READDIR_R(3) Linux Programmer's Manual READDIR_R(3)
readdir_r - read a directory
int readdir_r(DIR *dirp, struct dirent *entry, struct dirent **result);
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
|| /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE
This function is deprecated; use readdir(3) instead.
The readdir_r() function was invented as a reentrant version of read-
dir(3). It reads the next directory entry from the directory stream
dirp, and returns it in the caller-allocated buffer pointed to by
entry. For details of the dirent structure, see readdir(3).
A pointer to the returned buffer is placed in *result; if the end of
the directory stream was encountered, then NULL is instead returned in
It is recommended that applications use readdir(3) instead of read-
dir_r(). Furthermore, since version 2.24, glibc deprecates read-
dir_r(). The reasons are as follows:
* On systems where NAME_MAX is undefined, calling readdir_r() may be
unsafe because the interface does not allow the caller to specify
the length of the buffer used for the returned directory entry.
* On some systems, readdir_r() can't read directory entries with very
long names. When the glibc implementation encounters such a name,
readdir_r() fails with the error ENAMETOOLONG after the final direc-
tory entry has been read. On some other systems, readdir_r() may
return a success status, but the returned d_name field may not be
null terminated or may be truncated.
* In the current POSIX.1 specification (POSIX.1-2008), readdir(3) is
not required to be thread-safe. However, in modern implementations
(including the glibc implementation), concurrent calls to readdir(3)
that specify different directory streams are thread-safe. There-
fore, the use of readdir_r() is generally unnecessary in multi-
threaded programs. In cases where multiple threads must read from
the same directory stream, using readdir(3) with external synchro-
nization is still preferable to the use of readdir_r(), for the rea-
sons given in the points above.
* It is expected that a future version of POSIX.1 will make read-
dir_r() obsolete, and require that readdir(3) be thread-safe when
concurrently employed on different directory streams.
The readdir_r() function returns 0 on success. On error, it returns a
positive error number (listed under ERRORS). If the end of the direc-
tory stream is reached, readdir_r() returns 0, and returns NULL in
EBADF Invalid directory stream descriptor dirp.
A directory entry whose name was too long to be read was encoun-
For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see
|Interface | Attribute | Value |
|readdir_r() | Thread safety | MT-Safe |
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