pvalloc

SYNOPSIS
       #include <stdlib.h>

       int posix_memalign(void **memptr, size_t alignment, size_t size);
       void *aligned_alloc(size_t alignment, size_t size);
       void *valloc(size_t size);

       #include <malloc.h>

       void *memalign(size_t alignment, size_t size);
       void *pvalloc(size_t size);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       posix_memalign(): _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600

       aligned_alloc(): _ISOC11_SOURCE

       valloc():
           Since glibc 2.12:
               _BSD_SOURCE ||
                   (_XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 ||
                       _XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED) &&
                   !(_POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600)
           Before glibc 2.12:
               _BSD_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 ||
               _XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED
               (The (nonstandard) header file <malloc.h> also exposes the dec-
               laration of valloc(); no feature test macros are required.)

DESCRIPTION
       The function posix_memalign()  allocates  size  bytes  and  places  the
       address  of  the allocated memory in *memptr.  The address of the allo-
       cated memory will be a multiple of alignment, which must be a power  of
       two  and  a  multiple  of sizeof(void *).  If size is 0, then the value
       placed in *memptr is either NULL, or a unique pointer  value  that  can
       later be successfully passed to free(3).

       The  obsolete  function  memalign()  allocates size bytes and returns a
       pointer to the allocated memory.  The memory address will be a multiple
       of alignment, which must be a power of two.

       The  function aligned_alloc() is the same as memalign(), except for the
       added restriction that size should be a multiple of alignment.

       The obsolete function valloc()  allocates  size  bytes  and  returns  a
       pointer to the allocated memory.  The memory address will be a multiple
       of the page  size.   It  is  equivalent  to  memalign(sysconf(_SC_PAGE-
       SIZE),size).

       The  obsolete function pvalloc() is similar to valloc(), but rounds the
       size of the allocation up to the next multiple of the system page size.

       For all of these functions, the memory is not zeroed.

       ENOMEM There was insufficient memory to fulfill the allocation request.

VERSIONS
       The functions memalign(), valloc(), and pvalloc() have  been  available
       in all Linux libc libraries.

       The function aligned_alloc() was added to glibc in version 2.16.

       The function posix_memalign() is available since glibc 2.1.91.

ATTRIBUTES
       For   an   explanation   of   the  terms  used  in  this  section,  see
       attributes(7).

       +-----------------+---------------+----------------+
       |Interface        | Attribute     | Value          |
       +-----------------+---------------+----------------+
       |aligned_alloc(), | Thread safety | MT-Safe        |
       |memalign(),      |               |                |
       |posix_memalign() |               |                |
       +-----------------+---------------+----------------+
       |valloc(),        | Thread safety | MT-Unsafe init |
       |pvalloc()        |               |                |
       +-----------------+---------------+----------------+

CONFORMING TO
       The function valloc() appeared in 3.0BSD.  It is  documented  as  being
       obsolete  in  4.3BSD,  and  as  legacy in SUSv2.  It does not appear in
       POSIX.1.

       The function pvalloc() is a GNU extension.

       The function memalign() appears in SunOS 4.1.3 but not in 4.4BSD.

       The function posix_memalign() comes from POSIX.1d and is  specified  in
       POSIX.1-2001 and POSIX.1-2008.

       The function aligned_alloc() is specified in the C11 standard.

   Headers
       Everybody agrees that posix_memalign() is declared in <stdlib.h>.

       On  some  systems memalign() is declared in <stdlib.h> instead of <mal-
       loc.h>.

       According to SUSv2, valloc() is declared in  <stdlib.h>.   Libc4,5  and
       glibc declare it in <malloc.h>, and also in <stdlib.h> if suitable fea-
       ture test macros are defined (see above).

NOTES
       On many systems there are alignment restrictions, for example, on  buf-
       fers  used  for  direct  block  device  I/O.  POSIX specifies the path-
       conf(path,_PC_REC_XFER_ALIGN) call that tells what alignment is needed.
       reclaimed with free(3).

       The  glibc malloc(3) always returns 8-byte aligned memory addresses, so
       these functions are needed only if you require larger alignment values.

SEE ALSO
       brk(2), getpagesize(2), free(3), malloc(3)

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 4.04 of the Linux  man-pages  project.   A
       description  of  the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
       latest    version    of    this    page,    can     be     found     at
       http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

GNU                               2015-08-08                 POSIX_MEMALIGN(3)
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