pthread_sigmask

       #include <signal.h>

       int pthread_sigmask(int how, const sigset_t *set, sigset_t *oldset);

       Compile and link with -pthread.

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       pthread_sigmask():
           _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 199506L || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500

DESCRIPTION
       The  pthread_sigmask()  function  is just like sigprocmask(2), with the
       difference that its use in multithreaded programs is explicitly  speci-
       fied by POSIX.1.  Other differences are noted in this page.

       For  a description of the arguments and operation of this function, see
       sigprocmask(2).

RETURN VALUE
       On success, pthread_sigmask() returns 0; on error, it returns an  error
       number.

ERRORS
       See sigprocmask(2).

ATTRIBUTES
       For   an   explanation   of   the  terms  used  in  this  section,  see
       attributes(7).

       +------------------+---------------+---------+
       |Interface         | Attribute     | Value   |
       +------------------+---------------+---------+
       |pthread_sigmask() | Thread safety | MT-Safe |
       +------------------+---------------+---------+
CONFORMING TO
       POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008.

NOTES
       A new thread inherits a copy of its creator's signal mask.

       The glibc pthread_sigmask() function silently ignores attempts to block
       the  two real-time signals that are used internally by the NPTL thread-
       ing implementation.  See nptl(7) for details.

EXAMPLE
       The program below blocks some signals in the main thread, and then cre-
       ates  a  dedicated  thread  to fetch those signals via sigwait(3).  The
       following shell session demonstrates its use:

           $ ./a.out &
           [1] 5423
           $ kill -QUIT %1
           Signal handling thread got signal 3

       #include <errno.h>

       /* Simple error handling functions */

       #define handle_error_en(en, msg) \
               do { errno = en; perror(msg); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } while (0)

       static void *
       sig_thread(void *arg)
       {
           sigset_t *set = arg;
           int s, sig;

           for (;;) {
               s = sigwait(set, &sig);
               if (s != 0)
                   handle_error_en(s, "sigwait");
               printf("Signal handling thread got signal %d\n", sig);
           }
       }

       int
       main(int argc, char *argv[])
       {
           pthread_t thread;
           sigset_t set;
           int s;

           /* Block SIGQUIT and SIGUSR1; other threads created by main()
              will inherit a copy of the signal mask. */

           sigemptyset(&set);
           sigaddset(&set, SIGQUIT);
           sigaddset(&set, SIGUSR1);
           s = pthread_sigmask(SIG_BLOCK, &set, NULL);
           if (s != 0)
               handle_error_en(s, "pthread_sigmask");

           s = pthread_create(&thread, NULL, &sig_thread, (void *) &set);
           if (s != 0)
               handle_error_en(s, "pthread_create");

           /* Main thread carries on to create other threads and/or do
              other work */

           pause();            /* Dummy pause so we can test program */
       }

SEE ALSO
       sigaction(2),   sigpending(2),    sigprocmask(2),    pthread_create(3),
       pthread_kill(3), sigsetops(3), pthreads(7), signal(7)

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