ttyslot


SYNOPSIS
       #include <unistd.h>    /* on BSD-like systems, and Linux */
       #include <stdlib.h>    /* on System V-like systems */

       int ttyslot(void);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       ttyslot():
           _BSD_SOURCE ||
           _XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE_ < 500 && _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED

DESCRIPTION
       The  legacy  function ttyslot() returns the index of the current user's
       entry in some file.

       Now "What file?" you ask.  Well, let's first look at some history.

   Ancient History
       There used to be a file /etc/ttys in UNIX V6,  that  was  read  by  the
       init(8)  program  to find out what to do with each terminal line.  Each
       line consisted of three characters.  The first character was either '0'
       or  '1',  where  '0'  meant "ignore".  The second character denoted the
       terminal: '8' stood for "/dev/tty8".  The third character was an  argu-
       ment  to  getty(8)  indicating  the sequence of line speeds to try ('-'
       was: start trying 110 baud).  Thus a typical line was "18-".  A hang on
       some  line  was  solved  by  changing the '1' to a '0', signaling init,
       changing back again, and signaling init again.

       In UNIX V7 the format was changed: here the second  character  was  the
       argument to getty(8) indicating the sequence of line speeds to try ('0'
       was: cycle through 300-1200-150-110 baud; '4' was for the on-line  con-
       sole  DECwriter)  while  the rest of the line contained the name of the
       tty.  Thus a typical line was "14console".

       Later systems have more elaborate syntax.  System V-like  systems  have
       /etc/inittab instead.

   Ancient History (2)
       On  the other hand, there is the file /etc/utmp listing the people cur-
       rently logged in.  It is maintained by login(1).  It has a fixed  size,
       and  the appropriate index in the file was determined by login(1) using
       the ttyslot() call to find the number of the line in /etc/ttys  (count-
       ing from 1).

   The semantics of ttyslot
       Thus,  the function ttyslot() returns the index of the controlling ter-
       minal of the calling process in the file /etc/ttys, and that  is  (usu-
       ally)  the  same  as the index of the entry for the current user in the
       file /etc/utmp.  BSD still has the /etc/ttys file,  but  System  V-like
       systems  do  not,  and hence cannot refer to it.  Thus, on such systems
       the documentation says that ttyslot() returns the current user's  index
       in the user accounting data base.
       The  utmp  file  is  found  various  places on various systems, such as
       /etc/utmp, /var/adm/utmp, /var/run/utmp.

       The glibc2 implementation of this function reads the  file  _PATH_TTYS,
       defined  in  <ttyent.h>  as "/etc/ttys".  It returns 0 on error.  Since
       Linux systems do not usually have "/etc/ttys", it will always return 0.

       Minix also has fttyslot(fd).

SEE ALSO
       getttyent(3), ttyname(3), utmp(5)

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 3.35 of the Linux  man-pages  project.   A
       description  of  the project, and information about reporting bugs, can
       be found at http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/.



GNU                               2010-09-20                        TTYSLOT(3)
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