posix_madvise

       #include <sys/mman.h>

       int posix_madvise(void *addr, size_t len, int advice);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       posix_madvise():
           _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600

DESCRIPTION
       The posix_madvise() function allows an application to advise the system
       about its expected patterns of usage of memory  in  the  address  range
       starting  at  addr and continuing for len bytes.  The system is free to
       use this advice in order to improve the performance of memory  accesses
       (or to ignore the advice altogether), but calling posix_madvise() shall
       not affect the semantics of access to memory in the specified range.

       The advice argument is one of the following:

       POSIX_MADV_NORMAL
              The application has no special advice regarding its memory usage
              patterns  for  the specified address range.  This is the default
              behavior.

       POSIX_MADV_SEQUENTIAL
              The application expects to access the  specified  address  range
              sequentially,  running from lower addresses to higher addresses.
              Hence, pages in this region can be aggressively read ahead,  and
              may be freed soon after they are accessed.

       POSIX_MADV_RANDOM
              The  application  expects  to access the specified address range
              randomly.  Thus, read ahead may be less useful than normally.

       POSIX_MADV_WILLNEED
              The application expects to access the specified address range in
              the near future.  Thus, read ahead may be beneficial.

       POSIX_MADV_DONTNEED
              The  application  expects  that it will not access the specified
              address range in the near future.

RETURN VALUE
       On success, posix_madvise() returns 0.  On failure, it returns a  posi-
       tive error number.

ERRORS
       EINVAL addr  is  not a multiple of the system page size or len is nega-
              tive.

       EINVAL advice is invalid.

       ENOMEM Addresses in the specified range  are  partially  or  completely
              outside the caller's address space.

       POSIX.1 permits an implementation to generate an error if len is 0.  On
       Linux, specifying len as 0 is permitted (as a successful no-op).

       In glibc, this function  is  implemented  using  madvise(2).   However,
       since glibc 2.6, POSIX_MADV_DONTNEED is treated as a no-op, because the
       corresponding madvise(2) value, MADV_DONTNEED, has  destructive  seman-
       tics.

SEE ALSO
       madvise(2), posix_fadvise(2)

COLOPHON
       This  page  is  part of release 4.04 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs,  and  the
       latest     version     of     this    page,    can    be    found    at
       http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Linux                             2015-02-03                  POSIX_MADVISE(3)
Man Pages Copyright Respective Owners. Site Copyright (C) 1994 - 2019 Hurricane Electric. All Rights Reserved.