stable states of affairs
27 noun.substance nouns denoting substances
28 noun.time nouns denoting time and temporal relations
29 verb.body verbs of grooming, dressing and bodily care
30 verb.change verbs of size, temperature change, intensifying, etc.
31 verb.cognition verbs of thinking, judging, analyzing, doubting
32 verb.communication verbs of telling, asking, ordering, singing
33 verb.competition verbs of fighting, athletic activities
34 verb.consumption verbs of eating and drinking
35 verb.contact verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging
36 verb.creation verbs of sewing, baking, painting, performing
37 verb.emotion verbs of feeling
38 verb.motion verbs of walking, flying, swimming
39 verb.perception verbs of seeing, hearing, feeling
40 verb.possession verbs of buying, selling, owning
41 verb.social verbs of political and social activities and events
42 verb.stative verbs of being, having, spatial relations
43 verb.weather verbs of raining, snowing, thawing, thundering
44 adj.ppl participial adjectives
The lexicographer files are not included in the WordNet database pack-
ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES (UNIX)
WNHOME Base directory for WordNet. Default is
WNSEARCHDIR Directory in which the WordNet database has been
installed. Default is WNHOME/dict.
Base directory for WordNet. Default is C:\Pro-
lexnames list of lexicographer file names and numbers
grind(1WN), wnintro(5WN), wndb(5WN), wninput(5WN).
WordNet 3.0 Dec 2006 LEXNAMES(5WN)
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