ungetc

       strings

SYNOPSIS
       #include <stdio.h>

       int fgetc(FILE *stream);

       char *fgets(char *s, int size, FILE *stream);

       int getc(FILE *stream);

       int getchar(void);

       char *gets(char *s);

       int ungetc(int c, FILE *stream);

DESCRIPTION
       fgetc() reads the next character from  stream  and  returns  it  as  an
       unsigned char cast to an int, or EOF on end of file or error.

       getc()  is equivalent to fgetc() except that it may be implemented as a
       macro which evaluates stream more than once.

       getchar() is equivalent to getc(stdin).

       gets() reads a line from stdin into the buffer pointed to  by  s  until
       either a terminating newline or EOF, which it replaces with a null byte
       ('\0').  No check for buffer overrun is performed (see BUGS below).

       fgets() reads in at most one less than size characters from stream  and
       stores  them  into  the buffer pointed to by s.  Reading stops after an
       EOF or a newline.  If a newline is read, it is stored into the  buffer.
       A  terminating  null  byte ('\0') is stored after the last character in
       the buffer.

       ungetc() pushes c back to stream, cast to unsigned char,  where  it  is
       available  for subsequent read operations.  Pushed-back characters will
       be returned in reverse order; only one pushback is guaranteed.

       Calls to the functions described here can be mixed with each other  and
       with calls to other input functions from the stdio library for the same
       input stream.

       For nonlocking counterparts, see unlocked_stdio(3).

RETURN VALUE
       fgetc(), getc() and getchar() return the character read as an  unsigned
       char cast to an int or EOF on end of file or error.

       gets()  and  fgets() return s on success, and NULL on error or when end
       of file occurs while no characters have been read.

       ungetc() returns c on success, or EOF on error.
       It  is  not  advisable  to  mix calls to input functions from the stdio
       library with low-level calls to read(2) for the file descriptor associ-
       ated  with  the  input  stream;  the results will be undefined and very
       probably not what you want.

SEE ALSO
       read(2), write(2), ferror(3), fgetwc(3), fgetws(3), fopen(3), fread(3),
       fseek(3),   getline(3),  getwchar(3),  puts(3),  scanf(3),  ungetwc(3),
       unlocked_stdio(3)

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 3.35 of the Linux  man-pages  project.   A
       description  of  the project, and information about reporting bugs, can
       be found at http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/.



GNU                               2011-09-28                           GETS(3)
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