pthread_mutexattr_getrobust,  pthread_mutexattr_setrobust - get and set
       the robustness attribute of a mutex attributes object

       #include <pthread.h>

       int pthread_mutexattr_getrobust(const pthread_mutexattr_t *attr,
                                       int *robustness);
       int pthread_mutexattr_setrobust(const pthread_mutexattr_t *attr,
                                       int robustness);

       Compile and link with -pthread.

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       pthread_mutexattr_getrobust(), pthread_mutexattr_setrobust():
           _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200809L

       The pthread_mutexattr_getrobust() function places the value of the  ro-
       bustness  attribute  of the mutex attributes object referred to by attr
       in *robustness.  The pthread_mutexattr_setrobust()  function  sets  the
       value  of  the  robustness attribute of the mutex attributes object re-
       ferred to by attr to the value specified in *robustness.

       The robustness attribute specifies the behavior of the mutex  when  the
       owning  thread  dies without unlocking the mutex.  The following values
       are valid for robustness:

              This is the default value for a mutex attributes object.   If  a
              mutex  is  initialized  with the PTHREAD_MUTEX_STALLED attribute
              and its owner dies  without  unlocking  it,  the  mutex  remains
              locked  afterwards  and  any future attempts to call pthread_mu-
              tex_lock(3) on the mutex will block indefinitely.

              If a mutex is initialized with the  PTHREAD_MUTEX_ROBUST  attri-
              bute  and  its  owner  dies without unlocking it, any future at-
              tempts to call pthread_mutex_lock(3) on this mutex will  succeed
              and  return  EOWNERDEAD  to  indicate that the original owner no
              longer exists and the mutex is in an inconsistent  state.   Usu-
              ally  after  EOWNERDEAD  is returned, the next owner should call
              pthread_mutex_consistent(3) on the acquired  mutex  to  make  it
              consistent again before using it any further.

              If  the  next  owner  unlocks  the mutex using pthread_mutex_un-
              lock(3) before making it consistent, the mutex  will  be  perma-
              nently  unusable  and  any  subsequent attempts to lock it using
              pthread_mutex_lock(3) will fail with the error  ENOTRECOVERABLE.
              The  only  permitted  operation  on  such a mutex is pthread_mu-

              If the next owner terminates before  calling  pthread_mutex_con-
              sistent(3), further pthread_mutex_lock(3) operations on this mu-
              tex will still return EOWNERDEAD.

       Note  that  the  attr  argument  of  pthread_mutexattr_getrobust()  and
       pthread_mutexattr_setrobust() should refer to a mutex attributes object
       that was initialized by pthread_mutexattr_init(3), otherwise the behav-
       ior is undefined.

       On success, these functions return 0.  On error, they return a positive
       error number.

       In the glibc implementation, pthread_mutexattr_getrobust()  always  re-
       turn zero.

              was passed to pthread_mutexattr_setrobust().

       pthread_mutexattr_getrobust()  and  pthread_mutexattr_setrobust()  were
       added to glibc in version 2.12.


       In  the Linux implementation, when using process-shared robust mutexes,
       a waiting thread also receives the EOWNERDEAD notification if the owner
       of a robust mutex performs an execve(2) without first unlocking the mu-
       tex.  POSIX.1 does not specify this detail, but the same behavior  also
       occurs in at least some other implementations.

       Before the addition of pthread_mutexattr_getrobust() and pthread_mutex-
       attr_setrobust() to POSIX, glibc defined the following equivalent  non-
       standard functions if _GNU_SOURCE was defined:

       int pthread_mutexattr_getrobust_np(const pthread_mutexattr_t *attr,
                                          int *robustness);
       int pthread_mutexattr_setrobust_np(const pthread_mutexattr_t *attr,
                                          int robustness);

       Correspondingly, the constants PTHREAD_MUTEX_STALLED_NP and PTHREAD_MU-
       TEX_ROBUST_NP were also defined.

       These GNU-specific APIs, which first appeared in glibc 2.4,  are  nowa-
       days obsolete and should not be used in new programs.

       The program below demonstrates the use of the robustness attribute of a
       mutex attributes object.  In this program, a thread holding  the  mutex
       dies  prematurely  without unlocking the mutex.  The main thread subse-
       quently acquires the mutex successfully and gets the error  EOWNERDEAD,
       after which it makes the mutex consistent.

       The  following  shell  session shows what we see when running this pro-

           $ ./a.out
           [original owner] Setting lock...
           [original owner] Locked. Now exiting without unlocking.
           [main thread] Attempting to lock the robust mutex.
           [main thread] pthread_mutex_lock() returned EOWNERDEAD
           [main thread] Now make the mutex consistent
           [main thread] Mutex is now consistent; unlocking

   Program source
       #include <stdlib.h>
       #include <stdio.h>
       #include <unistd.h>
       #include <pthread.h>
       #include <errno.h>

       #define handle_error_en(en, msg) \
                      do { errno = en; perror(msg); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } while (0)

       static pthread_mutex_t mtx;

       static void *
       original_owner_thread(void *ptr)
           printf("[original owner] Setting lock...\n");
           printf("[original owner] Locked. Now exiting without unlocking.\n");

       main(int argc, char *argv[])
           pthread_t thr;
           pthread_mutexattr_t attr;
           int s;

                                       /* initialize the attributes object */
           pthread_mutexattr_setrobust(&attr, PTHREAD_MUTEX_ROBUST);
                                      /* set robustness */

           pthread_mutex_init(&mtx, &attr);   /* initialize the mutex */

           pthread_create(&thr, NULL, original_owner_thread, NULL);


           /* "original_owner_thread" should have exited by now */

           printf("[main thread] Attempting to lock the robust mutex.\n");
           s = pthread_mutex_lock(&mtx);
           if (s == EOWNERDEAD) {
               printf("[main thread] pthread_mutex_lock() returned EOWNERDEAD\n");
               printf("[main thread] Now make the mutex consistent\n");
               s = pthread_mutex_consistent(&mtx);
               if (s != 0)
                   handle_error_en(s, "pthread_mutex_consistent");
               printf("[main thread] Mutex is now consistent; unlocking\n");
               s = pthread_mutex_unlock(&mtx);
               if (s != 0)
                   handle_error_en(s, "pthread_mutex_unlock");

           } else if (s == 0) {
               printf("[main thread] pthread_mutex_lock() unexpectedly succeeded\n");
           } else {
               printf("[main thread] pthread_mutex_lock() unexpectedly failed\n");
               handle_error_en(s, "pthread_mutex_lock");

       get_robust_list(2), set_robust_list(2), pthread_mutex_consistent(3),
       pthread_mutex_init(3), pthread_mutex_lock(3), pthreads(7)

       This page is part of release 5.05 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
       latest version of this page, can be found at

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