RECNO(3)                   Linux Programmer's Manual                  RECNO(3)

       recno - record number database access method

       #include <sys/types.h>
       #include <db.h>

       Note  well:  This  page documents interfaces provided in glibc up until
       version 2.1.  Since version 2.2, glibc no longer provides these  inter-
       faces.   Probably,  you  are looking for the APIs provided by the libdb
       library instead.

       The routine dbopen(3) is the library interface to database files.   One
       of  the supported file formats is record number files.  The general de-
       scription of the database access methods is in dbopen(3),  this  manual
       page describes only the recno-specific information.

       The  record  number  data  structure is either variable or fixed-length
       records stored in a flat-file format, accessed by  the  logical  record
       number.   The  existence of record number five implies the existence of
       records one through four, and the deletion of record number one  causes
       record  number  five to be renumbered to record number four, as well as
       the cursor, if positioned after record number one, to  shift  down  one

       The  recno  access-method-specific data structure provided to dbopen(3)
       is defined in the <db.h> include file as follows:

           typedef struct {
               unsigned long flags;
               unsigned int  cachesize;
               unsigned int  psize;
               int           lorder;
               size_t        reclen;
               unsigned char bval;
               char         *bfname;
           } RECNOINFO;

       The elements of this structure are defined as follows:

       flags  The flag value is specified by ORing any of the  following  val-

                     The  records  are  fixed-length, not byte delimited.  The
                     structure element reclen  specifies  the  length  of  the
                     record, and the structure element bval is used as the pad
                     character.  Any records, inserted into the database, that
                     are less than reclen bytes long are automatically padded.

                     In  the  interface specified by dbopen(3), the sequential
                     record retrieval fills in both the caller's key and  data
                     structures.  If the R_NOKEY flag is specified, the cursor
                     routines are not required to fill in the  key  structure.
                     This  permits applications to retrieve records at the end
                     of files without reading all of the intervening records.

                     This flag requires that a snapshot of the file  be  taken
                     when  dbopen(3)  is called, instead of permitting any un-
                     modified records to be read from the original file.

              A suggested maximum size, in bytes, of the memory  cache.   This
              value is only advisory, and the access method will allocate more
              memory rather than fail.  If cachesize is  0 (no size is  speci-
              fied), a default cache is used.

       psize  The  recno  access  method  stores  the  in-memory copies of its
              records in a btree.  This value is the size (in  bytes)  of  the
              pages  used for nodes in that tree.  If psize is 0 (no page size
              is specified), a page size is chosen  based  on  the  underlying
              filesystem I/O block size.  See btree(3) for more information.

       lorder The  byte  order  for  integers in the stored database metadata.
              The number should represent the order as an integer;  for  exam-
              ple, big endian order would be the number 4,321.  If lorder is 0
              (no order is specified), the current host order is used.

       reclen The length of a fixed-length record.

       bval   The delimiting byte to be used to mark the end of a  record  for
              variable-length  records, and the pad character for fixed-length
              records.  If no value is specified, newlines ("\n") are used  to
              mark the end of variable-length records and fixed-length records
              are padded with spaces.

       bfname The recno access method  stores  the  in-memory  copies  of  its
              records  in  a  btree.   If bfname is non-NULL, it specifies the
              name of the btree file, as if specified as the  filename  for  a
              dbopen(3) of a btree file.

       The  data  part of the key/data pair used by the recno access method is
       the same as other access methods.  The  key  is  different.   The  data
       field  of  the  key  should  be  a pointer to a memory location of type
       recno_t, as defined in the <db.h> include file.  This type is  normally
       the  largest  unsigned  integral  type available to the implementation.
       The size field of the key should be the size of that type.

       Because there can be no metadata associated with the  underlying  recno
       access  method  files,  any  changes  made to the default values (e.g.,
       fixed record length or byte separator value) must be explicitly  speci-
       fied each time the file is opened.

       In  the  interface  specified  by dbopen(3), using the put interface to
       create a new record will cause the creation of multiple, empty  records
       if  the  record number is more than one greater than the largest record
       currently in the database.

       The recno access method routines may fail and set errno for any of  the
       errors specified for the library routine dbopen(3) or the following:

       EINVAL An  attempt  was made to add a record to a fixed-length database
              that was too large to fit.

       Only big and little endian byte order is supported.

       btree(3), dbopen(3), hash(3), mpool(3)

       Document Processing in a Relational  Database  System,  Michael  Stone-
       braker,  Heidi  Stettner,  Joseph Kalash, Antonin Guttman, Nadene Lynn,
       Memorandum No. UCB/ERL M82/32, May 1982.

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4.4 Berkeley Distribution         2017-09-15                          RECNO(3)
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