pthread_getname_np


SYNOPSIS
       #define _GNU_SOURCE             /* See feature_test_macros(7) */
       #include <pthread.h>
       int pthread_setname_np(pthread_t thread, const char *name);
       int pthread_getname_np(pthread_t thread,
                              const char *name, size_t len);

       Compile and link with -pthread.

DESCRIPTION
       By  default, all the threads created using pthread_create() inherit the
       program name.  The pthread_setname_np() function can be used to  set  a
       unique  name  for  a  thread,  which can be useful for debugging multi-
       threaded applications.  The thread name  is  a  meaningful  C  language
       string, whose length is restricted to 16 characters, including the ter-
       minating null byte ('\0').  The thread argument  specifies  the  thread
       whose name is to be changed; name specifies the new name.

       The  pthread_getname_np()  function can be used to retrieve the name of
       the thread.  The thread argument specifies the thread whose name is  to
       be  retrieved.   The buffer name is used to return the thread name; len
       specifies the number of bytes available in name.  The buffer  specified
       by  name  should  be  at  least  16 characters in length.  The returned
       thread name in the output buffer will be null terminated.

RETURN VALUE
       On success, these functions return 0; on error, they return  a  nonzero
       error number.

ERRORS
       The pthread_setname_np() function can fail with the following error:

       ERANGE The  length  of  the string specified pointed to by name exceeds
              the allowed limit.

       The pthread_getname_np() function can fail with the following error:

       ERANGE The buffer specified by name and len is too small  to  hold  the
              thread name.

       If  either of these functions fails to open /proc/self/task/[tid]/comm,
       then the call may fail with one of the errors described in open(2).

VERSIONS
       These functions first appeared in glibc in version 2.12.

CONFORMING TO
       These functions are nonstandard GNU extensions.

NOTES
       pthread_setname_np() internally writes to the thread specific comm file
       under   /proc   filesystem:  /proc/self/task/[tid]/comm.   pthread_get-
       name_np() retrieves it from the same location.
           $ ps H -C a.out -o 'pid tid cmd comm'
             PID   TID CMD                         COMMAND
            5990  5990 ./a.out                     a.out
            5990  5991 ./a.out                     THREADFOO
           $ cat /proc/5990/task/5990/comm
           a.out
           $ cat /proc/5990/task/5991/comm
           THREADFOO

   Program source

       #define _GNU_SOURCE
       #include <pthread.h>
       #include <stdio.h>
       #include <string.h>
       #include <unistd.h>
       #include <errno.h>
       #include <stdlib.h>

       #define NAMELEN 16

       #define errExitEN(en, msg) \
                   do { errno = en; perror(msg); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); \
               } while (0)

       static void *
       threadfunc(void *parm)
       {
           sleep(5);          // allow main program to set the thread name
           return NULL;
       }

       int
       main(int argc, char **argv)
       {
           pthread_t thread;
           int rc;
           char thread_name[NAMELEN];

           rc = pthread_create(&thread, NULL, threadfunc, NULL);
           if (rc != 0)
               errExitEN(rc, "pthread_create");

           rc = pthread_getname_np(thread, thread_name, NAMELEN);
           if (rc != 0)
               errExitEN(rc, "pthread_getname_np");

           printf("Created a thread. Default name is: %s\n", thread_name);
           rc = pthread_setname_np(thread, (argc > 1) ? argv[1] : "THREADFOO");
           if (rc != 0)
               errExitEN(rc, "pthread_setname_np");

           sleep(2);

       }

SEE ALSO
       prctl(2), pthread_create(3), pthreads(7)

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 3.54 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can
       be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.



Linux                             2013-06-21             PTHREAD_SETNAME_NP(3)
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